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Leucite

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About LeuciteHide

Formula:
K(AlSi2O6)
Colour:
White, grey
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5½ - 6
Specific Gravity:
2.45 - 2.5
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
From the Greek "leucos," for white, in allusion to its common colour.
Leucite is common in some volcanic rocks in which it crystallises with a cubic crystal structure at high temperature (ca. 900°C). Upon cooling to 700-600°C, it transforms into a tetragonal modification which is stable at room temperature and forms characteristic polysynthetic twin lamellae. The transformation is reversible.

The mineral is usually included as a feldspathoid by petrologists, as it is a common primary rock-forming mineral in some high-potassium rocks but, despite being anhydrous, structurally it also has a topological relation to zeolites, especially analcime, and thus is typically included in that family also.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Leucite.


Classification of LeuciteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.GB.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
B : Chains of single connected 4-membered rings
76.2.2.1

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
2 : Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
16.3.4

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
3 : Aluminosilicates of K

Physical Properties of LeuciteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
White, grey
Hardness:
5½ - 6 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
Very poor om {110}
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
2.45 - 2.5 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.46 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LeuciteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.508 nε = 1.509
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.001
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Comments:
May be anomalously biaxial.

Chemical Properties of LeuciteHide

Formula:
K(AlSi2O6)
Common Impurities:
Ti,Fe,Mg,Ca,Ba,Na,Rb,Cs,H2O

Age distributionHide

Recorded ages:
Cenozoic : 51.8 ± 2.0 Ma to 0.056 ± 0.005 Ma - based on 5 recorded ages.

Crystallography of LeuciteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
I41/a
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.056 Å, c = 13.751 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.053
Unit Cell V:
2,343.98 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
16
Morphology:
Euhedral pseudocubic crystals
Twinning:
Common, repeated on {110} and {101}, from two complex displacive phase transformations during cooling.

Crystallographic forms of LeuciteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Leucite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Leucite no.4 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indices | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Potasium rich mafic and ultramafic lavas.

Type Occurrence of LeuciteHide

Synonyms of LeuciteHide

Other Language Names for LeuciteHide

Dutch:Leuciet
Hebrew:לוסיט
Italian:Leucite
Polish:Leucyt
Russian:Лейцит
Simplified Chinese:白榴石
Spanish:Leucita
Swedish:Leucit

Relationship of Leucite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Cancrinite GroupA large, structurally complex group of alumosilicates.
CarnegieiteNaAlSiO4Tric.
Davidsmithite(Ca,□)2Na6Al8Si8O32Hex. 6 : P63
KalsiliteKAlSiO4Hex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
MetaleuciteA name for isometric leucite that is stable above 625 degrees C.
NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)Hex. 6 : P63
Sodalite GroupThe Sodalite Group is characterised by sodalite-type stacking of alumosilicate building units that produces ...
Trikalsilite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex.
TrinephelineNaAlSiO4Hex. 6 : P61
Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]Trig. 3 : P3

Common AssociatesHide

AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
18 photos of Leucite associated with Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
10 photos of Leucite associated with NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
10 photos of Leucite associated with FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
7 photos of Leucite associated with MeliliteCa2(Al,Mg,Fe)((Al,Si,B)SiO7)
6 photos of Leucite associated with Feldspar Group
5 photos of Leucite associated with MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4
5 photos of Leucite associated with CalciteCaCO3
4 photos of Leucite associated with Pyroxene Group
3 photos of Leucite associated with AragoniteCaCO3
3 photos of Leucite associated with PerovskiteCaTiO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.GB.05Ammonioleucite(NH4)(AlSi2O6)Tet.
9.GB.05AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.GB.05HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
9.GB.05LithositeK6Al4Si8O25 · 2H2OMon.
9.GB.05Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.GB.05WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
9.GB.05KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.GB.10LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GB.15YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2OMon.
9.GB.20RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2OTet.
9.GB.25GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
9.GB.30Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2OOrth.
9.GB.35ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

76.2.2.2Ammonioleucite(NH4)(AlSi2O6)Tet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.3.1LithositeK6Al4Si8O25 · 2H2OMon.
16.3.2KaliophiliteKAlSiO4Hex.
16.3.3KalsiliteKAlSiO4Hex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
16.3.5MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
16.3.6OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.3.7SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.3.8MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Leucite in petrologyHide

References for LeuciteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Blumenbachs, J.F. (1791) Auszuge und kezensioneit bergmanischer und mineralogischer schriften. Bergmannisches Journal: 2: 483-500.
Klaproth, M.H. (1797) Untersuchung des Leucits. Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Zweiter Band, Rottmann Berlin: 39-59.
von Buch, L. (1800) Über die Formation des Leucits. Annalen der Physik: 6: 53-66.
Judd, J.W. (1887) On the Discovery of Leucite in Australia. Mineralogical Magazine: 7(35): 194-195.
Bowen, N.L. (1917) The sodium-potassium nephelites. American Journal of Science: 43: 115-132.
Onorato, E. (1938) Ricerche roentgenografiche sulla leucite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma,; 85-97.
Wyart, J. (1938) Etude sur la leucite. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie: 61: 228-238.
Peacor, D.R. (1968) A high temperature single crystal diffractometer study of leucite, (K,Na)AlSi2O6. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 127: 213-224.
Gupta, A.K., Fyfe, W.S. (1975) Leucite survival: The alteration to analcime. The Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 361-363.
Martin, R.F., Lagache, M. (1975) Cell edges and infrared spectra of synthetic leucites and pollucites in the system KAlSi2O6 — RbAlSi2O6 — CsAlSi2O6. The Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 275-281.
Mazzi, F., Galli, E., Gottardi, G. (1976) The crystal structure of tetragonal leucite. American Mineralogist: 61: 108-115.
Matson, D.W., Sharma, S.K., Philpotts, J.A. (1986) Raman-spectra of some tectosilicates and of glasses along the orthoclase-anorthite and nepheline-anorthite joins. American Mineralogist: 71: 694-704.
Hatch, D.M., Ghose, S., Stokes, H.T. (1990) Phase transitions in leucite, KAlSi2O6. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 17: 220–227.
Heany, P.J. and Veblen, D.R. (1990) A high-temperature study of the low-high leucite phase transition using transmission electron microscope. American Mineralogist: 75: 464-476.
Dove, M.T., Cool, T., Palmer, D.C., Putnis, A., Salje, E.K.H., Winkler, B. (1993) On the role of Al-Si ordering in the cubic-tetragonal phase transition of leucite. American Mineralogist: 78: 492.
Phillips, B.L. and Kirkpatrick, R.J. (1994) Short-range Al-Si order in leucite and analcime: determination of the configurational entropy from 27Al and variable-temperature 29Si NMR spectroscopy of leucite, its Cs- and Rb-exchanged derivatives, and analcime. American Mineralogist: 79: 1025-1031.
Coombs, D.S., Alberti, A., Armbruster, T., Artioli, G., Colella, C., Galli, E., Grice, J.D., Liebau, F., Mandarino, J.A., Minato, H., Nickel, E.H., Passaglia, E., Peacor, D.R., Quartieri, S., Rinaldi, R., Ross, M., Sheppard, R.A., Tillmanns, E., Vezzalini, G., (1997) Recommended nomenclature for zeolite minerals: report of the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1571-1606.
Hogarth, D.D. (1997) Mineralogy of leucite-bearing dykes from Napoleon Bay, Baffin Island: multistage proterozoic lamproites. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 53-78.
Mandarino, J.A. (1999) The zeolite group. Mineralogical Record: 30: 5-6.
Shannon, R.D., Shannon, R.C., Medenbach, O., Fischer, R.X. (2002) Refractive index and dispersion of fluorides and oxides. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data 31: 931-970.
Gatta, G.D., Rotiroti, N., Ballaran, T.B., Pavese, A. (2008) Leucite at high pressure: Elastic behavior, phase stability, and petrological implications. American Mineralogist: 93: 1588-1596.
Aktas, O., Carpenter, M.A., Salje, E.K.H. (2015) Elastic softening of leucite and the lack of polar domain boundaries. American Mineralogist: 100: 2159-2162.

