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Litharge

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About LithargeHide

Formula:
PbO
Colour:
Red
Lustre:
Greasy, Dull
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
9.14
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
From the Greek λιθάργνρος, the name given by Dioscorides to a material obtained in the process of separating lead from silver by fire metallurgy.
Dimorph of:
May be confused with minium.


Classification of LithargeHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.AC.20

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
A : Metal: Oxygen = 2:1 and 1:1
C : M:O = 1:1 (and up to 1:1.25); with large cations (+- smaller ones)
4.2.4.1

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
2 : AX
7.11.21

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
11 : Oxides of Sn and Pb

Physical Properties of LithargeHide

Greasy, Dull
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Red
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {110}.
Density:
9.14 g/cm3 (Measured)    9.35 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Measured on synthetic material

Optical Data of LithargeHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.665 nε = 2.535
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.130
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of LithargeHide

Formula:
PbO

Crystallography of LithargeHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P4/nmm
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.9729 Å, c = 5.0217 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.264
Unit Cell V:
79.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Alteration borders on scales or tablets of massicot; crusts. Artificial crystals are tabular {001}.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.115 Å(100)
2.809 Å(62)
2.510 Å(18)
1.988 Å(8)
1.872 Å(37)
1.675 Å(24)
1.542 Å(11)

Type Occurrence of LithargeHide

Synonyms of LithargeHide

Other Language Names for LithargeHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
11 photos of Litharge associated with LeadPb
6 photos of Litharge associated with CerussitePbCO3
4 photos of Litharge associated with HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
4 photos of Litharge associated with CalciteCaCO3
4 photos of Litharge associated with MassicotPbO
4 photos of Litharge associated with GalenaPbS
3 photos of Litharge associated with FluoriteCaF2
3 photos of Litharge associated with CopperCu
2 photos of Litharge associated with MiniumPb3O4
2 photos of Litharge associated with MagnesioferriteMgFe3+2O4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.AC.05SwedenborgiteNaBe4Sb5+O7Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.AC.10BrownmilleriteCa2(Al,Fe3+)2O5Orth. mm2
4.AC.10SrebrodolskiteCa2Fe3+2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.AC.15MontroyditeHgOOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
4.AC.20RomarchiteSnOTet.
4.AC.25MassicotPbOOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.11.1RomarchiteSnOTet.
7.11.2CassiteriteSnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.11.4SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
7.11.5BurtiteCa[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
7.11.6VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
7.11.7WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
7.11.8TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]Tet. 4/m : P42/n
7.11.9JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 >= x > 0.5)Tet. 4/m : P42/n
7.11.10NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
7.11.11Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.12Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
7.11.13MagnesionigeriteTrig.
7.11.14ArgutiteGeO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.11.15BrunogeieriteGe4+Fe2+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.11.16StottiteFe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]Tet.
7.11.17CarboiriteFeAl2(GeO4)O(OH)2Tric.
7.11.18OtjisumeitePbGe4O9Tric.
7.11.19BartelkeitePb(Fe2+Ge)[Ge2O7](OH)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.11.20MassicotPbOOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
7.11.22MiniumPb3O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mbc
7.11.23PlattneritePbO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
7.11.24Scrutinyiteα-PbO2Orth.
7.11.25MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.11.26MacedonitePbTiO3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
7.11.27CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
7.11.28CoronaditePb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m
7.11.29QuenselitePbMnO2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
7.11.30PlumboferritePb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
7.11.31Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
7.11.32SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig.

Other InformationHide

Thermal Behaviour:
Converts at 488°C into massicot
Health Risks:
Contains lead - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest.

References for LithargeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Michel (1890), Bull. soc. min.: 13: 56.
Hintze (1910): 1(2A): 1934.
Scott (1914), Mineralogical Magazine: 17: 143.
Larsen, E.S. (1917), Massicot and litharge, the two modifications of lead monoxide: American Mineralogist: 2: 18-19.
Shannon (1927), Economic Geology: 22: 826.
Applebey and Powell (1931), Journal Chem. Soc. London: 2821.
Darbyshire (1932), Journal Chem. Soc. London: 211.
Acta Crystallographica: 14: 1304.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 514-515.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1960): 94: 1187.
Neumüller, O.-A. (1979) "Römpp's Chemie-Lexikon", 8th ed., Franckh (Stuttgart).

