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Anorthoclase

This page kindly sponsored by John Kashuba
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About AnorthoclaseHide

Formula:
(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Colour:
white, colourless, greyish pink
Hardness:
6 - 6½
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1885 by Karl Harry Ferdinand Rosenbusch from the Greek αν, ορθός and κλάσις, meaning "not right cleavage", descriptive of the mineral's cleavage.
Polymorph of:
Feldspar Group.
An alkali feldspar intermediate between low sanidine and high albite.
Occurs in high-temperature sodic volcanic and hypabyssal rocks.

Compare Unnamed (New Ordered Member of the Alkali Feldspar Series) - an ordered K-Na feldspar.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Anorthoclase.


Classification of AnorthoclaseHide

Discredited
9.FA.30

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
A : Tektosilicates without additional non-tetrahedral anions
76.1.1.6

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
1 : Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
16.4.4

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
4 : Aluminosilicates of Na and K

Physical Properties of AnorthoclaseHide

Colour:
white, colourless, greyish pink
Streak:
white
Hardness:
6 - 6½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect

Optical Data of AnorthoclaseHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.519 - 1.529 nβ = 1.524 - 1.534 nγ = 1.527 - 1.536
2V:
Measured: 34° to 60°, Calculated: 64° to 74°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of AnorthoclaseHide

Formula:
(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ca

Crystallography of AnorthoclaseHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.28 Å, b = 12.97 Å, c = 7.15 Å
α = 91.05°, β = 116.26°, γ = 90.15°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.638 : 1 : 0.551
Unit Cell V:
688.44 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

First Recorded Occurrence of AnorthoclaseHide

Synonyms of AnorthoclaseHide

Other Language Names for AnorthoclaseHide

Varieties of AnorthoclaseHide

Analbite (of Winchell)Anorthoclase with less than 10% KAlSi3O8
Anorthoclase-SanidineFeldspar Group. An unnecessary name for a variety of Anorthoclase with the tabular habit of sanidine but the optical extinction of Anorthoclase.

Relationship of Anorthoclase to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Tric.
AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Tric. 1 : P1
BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16Orth. mm2 : Iba2
Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8Mon. 2 : P21
Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]Tric.
CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon. 2/m
DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
FerrisanidineK[Fe3+Si3O8]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8Mon. 2/m
HexacelsianBaAl2Si2O8Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
KokchetaviteK(AlSi3O8)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
KumdykoliteNa(AlSi3O8)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
ReedmergneriteNaBSi3O8Tric.
RubiclineRb(AlSi3O8)Tric.
SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16Orth.
SunstoneA variety of feldspar (microcline or oligoclase, more rarely labradorite) that has schiller, ...
SvyatoslaviteCa(Al2Si2O8)Orth.
Unnamed (New Ordered Member of the Alkali Feldspar Series)KNa(Si6Al2)O16Mon. m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
7 photos of Anorthoclase associated with KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
7 photos of Anorthoclase associated with Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
5 photos of Anorthoclase associated with IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
3 photos of Anorthoclase associated with QuartzSiO2
3 photos of Anorthoclase associated with FerrosiliteFeSiO3
2 photos of Anorthoclase associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
2 photos of Anorthoclase associated with Moonstone
2 photos of Anorthoclase associated with ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
2 photos of Anorthoclase associated with ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
2 photos of Anorthoclase associated with MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.FA.05KaliophiliteKAlSiO4Hex.
9.FA.05KalsiliteKAlSiO4Hex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
9.FA.05NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.05Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.05Trikalsilite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex.
9.FA.05Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]Trig. 3 : P3
9.FA.05MegakalsiliteKAlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.10MalinkoiteNaBSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.15VirgiliteLiAlSi2O6Hex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
9.FA.25LisitsyniteKBSi2O6Orth. 2 2 2 : P2 2 2
9.FA.30AdulariaKAlSi3O8Mon.
9.FA.30Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8Mon. 2 : P21
9.FA.30CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon. 2/m
9.FA.30Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
9.FA.30MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
9.FA.30OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.30SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.30RubiclineRb(AlSi3O8)Tric.
9.FA.30MonalbiteNaAlSi3O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.35AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
9.FA.35Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Tric.
9.FA.35AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Tric. 1 : P1
9.FA.35Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]Tric.
9.FA.35Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
9.FA.35Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.35ReedmergneriteNaBSi3O8Tric.
9.FA.40ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
9.FA.45SvyatoslaviteCa(Al2Si2O8)Orth.
9.FA.45KumdykoliteNa(AlSi3O8)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.FA.50SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
9.FA.55LisetiteCaNa2Al4Si4O16Orth.
9.FA.60BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16Orth. mm2 : Iba2
9.FA.60StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16Orth.
9.FA.65DanburiteCaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.FA.65MaleeviteBaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.FA.65PekoviteSrB2Si2O8
9.FA.70Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8Tet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FA.75KokchetaviteK(AlSi3O8)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

76.1.1.1OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
76.1.1.2SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
76.1.1.3Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
76.1.1.4CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon. 2/m
76.1.1.5MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.4.1NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)Hex. 6 : P63
16.4.2Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
16.4.3Trikalsilite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex.
16.4.5Naujakasite(Na,K)6(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe)4Si8O26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.4.6Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2OOrth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Anorthoclase in petrologyHide

References for AnorthoclaseHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Carmichael, I.S.E., MacKenzie, W.S. (1964) The lattice parameters of high-temperature triclinic sodic feldspars. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 949-962.
Harlow, G.E. (1982) The anorthoclase structures: the effects of temperature and composition. American Mineralogist: 67: 975-996.
Kroll, H., Knitter, R. (1991) Al, Si exchange kinetics in sanidine and anorthoclase and modeling of rock cooling paths. American Mineralogist: 76: 928-941.
Gaines, Richard V., H. Catherine W. Skinner, Eugene E. Foord, Brian Mason, Abraham Rosenzweig, Vandall King (1997), Dana's New Mineralogy : The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, 8th. edition.