Internet Links for LeuciteHide

Localities for LeuciteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Helmand
    • Dushan District
      • Khanneshin complex
Vikhter, B. Y., Yeremenko, G. K., & Chmyrev, V. M. (1976). A young volcanogenic carbonatite complex in Afghanistan. International Geology Review, 18(11), 1305-1312. Mars, J. C., & Rowan, L. C. (2011). ASTER spectral analysis and lithologic mapping of the Khanneshin carbonatite volcano, Afghanistan. Geosphere, 7(1), 276-289.
  • Panjshir
    • Khinj District
Merkel, S., Bräutigam, B., Klein, S., & Hauptmann, A. (2013). The Analysis of Slag from the Panjhır Mining Region, Afghanistan: An Investigation of (Medieval) Silver Production Technology. Archäologische Mitteilungen, 45, 231-250.
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Mac Robertson Land
Walker, K. R., & Mond, A. (1971). Mica lamprophyre (alnöite) from Radok Lake, Prince Charles Mountains, Antarctica. Australia. Department of National Development. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Record No. 1971/108
Sheraton, J. W., & England, R. N. (1980). Highly potassic mafic dykes from Antarctica. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 27(1-2), 129-135.
    • Victoria Land
Harrington, H. J., Wood, B. L., McKellar, I. C., & Lensen, G. J. (1967). Topography and geology of the Cape Hallett-Tucker Glacier district, Antarctica. Bull. NZ. Geo!. Surv, 80, 100. Hamilton, W. B. (1972). The Hallett Volcanic Province, Antarctica (No. 456-C), 1-62
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II Land
Collerson, K. D., & McCulloch, M. T. (1983). Nd and Sr isotope geochemistry of leucite-bearing lavas from Gaussberg, East Antarctica. In Antarctic earth science. International symposium. 4 (pp. 676-680). Sheraton, J. W., & Cundari, A. (1980). Leucitites from gaussberg, Antarctica. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 71(4), 417-427.
Argentina
 
  • Salta Province
    • Iruya department
Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 163.
  • Tucumán Province
Armenia
 
  • Kotayk Province
Kogarko, L. N., Konova, V. A., Orlova, M. P., & Woolley, A. R. (1995). Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbai’an, Georgia). In Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World (pp. 59-64). Springer Netherlands.
  • Syunik Province
Gupta, A K (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Cowper Co.
Judd, J. W. (1887) On the Discovery of Leucite in Australia. Mineralogical Magazine and Journal of the Mineralogical Society: 7(35): 194–195. doi:10.1180/minmag.1887.007.35.06
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Prospect (Prospect Hill)
Min Rec (1994) 25:185-194
    • Yanda Co.
      • Tindarey
Brocx, M. (2017) Heritage matters. The Australian geologist, 182, p.13-14.
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Shepparton
      • Cosgrove
    • Moorabool Shire
      • Mount Egerton
  • Western Australia
    • Derby-West Kimberley Shire
      • Ellendale
Trendall, A.F., et.al. (eds.) (1990) Geology and Mineral Resources of Western Australia. Western Australia Geological Survey, Memoir 3, 827 pages.
Jaques et al.(1986): The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia, Geological Survey of Western Australia (1986)
Fetherston, J.M., Stocklmayer, S.M., Stocklmayer, V.C. (2013) Gemstones of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, 306 pages.
Department of Mines Western Australia (1990), Geology and Mineral Resources of Western Australia, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Department of Mines Western Australia, State Government of Western Australia, 1990
Prider, r.(1982): A Glassy Lamproite from the West Kimberley Area Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine(1982):45: 279-282
      • Fitzroy Crossing
Jaques, A.L., Lewis, J.D. & Smith C.B., (1986): The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Bulletin 132.
      • Noonkanbah Station
Prider, R.T. (1939) Some minerals from the leucite-rich rocks of the West Kimberley area, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 25(166): 373-387.; Velde, D. (1968) A new occurrence of priderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 36(282): 867-870.; Pryce, M.W, Hodge, L.C., and Criddle, A.J. (1984) Jeppeite, a new K-Ba-Fe titanite from Walgidee Hills, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 48: 263-266.; Department of Mines Western Australia (1990) Geology and Mineral Resources of Western Australia, Memoir 3. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Department of Mines Western Australia, State Government of Western Australia.; Jaques, A.L. (2017) The Walgidee Hills zoned lamproite intrusion, West Kimberley Province, Western Australia. 11th International Kimberlite Conference Extended Abstract No. 11IKC-4489.;
Jaques, A.L., Lewis. J.D., Smith, C.B. (1986) The kimberlites and lamproites of Western Australia. Geological Society of Western Australia, Bulletin No. 132, 268p and maps.
Jaques, A.L., Lewis. J.D., Smith, C.B. (1986) The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia. Geological Society of Western Australia, Bulletin No. 132, 268p and maps.
Jaques, A.L., Lewis. J.D., Smith, C.B. (1986) The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia. Geological Society of Western Australia, Bulletin No. 132, 268p and maps.
Jaques, A.L., Lewis. J.D., Smith, C.B. (1986) The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia. Geological Society of Western Australia, Bulletin No. 132, 268p and maps.
Jaques, A.L., Lewis. J.D., Smith, C.B. (1986) The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia. Geological Society of Western Australia, Bulletin No. 132, 268p and maps.
Jaques, A.L., Lewis. J.D., Smith, C.B. (1986) The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia. Geological Society of Western Australia, Bulletin No. 132, 268p and maps.
Jaques, A.L., Lewis. J.D., Smith, C.B. (1986) The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia. Geological Society of Western Australia, Bulletin No. 132, 268p and maps.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Südoststeiermark District
      • Bad Gleichenberg
        • Wilhelmsdorf
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Bad Radkersburg
        • Klöch
Taucher, J. et al. (1989)
Azerbaijan
 
  • Lerik District
Gupta, A K (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
Bangladesh
 
  • Rangpur Division
    • Rangpur District
      • Mithapukur
Md. Aminur Rahman, Mohammad Nazim Zaman, Md. Nehal Uddin, Pradip Kumar Biswas, Mst. Shanjida Sultana (2013) Beneficiation of Ilmenite from Ultramafic Lamprophyres of Mithapukur, Rangpur District of Bangladesh. International Journal of Mining Engineering and Mineral Processing 2013, 2(1), 1-7.
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
    • Amorinópolis
Danni, J.C.M; Gaspar, J.C., 1994, Química do Katungito de Amorinópolis - Goiás: Contribuição ao Estudo do Magmatismo Kamafugítico.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Patos de Minas
      • Pântano
Danni, J. C. M., & Scartezini, A. A. (1990). O Olivina Leucitito De Pântano Ea Natureza Do Vulcanismo Da Formação Mata Da Corda, MG. Revista Brasileira de Geociências, 20.
  • Santa Catarina
1995, Geochimica Brasiliensis, 8: 179-214.; Comin-Chiaramonti, P., de Barros Gomes, C., Castorina, F., di Censi, P., Antonini, P., Furtado, S., ... & Scheibe, L. F. (2008). Geochemistry and geodynamic implications of the Anitápolis and Lages alkaline-carbonatite complexes, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 32(1), 43-58.; G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
  • São Paulo
    • Águas da Prata
Rafael Hernandes Corrêa-Silva.
Cameroon
 
  • South-West Region
    • Buea
      • Cameroon Mt
Nkoumbou, C., Deruelle, B., Velde, D. (1995): Petrology of Mt Etinde Nephelinite Series, Journal of Petrology, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 373-395; Bindi, L., Bonazzi, P., & Fitton, J. G. (2001). Crystal chemistry of strontian soda melilite from nephelinite lava of Mt. Etinde, Cameroon. European Journal of Mineralogy, 13(1), 121-125.
Canada
 
  • Nunavut
    • Qikiqtaaluk Region
      • Baffin Island
Hogarth (1997) Canadian Mineralogist 35, 53-78.
Cape Verde
 