Internet Links for LithargeHide

Localities for LithargeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Clarke Co.
Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • Zeehan mineral field
          • Tasmanian Smelting Company site
M. Latham Collection 2011
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hermagor District
      • Dellach
        • Jaukenhöhe
          • Plonalmlacke
Pichler, A. (2009) Bergbau in Westkärnten, Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. Verlag des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Kärnten, Klagenfurt, Sonderheft 63, 416 pages [in German].
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hüttenberg
          • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
        • St Martin am Silberberg
Blaß, G., Graf, H.-W. & Pichler, A. (1997): Sekundäre Neubildungen in Schlacken von St. Martin am Silberberg in Kärnten (2). Mineralien-Welt, 8(6), 54-55.
    • Villach
      • Mittewald
A.Pichler (2003)
  • Salzburg
    • Tamsweg District
      • Murwinkel
        • Schellgaden
          • Gold mines
C. Auer: Lapis 20(11):11-20 (1995)
    • Zell am See District
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo mining district
R.Poeverlein (2016)
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Öblarn
        • Walchen
[Lapis 1992: 2 p.19-30]
  • Tyrol
    • Kufstein District
      • Brixlegg
Kolitsch, U. (2013): 1799) Anglesit, Brochantit, Calcit, Callaghanit, Connellit, Cuprit, Diopsid, Elyit, Forsterit, Kupfer, Lithargit, Magnesiochromit, Malachit, Monohydrocalcit, Phoenicochroit, Rouait und Willemit in Schlacken der Montanwerke Brixlegg, Tirol. Pp. 111-114 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXII. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet mining district (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet mining district)
        • Plombières (Blieberg; Bleiberg; Bleyberg)
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995b): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Namur
      • Andenne
No reference listed
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba
    • Mizque Province
Alfredo Petrov and Jaroslav Hyrsl collections
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/afri/data/imaging/temp/2_57819/2_57819_10_DiamondDrillingReport_AkowLake2016.pdf
China
 
  • Tibet
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
http://www.ngu.no/FileArchive/165/2003_055.pdf Geological Survey of Norway / The Alice Wain Memorial West Norway Eclogite Field Symposium / Abstract Volume p. 8.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Bertil Otter collection & photo,photo-405064
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Poullaouen
Germain C., Leydet J-C., Saget Ph. (1990), Les minéraux de néoformation de Huelgoat (Finistère), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, 3-16
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Colmar-Ribeauvillé
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Saint-Girons
        • Aulus-les-Bains
Gol, D. (2014): L'ancienne mine de Laquorre, Aulus-les-bains, Ariège. Le Règne Minéral, 118, 5-27.
    • Lozère
      • Pont-de-Montvert
        • Vialas
No reference listed
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Bouches-du-Rhône
      • Aix-en-Provence
        • Peyrolles-en-Provence
Périnet F. (2018) La Durance, Minéraux du Groupe du Platine, autres minéraux et composants lourds des alluvions. AFM - Le Cahier des Micromonteurs n°140 2-2018
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
        • Badenweiler
          • Badenweiler Pb mining district
            • Sehringen
Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Hausach
          • Einbach valley
[Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald]
      • Waldshut
        • St Blasien
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Urberg
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Schapbach
      • Wildschapbach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Oberschulenberg
No reference listed
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
      • Grane Reservoir
ko.jansen; Ko Jansen collection
      • Langelsheim
        • Lautenthal
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hochsauerlandkreis
        • Sundern
          • Bönkhausen
Lapis, 14 (2), 22-27+33+42.
      • Hüsten
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
    • Cologne
      • Aachen
        • Alsdorf
Blaß, G. and Strehler, H. (1993): Mineralbildungen in einer durch Selbstentzündung brennenden Bergehalde des Aachener Steinkohlenreviers. Mineralien-Welt 4 (4), 35-42. (in German); Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
        • Eschweiler
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
        • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
International Association of Collectors of Slag; Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
      • Euskirchen
        • Mechernich
          • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Altenkirchen
      • Kirchen
        • Niederfischbach
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
      • Bad Ems
        • Braubach
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. & David, W. (1991): Die Blei- und Silberhütte Braubach und ihre Haldenminerale. Lapis, 16 (1), 38-49; 58 (in German).
Lapis, 16 (1), 38-53+58.
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol. 60, March-June 2009
    • Westerwaldkreis
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Rheinbreitbach
          • Virneberg Mine (St Josephsberg Mine)
Habel, B. (2006): Die Mineralien der Kupferschlacken der Grube „Virneberg“ bei Rheinbreitbach, Rhein. Mineralien-Welt 17 (1), 38-49.; Schnorrer-Köhler,G. (1988): Mineralogische Notizen IV. Der Aufschluss, 39, 153-168.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld Basin
      • Hettstedt
        • Copper-Silver smelter (Gottesbelohnung smelter) slag locality
Mineralien Welt 15 Jg.Heft 2 März-April 2004 and Mineralien Welt 19Jg Heft1 Jan -Febr, 2008 Hoorst Knoll
Besteman, Andre, et al, Hettstedt-smelter slag-dumps, Mansfeld Basin, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany, The Strahlen Foundation.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Megala Pefka area
Katerinopoulos, A. & Zissimopoulou, E. (1994): New mineral occurences from the Laurium mines. Mineralogical Record, 25, 279-280.
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
          • Soureza area
Katerinopoulos, A. & Zissimopoulou, E. (1994): New mineral occurences from the Laurium mines. Mineralogical Record, 25, 279-280.
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1982): Neue Schlackenminerale aus Laurion. Der Aufschluss, 33 (12), 459-462.
          • Megala Pefka area
van Kalmthout, P. (2012): De slakkenmineralen van Lavrion (Gr.) - Ontwikkelingen na 1996, inclusief een archeologische ontdekking. GEA, 45 (1), 14-19 (in Dutch).
          • Oxygon area
No reference listed
          • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Sounion area
van Kalmthout, P. (2012): De slakkenmineralen van Lavrion (Gr.) - Ontwikkelingen na 1996, inclusief een archeologische ontdekking. GEA, 45 (1), 14-19 (in Dutch).; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Thorikos area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • South Aegean
    • Thira
      • Santorini Island
Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Iran
 