Internet Links for AnorthoclaseHide

Localities for AnorthoclaseHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Panjshir
    • Khinj District
Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Algeria
 
  • Tamanghasset Province
    • Ahaggar Mtn (Hoggar Mtn)
      • Atakor volcanic massif
M. Girod, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Crist. , 1963, LXXXVI, pp. 121-125.
M. Girod, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Crist. , 1963, LXXXVI, pp. 121-125.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1001-1024.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
Hamilton, W. B. (1972). The Hallett Volcanic Province, Antarctica (No. 456-C), 1-62 Nardini, I., Armienti, P., Rocchi, S., Dallai, L., & Harrison, D. (2009). Sr–Nd–Pb–He–O isotope and geochemical constraints on the genesis of Cenozoic magmas from the West Antarctic Rift. Journal of Petrology, 50(7), 1359-1375.
Ricci, C. A. (1997). The Antarctic Region: Geological Evolution and Processes; Proceedings of the VII International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences, Siena, 1995. Terra Antartica Publ., 511-521
Harrington, H. J., Wood, B. L., McKellar, I. C., & Lensen, G. J. (1967). Topography and geology of the Cape Hallett-Tucker Glacier district, Antarctica. Bull. NZ. Geo!. Surv, 80, 100. Hamilton, W. B. (1972). The Hallett Volcanic Province, Antarctica (No. 456-C), 1-62
Gair, H. S. (1967). The geology from the upper Rennick Glacier to the coast, northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics, 10(2), 309-344. LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 65-68
Armienti, P., & Tripodo, A. (1991). Petrography and geochemistry of lavas and comagmatic xenoliths of Mt. Rittmann, a volcano discovered during the IV Italian Expedition in Northern Victoria Land (Antarctica). Memorie della Società Geologica Italiana, (46), 427-451.
      • Ross Archipelago
        • Ross Island
http://tea.rice.edu/jroberts/12.13.1999.html; Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291; Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Cooper, A. F., Adam, L. J., Coulter, R. F., Eby, G. N., & McIntosh, W. C. (2007). Geology, geochronology and geochemistry of a basanitic volcano, White Island, Ross Sea, Antarctica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 165(3-4), 189-216.
      • Transantarctic Mountains
Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2005, Environmental Geochemistry/Mineralogy, http://www.the-conference.com/2005/gold2005/web_pdfs/G07.pdf
Woolley, A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe (excluding the former USSR), Australasia and Oceanic Islands. Geological Society, 562 pages.
  • Western Antarctica
    • Marie Byrd Land
      • Ames Range
LeMasurier, W.E., Thomson, J.W., Baker, P.E., Kyle, P.R., Rowley, P.D., Smellie, J.L., Verwoerd, W.J. (1990) Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean, Volume 48. American Geophysical Union, pp. 216-220.
      • Crary Mountains
Boudette, E.L., Ford, A.B. (1966) Physical properties of anorthoclase from Antarctica. The American Mineralogist, 51(9-10), 1374-1387. LeMasurier, W.E., Rex, D.C. (1982) Eruptive potential of volcanoes in Marie Byrd Land. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 17, 34-36. LeMasurier, W.E., Rex, D.C. (1982) Volcanic record of Cenozoic glacial history in Marie Byrd Land and Western Ellsworth Land: Revised chronology and evaluation of tectonic factors. In: Craddock, C. (ed.) (1977) Antarctic Geoscience, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI, 725-734.
      • Executive Committee Range
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 8
      • Flood Range
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 229-233
Adie, R. J. (Ed.). (1972). Antarctic Geology and Geophysics. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, 261-275
Argentina
 