  • Sotavento Islands
http://www.cienciahoje.pt/index.php?oid=52909&op=all
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Longnan
      • Li County
Yu, X. H., Mo, X. X., Flower, M., Su, S. G., & Zhao, X. (2001). Cenozoic kamafugite volcanism and tectonic meaning in west Qinling area, Gansu province. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 17(3), 366-+. Xuehu, Y., ZlllDAN, Z. H. A. O., Xuanxue, M., Shangguo, S., DEQIN, Z., & Yonglei, W. (2003). The petrological and mineralogical characteristics of Cenozoic kamafugite and carbonatite association in West Qinling, Gansu province: China. Mineral, 72, 161-179. Zhao, Z., Zhang, H., Yu, X., Mo, X., & Depaolo, D. J. (2005). Cenozoic kamafugite in west Qinling, China: Age and geochemistry. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Supplement, 69, A111.
  • Heilongjiang
    • Daxing'anling
      • Songling District
Jian Shao, Wenlan Zhang, Xinhua Zhou, and Cong Zhang (2009): Acta Petrologica Sinica 25(10), 2642-2650; Sun, Y., Ying, J., Zhou, X., Shao, J. A., Chu, Z., & Su, B. (2014). Geochemistry of ultrapotassic volcanic rocks in Xiaogulihe NE China: Implications for the role of ancient subducted sediments. Lithos, 208, 53-66. Sun, Y., Ying, J., Su, B., Zhou, X., & Shao, J. A. (2015). Contribution of crustal materials to the mantle sources of Xiaogulihe ultrapotassic volcanic rocks, Northeast China: New constraints from mineral chemistry and oxygen isotopes of olivine. Chemical Geology, 405, 10-18.
    • Heihe
      • Nenjiang County
Zhang, M., Suddaby, P., Thompson, R. N., Thirlwall, M. F., & Menzies, M. A. (1995). Potassic volcanic rocks in NE China: geochemical constraints on mantle source and magma genesis. Journal of Petrology, 36(5), 1275-1303. Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East. University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, 2, 373-413. Zhang, Y. L., Liu, C. Z., Ge, W. C., Wu, F. Y., & Chu, Z. Y. (2011). Ancient sub-continental lithospheric mantle (SCLM) beneath the eastern part of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB): Implications for crust–mantle decoupling. Lithos, 126(3-4), 233-247.
      • Wudalianchi City
Yunpeng, W., Zhenxin, H., & Lixia, M. (1996). Volcanic landforms of Wudalianchi, Heilongjiang. In Field trip guide: 30th International Geological Congress, 4-14 August 1996, Beijing, China (Vol. 3). Geological Publishing House. Zhang, M., Suddaby, P., Thompson, R. N., Thirlwall, M. F., & Menzies, M. A. (1995). Potassic volcanic rocks in NE China: geochemical constraints on mantle source and magma genesis. Journal of Petrology, 36(5), 1275-1303.
Ming Zhang (1984): Earth Science, Journal of China University of Geosciences 28(1)
Ming Zhang (1984): Earth Science, Journal of China University of Geosciences 28(1)
    • Qiqihaer
      • Kedong County
Chu, Z. Y., Harvey, J., Liu, C. Z., Guo, J. H., Wu, F. Y., Tian, W., ... & Yang, Y. H. (2013). Source of highly potassic basalts in northeast China: evidence from Re–Os, Sr–Nd–Hf isotopes and PGE geochemistry. Chemical Geology, 357, 52-66. OGURA, T. (1969). Volcanoes in Manchuria. Geology and mineralogy of the Far East, 373-413. Zhang, M., Suddaby, P., Thompson, R. N., Thirlwall, M. F., & Menzies, M. A. (1995). Potassic volcanic rocks in NE China: geochemical constraints on mantle source and magma genesis. Journal of Petrology, 36(5), 1275-1303.
  • Henan
    • Luoyang
      • Song County
Senpo Wen (2009): Geology and Exploration 45(3), 247-252
Senpo Wen, Guoyin Liu, Baolong Qiao, Shenfen Liu, and Fuxing Zheng (2008): China Molybdenum Industry 32(2), 14-17
  • Hunan
    • Changsha
      • Ningxiang City
Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Tongliao City (Tongliao Prefecture)
      • Horqin District (Ke'erqin District)
Ogura, T. (1969). Volcanoes in Manchuria. Geology and Mineralogy of the Far East. University of Tokio Press, Tokyo, 2, 373-413. Gupta, A.K. & Yagi, K. 1980. Petrology and Genesis of Leucite-Bearing Rocks, Springerm Berlin.
  • Qinghai
    • Gyêgu Autonomous Prefecture (Yushu Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Zhidoi Co. (Zhiduo Co.)
Guo, Z., Wilson, M., Liu, J., & Mao, Q. (2006). Post-collisional, potassic and ultrapotassic magmatism of the northern Tibetan Plateau: Constraints on characteristics of the mantle source, geodynamic setting and uplift mechanisms. Journal of Petrology, 47(6), 1177-1220. Wang, Q., McDermott, F., Xu, J. F., Bellon, H., & Zhu, Y. T. (2005). Cenozoic K-rich adakitic volcanic rocks in the Hohxil area, northern Tibet: lower-crustal melting in an intracontinental setting. Geology, 33(6), 465-468.
  • Sichuan
    • Panzhihua
      • Yanbian County
HOUJUN, M., JIZU, T., XINGCHUN, Z., MINGKUN, W., & RUGANG, S. (1989). Ultrapotassic rocks in Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau and adjacent areas and their tectonic circumstances. In Developments in geoscience. Chinese Academy of Sciences, contribution to international geological congress. 28 (pp. 119-128).
HOUJUN, M., JIZU, T., XINGCHUN, Z., MINGKUN, W., & RUGANG, S. (1989). Ultrapotassic rocks in Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau and adjacent areas and their tectonic circumstances. In Developments in geoscience. Chinese Academy of Sciences, contribution to international geological congress. 28 (pp. 119-128).
  • Tibet
    • Lhasa
      • Damxung Co. (Dangxiong Co.)
Gao, Y., Yang, Z., Hou, Z., Wei, R., Meng, X., & Tian, S. (2010). Eocene potassic and ultrapotassic volcanism in south Tibet: new constraints on mantle source characteristics and geodynamic processes. Lithos, 117(1-4), 20-32. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks.
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Nyima Co. (Nima Co.)
Zhao, Z., Mo, X., Dilek, Y., Niu, Y., DePaolo, D. J., Robinson, P., ... & Luo, Z. (2009). Geochemical and Sr–Nd–Pb–O isotopic compositions of the post-collisional ultrapotassic magmatism in SW Tibet: petrogenesis and implications for India intra-continental subduction beneath southern Tibet. Lithos, 113(1-2), 190-212. Zhao, Z. D., Mo, X. X., Nomade, S., Renne, P. R., Zhou, S., Dong, G. C., ... & Liao, Z. L. (2006). Post-collisional ultrapotassic rocks in Lhasa block, Tibetan Plateau: Spatial and temporal distribution and its' implications. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 22(4), 787-794.
Siping Liao, Zhenhua Chen, Xiaochuan Luo, and Aijian Zhou (2002): Geological Bulletin of China 21(11), 735-738; Gao, Y., Hou, Z., Kamber, B. S., Wei, R., Meng, X., & Zhao, R. (2007). Lamproitic rocks from a continental collision zone: evidence for recycling of subducted Tethyan oceanic sediments in the mantle beneath southern Tibet. Journal of Petrology, 48(4), 729-752.
Ding, L., Kapp, P., Zhong, D., & Deng, W. (2003). Cenozoic volcanism in Tibet: evidence for a transition from oceanic to continental subduction. Journal of Petrology, 44(10), 1833-1865.
      • Shuanghu Co.
Guo, Z., Wilson, M., Liu, J., & Mao, Q. (2006). Post-collisional, potassic and ultrapotassic magmatism of the northern Tibetan Plateau: Constraints on characteristics of the mantle source, geodynamic setting and uplift mechanisms. Journal of Petrology, 47(6), 1177-1220.
        • Shuanghu
Mo, X., Zhao, Z., Deng, J., Flower, M., Yu, X., Luo, Z., ... & Wang, L. (2006). Petrology and geochemistry of postcollisional volcanic rocks from the Tibetan plateau: implications for lithosphere heterogeneity and collision-induced asthenospheric mantle flow. SPECIAL PAPERS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 409, 507.
    • Ngari
      • Gêrzê Co. (Gaize Co.)
Guo, Z., Wilson, M., Liu, J., & Mao, Q. (2006). Post-collisional, potassic and ultrapotassic magmatism of the northern Tibetan Plateau: Constraints on characteristics of the mantle source, geodynamic setting and uplift mechanisms. Journal of Petrology, 47(6), 1177-1220.
    • Xigazê Prefecture (Rikaze Prefecture; Shigatse Prefecture)
      • Ngamring Co. (Angren Co.)
Gao, Y., Hou, Z., Kamber, B. S., Wei, R., Meng, X., & Zhao, R. (2007). Lamproitic rocks from a continental collision zone: evidence for recycling of subducted Tethyan oceanic sediments in the mantle beneath southern Tibet. Journal of Petrology, 48(4), 729-752. Gao, Y., Wei, R., Ma, P., Hou, Z., & Yang, Z. (2009). Post-collisional ultrapotassic volcanism in the Tangra Yumco-Xuruco graben, south Tibet: constraints from geochemistry and Sr–Nd–Pb isotope. Lithos, 110(1-4), 129-139. Ding, L., Kapp, P., Zhong, D., & Deng, W. (2003). Cenozoic volcanism in Tibet: evidence for a transition from oceanic to continental subduction. Journal of Petrology, 44(10), 1833-1865.
  • Xinjiang
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Guo, Z., Wilson, M., Liu, J., & Mao, Q. (2006). Post-collisional, potassic and ultrapotassic magmatism of the northern Tibetan Plateau: Constraints on characteristics of the mantle source, geodynamic setting and uplift mechanisms. Journal of Petrology, 47(6), 1177-1220. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks.
  • Yunnan
    • Chuxiong
      • Nanhua County
HOUJUN, M., JIZU, T., XINGCHUN, Z., MINGKUN, W., & RUGANG, S. (1989). Ultrapotassic rocks in Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau and adjacent areas and their tectonic circumstances. In Developments in geoscience. Chinese Academy of Sciences, contribution to international geological congress. 28 (pp. 119-128).
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Cheb District
      • Mariánské Lázně
Ulrych, J., Pivec, E., Bouše, P.: Minerální parageneze ijolitových vyloučenin v olivinickém nefelinitu Podhorního vrchu u Mariánských Lázní. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 51-56.
Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F., Gabašová, A., Hloušek, J., Šrein, V. (2003) Supplement to secondary and rock-forming minerals of the Jáchymov ore dsitrict. Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 48, 149–155
    • Karlovy Vary District
      • Ostrov
Pauliš, P.: Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech II. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2003, s. 17 - 18.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Teplice District
      • Bořislav (Boreslau)
Pauliš, P. Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech, Kuttna, Kzutná Hora, 2000.
    • Ústí nad Labem District
www.geocities.com/Smula.geo
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Blosseville Coast
        • Cape Dalton
Woolley, A.R.: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 1: North and South America. British Museum (Natural History), London, 1987 [cited in http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm]
      • Kangerlussuaq Fjord
        • Prinsen af Wales Bjerge
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
      • Paamiut (Frederikshåb)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Nyiragongo Territory
Strübel, Zimmer: "Lexikon der Minerale", 2nd Ed., 1991; Haapala, I. L. M. A. R. I. (2011). Th. G. Sahama’s (1910–1983) volcanological and mineralogical studies in Africa: Part I. Expeditions to the Virunga Volcanic Field and petrological-mineralogical studies on the Nyiragongo volcano. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 83, 41-55.; Sahama, T. G. (1960). Kalsilite in the lavas of mt. Nyiragongo (Belgian Congo). Journal of Petrology, 1(2), 146-171.
France
 