  • Isfahan Province
    • Natanz County
      • Natanz
http://www.dainst.org/de/project/arisman?ft=all
  • Zanjan Province
    • Mahneshan County
      • Sheykhlar
Boni, M. et al. (2007): Hypogene Zn carbonate ores in the Angouran deposit, NW Iran. Mineralium Deposita 42, 799-820.
Italy
 
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Anzio
Palombi, S., Bellatreccia, F. & Pucci, R. (2009): Le scorie metallurgiche di Tor Caldara, Anzio - RM. Il Cercapietre, no. 1-2, 44-56. [http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista09/art03.pdf]
  • Piedmont
    • Vercelli Province
Luigi Chiappino data
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda
Stara P., Rizzo R. and Tanca G. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e minerali. E.M.Sa. Ed., pagg. 105-106.
      • Iglesias
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
    • Oristano Province
      • Pau
Urraci E.- Lini M. – Mattias P. (2006) - Il piombo naturale di Pau e gli altri minerali dell'area del rilievo vulcanico di M. Arci (Oristano, Sardegna Centrale) – Con la Collaborazione di Fabio Bellatreccia – Pubblicazione a cura del Comune di Pau (OR)
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
        • Oridda Valley
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Vignola-Falesina
Paolo Gasparetto, Erica Bittarello, Andrea Canal, Lara Casagrande, Marco E. Ciriotti, Bruno Fassina, Paolo Ferretti, Sergio Pegoraro, Fabio Tosato, Paolo Zammatteo (2014): I lavori minerari del Rio Ricet, Vignola, Falesina, Trento. Micro, 12, 50-123.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Int. Assoc. of Collectors of Slag Minerals, 10 (2), 4-6.
http://www.comune.pisa.it/apsn/Articoli/Scorie/Capattoli.htm
        • Sassetta
          • Canina Valley
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
      • Piombino
Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N. (1992): I minerali delle scorie ferrifere etrusche di Baratti (Livorno). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 99, 43-77; Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N., Bartoli, M.L., Chiappino, L. (1992): Baratti (LI): una nuova località mineralogica italiana analoga al Laurion. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 15, 2 (2-1992), 67-75 [2a parte]; Cerutti, G., Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20, 4, 13-18 and 50.
Mexico
 