  • Chubut Province
    • Languiñeo department
      • Piedra Parada
ARAGON, E. et al. Petrogenesis of thundereggs in Eocene rhyolite domes of central Chubut, Patagonia. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.3, pp. 347-354.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gowen Co.
      • Warrumbungle National Park
Am Min 75:694-701
    • Mouramba Co.
      • Nymagee
Page, D.G. (2011) Geology of the Hera (Pb-Zn-Au) and Nymagee (Cu) deposits, New South Wales. BSc (Honours) thesis, School of Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, 196 pages.
    • Nandewar Co.
Dunn, T. L., H. Y. McSween Jr., and P. R. Christensen (2007), Thermal emission spectra of terrestrial alkaline volcanic rocks: Applications to Martian remote sensing, Journal of Geophysical Research,112
    • Vernon Co.
Matthew Goodwin
    • Yungnulgra Co.
      • White Cliffs
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 293-322.
  • Queensland
    • Central Highlands Region
      • Capella
R. Wally Johnson, ‎Jan Knutson, ‎Stuart Ross Taylor - 1989 Intraplate Volcanism: In Eastern Australia and New Zealand. edited by R. Wally Johnson, Jan Knutson, Stuart Ross Taylor, Australian Academy of Science
    • Charters Towers Region
      • McBride Province
Stolz, A. J. (1987). Fluid activity in the lower crust and upper mantle: mineralogical evidence bearing on the origin of amphibole and scapolite in ultramafic and mafic granulite xenoliths. Mineralogical Magazine, 51(5), 719-732.
    • Scenic Rim Region
ROSS, J., ROSS, A., & ROSS, G. (1987). Geology of the Mount Gillies rhyolitic vents, southeastern Queensland, Australia. Current science, 56(11), 589-595.
  • Tasmania
    • Break O'Day municipality
      • Blue Tier district
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
    • Dorset municipality
      • Waterhouse district
Everard, J.L., Sutherland, F.L. and Zwingmann, H., 2004a. A Cretaceous phonolite dyke from the Tomahawk River, Northeast Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 138, 11-33.
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
  • Victoria
    • Bass Coast Shire
      • Phillip Island
        • Kitty Miller Bay
    • City of Greater Geelong
      • Anakie
Museum Victoria collection; Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection; Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
Judy Rowe Collection
    • City of Hume
      • Kalkallo
    • City of Warrnambool
    • Corangamite Shire
      • Camperdown
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
      • Terang
Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
    • Glenelg Shire
      • Portland
        • Cape Sir William Grant
W.D.Birch, N.Smith & J.Hately 1982. Andesine, Augite and Ilmenite in vesicles in an alkali olivine basalt from Portland, Victoria. The Australian Mineralogist No.37 March 1982 pp. 195-198 ; W.D.Birch 1989. Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria, special publication No.2 1989 pp. 86-89
    • Hepburn Shire
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection; Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
    • Macedon Ranges Shire
      • Malmsbury
Sutton & Mills (2012)
      • Mount Macedon
Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
    • Moyne Shire
      • Mortlake
Museum Victoria collection
    • Northern Grampians Shire
      • Carapooee
Museum Victoria collections
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Oberpullendorf District
      • Kobersdorf
        • Pauliberg
U. Kolitsch, W. Postl, H.-P. Bojar and W. Trattner (2009): Die Mineralvorkommen im Basalt des Pauliberges. In: Autorenkollektiv (Red. M. A. Götzinger und P. Huber) (2009): Die Mineralien des Burgenlandes - Geologie, Mineralogie und mineralische Rohstoffe. – Wissenschaftliche Arbeiten aus dem Burgenland, Band 126, Amt der Burgenländischen Landesregierung, Abteilung 7 - Landesmuseum, Eisenstadt, 83-99.
  • Carinthia
    • Wolfsberg District
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Wolfsberg
  • Styria
    • Deutschlandsberg District
      • Schwanberg
Alker, A. (1956) : Zur Mineralogie der Steiermark. In: Joanneum, Mineralogisches Mitteiungsblatt 2/1956.
Brazil
 
  • Espírito Santo
    • Vitória
Mineralogical Magazine 1998 62 : 687-695.
  • Mato Grosso do Sul
    • Porto Murtinho
Geological Survey Professional Paper 327 (U.S. Department of the Interior, 1959)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Liard Mining Division
Am. Min. 59, 820
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
GSC locality database
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Bannockburn Township
Ann P.Sabina (2000), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 57, p.113
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Schilling et al. (2011) J. Petr. 52, 2147-2185.
  • Saskatchewan
    • Athabasca Basin
      • Honsvall Lake
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 1251-1272.
Chile
 
  • Valparaíso
    • Ísla de Pascua Province
Gioncada, A., Gonzales-Ferran, O., Lezzerini, M., Mazzuoli, R., Bisson, M., and Rapu, S.A. (2010) The volcanic rocks of Easter Island (Chile) and their use for the Moai sculptures. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22, 6, 855-867.
China
 