  • French Polynesia
    • Society Islands
      • Windward Islands
        • Tahiti
          • Tahiti Nui
            • Papeete
Am Min 62:634-645
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
Eytier J.R. & Ch., Favreau G., Devouard B., Vigier J. (2004), Minéraux de pyrométamorphisme de Lapanouse-de Sévérac (Aveyron), Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°85, pp: 3-58
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Favreau G., Meisser N., Chiappero P.J. (2004), Saint-Maime (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence): un exemple de pyrométamorphisme en région provençale, n°3, pp: 59-92
Georgia
 
  • Guria
Kogarko, L. N., Konova, V. A., Orlova, M. P., & Woolley, A. R. (1995). Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbai’an, Georgia). In Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World (pp. 59-64). Springer Netherlands.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
        • Titisee-Neustadt
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Emmendingen
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Kaiserstuhl massif
      • Oberrotweil
No reference listed
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Haßberge
        • Maroldsweisach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Tirschenreuth
        • Kemnath
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • Hesse
    • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Vogelsbergkreis
      • Schotten
        • Gonterskirchen
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Brohltal
        • Brenk
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
        • Burgbrohl
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
        • Glees
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
        • Niederzissen
          • Hannebach
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
        • Wassenach
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
        • Wehr
Hopmann, M., Einige Bemerkungen über die Einschlüsse im Leucit-Tuff der Kappiger Lay, Mitteilungen aus dem Mineralogischen Institut der Universität Bonn, 9/1913
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Andernach
        • Plaidt
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Bell
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
      • Kruft
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Hentschel, G. (1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise (München), 2. Auflage
            • Southern lava flow
Hentschel, G. (1973): Frei gewachsene Perowskit Kristalle in den basaltischen Laven der Eifel, Der Aufschluß, Vol. 24, 373 - 377
          • Hochstein (Hohestein; Forstberg)
Hentschel, G.: Frei gewachsene Perowskit-Kristalle in basaltischen Laven der Eifel, Der Aufschluss, 373-377, 1973
        • Hochsimmer volcano
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
      • Mendig
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
Brauns, R. , Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
Brauns, R. , Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
        • Wingertsberg
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
      • Nickenich
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
      • Ochtendung
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Lapis 1988(7+8), 70-72
      • Rieden
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
    • Vulkaneifel
      • Birresborn
A.D. Edgar, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 321-330.
      • Daun
        • Daun
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
        • Dockweiler
Personally collected by Günter Frenz, analysed with Raman Spectroscopy.; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
        • Kirchweiler
Hentschel, G. (1987) Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane - 176 p. 2. Auflage,Weise München
        • Oberstadtfeld
Hentschel, G. (1987) Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane. Weise Verlag (Munich) (2. Auflage).; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
        • Schalkenmehren
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Üdersdorf
Schäfer, H., Die Mineralien der Einschlüsse und Auswürflinge in den Schlacken des Emmelberges bei Üdersdorf / Eifel, Der Aufschluss 30, 273-282, 1979
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983; Chukanov, N. V., Rastsvetaeva, R. K., Britvin, S. N., Virus, A. A., Belakovskiy, D. I., Pekov, I. V., ... & Ternes, B. (2011). Schüllerite, Ba 2 Na (Mn, Ca)(Fe 3+, Mg, Fe 2+) 2 Ti 2 (Si 2 O 7) 2 (O, F) 4, a new mineral species from the Eifel volcanic district, Germany. Geology of Ore Deposits, 53(8), 767-774.
      • Gerolstein
        • Hohenfels-Essingen
Aufschluss 82(6), 237-240
        • Rockeskyll
          • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
Hentschel, G. (1983): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München
Hentschel, G. (1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München
Hentschel, G., (1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München
Haardt, W., Die vulkanischen Auswürflinge und Basalte am Killer Kopf bei Rockeskyll in der Eifel, Jb. Preuß. Geolog. Landesanstalt, Berlin 35, 177-252
Hentschel, G., (1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München
        • Roth
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Blaß, G. & Schüller, W. (2012): Der Rother Kopf in der Vulkaneifel. Lapis, 37 (3), 20-29.; Aksenov, S. M., Rastsvetaeva, R. K., & Chukanov, N. V. (2014). The crystal structure of emmerichite Ва 2Na 3Fe 3+ Ti 2 (Si 2O 7) 2O 2F 2, a new lamprophyllite-group mineral. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie–Crystalline Materials, 229(1), 1-7.
Hentschel, G.(1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 2. Auflage
      • Hillesheim
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Hentschel, G.(1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 2. Auflage
Hentschel, G.(1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 2. Auflage
        • Niederbettingen
Hentschel, G.(1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 2. Auflage
        • Oberbettingen
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Hentschel, G.(1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 2. Auflage
Hentschel, G.(1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 2. Auflage
Hentschel, G.(1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 2. Auflage
        • Walsdorf
Hentschel, G.(1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 2. Auflage
        • Zilsdorf
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München (2. Auflage), 1987
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Hohenfels-Essingen
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
      • Kelberg
        • Drees
Schüller, W., Die Mineralien des Niveligsberges bei Drees in der Eifel, Der Aufschluß SB 33, 1990
      • Steffeln
A. Wittern: Mineralfundorte in Deutschland, Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
      • Strohn
Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Hungary
 