  • Aguascalientes
    • Asientos Municipality
      • Asientos
Panczner(1987): 77-265.
  • Baja California
    • Ensenada Municipality
      • El Alamo
Panczner(1987):252.
  • Chihuahua
    • Batopilas Municipality
      • Andres del Rio District
Wilson, W. and Panczner, C., 1986, Batopilas, Mineralogical Record, v 17: 61-80.
    • Cusihuiriáchic Municipality
      • Cusihuiriáchic
Panczner (1987): 118-310.
  • Durango
    • Guanaceví Municipality
      • Guanaceví
Panczner(1987):252.
Panczner(1987):252.
Panczner (1987): 252.
    • Mapimí Municipality
      • Mapimí
Rocks & Min.: 56:247.
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
  • Guanajuato
    • San Luis de la Paz Municipality
      • Mineral de Pozos
Panczner (1987): 79-343.
Panczner (1987): 252.
  • Guerrero
    • Arcelia Municipality
      • Campo Morado
Panczner(1987):252.
Panczner (1987): 252.
  • Hidalgo
    • Zimapán Municipality
      • Zimapán
Panczner(1987):142-317.
  • Jalisco
    • Bolaños Municipality
      • Bolaños
Panczner (1987):80-393; Dana 7:I:518.
  • Oaxaca
    • Ocotlán de Morelos Municipality
      • Ocotlán de Morelos
Panczner (1987): 253.
  • San Luis Potosí
    • Catorce Municipality
      • Catorce (Real de Catorce)
Panczner (1987): 253.
      • Mineral de La Purísima Concepción
Panczner (1987): 133, 240 & 253.
    • Villa de La Paz Municipality
      • La Paz
Panczner(1987): 253.
Panczner (1987): 253.
  • Sonora
    • Cumpas Municipality
      • Cumpas
Panczner (1987): 253.
    • Sahuaripa Municipality
      • Mulatos
Panczner(1987):253.
Panczner (1987): 253.
  • Zacatecas
    • Concepción del Oro Municipality
      • Albarradón
Panczner(1987):253.
      • Aranzazú
Pancnzer(1987):253.
Panczner (1987): 253.
Panczner (1987): 253.
Panczner (1987): 253.
    • Zacatecas Municipality
      • Zacatecas
Panczner(1987):253.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Zagora Province
      • Djebel Saghro
        • Bou Skour District
Dietrich, J.E. & Favreau, G. (2005) Bou Skour (Maroc) : au pays des wulfenites bleues, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 89, pp 106-114
      • Oumlil
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Norway
 
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Tvedalen
        • Tuften (Tuften 1 Quarry; Tuften 2 Quarry)
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p; Andresen, P. (2013): Gedigent bly og andre spennende mineraler fra en unik pegmatitt i Tvedalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 83-87
Poland
 
  • Silesian Voivodeship
Cabała, J.; Warchulski, R.; Rozmus, D.; Środek, D.; Szełęg, E. (2020) Pb-Rich Slags, Minerals, and Pollution Resulted from a Medieval Ag-Pb Smelting and Mining Operation in the Silesian-Cracovian Region (Southern Poland). Minerals 10, 28.
Romania
 
  • Teleorman
Hansen, S., Montero-Ruiz, I., Rovira, S., Steiniger, D., & Toderaş, M. (2019). The earliest lead ore processing in Europe. 5th millennium BC finds from Pietrele on the Lower Danube. PloS one, 14(4), e0214218.
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages; Krivovichev, S.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Mikhailova, J.A., Men’shikov, Yu.P., Armbruster, Th., Selivanova, E.A., Meisser, N. (2007): Yakovenchukite-(Y), K3NaCaY2(Si12O30)(H2O)4, a new mineral from the Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: A novel type of octahedral-tetrahedral open-framework structure. American Mineralogist, 92, 1525-1530.
        • Kirovskii apatite mine (Kirovsky Mine; Kirovskii Mine; Kirov Mine)
American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 1525-1530, 2007
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
[MinRec 32:8]
Serbia
 
  • Podrinje District
    • Boranja orefield
Radosavljević-Mihajlović, A. S., Stojanović, J. N., Radosavljević, S. A., Pačevski, A. M., Vuković, N. S., & Tošović, R. D. (2017). Mineralogy and genetic features of the Cu-As-Ni-Sb-Pb mineralization from the Mlakva polymetallic deposit (Serbia)—New occurrence of (Ni-Sb)-bearing Cu-arsenides. Ore Geology Reviews, 80, 1245-1258.
Slovenia
 