  • Anhui
    • Chuzhou
      • Mingguang City
Shijin Xu, Zhong Fang, Matsumoto, T., Matsuda, J., Yasuda, M., Jinhai Yu, Rucheng Wang and Wenzhong Liu (2003): Chinese Science Bulletin 48(15), 1624-1630
  • Hebei
    • Zhangjiakou
      • Huai'an County
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
      • Zhangbei County
        • Wanquan District
Brizi, E., Nazzareni, S., Princivalle, F., & Zanazzi, P. F. (2003). Clinopyroxenes from mantle-related xenocrysts in alkaline basalts from Hannuoba (China): augite–pigeonite exsolutions and their thermal significance. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 145(5), 578-584. Song, Y., & Frey, F. A. (1989). Geochemistry of peridotite xenoliths in basalt from Hannuoba, eastern China: implications for subcontinental mantle heterogeneity. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 53(1), 97-113. Song, Y., Frey, F. A., & Zhi, X. (1990). Isotopic characteristics of Hannuoba basalts, eastern China: implications for their petrogenesis and the composition of subcontinental mantle. Chemical Geology, 88(1-2), 35-52. Zheng, J. P., Griffin, W. L., Qi, L., O'reilly, S. Y., Sun, M., Zheng, S., ... & Tang, H. Y. (2009). Age and composition of granulite and pyroxenite xenoliths in Hannuoba basalts reflect Paleogene underplating beneath the North China Craton. Chemical Geology, 264(1-4), 266-280. Zhi, X., Song, Y., Frey, F. A., Feng, J., & Zhai, M. (1990). Geochemistry of Hannuoba basalts, eastern China: constraints on the origin of continental alkalic and tholeiitic basalt. Chemical Geology, 88(1-2), 1-33.
  • Heilongjiang
    • Heihe
      • Wudalianchi City
Jiaxiang Qiu and Qun'an Liao (1990): Earth Science, Journal of China University of Geosciences 34(4).; Yunpeng, W., Zhenxin, H., & Lixia, M. (1996). Volcanic landforms of Wudalianchi, Heilongjiang. In Field trip guide: 30th International Geological Congress, 4-14 August 1996, Beijing, China (Vol. 3). Geological Publishing House. Zhang, M., Suddaby, P., Thompson, R. N., Thirlwall, M. F., & Menzies, M. A. (1995). Potassic volcanic rocks in NE China: geochemical constraints on mantle source and magma genesis. Journal of Petrology, 36(5), 1275-1303.
    • Mudanjiang
      • Ning'an City
Chen, J. C., Hsu, C. N., & Ho, K. S. (2003). Geochemistry of Cenozoic volcanic rocks and related ultramafic xenoliths from the Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces, northeast China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 21(9), 1069-1084. Zhang, Z., Feng, C., Li, Z., Li, S., Xin, Y., Li, Z., & Wang, X. (2002). Petrochemical study of the Jingpohu Holocene alkali basaltic rocks, northeastern China. Geochemical Journal, 36(2), 133-153.
  • Jilin
    • Baishan
      • Fusong County
Ogura, T. Geology and mineral resources of the Far East. University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, 2, 373-413. Popov, V. K., Sandimirova, G. P., & Velivetskaya, T. A. (2008, March). Strontium, neodymium, and oxygen isotopic variations in the alkali basalt-trachyte-pantellerite-comendite series of Paektusan Volcano. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 419, No. 1, pp. 329-334). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica. Basu, A. R., Wang, J. W., Huang, W. K., Xie, G. H., & Tatsumoto, M. (1991). Major element, REE, and Pb, Nd and Sr isotopic geochemistry of Cenozoic volcanic rocks of their origin from suboceanic-type mantle reservoirs. Earth Planet Sci. Lett, 105, 149-169.; Ogura, T. Geology and mineral resources of the Far East. University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, 2, 373-413. Popov, V. K., Sandimirova, G. P., & Velivetskaya, T. A. (2008, March). Strontium, neodymium, and oxygen isotopic variations in the alkali basalt-trachyte-pantellerite-comendite series of Paektusan Volcano. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 419, No. 1, pp. 329-334). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica. Basu, A. R., Wang, J. W., Huang, W. K., Xie, G. H., & Tatsumoto, M. (1991). Major element, REE, and Pb, Nd and Sr isotopic geochemistry of Cenozoic volcanic rocks of their origin from suboceanic-type mantle reservoirs. Earth Planet Sci. Lett, 105, 149-169.
  • Liaoning
    • Dandong
      • Kuandian County
FAN, Q., & HOOPER, P. R. (1991). The Cenozoic basaltic rocks of eastern China: petrology and chemical composition. Journal of petrology, 32(4), 765-810. Chen, Y., Zhang, Y., Graham, D., Su, S., & Deng, J. (2007). Geochemistry of Cenozoic basalts and mantle xenoliths in Northeast China. Lithos, 96(1-2), 108-126. GUANG-HONG, X. I. E., JUN-WEN, W. A. N. G., KE-JIAN, W. E. I., & CONG-QIANG, L. I. U. (1990). REE and Sr, Nd, Pb isotopic geochemistry of Huangyishan basalt, Kuandian, Liaoning, northeast China. Science in China Series B-Chemistry, Life Sciences & Earth Sciences, 33(6), 747-756. Liu, C. Q., Masuda, A., & Xie, G. H. (1992). Isotope and trace-element geochemistry of alkali basalts and associated megacrysts from the Huangyishan volcano, Kuandian, Liaoning, NE China. Chemical geology, 97(3-4), 219-231.
  • Shandong
    • Weifang
      • Changle County
        • Wutu
Zhenhua Ding (1998): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 18(1), 23-27
    • Zibo
      • Linzi District
Da-Xin Li and Yi-Ming Zhao (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(1), 44-49.
  • Xinjiang
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Xiao Huiliang, Zhou Jiyuan, Wang Henian, Cui Bingfang, and Chen Shizhong (2003): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 22(3), 280-288; Huiliang Xiao, Jiyuan Zhou, Henian Wang, Bingfang Cui, and Shizhong Chen (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(1), 32-40
  • Yunnan
    • Pu'er
      • Ximeng County
Daxian Zhao (1989): Acta Petrologica Sinica 5(3), 25-36
Czech Republic
 
  • Liberec Region
    • Jizerské Mtn (Iser Mtn)
Blumrich, J. (1893): Die Phonolithe des Friedländer Bezirkes in Nordböhmen, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Vol. 13, No 6, 465-495
  • Plzeň Region
    • Plzeň District
      • Příšov
Ulrych, J., Ackerman, L., Balogh, K., Hegner, E., Jelínek, E., Pécskay, Z., Přichystal, A., Upton, B.G.J., Zimák, J., Foltýnová, R.: Plio-Pleistocene basanitic and melilitic series of the Bohemian Massif: K-Ar ages, major/trace elements and Sr-Nd isotopic data. Chemie der Erde, 2013, 73, 429-450.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Most District
      • Želenice
Pazdernik, P.: Compositional variations in the sodalite-bearing nephelinite phonolite from Želenický vrch Hill, North Bohemia. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1997, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 65-79.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Avannaata
      • Nuussuaq Peninsula
Benson, W.N. (1940): Kaersutite and other brown Amphiboles in the Cainozoic Igneous rocks of the Dunedin District, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol. 69, 283-308
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
        • Qaqortoq
Parsons, I. and Butterfield, A. W. (1981): Sedimentary features of the Nunarssuit and Klokken syenites, S Greenland. Journal of the Geological Society. 138 (3), 289-306.
    • Northeast Greenland National Park
      • J.V.Jensen Land
        • Kap Washington area
Larsen, O. (1982): The age of the Kap Washington Group volcanics, North Greenland. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark. 31, 49-55
Larsen, O. (1982): The age of the Kap Washington Group volcanics, North Greenland. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark. 31, 49-55
Eritrea
 
  • Northern Red Sea Region
    • Alid volcanic center
Journal of Petrology, Vol. 38, Nb 12, 1997, pp. 1707-1721.
Ethiopia
 
