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Tarkianite

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Formula:
(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
Colour:
black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
5½ - 6
Specific Gravity:
7.3 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
For Professor Mahmud Tarkian (1941-), specialist of ore microscopy of the University of Hamburg, Germany, who first described the synthetic material and determined its structure.
A rhenium sulfide with a spinel-type structure.

One of a very few Re-dominant minerals; compare dzhezkazganite and, e.g., rheniite, rhenium, and 'UM1986-51-S:Re'.


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Classification of TarkianiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
2003
2.DB.30

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
B : M:S = 2:3

Physical Properties of TarkianiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
black
Streak:
black
Hardness:
5½ - 6 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Density:
7.3 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of TarkianiteHide

Formula:
(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
IMA Formula:
(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8

Crystallography of TarkianiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.563 Å
Unit Cell V:
874.55 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.53 Å(100)
2.88 Å(90)
2.39 Å(90)

Type Occurrence of TarkianiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
microscopic grains to 0.1 mm across, included in pentlandite and pyrrhotite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of TarkianiteHide

Other Language Names for TarkianiteHide

German:Tarkianit
Simplified Chinese:硫铜铼矿
Traditional Chinese:硫銅錸礦

Relationship of Tarkianite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CadmoinditeCdIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4Iso.
GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
JoegoldsteiniteMnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
KalininiteZnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.
Structurally related to group(s):
Linnaeite SubgroupThe Linnaeite Subgroup is a subgroup of the Thiospinel Group in the Spinel Supergroup.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DB.05AntimonseliteSb2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.05BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.05GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.DB.05MetastibniteSb2S3Amor.
2.DB.05PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.DB.05StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.10OttemanniteSn2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.10SuredaitePbSnS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.15Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.15Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.
2.DB.20Montbrayite(Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38Tric.
2.DB.25EdgariteFeNb3S6Hex. 6 : P63
2.DB.35CameroniteCu5-x(Cu,Ag)3+xTe10 (x = 0.43)Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TarkianiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kojonen, K. K., Roberts, A. C., Isomäki, O. P., Knauf, V. V., Johanson, B., & Pakkanen, L. (2004). Tarkianite,(Cu, Fe)(Re, Mo) 4S8, a new mineral species from the Hitura mine, Nivala, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 42(2), 539-544.

Internet Links for TarkianiteHide

Localities for TarkianiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Mittersill
        • Haidbachgraben
Melcher, F., Onuk, P., Schwabl, S., Zimmermann, M. & Aiglsperger, T. (2019): Rhenium sulphides and platinum-group minerals at Haidbach/Pinzgau – recent results. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 165, 64 (abs.).
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
K.K. Kojonen et al.: Can. Mineral. 42:539-544 (2004)
Finland (TL)
 
  • North Ostrobothnia
    • Nivala
K.K. Kojonen et al.: Can. Mineral. 42:539-544 (2004)
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Sastamala
      • Vammala
K.K. Kojonen et al.: Can. Mineral. 42:539-544 (2004)
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
Kolotilina, T. B., Mekhonoshin, A. S., & Orsoev, D. A. (2019). Re Sulfides from Zhelos and Tokty-Oi Intrusions (East Sayan, Russia). Minerals, 9(8), 479.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Monchegorsk
K.K. Kojonen et al.: Can. Mineral. 42:539-544 (2004)
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Louhi District
      • Oulanka plutonic complex
        • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
K.K. Kojonen et al.: Can. Mineral. 42:539-544 (2004)
USA
 
  • Montana
Kojonen, K.K., Roberts, A.C., Isomäki, O.-P., Knauf, V.V., Johanson, Bo, Pakkanen, L. (2004): Tarkianite, (Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8, a new mineral species from the Hitura mine, Nivala, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 539-544
 
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