  • Baranya County
    • Hosszúhetény
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
  • Nógrád County
    • Salgótarján
EGU / EGS - AGU - EUG Joint Assembly, Abstracts from the meeting held in Nice, France, 6 - 11 April 2003, abstract #748 "Silicate melt inclusions in olivine phenocrysts from Hegyestu (Bakony-Balaton Highland) and Pecsko alkaline basalts (Nograd-Gomor), Hungary"
  • Veszprém County
    • Balatonfüred district
      • Zánka
XVI ECROFI European Current Research On Fluid Inclusions, Porto 2001, Abstracts (Eds F. Noronha, A. Dória and A. Guedes), Faculdade de Ciências do Porto, Departamento de Geologia, Memória nº 7, pp. 237-240. Porto, 2001
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Anantapur District
Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks. 2nd edn. Cambridge University Pless, Cambridge. Manikyamba, C., & Kerrich, R. (2011). Geochemistry of alkaline basalts and associated high-Mg basalts from the 2.7 Ga Penakacherla Terrane, Dharwar craton, India: an Archean depleted mantle-OIB array. Precambrian Research, 188(1-4), 104-122. Naqvi, S. M., Manikyamba, C., Rao, T. G., Rao, D. S., Mohan, M. R., & Sarma, D. S. (2002). Geochemical and isotopic constraints of Neoarchaean fossil plume for evolution of volcanic rocks of Sandur greenstone belt, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 60(1), 27-56.
    • Visakhapatnam District
      • Eastern Ghats Belt
        • Pāderu
Gondwana Research 3(1): 65-77.; Bhowmik, S. K. (2000). Ultrapotassic rocks along late ductile shear zones from the Eastern Ghats belt, India. Gondwana Research, 3(1), 55-63.
  • Assam
    • East Karbi Anglong District
S. Nag, S. K. Sengupta, R. K. Gaur and A. Absar (1999) Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108, 33-48.
Kumar, D., Mamallan, R., Saravanan, B., Jain, S. K., & Krishnamurthy, P. (1989). Petrology and geochemistry of the Samchampi alkaline carbonatite complex, Mikir Hills, Assam, India. Exploration and Research of Atomic Minerals, 2, 183-199. Nag, S., Sengupta, S. K., Gaur, R. K., & Absar, A. (1999). Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi-Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108(1), 33-48.
  • Gujarat
    • Chhota Udaipur District
Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
Srivastava, R. K. (1997). Petrology, geochemistry and genesis of rift-related carbonatites of Ambadungar, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 47-66.
Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
  • Jharkhand
    • Ramgarh District
Basu, A., Bhattacharya, A. K., & Paul, P. K. (1997). Petrology and geochemistry of the lamprophyric rocks from the Bokaro Coalfield, Bihar and their economic potential. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 255-266. Mitchell, R. H. (2007). Potassic rocks from the Gondwana coalfields of India: Closing Pandora's box of petrological confusion?. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 69(3), 505-512. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.98
  • Kerala
    • Kollam District
Rajesh, V. J., Arai, S., Santosh, M., & Tamura, A. (2010). LREE-rich hibonite in ultrapotassic rocks in southern India. Lithos, 115(1-4), 40-50. Sandiford, M., & Santosh, M. (1991). A granulite facies kalsilite-leucite-hibonite association from Punalur, Southern India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 43(3), 225-236. Rajesh, V. J., Arima, M., & Santosh, M. (2004). Dunite, glimmerite and spinellite in Achankovil Shear Zone, South India: implications for highly potassic CO2-rich melt influx along an intra-continental shear zone. Gondwana Research, 7(4), 961-974. Rajesh, V. J., & Arai, S. (2006). Baddeleyite-apatite-spinel-phlogopite (BASP) rock in Achankovil Shear Zone, South India, as a probable cumulate from melts of carbonatite affinity. Lithos, 90(1-2), 1-18.
  • Rajasthan
    • Jodhpur district
      • Sirohi district
        • Mundwara
Subrahmanyam, N. P., & Leelanandam, C. (1991). Geochemistry and petrology of the cumulophyric layered suite of rocks from the Toa pluton of the Mundwara alkali igneous complex, Rajasthan. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 38(4), 397-411.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Salem District
Naidu, P. R. J. (1963). Crystallization of leucite–nepheline–sanidine in basic differentiates from a peridotite–dunite mass in Salem, Madras State, India. Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper, 1, 251-257. Friend, C. R. L., & Janardhan, A. S. (1984). Mineral chemistry of coexisting phases from shonkinitic rocks, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India. Mineralogical Magazine, 48(347), 181-193.
    • Tirunelveli District
Ramasamy, R. (1996). Carbonatite dykes from Kudangulam area, near Cape Comorin, Tamil Nadu. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 48(2), 221-226.
  • Telangana
    • Nalgonda District
Kaur, G., & Mitchell, R. H. (2017) Mineralogy of the baotite-bearing Gundrapalli lamproite, Nalgonda district, Telangana, India. 11th International Kimberlite Conference Extended Abstract No. 11IKC-4499, 2017
Sridhar, M., & Rau, T. K. (2005). Discovery of a new lamproite field-Ramadugu Lamproite field (RLF), Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh. Proceedings of Group Discussion on Kimberlites and related rocks. Geol. Soc. India, Bangalore, 55-57.
Indonesia
 
  • Central Java Province
    • Jepara Regency
Leterrier, J., Yuwono, Y. S., Soeria-Atmadja, R., & Maury, R. C. (1990). Potassic volcanism in central Java and south Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 4(3), 171-187. EDWARDS, C., MENZIES, M., & THIRLWALL, M. (1991). Evidence from Muriah, Indonesia, for the interplay of supra-subduction zone and intraplate processes in the genesis of potassic alkaline magmas. Journal of Petrology, 32(3), 555-592.
  • Central Kalimantan Province
Wagner, C. (1986). Mineralogy of the type kajanite from Kalimantan. Similarities and differences with typical lamproites. Bulletin de minéralogie, 109(5), 589-598.
  • East Java Province
    • Banyuwangi Regency
EDWARDS, C. M., MENZIES, M. A., THIRLWALL, M. F., MORRIS, J. D., LEEMAN, W. P., & HARMON, R. S. (1994). The Transition to Potassic Alkaline Volcanism in Island Arcs: The Ringgit—Beser Complex, East Java, Indonesia. Journal of Petrology, 35(6), 1557-1595.
    • Gresik Regency
Leterrier, J., Yuwono, Y. S., Soeria-Atmadja, R., & Maury, R. C. (1990). Potassic volcanism in central Java and south Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 4(3), 171-187. Soeria-Atmadja, R., Maury, R. C., Bellon, H., Yuwono, Y. S., & Cotten, J. (1988). Remarques sur la répartition du volcanisme potassique quaternaire de Java (Indonésie). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série 2, Mécanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de l'univers, Sciences de la Terre, 307(6), 635-641.
  • East Nusa Tenggara Province
Stolz, A. J., Varne, R., Wheller, G. E., Foden, J., & Abbott, M. J. (1988). The geochemistry and petrogenesis of K-rich alkaline volcanics from the Batu Tara volcano, eastern Sunda arc. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(3), 374-389. Brouwer, H. A. (1940). Geological and Petrological Investigations on Alkali and Calc-alkali Rocks of the Islands Andonara, Lomblen and Batoe Tara. NV Noord-Hollandsche Uitgevers Maatschappij. Van Bergen, M. J., Vroon, P. Z., Varekamp, J. C., & Poorter, R. P. E. (1992). The origin of the potassic rock suite from Batu Tara volcano (East Sunda Arc, Indonesia). Lithos, 28(3-6), 261-282.
  • South Sulawesi Province
Elburg, M. A., van Leeuwen, T., & Foden, J. (2002). Origin of geochemical variability by arc–continent collision in the Biru area, southern Sulawesi (Indonesia). Journal of Petrology, 43(4), 581-606. Van Leeuwen, T. M. (1981). The geology of southwest Sulawesi with special reference to the Biru area. The Geology and Tectonics of Eastern Indonesia, 277-304.; Elburg, M. A., van Leeuwen, T., & Foden, J. (2002). Origin of geochemical variability by arc–continent collision in the Biru area, southern Sulawesi (Indonesia). Journal of Petrology, 43(4), 581-606. Van Leeuwen, T. M. (1981). The geology of southwest Sulawesi with special reference to the Biru area. The Geology and Tectonics of Eastern Indonesia, 277-304.
Iddings, J. P., & Morley, E. W. (1915). Contributions to the petrography of Java and Celebes. The Journal of Geology, 23(3), 231-245.
  • West Nusa Tenggara Province
    • Sumbawa Island
Foden, J. D., & Varne, R. (1980). The petrology and tectonic setting of Quaternary—recent volcanic centres of Lombok and Sumbawa, Sunda arc. Chemical Geology, 30(3), 201-226. Foden, J. D., & Varne, R. (1981). Petrogenetic and tectonic implications of near coeval calcalkaline to highly alkaline volcanism on Lombok and Sumbawa islands in the eastern Sunda Arc. In The Geology and Tectonics of Eastern Indonesia (Vol. 2, pp. 135-152). Geological Research and Development Centre. Varne, R., & Foden, J. D. (1986). Geochemical and isotopic systematics of eastern Sunda arc volcanics: implications for mantle sources and mantle mixing processes. In Developments in Geotectonics (Vol. 21, pp. 159-189). Elsevier.
Foden, J. D., & Varne, R. (1980). The petrology and tectonic setting of Quaternary—recent volcanic centres of Lombok and Sumbawa, Sunda arc. Chemical Geology, 30(3), 201-226. Foden, J. D., & Varne, R. (1981). Petrogenetic and tectonic implications of near coeval calcalkaline to highly alkaline volcanism on Lombok and Sumbawa islands in the eastern Sunda Arc. In The Geology and Tectonics of Eastern Indonesia (Vol. 2, pp. 135-152). Geological Research and Development Centre.
Foden, J. (1986). The petrology of Tambora volcano, Indonesia: a model for the 1815 eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 27(1-2), 1-41. Gertisser, R., Self, S., Thomas, L. E., Handley, H. K., Van Calsteren, P., & Wolff, J. A. (2011). Processes and timescales of magma genesis and differentiation leading to the great Tambora eruption in 1815. Journal of Petrology, 53(2), 271-297. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks. 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Self, S., Rampino, M. R., Newton, M. S., & Wolff, J. A. (1984). Volcanological study of the great Tambora eruption of 1815. Geology, 12(11), 659-663.
Iran
 