  • Oromia Region
    • Metehara
Varet, J. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 22, 185-189.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Cantal
      • Menet
J. Aubouin, R. Brousse, J.P. Lehman : "Précis de Géologie", Dunod, 1967
Brousse R, Varet J (1966) Les trachytes du Mont-Dore et du Cantal septentrional et leurs enclaves. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 8: 246-262.
    • Haute-Loire
      • Le Puy-en-Velay
        • Espaly-Saint-Marcel
Blanc Y, Mergoil-Daniel J, Tempier P (1973) Découverte de néphéline en mégacristaux et d'enclaves à néphéline et anorthose dans des projections volcaniques du Devès (Haute-Loire, France). Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 96: 388-391.
      • Solignac-sur-Loire
        • Le Brignon
Y. Blanc, J. Mergoil-Daniel, P. Tempier : "Découverte de néphéline en mégacristaux et d'enclaves à néphéline et anorthose dans des projections volcaniques du Devès (Haute-Loire, France)", Bull. Soc. Fr. minéral. Cristallogr. , 1973, 96, 388-391
    • Rhône
      • Lyon
        • First District
G. Demarcq, 1973, "Guides Géologiques Régionaux : Lyonnais, Vallée du Rhöne" , Masson.
  • Centre-Val de Loire
    • Cher
      • Sancerre-Couy drilling
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 85-96.
  • French Polynesia
    • Marquesas Islands
Legendre C., Maury R.C., Caroff M., Guillou H., Cotten J., Chauvel C., Bollinger C., Hémond C., Guille G., Blais S., Rossi P., Savanier D. (2005): Origin of exceptionally abundant phonolites on Ua Pou island (Marquesas, French Polynesia): Partial melting of basanites followed by crustal contamination. Journal of Petrology, 46, (9), 1925-1962.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Cologne
      • Rhein-Sieg-Kreis
        • Königswinter
[var: Anorthoclase-Sanidine] Engels, A., (1936): Zur chemischen Zusammensetzung des Sanidin-Anorthoklases vom Drachenfels, Zbl. Miner., 9-13
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Brohltal
        • Glees
Rath, G. v., Die chemische Zusammensetzung des Laacher Sanidins, Ann. Phys. Chem. 135 ,1868
Brauns, R., (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Kruft
Rath, G. v., Die chemische Zusammensetzung des Laacher Sanidins, Ann. Phys. Chem. 135, 1868
      • Mendig
Rath, G. v., Die chemische Zusammensetzung des Laacher Sanidins, Ann. Phys. Chem. 135, 1868
Rath, G. v., Die chemische Zusammensetzung des Laacher Sanidins, Ann. Phys. Chem. 135, 1868
        • Wingertsberg
Rath, G. v., Die chemische Zusammensetzung des Laacher Sanidins, Ann. Phys. Chem. 135, 1868
    • Vulkaneifel
      • Gerolstein
        • Rockeskyll
          • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
El-Kaluoby, B., Mineralbestand und Gefüge vulkanischer Glimmerschiefer-Auswürflinge des Kyller Kopfes, Westeifel, Diss., Rhein. Fried.-Wilh.-Universität, Bonn, 1981
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Lübeck
      • Travemünde
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
Greece
 
  • North Aegean
    • Samos
Econ Geol (1989)84:788-798
Honduras
 
  • Santa Bárbara Department
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/latam.htm
Hungary
 
  • Nógrád County
    • Bárna
Vincze-Szeberényi, H. (1982): Feldspat-Megakristall aus ungarischem Basalt. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, 74, 11-15.
    • Salgótarján
    • Szilaspogony
Iran
 
  • East Azerbaijan Province
    • Ahar County
Alberti, A. A., Comin-Chiaramonti, P., Di Battistini, G., Nicoletti, M., Petrucciani, C., & Sinigoi, S. (1976). Geochronology of the Eastern Azerbaijan volcanic plateau (northwest Iran). Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol, 32(2), 579-589.
  • Kerman Province
    • Kerman County
Milton, D. J. (1977). Qal’eh hasan ali maars, central Iran. Bulletin Volcanologique, 40(3), 201-208.
Italy
 
  • Apulia
    • Foggia Province
      • Gargano Promontory
        • Lesina
Russo, M. (2008): I minerali delle Vulcaniti di Punta delle Pietre Nere nel Gargano (Lesina, Foggia, Italy). MICRO (località). Periodico dell'Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, 2008(2). 227-244.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Montescheno
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23 (1), 42-49
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Sarrabus
          • Villaputzu
Lustrino, M., Melluso, L., Morra, V. (1999) Origin of glass and its relationships with phlogopite in mantle xenoliths from central Sardinia (Italy). Periodico di Mineralogia, 68, 13-42.
  • Sicily
    • Trapani Province
[Foerstner] Förstner H. (1877): Ueber die Natronorthoklas von Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 1, 1, 547-561; Foerstner E. [H.] (1881): Nota preliminare sulla geologia dell'isola di Pantelleria secondo gli studi fatti negli anni 1874 e 1881. Boll. R. Comit. Geol. Ital., 12, 523-556;[Foerstner] Förstner H. (1884): Ueber die Feldspäthe von Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 8, 1, 125-202; Foerstner H. (1884): Ueber künstliche physikalische Veränderungen der Feldspäthe von Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 9, 1, 333-352; Rosenbusch H. (1885): Mikroschopische Physiographie der Mineralien und Gesteine. Ein Hülfsbuch bei mikroskopischen Gesteinsstudien. Band I. Die petrographisch wichtigen Mineralien. Zweite gänzlich umgearbeitete Auflage. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch), Stuttgart, 664 pp.; Bahat D. (1979): Anorthoclase megacrysts: physical conditions of formation. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 287-291; Civetta L., D’Antonio M., Orsi G., Tilton G.R. (1998): The geochemistry of volcanic rocks from Pantelleria Island, Sicily Channel: petrogenesis and characteristics of the mantle source region. Journ. Petrology, 1453-1491.
[Foerstner] Förstner H. (1877): Ueber die Natronorthoklas von Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 1, 1, 547-561; Rosenbusch H. (1885): Mikroschopische Physiographie der Mineralien und Gesteine. Ein Hülfsbuch bei mikroskopischen Gesteinsstudien. Band I. Die petrographisch wichtigen Mineralien. Zweite gänzlich umgearbeitete Auflage. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch), Stuttgart, 664 pp.
  • Sicily Channel (Sicilian Channel; Strait of Sicily)
Rotolo, S.G., Castorina, F., Cellura, D., Pompilio, M. (2006): Petrology and geochemistry of submarine volcanism in the Sicily Channel Rift. J. Geol., 114, 3, 355-365.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
          • Botro ai Marmi
Oretti, F.G., Pierini, G. (1987): La Cava Maffei di Botro ai Marmi (Campiglia Marittima - LI). Riv. Mineral. Ital., Milano, 11, 1 (1-1987), 27-30.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
Mariani P., Scaini G.: "I minerali d'Italia" - Rizzoli, 1978 - and A. Del Caldo, C. Del Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin M. "Guida ai Minerali" Fabbri ed. Milano, 1981
      • Calvene
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Chiampo
        • East Lessini Mts.
          • Roccolo Pass
Boscardin, M., Daleffe, A., Rocchetti, I., and Zordan, A. (2011) Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni. Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 183 pp.; Zordan, A. (2014) Provincia di Vicenza. In: Zorzi, F., and Boscardin, M. (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, 173-246.
      • Cogollo del Cengio
        • Cengio Mountain
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Rotzo
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
Japan
 