  • Carinthia Region
• Aleksander Rečnik (2010) Minerals of the lead and zinc ore deposit Mežica. Bode Vlg. & Jožef Stefan Institute. Ljubljana: 112 pp.; Grafenauer, S. (1960): Rare natural lead oxides from Mezica (Mies), Yugoslavia. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 94, 1187-1190.
Handbook of Mineralogy
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Grensman, F., Kalinowski, M.P. and Sandström, F. (2001): Garpenberg Norra. Litofilen. 18 (2), 26-46.
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Adolfsson, S. G. (1979): Notes on Recent Underground Collecting at Långban. Mineralogical Record. 10: 215-217
      • Nordmark District
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Kjell Gatedal
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (1984): Kleinod des Nordens - Harstigen in Schweden. Magma 2/1984, 12-30.
UK
 
  • England
    • County Durham
      • Bollihope District
Norman Wilson collection
Norman Wilson; Personal collection; Norman Wilson personal collection; Norman Wilson collection
      • Castleside
Norman Wilson collection
    • Derbyshire
      • Derbyshire Dales District
        • South Darley
Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993): The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire. UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13, 16-55.
      • North East Derbyshire District
        • Ashover
          • Milltown
Rust, S. A. (1994): Seltene Mineralien aus dem Milltown-Steinbruch bei Ashover, Derbyshire, Großbritannien. Lapis, 19(12), 13-17; 58 (in German).; Mineralogical Magazine(1984) 48, 267-269; Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993): The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire. UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13, 16-55.
    • North Yorkshire
      • Richmondshire
        • Reeth, Fremington and Healaugh
          • Kearton
A Thompson collection
    • Northumberland
      • Allendale
Norman Wilson collection
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
    • South Lanarkshire
Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Pontrhydygroes
BMS Database.; Green, D.I., Rust, S.A., Mason, J.S. (1996) Classic British mineral localities: Frongoch mine, Dyfed. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 17, 29-39.; Rust, Steve A. (2019) Minerals of the Frongoch Mine. Published by the author, 180 pages. ISBN 978-1-9162641-0-6.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa Mining District
        • Santa Teresa Mountains
          • Klondyke
            • Grand Reef Mountain
              • Laurel Canyon
[MinRec 27:305]
    • La Paz Co.
      • Silver Mining District
[MinRec 21:160]
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Osborn Mining District
        • Tonopah
          • Belmont Mountain
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 279.
    • Pima Co.
      • Quijotoa Mountains
        • Quijotoa Mining District
          • Ben Nevis Mountain
Arthur L. Flagg Collection No. 4536
      • Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian Reservation
        • Comobabi Mountains
          • Cababi Mining District (Comobabi Mining District)
            • Ko Vaya
              • Mildren Mine group
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 121, 279; Williams, S.A, (1963), Oxidation of sulfide ores in the Mildren and Steppe mining districts, Pima Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1119-1125.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 279; Williams, S.A, (1963), Oxidation of sulfide ores in the Mildren and Steppe mining districts, Pima Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1119-1125.
    • Yuma Co.
      • Castle Dome Mountains
        • Castle Dome Mining District
          • Kofa Game Range
            • Castle Dome Mine group
              • Haack Mine group
Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 108.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
Wheeler, G.M. (1876), Annual report upon the geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian in California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, New Mexico, Arizona, and Montana: 44th. Cong., 2nd. sess., H. Ex. Doc. 1, pt. 2, vol. 2, pt. 3 app. J.J.: 57; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 245.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Andrews Mountain
Bradley, W.W. (1940), Thirty-sixth report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 36: 106; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 245.
Larsen, Esper Signius (1917), Massicot and litharge, the two modifications of lead monoxide: American Mineralogist: 2: 18-19; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 245.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • San Gabriel Mountains
        • Lytle Creek District
          • Cucamonga Peak
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 256; Larsen, Esper Signius (1917), Massicot and litharge, the two modifications of lead monoxide: American Mineralogist: 2: 18-19; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 245, 257.
  • Colorado
    • Lake Co.
MinRec 16:171-201
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Middletown
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
  • Idaho
    • Blaine Co.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Easthampton
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
  • Montana
    • Deer Lodge Co.
      • Olson Gulch Mining District
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mountains
        • Goodsprings Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi Mining District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
Steve Pullman
  • Texas
    • Presidio Co.
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
  • Wyoming
    • Fremont Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:382
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland West
    • Kadoma District
Vetter, U., Weck, H.-D., Weale, T., Klosa, D., Wittich, C. and Hoffmann, K. (1999): A provisional inventory of the Sanyati oxide-zone minerals, Zimbabwe. Z. Angew. Geol. 45, 15-21.; Frei, Martina (2005) Composition, formation, and leaching behaviour of supergene, polymetallic ores from the Sanyati deposit (Zimbabwe): A case study
 
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