  • East Azerbaijan Province
    • Marand County
Ahmadzadeh, G., Jahangiri, A., Lentz, D., & Mojtahedi, M. (2010). Petrogenesis of Plio-Quaternary post-collisional ultrapotassic volcanism in NW of Marand, NW Iran. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 39(1-2), 37-50. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks.
    • Osku County
Moine-Vaziri, H., Khalili-Marandi, S., & Brousse, R. (1991). Importance d'un volcanisme potassique, au Miocène supérieur, en Azerbaidjan (Iran). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série 2, Mécanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de l'univers, Sciences de la Terre, 313(13), 1603-1610. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., LeBase, M. J., Bonin, B., Batemen, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of Terms. Moayyed, M., Moazzen, M., Calagari, A. A., Jahangiri, A., & Modjarrad, M. (2008). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of lamprophyric dykes and the associated rocks from Eslamy peninsula, NW Iran: Implications for deep-mantle metasomatism. Chemie der Erde-Geochemistry, 68(2), 141-154. Stocklin, J., & Nabavi, M. H. (1973). Tectonic map of Iran. Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran. Pang, K. N., Chung, S. L., Zarrinkoub, M. H., Lin, Y. C., Lee, H. Y., Lo, C. H., & Khatib, M. M. (2013). Iranian ultrapotassic volcanism at~ 11 Ma signifies the initiation of post‐collisional magmatism in the A rabia–E urasia collision zone. Terra Nova, 25(5), 405-413.
Italy
 