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
    • Kagoshima District
      • Mishima village
  • Saga Prefecture
    • Karatsu City
      • Chinzei-machi
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Tokyo Prefecture
    • Izu Archipelago
      • Niijima island
PXRD by John Attard.
    • Volcano Islands (Kazan Rettou)
      • Iwo Jima (Iou-to; Iou Island; Iwojima; Iou-jima; Naka-Iou-jima)
Gordon A. MacDonald (1948) Petrography of Iwo Jima. Bulletin of the GSA, 59, 1009-1018.
Gordon A. MacDonald (1948) Petrography of Iwo Jima. Bulletin of the GSA, 59, 1009-1018.
  • Wakayama Prefecture
    • Higashimuro district
      • Taiji-cho
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Kazakhstan
 
  • Pavlodar Region
    • Bayanaul
Kenya
 
  • Kajiado County
Bowen N L (1935) “Ferrosilite” as a natural mineral. American Journal of Science 30, 481-494
  • Meru County
Baker, B.H. (1967) Geology of the Mount Kenya area. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Mines and Geological Department, Report No. 79, 78 pp.; Price, R.C., Johnson, R.W., Gray, C.M., and Frey, F.A. (1985) Geochemistry of phonolites and trachytes from the summit region of Mt. Kenya. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 89, 394–409; Dawson, J.B., Hinton, R.W., and Steele, I.M. (2008) The composition of anorthoclase and nepheline in Mount Kenya phonolite and Kilimanjaro trachyte, and crystal-glass partitioning of elements. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 6, 1455-1464.
Dawson, J.B., Hinton, R.W., Steele, I.M. (2008) The composition of anorthoclase and nepheline in Mount Kenya phonolite and Kilimanjaro trachyte, and crystal-glass partitioning of elements. Canadian Mineralogist, 46:6, 1455-1464.
Libya
 
  • Kufra District
Flinn et al (1992)
Flinn et al. (1992)
Mauritius
 
Ashwal, L., Torsvik, T., Horváth, P., Harris, C., Webb, S., Werner, S., Corfu, F. (2016) A mantle-derived origin for Mauritian trachytes. Journal of Petrology, 57, 9, 1645–1676.
Ashwal, L., Torsvik, T., Horváth, P., Harris, C., Webb, S., Werner, S., Corfu, F. (2016) A mantle-derived origin for Mauritian trachytes. Journal of Petrology, 57, 9, 1645–1676.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Aquiles Serdán Municipality
      • Santa Eulalia Mining District
        • East Camp
Megaw, P.K.M., 1990b, Geology and geochemistry of the Santa Eulalia mining district, Chihuahua, Mexico.: Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Arizona, 549 p
    • Saucillo Municipality
Biedermann, A. R., Pettke, T., Angel, R. J., & Hirt, A. M. (2016). Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility in alkali feldspar and plagioclase. Geophysical Supplements to the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 205(1), 479-489.
New Zealand
 
  • Bay of Plenty Region
    • Mayor Island (Tuhua)
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
  • Canterbury Region
    • Christchurch City
      • Lyttelton
Speight, R. (1907) On a Soda Amphibole Trachyte from Cass's Peak, Banks Peninsula. Transactions of the New Zealand Institute, 40: Art. XIV, 176-184.
  • Otago Region
    • Waitaki District
      • Kakanui
Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.; Mason, B. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 19, 316-327.
North Korea
 
  • North Hamgyong Province
Shinichi Kato collection
Northwest Africa Meteorites
 
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2013/01/02/science.1228858.full.pdf
Norway
 
  • Jan Mayen Island
www.albany.edu/geosciences/cwhitems.html.
  • Oslo
    • Grorud
Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p. 10
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Kristiansen, R. (2014): Ferri-fluoro-leakeite: a second occurrence at Bratthagen (Norway), with new data on Zn partitioning and the oxo component in Na amphiboles. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 861-869.
Eldjarn, K. (1983) Mineraler fra Syenitt-Pegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. NAGS-Nytt, 10 (3): 4-41 [p.28]
Peru
 
