登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Antarcticite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About AntarcticiteHide

07271790014946366752864.jpg
Antarctica

Antarctica
Formula:
CaCl2 · 6H2O
Colour:
Colourless
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
2 - 3
Specific Gravity:
1.715
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
For its occurrence on the continent of Antarctica.
A highly hygroscopic mineral. May dehydrate to mesohydride under certain conditions.

A synthetic Sr analogue is known.


Classification of AntarcticiteHide

Approved
3.BB.30

3 : HALIDES
B : Simple halides, with H2O
B : M:X = 1:2
9.2.6.1

9 : NORMAL HALIDES
2 : AX2
8.4.9

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
4 : Halides of the alkaline earths and Mg

Physical Properties of AntarcticiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless
Streak:
White
Hardness:
2 - 3 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {0001}, good to perfect on one prism face
Density:
1.715 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.7 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of AntarcticiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.550 nε = 1.490 - 1.500
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.060
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low

Chemical Properties of AntarcticiteHide

Formula:
CaCl2 · 6H2O

Crystallography of AntarcticiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 2 - Trapezohedral
Space Group:
P3 2 1
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.9 Å, c = 3.95 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.5
Unit Cell V:
213.49 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.44 Å(24)
2.80 Å(23)
2.16 Å(23)
2.60 Å(22)
3.98 Å(18)
2.28 Å(13)
6.92 Å(9)
Comments:
Recorded on material from the type locality

Type Occurrence of AntarcticiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Aggregates of acicular crystals with poor terminations, to 15 cm
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Precipitate from highly saline brines under very arid conditions

Synonyms of AntarcticiteHide

Other Language Names for AntarcticiteHide

Simplified Chinese:南极石
Traditional Chinese:南極石

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.BB.05EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.BB.10RokühniteFeCl2 · 2H2OMon.
3.BB.15BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
3.BB.20NickelbischofiteNiCl2 · 6H2OMon.
3.BB.25SinjariteCaCl2 · 2H2OTet.
3.BB.35TachyhydriteCaMg2Cl6 · 12H2OTrig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.4.1SellaiteMgF2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
8.4.2NeighboriteNaMgF3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.4.3BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.4.4KorshunovskiteMg2Cl(OH)3 · 4H2OTric.
8.4.5CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
8.4.6TachyhydriteCaMg2Cl6 · 12H2OTrig.
8.4.7FluoriteCaF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
8.4.8SinjariteCaCl2 · 2H2OTet.
8.4.10ChlorocalciteKCaCl3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.4.11RorisiteCaFClTet.
8.4.12JarliteNa(Sr,Na)7MgAl6F32(OH,H2O)2Mon. 2/m
8.4.13CalcjarliteNa(Ca,Sr)3Al3(OH)2F14Mon.
8.4.14TikhonenkoviteSr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.4.15AcuminiteSr[AlF4(OH)(H2O)]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.4.16FrankdicksoniteBaF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
8.4.17UsoviteBa2CaMgAl2F14Mon.
8.4.18BøgvaditeNa2SrBa2Al4F20Mon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AntarcticiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Torii, T., Ossaka, J. (1965) Antarcticite: a new mineral, calcium chloride hexahydrate, dicovered in Antarctica. Science: 149: 975-977.
Fleischer, M. (1965) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 50: 2096-2111. [abstract]
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F., Jr. (1969) A second occurrence of antarcticite, from Bristol Dry Lake, California. American Mineralogist: 54: 1018-1025.
Agron, P.A., Busing, W.R. (1986) Calcium and strontium dichloride hexahydrates by neutron diffraction. Acta Crystallographica: C42: 141-143.
Schiffries, C.M. (1990) Liquid-absent aqueous fluid inclusions and phase equilibria in the system CaCl2 - NaCl - H2O. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 54: 611-619.
Eckstein, Y., Manecki, M., Matyjasik, M., Rosenthal, E. (1994) Hydrochemical stratification and processes in three "blue holes" on North Andros Island, Bahamas. Geological Society of America 1994 Annual Meeting - Abstracts with Programs : 26: 7: A-360.
Anthony, J. W., et al. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 16.

Internet Links for AntarcticiteHide

Localities for AntarcticiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Ross Archipelago
        • Ross Island
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Wright Valley
J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997)
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Rosebud Station
        • Mary Kathleen district
T. Kwak & P. Abeysinghe (1987): Rare earth and uranium minerals present as daughter crystals in fluid inclusions, Mary Kathleen U-REE skarn, Queensland, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 51, 665-670.
Bahamas
 
  • North Andros District
J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997); Eckstein Y., Manecki M., Matyjasik M., Rosenthal E. (1994): Hydrochemical stratification and processes in three “blue holes” on North Andros Island, Bahamas. Geological Society of America 1994 Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA, Oct. 24-27, Abstracts with Programs, 26, 7, A-360.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • Preissac
Taner, H., Williams-Jones, A.E., and Wood, S.A. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 34, 579-590.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • El Loa Province
      • San Pedro de Atacama
        • Cordillera de la Sal
De Waele, J., Carbone, C., Sanna, L., Vattano, M., Galli, E., & Forti, P. (2017). Secondary minerals from halite caves in the Atacama Desert (Chile). In 17th International Congress of Speleology (No. I, pp. 242-246). Australian Speleological Federation Inc.
China
 
  • Qinghai
    • Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Golmud City (Ge'ermu Co.)
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Mangnai City (Mangya Co.)
        • Lenghu Co.
Bingxiao Li and Kejun Wang (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(1), 59-62; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Mianping Zheng and Xifang Liu (2010): Acta Geologica Sinica 84(11), 1585-1600
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Bærum (Baerum)
Hans-Jørgen Berg, NHM, Oslo 1999
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Zheleznogorsk (Korshunikha)
Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.; Mazurov et al (2007) Geology of Ore Deposits, 49, 271–284.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Burgersfort
      • Sekhukhuneland
J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997)
USA
 
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Saltus
Dunning, G.E. and J.F. Cooper (1969b) A second occurrence of antarcticite from Bristol Dry Lake, California. American Mineralogist: 54: 1018-1021; Muehle, G.H. (1971) Antarcticite from California. Mineralogical Record: 2: 171-172; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 288-290.; Ansermet, S. (2011): Aus dem Salzsee in Kühlschrank: Antarcticit vom Bristol Dry Lake, Kalifornien, USA. Lapis. 36 (11), 33-36
Mars
 
  • Aeolis quadrangle
    • Gusev Crater
SILICA-RICH DEPOSITS AND HYDRATED MINERALS AT GUSEV CRATER, MARS. M. S. Rice1, J. F.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.1.23 04:20:04 Page generated: 2020.1.10 03:36:05
Go to top of page