  • Abruzzo
    • L'Aquila Province
      • Carapelle Calvisio
Biagi, P.F., Ferrini, V., Rossi, A., Santeddu, B. (1991) Indagini geofisiche e minero-petrografiche sulla vulcanoclastite di Carapelle Calvisio (L'Aquila, Abruzzo). Il Quaternario, 4, 2, 411-418.
      • Carsoli
        • Pietrasecca
Comodi, P., Liu, Y., Stoppa, F., & Woolley, A. (1999). A multi-method analysis of Si-, S- and REE-rich apatite from a new find of kalsilite-bearing leucitite (Abruzzi, Italy). Mineralogical Magazine, 63: 661-672.
Barberi, M., Barbieri, M., D’Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Stoppa F. (2001) Il vulcanismo monogenico medio-pleistocenico della conca di Carsoli (L’Aquila). Geologica Romana, 36 (2000-2002), 13-31; D’Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Chiessi, V., Censi Neri, P., Morri, A., Roma, M., Falcetti, S. (2014) La conca intermontana di Oricola-Carsoli (AQ): caratteri geologici, geomorfologici e applicativi. Memorie descrittive della Carta Geologica d’Italia, 91, 7-114.
Barberi, M., Barbieri, M., D’Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Stoppa F. (2001) Il vulcanismo monogenico medio-pleistocenico della conca di Carsoli (L’Aquila). Geologica Romana, 36 (2000-2002), 13-31; D'Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Capitanio, F., Stoppa, F., Rosatelli, G., Barbieri, M. (2006) Il vulcanismo medio-pleistocenico dell’Appennino Laziale-Abruzzese: dalle peculiarità scientifiche agli aspetti applicativi. Memorie descrittive della Carta Geologica d’Italia, 72, 7-67.
Barberi, M., Barbieri, M., D’Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Stoppa F. (2001) Il vulcanismo monogenico medio-pleistocenico della conca di Carsoli (L’Aquila). Geologica Romana, 36 (2000-2002), 13-31; D’Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Chiessi, V., Censi Neri, P., Morri, A., Roma, M., Falcetti, S. (2014) La conca intermontana di Oricola-Carsoli (AQ): caratteri geologici, geomorfologici e applicativi. Memorie descrittive della Carta Geologica d’Italia, 91, 7-114.
Barberi, M., Barbieri, M., D’Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Stoppa F. (2001) Il vulcanismo monogenico medio-pleistocenico della conca di Carsoli (L’Aquila). Geologica Romana, 36 (2000-2002), 13-31; D’Orefice, M., Graciotti, R., Chiessi, V., Censi Neri, P., Morri, A., Roma, M., Falcetti, S. (2014) La conca intermontana di Oricola-Carsoli (AQ): caratteri geologici, geomorfologici e applicativi. Memorie descrittive della Carta Geologica d’Italia, 91, 7-114.
  • Basilicata
    • Potenza Province
      • Melfi
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., and Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai Minerali. Fabbri ed., xx pp.
Stoppa, F., Jones, A.P., and Sharygin, V.V. (2009): Central European Journal of Geosciences 1(2), 131-151
  • Calabria
    • Cosenza Province
Giorgio Bortolozzi, visual identification
  • Campania
    • Caserta
      • Roccamonfina Volcanic Complex
        • Conca della Campania
Ghiara, Lirer, Stanzione (1973): Contributo alla conoscenza vulcanologica e petrografica del vulcano di Roccamonfina. Russo, M. (1986): Leucite ed altri minerali nelle vulcaniti primordiali del Roccamonfina. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 15, 13-19.
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
        • Sessa Aurunca
A. Del Caldo, C. Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri ed. 1973
Pezzotta, F., Musacchio, G. (1992): Rinvenimento di cristalli di Augite sul Vulcano di Roccamonfina. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 01/1992, 19.
    • Naples
      • Ischia Island
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
      • Pozzuoli
francesco civero 2013
Francesco Civero collection
Russo, M. (2008): Zeolites from Campi Flegrei, Bollettino AIZ Series/Report, Vol. 31 (2008), Publisher: Associazione Italiana Zeoliti onlus
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
[Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58; Am Min 78 (1993), 486]
A. Del Caldo, C. Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri ed. 1973
Passaglia, E., Porcelli. C. (1983): Zeophyllite from Monte Somma, Vesuvius, Italy, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 47, 397-400
Scacchi, A., 1872: Durch Sublimation entstandene Mineralien, Zeitschrift der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, Vol. 24, 493-506
          • Torre del Greco
Mariano Carati - Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana - Calderini, Bologna, 1982
  • Lazio
    • Frosinone Province
      • Ceccano
Angelucci A., Brotzu P., Civitelli G., Morbidelli L., Traversa G. (1974): Il vulcanismo pleistocenico della Media Valle Latina (Lazio). Caratteristiche petrografiche e geologiche dei principali affioramenti lavici. Geologica Romana, 13, 83-123.
Angelucci A., Brotzu P., Civitelli G., Morbidelli L., Traversa G. (1974): Il vulcanismo pleistocenico della Media Valle Latina (Lazio). Caratteristiche petrografiche e geologiche dei principali affioramenti lavici. Geologica Romana, 13, 83-123.
Mattias P.P. (1969): I minerali rinvenuti nelle cavità di una tefrite leucitica nella zona di Pofi (Frosinone). Per. Mineral., 38, 1, 87-108; Angelucci A., Brotzu P., Civitelli G., Morbidelli L., Traversa G. (1974): Il vulcanismo pleistocenico della Media Valle Latina (Lazio). Caratteristiche petrografiche e geologiche dei principali affioramenti lavici. Geologica Romana, 13, 83-123; Boscardin M. (1974): Informazioni di mineralogia italiana. 42) Minerali di Pofi (Frosinone). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 5, 2 (Giugno 1974), 30.
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Albano Laziale
Tilley, C.E., and Henry, N.F.M. (1953) Latiumite (sulphatic potassium-calcium-aluminum silicate), a new mineral from Albano, Latium, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 30, 39-45; Stoppani, F.S., and Curti, E. (1982) I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.; Giordano, G., De Benedetti, A.A., Diana, A., Diano, G., Esposito, A., Fabbri, M., et al. (2010) Stratigraphy, volcano tectonics and evolution of the Colli Albani volcanic field. In: Funicello,R., and Giordano, G. (eds.), The Colli Albani Volcano. Special Publications of IAVCEI, Volume 3. The Geological Society Publishing House, Bath, UK, pages 43-97.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Mariani P., Scaini G.: "I minerali d'Italia" - Rizzoli, 1978 –
      • Bracciano Lake
Mattei L., Pucci R. (2008): Ritrovamento di topazio ad Anguillara (RM). Il Cercapietre, 1-2, 35-37.
        • Castel Giuliano
Dario Di Domenico collection; Di Sabatino, B., Barrese, E., Giampaolo, C. (1979): Sulla genesi delle fluoriti «sedimentarie». Area meridionale del Sistema Vulcanico Sabatino. Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 35, 439-451.
        • Cesano geothermal field
Funiciello, R., Mariotti, G., Parotto, M. , Preite-Martinez, M., Tecce, F. , Toneatti, R., Turi, B. (1979): Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Cesano geothermal field (Sabatini Mts. volcanic system, northern Latium, Italy). Geothermics, 8, 1, 55 - 73.
von Buch, L. (1800) Über die Formation des Leucits, Annalen der Physik, 6, 53-66; Mantovani, P. (1868) Descrizione mineralogica dei vulcani laziali. Stabilimento Tipografico di Giuseppe Via, Roma, 54 pp.; Jervis, G. (1873) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 1: Regioni delle Alpi. Ed. Loescher, Torino, Ermanno Loescher, Torino, XV+410 pp.
      • Monte Compatri
        • Laghetto (Laghetto di Montecompatri)
Stoppani, F.S., and Curti, E. (1982) I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.; Liotti, L. (1995) I minerali del complesso vulcanico dei Colli Albani. Seconda parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 18, 1 (1-1995), 55-70; Boari, E., Avanzinelli, R., Melluso, L., Giordano, G., Mattei, M., De Benedetti, A.A., Morra, V., and Conticelli, S. (2009) Isotope geochemistry (Sr–Nd–Pb) and petrogenesis of leucite-bearing volcanic rocks from “Colli Albani” volcano, Roman Magmatic Province, Central Italy: inferences on volcano evolution and magma genesis. Bulletin of Volcanology, 71, 9, 977-1005; Carlini, R., and Signoretti, E. (2018) Il Lazio classico: le cave di leucitite della provincia di Roma (Vallerano, Laghetto e Osa). Fossils & Minerals, 4, 24-53.
      • Rocca di Papa
Viola, C. (1899) Mineralogische und petrographische Mittheilungen aus dem Hernikerlande in dem Provinz Rom (Italien). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie, und Palaeontologie, Band I, 93-137; Lacroix, A. (1917) Les formes grenues du magma leucitique du volcan laziale. Comptes Rendu hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, 165, 1029-1035.
      • Rome
Zambonini, F. (1898) Magnetite dei fossi di Acquacetosa e del Tavolato. Rivista di mineralogia e cristallografia italiana, 21, 21-35; Fornaseri, M., and Turi, B. (1969) Carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of carbonates in lavas and ejectites from the Alban Hills, Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 23, 244-256; Boari, E., Avanzinelli, R., Melluso, L., Giordano, G., Mattei, M., De Benedetti, A.A., Morra, V., and Conticelli, S. (2009) Isotope geochemistry (Sr–Nd–Pb) and petrogenesis of leucite-bearing volcanic rocks from “Colli Albani” volcano, Roman Magmatic Province, Central Italy: inferences on volcano evolution and magma genesis. Bulletin of Volcanology, 71, 9, 977-1005; Conticelli S., Boari E., Avanzinelli R., De Benedetti A.A., Giordano G., Mattei M., Melluso L., Morra V. (2010) Geochemistry, isotopes and mineral chemistry of the Colli Albani volcanic rocks: constrains on magma genesis and evolution. In: Funiciello, R., and Giordano, G. (eds) The Colli Albani Volcano. Special Publication of IAVCEI, Volume 3. The Geological Society Publishing House, Bath, UK, 106-139.
vom Rath, G. (1866) Mineralogisch-geognostische Fragmente aus Italien. Erster Theil. II. Das Albaner Gebirge. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, Bd. 18, 3, 510-561; Mineralogical Magazine 1956 31 : 265-271 Fornaseri, M., and Turi, B. (1969) Carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of carbonates in lavas and ejectites from the Alban Hills, Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 23, 244-256; Boari, E., Avanzinelli, R., Melluso, L., Giordano, G., Mattei, M., De Benedetti, A.A., Morra, V., and Conticelli, S. (2009) Isotope geochemistry (Sr–Nd–Pb) and petrogenesis of leucite-bearing volcanic rocks from “Colli Albani” volcano, Roman Magmatic Province, Central Italy: inferences on volcano evolution and magma genesis. Bulletin of Volcanology, 71, 9, 977-1005.
Del Caldo, A. (1971) Località mineralogiche consigliate. Le vulcaniti laziali. 2) Minerali della pozzolana romana. Notizie del Guppo Mineralogico Lombardo, 2, 1 (marzo 1971), 9; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., and Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
        • Le Capannelle
Fornaseri, M., and Turi, B. (1969) Carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of carbonates in lavas and ejectites from the Alban Hills, Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 23, 244-256; De Michele, V. (1974 a) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.; De Michele, V. (1974 b) Località mineralogiche consigliate. Cava di Casal Rotondo (Roma). Notizie del Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, 5, 1 (marzo 1974), 12-13; Boari, E., Avanzinelli, R., Melluso, L., Giordano, G., Mattei, M., De Benedetti, A.A., Morra, V., and Conticelli, S. (2009) Isotope geochemistry (Sr–Nd–Pb) and petrogenesis of leucite-bearing volcanic rocks from “Colli Albani” volcano, Roman Magmatic Province, Central Italy: inferences on volcano evolution and magma genesis. Bulletin of Volcanology, 71, 9, 977-1005.
        • Osteria dell'Osa
Fornaseri, M., and Turi, B. (1969) Carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of carbonates in lavas and ejectites from the Alban Hills, Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 23, 244-256; Del Caldo, A. (1971) Località mineralogiche consigliate. Le vulcaniti laziali. 1) Cava di selce dell'Osa. Notizie del Guppo Mineralogico Lombardo, 2, 1 (marzo 1971), 6-8; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., and Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.; Stoppani, F.S., and Curti, E. (1982) I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pages; Liotti, L. (1995) I minerali del complesso vulcanico dei Colli Albani. Seconda parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 18, 1 (1-1995), 55-70; Boari, E., Avanzinelli, R., Melluso, L., Giordano, G., Mattei, M., De Benedetti, A.A., Morra, V., and Conticelli, S. (2009) Isotope geochemistry (Sr–Nd–Pb) and petrogenesis of leucite-bearing volcanic rocks from “Colli Albani” volcano, Roman Magmatic Province, Central Italy: inferences on volcano evolution and magma genesis. Bulletin of Volcanology, 71, 9, 977-1005; Carlini, R., and Signoretti, E. (2018) Il Lazio classico: le cave di leucitite della provincia di Roma (Vallerano, Laghetto e Osa). Fossils & Minerals, 4, 24-53.
Gresta, S., Duronio, F., Mancinella D. (2002): Geositi e Sistema delle Aree Protette del Lazio: idee per la geoconservazione. Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 48-55
        • Valleranello
Zambonini, F. (1902) Kurzer Beitrag zur chemischen Kenntniss einiger Zeolithe der Umgegend Roms. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaeontologie, 2, 63-96; Fornaseri, M., and Turi, B. (1969) Carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of carbonates in lavas and ejectites from the Alban Hills, Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 23, 244-256; De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.; Stoppani, F.S., and Curti, E. (1982) I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.; Boari, E., Avanzinelli, R., Melluso, L., Giordano, G., Mattei, M., De Benedetti, A.A., Morra, V., and Conticelli, S. (2009) Isotope geochemistry (Sr–Nd–Pb) and petrogenesis of leucite-bearing volcanic rocks from “Colli Albani” volcano, Roman Magmatic Province, Central Italy: inferences on volcano evolution and magma genesis. Bulletin of Volcanology, 71, 9, 977-1005; Conticelli S., Boari E., Avanzinelli R., De Benedetti A.A., Giordano G., Mattei M., Melluso L., Morra V. (2010) Geochemistry, isotopes and mineral chemistry of the Colli Albani volcanic rocks: constrains on magma genesis and evolution. In: Funiciello, R., and Giordano, G. (eds) The Colli Albani Volcano. Special Publication of IAVCEI, Volume 3. The Geological Society Publishing House, Bath, UK, 106-139; Carlini, R., and Signoretti, E. (2018) Il Lazio classico: le cave di leucitite della provincia di Roma (Vallerano, Laghetto e Osa). Fossils & Minerals, 4, 24-53.
      • Sacrofano Caldera
        • Sacrofano
M.E. Ciriotti collection (EDS probed)
    • Viterbo Province
      • Capranica
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Stoppani, F.S., Curti, E. (1982): I Minerali del Lazio. Ed. Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
von Buch, L. (1800): Über die Formation des Leucits, Annalen der Physik, Vol. 6, 53-66
von Buch, L. (1800): Über die Formation des Leucits, Annalen der Physik, Vol. 6, 53-66
      • Gradoli
Rath, G. v.: Zeitschrift d. geol. Ges., 1868, p. 289
      • Làtera volcano
        • Onano
Ciriotti, M.E. & Biagioni, C. (2011): Pot-pourri 2011: identificazioni di minerali di interesse. Micro, 3/2011, 125-133
Di Battistini, G., Montanini, A., Verniaa, L., Venturelli, G., and Tonarini, S. (2001) Petrology of melilite-bearing rocks from the Montefiascone Volcanic Complex (Roman Magmatic Province): New insights into the ultrapotassic volcanism of Central Italy. Lithos, 59, 1–24; Stoppa, F., Cundari, A., Rosatelli, G., and Woolley, A.R. (2003) Leucite melilitolites in Italy: genetic aspects and relationshipsnwith associated alkaline rocks and carbonatites. Periodico di Mineralogia, 72, Special issue (Eurocarb), 223-251.
No reference listed
      • Viterbo
A. Del Caldo, C. Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri ed. 1973
  • Sicily
    • Metropolitan City of Catania
      • Etna Volcanic Complex
Di Sabatino B. (1977) - Significato petrologico della presenza di leucite in lave basaltiche di stirpe atlantica: eruzione dell'Etna della primavera del 1971. Periodico di mineralogia – Roma
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Pitigliano
V. de Michele - Località Mineralogiche consigliate:Pitigliano - Notizie del Gruppo Min. Lombardo, n. 1, pagg. 12-13, March 1972 - (This publication later changed its name in Rivista Minealogica Italiana)
Capaccioni B., Nappi G., Renzulli A., 1994. Stratigraphy, eruptive mechanism and depositional processes of the Pitigliano Formation (Latera Volcanic Complex, Vulsini District, Italy). Acta Vulcanol., 5: 31-39.
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
Stoppa.F., Wolley A.R. and Bailey K. (2004). Extrusive carbonatites and their meaning: the case of Italy. 32nd International Geological Congress, Florence - Italy, August 20-28, 2004, pag. 7-8. L. Terrazzi Ed., Firenze, 2004
    • Terni Province
      • Orvieto
F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
Stoppa, F., & Lupini, L. (1993). Mineralogy and petrology of the Polino monticellite calciocarbonatite (Central Italy). Mineralogy and Petrology, 49(3-4), 213-231.
      • San Venanzo
Mittempergher, M. (1965) Vulcanismo e petrogenesi nella zona di San Venanzo (Umbria). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, serie A, 72, 437-479; Cingolani, G. (1974) Eccezionali cristalli di kalsilite a S. Venanzo (Umbria) Notizie del Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, 5, 3 (settembre 1974), 66-67; De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.; V. V. Sharygin et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1199-1212.; Meli, R. (1997) Giacimenti da non dimenticare: i minerali delle vulcaniti di San Venanzo (Terni). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 21, 3 (3-1997), 269-275; Sharygin, V. V., Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Khomyakov, A. P., Stoppa, F., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2013). Umbrianite, K7Na2Ca2 [Al3Si10O29] F2Cl2, a new mineral species from melilitolite of the Pian di Celle volcano, Umbria, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(4), 655-669.
Japan
 