  • Puno
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 145-150.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Wałbrzych Co.
      • Gmina Mieroszów
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
  • Opole Voivodeship
    • Opole Co.
      • Gmina Niemodlin
        • Gracze
W. Szeliga, Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, 2004, V 24, pp. 369-372.
Portugal
 
  • Azores
    • São Miguel Island
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA; Lavarde, S., Chiappino, L., Alves, P., Astolfi, M., (2019) Les Minéraux du massif volcanique du Fogo, Ile de São Miguel, Açores, Portugal. Le Règne Mineral, 145, 30-50
    • Terceira Island
      • Angra do Heroísmo
http://www.minersoc.org/files/Applied_Mineralogist_AMG_bulletin_Volume1_Number3.pdf
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
Rasskazov, S. V., Il’yasova, A. M., Konev, A. A., Yasnygina, T. A., Maslovskaya, M. N., Fefelov, N. N., ... & Saranina, E. V. (2007). Geochemical evolution of the Zadoi Alkaline-Ultramafic Massif, Cis-Sayan area, southern Siberia. Geochemistry International, 45(1), 1-14.
  • Magadan Oblast
    • Kolyma River Basin
      • Omchak gold field
Goryachev, N.A., Vikent’eva, O.V., Bortnikov, N.S., Prokof’ev, V.Y., Alpatov, V.A., and Golub, V.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 362-390.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Mikhailova, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 599-606.; Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Siidra, O.I. (2014): Ekplexite (Nb,Mo)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, kaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x and manganokaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mn1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, three new valleriite-group mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 663-679. ; Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
      • Koashva Mt
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Kapustin, Y. L., Pudovkina, Z. V., Bykova, A. V., & Lyubomilova, G. V. (1975). Koashvite, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 17(6), 654-660.
Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.; Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.; Ivanyuk, G. Y., Korchak, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Men’shikov, Y. P., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2012). Ulvöspinel from xenoliths of contact-altered volcanic and volcanosedimentary rocks in nepheline syenites of the Khibiny and Lovozero plutons. Geology of Ore Deposits, 54(7), 575-579.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    • Lovozersky District
      • Alluaiv Mt
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Victor Grishin material
Ivanyuk, G. Y., Korchak, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Men’shikov, Y. P., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2012). Ulvöspinel from xenoliths of contact-altered volcanic and volcanosedimentary rocks in nepheline syenites of the Khibiny and Lovozero plutons. Geology of Ore Deposits, 54(7), 575-579.
Arzamastseva, L.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A. [Арзамасцева, Л.В., Пахомовский Я.А.] (1999): Mineral associations in rocks of Niva agpaitic intrusion (Kola Peninsula) as indicators of its forming conditions [Минеральные ассоциации пород агпаитовой интрузии Нива (Кольский Полуостров) как индикаторы условий ее образования]. Zap. VMO [Зап. ВМО], 128, 6, 1-16 (in Russian); Arzamastsev, A.A., Belyatsky, B.V., Arzamastseva, L.V. (2000): Agpaitic magmatism in the northeastern Baltic Shield: a study of the Niva intrusion, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Lithos, 51, 1, 27-46.
    • Turii Cape
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Ngororero District
      • Gatumba
Bertossa, A. (1968) Inventaire des minéraux du Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda: 4: 25-45.; Daltry, V.D.C. and von Knorring, O. (1998) Type-mineralogy of Rwanda with particular reference to the Buranga pegmatite. Geologica Belgica: 1: 9-15.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Lučenec District
M. Huraiova et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 901-916.
    • Rimavská Sobota District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Murchison Range
      • Gravelotte
        • Letaba
          • Mpande farm
Minerals of South Africa
South Korea
 
Lee, M.W. (1982) journal of the Japan Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 77, 203-214.
  • North Gyeongsang Province
    • Ulleung-gun
Atsuo Harumoto (1970) Volcanic Rocks and Associated Rocks of Utsuryoto Island, (Japan Sea). (39pp + geological map)
Spain
 
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Camporrells
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Gran Canaria
        • Arucas
Arevalo, P., 1972, Estudio de la Ahuyna Presente en las Rocas Volcanicas de Arucas, Boletin Geologico y Minero, 83(2):187-193.
V.R. Troll et al. , Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. , 2003, 145, PP. 730-741.
    • Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province
      • La Gomera
Rodríguez-Losada, J.A., and Martínez-Frías, J. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 639-643.
      • Tenerife
        • Granadilla de Abona
Calvo, Miguel. (2018). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 767 págs.
Sweden
 
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Törnebohm, A. (1906): Katapleitsyenit, en nyupptäkt varietet af nefelinsyenit i Sverige. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, C 199: 1-54; Thulin, H. (1996): Norra Kärr. Litiofilen 13: 17-51 Tilley, C.E. (1953). The grennaite of Norra Kärr. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 75(3), pp.321–326. Sjöqvist, A.S.L., Cornell, D.H., Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Ek, M., and Leijd, M. (2013). Three compositional varieties of rare-earth element ore: Eudialyte-group minerals from the Norra Kärr alkaline complex, southern Sweden. Minerals, 3(1), pp.94–120.
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
Kresten, P. (1990): The Alnø area (in Swedish). In: Lundqvist, T. (Ed.), Beskrivning Till Bergrundskartan Over Västernorrlands län. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, serie Ba, 31, 238–278.
Tanzania
 
  • Kilimanjaro Region
    • Mount Kilimanjaro
Stern, W.B. (1969) On the chemical composition of anorthoclase from Mt. Kibo/Kilimanjaro (Tanzania). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 20, 198-202; Dawson, J.B., Hinton, R.W., Steele, I.M. (2008) The composition of anorthoclase and nepheline in Mount Kenya phonolite and Kilimanjaro trachyte, and crystal-glass partitioning of elements. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 6, 1455-1464.
Turkey
 
  • Eskişehir Province
    • Kirka
Cahit, H., and Alonso, R.N. (2000): Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 9, 1-27.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain. Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).;
Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).;
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • Argyll and Bute
      • Isle of Mull
B.G.J. Upton et al. , Journal of the Geological Society, 1998, V 155, N° 5, pp 813-828.
      • Isle of Staffa
J. C. Phillips, M. C. S. Humphreys, K. A. Daniels, R. J. Brown, F. Witham (2013) The formation of columnar joints produced by cooling in basalt at Staffa, Scotland. Bulletin of Volcanology, 75:715, pp. 17.
    • East Lothian
H. Downes et al. Lithos 58 2001 105–124
    • Highland
      • Isle of Skye
        • Luib
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache County
      • Sanders-Defiance Plateau area (Sanders-Cheto District)
        • Defiance Plateau
          • Sawmill
            • Buell Park
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 114.
    • Gila Co.
      • San Carlos Indian Reservation
        • San Carlos
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 114; Garcia, M.O., et al (1980), Volatiles in Ti-rich amphibole megacrysts, southwestern USA, Am.Min.: 65: 306-312.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 221, 406; Caporuscio, F.A. (1980), Alkalic lavas from the San Carlos, Arizona province (abstract), Amer. Geophys. Union, 1979 Fall annual meeting.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 114; Garcia, M.O., et al (1980), Volatiles in Ti-rich amphibole megacrysts, southwestern USA, Am.Min.: 65: 306-312.
    • Mohave County
      • Hualapai Mountains
McGuire, A. V., & Mukasa, S. B. (1997). Magmatic modification of the uppermost mantle beneath the Basin and Range to Colorado Plateau Transition Zone; Evidence from xenoliths, Wikieup, Arizona. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 128(1), 52-65.
    • Yavapai Co.
WITTKE, J.H. & HOLM, R.F. (1996) The association basamnitic nephelinite - feldspar ijolite - nepheline monzosyenite at House Mountain Volcano, North-Central Arizona. Canadian Mineralogist 34, 221-240.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Hawaii
    • Maui Co.
      • Maui
        • Lahaina
Sinton, J. (2006): Maui field trip, University of Hawai´i, Department of Geology and Geophysics
  • Maine
    • Cumberland Co.
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1
    • York Co.
      • York
Gilman, R., 1978, Bedrock Gepology of the Newfield 15' Quadrangle, Maine, ME Geol Surv OF-78-10.
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Dennen, W. H. 1992, Bedrock geologic map of the Gloucester and Rockport Quadrangles, Essex County, Massachusetts
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
    • Worcester Co.
Emerson, 1917. Geology of MA & RI, p.236.
  • Missouri
    • Jasper Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S. Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
    • Newton Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S. Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
  • Montana
    • Meagher Co.
American Mineralogist 50:291-292
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Kanes Springs Wash
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
      • Robinson Mining District
        • Ely
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Frondel, C.: Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ - a checklist (1972); Dunn(1995):Pt4:509.
    • Union Co.
      • Springfield Township
        • Springfield
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 5, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 93.
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax County
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Doña Ana Co.
      • Organ Mountains
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    • Eddy Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Luna County
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mountains
USGS GEOLOGIC INVESTIGATIONS SERIES I–2631
    • Halifax Co.
Philip M. Brown,Chief Geologist, 1985 Geological Map of North Carolina
Philip M. Brown, Chief Geologist, 1985, Geological Map of North Carolina
Stoddard,E.F.,(1992) A new suite of post-orogenic dikes in eastern North Carolina Piedmont:Part II.Mineralogy and geochemistry,Southeastern Geology,v.32,no.3,pg.119-142
  • Oklahoma
    • Atoka Co.
Morgan VI,George B.,and London,David (2011) Process of Granophyre Crystallization in the Long Mountain Granite, Southern Oklahoma :2012 Geological Society of America
    • Comanche Co.
      • Wichita Mountains
        • Mount Scott
J.D. Price et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 435-451.
    • Ottawa Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lebanon Co.
      • Cornwall Borough (Cornwall)
Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
        • Balmoral
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Texas
    • Brewster Co.
      • Big Bend National Park
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    • Lubbock Co.
http://www.meteoritestudies.com/protected_SHALLOW.HTM
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District (Clifton Mining District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Vermont
    • Rutland Co.
      • Shrewsbury
        • Cuttingsville
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
  • Virginia
    • Augusta Co.
      • Parnassus
Rocks & Minerals 84:352-362.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Wisconsin
    • Dodge Co.
      • Iron Ridge Mining District (Neda Iron Mining District)
Hawley, J. & A. Bevan (1934) Mineralogy and genesis of the Mayville iron ore of Wisconsin: american Mineralogist: 19 (11): 493- 514.
    • Marathon Co.
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
        • Stettin pluton
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
Buchholz, T. W., A. U.Falster, and W. B. Simmons (2012) Mineralogy Of An Unusual Pegmatite, Stettin Pluton, Marathon County, Wi. 39th Rochester Symposium abstracts.
    • Wood Co.
55TH INSTITUTE ON LAKE SUPERIOR GEOLOGY (2009) PROCEEDINGS VOLUME 55 p. 7
Yemen
 
  • Hadramawt Governorate
Zolensky, M. & A.Ivanov, Chemie der Erde 63,185-246(2003)
Zimbabwe
 
  • Manicaland
    • Buhera District
      • Shawa complex
        • Dorowa
Meck, M. L., Atlhopheng, J., Masamba, W. R. L., Ringrose, S., & Diskin, S. (2011). Minerals that host metals at Dorowa rock phosphate mine, Zimbabwe. Open Mineralogy Journal, 5, 1-9.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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