  • Gunma Prefecture
    • Fujioka City
Kazakhstan
 
  • North Kazakhstan Region
    • Timiryazev
Gupta, A K (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
Madagascar
 
  • Diana
    • Ambanja
      • Anorotsangana
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    • Nosy Be
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Mexico
 
  • Jalisco
    • Colima volcanic complex
Alok Krishna Gupta (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
Morocco
 
  • Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab Region
Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Aris
Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Arendal
      • Arendal Iron Mines
        • Barbudalen
          • Steinsås
Holm,C. (1824): Samlinger til Norges topographiske Mineralogie 1: Fortegnelse over de i Omegnen af Arendal forekommende Fossilier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 2: 111-115
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
Schumacher, C.F (1801): Versuch eines Verzeichnisses der in den Dänisch-Nordischen Staaten sich findenden einfachen Mineralien. Kopenhagen, p.113
Paraguay
 
  • Paraguarí Department
Alan R. Woolley: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, part 1, 207-208 (BMNH, London, 1987)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko Co.
      • Gmina Nowa Ruda
        • Przygórze
          • Bolesław Mine
Kruszewski, Ł., Ciesielczuk, J., Misz-Kennan, M., 2014: Mineralogy of some metacarbonate rocks from burned coal-mining dump in Przygórze (Lower Silesian Coal Basin) and its analogy to "olive" rocks from the Hatrurim Formation. Proceedings of the International Symposium CEMC 2014, Skalský Dvůr, April 23-26th, 26-27
  • Silesian Voivodeship
Warchulski, R., Gawęda, A., Kądziołka-Gaweł, M., & Szopa, K. (2015) Composition and element mobilization in pyrometallurgical slags from the Orzeł Biały smelting plant in the Bytom–Piekary Śląskie area, Poland. Mineralogical Magazine, 79(2), 459-484.
    • Katowice City Co.
Warchulski, R., Gawęda, A., Janeczek, J., Kądziołka-Gaweł, M. (2016): Mineralogy and origin of coarse-grained segregations in the pyrometallurgical Zn-Pb slags from Katowice-Wełnowiec (Poland). Mineralogy and Petrology: 110, (in press); in: http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12618 (2016)
    • Rybnik City Co.
Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Segit, T., Kusy, D., Motyliński, R., Ciesielczuk, J., Deput, E., (2019): Carbon-nitrogen compounds, alcohols, mercaptans, monoterpenes, acetates, aldehydes, ketones, SF6, PH3, and other fire gases in coal-mining waste heaps of Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland) – a re-investigation by means of in situ FTIR external database approach. Science of The Total Environment (in press)
    • Świętochłowice City Co.
Zainoun K., Puziewicz J. & Bril H. 2003: Primary Pb-Zn-bearing phases in pyrometallurgical slag from Świętochłowice (Upper Silesia, Poland). Mineralogiacal Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 33, 189-191
Romania
 
  • Brașov
    • Racoş Commune
Szakáll, S., Kristály, F., 2010. Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe-Miercurea Ciuc-Târgu Mureş. 2010.
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mountains
      • Gătaia
Seghedi I., Ntaflos T. 2006: G˘ataia lamproite (SW Romania). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 29, 188-191
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • Murmansk Oblast
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Aldan
Gupta, A K (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
Gupta, A K (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
Gupta, A K (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
      • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
    • Polar Yakutia
S.M. Kravchenko, Scientific Journ. Russian Geology and Geophysics, Sept 2003, V44, N°9.
Saint Helena
 
Alok Krishna Gupta (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota District
      • Hajnáčka
Uher P., Gregáňová G., Szakall S., 2006: Sapphire-bearingh syenite xenolith from Gortva, Cérová Mountains, Slovakia. Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.124
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Minerals of South Africa
South Korea
 
  • North Gyeongsang Province
    • Ulleung-gun
Atsuo Harumoto (1970) Volcanic Rocks and Associated Rocks of Utsuryoto Island, (Japan Sea). (39pp + geological map)
Spain
 
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Albacete
      • Hellín
        • Cancarix
E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
    • Ciudad Real
      • Campo de Calatrava volcanoes
Calvo, M., Viñals, J., Sanz, A. and Martí, J. (2013). Zeolites and asociated minerals in the vacuoles of some of the Campo de calatrava volcanoes - Ciudad Real, Spain. Mineral Up,3, 54-69
  • Murcia
    • Jumilla
      • La Celia
E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Sweden
 
  • Skåne County
    • Hässleholm
Eichstädt, Fr. (1882): Skånes basalter. Mikroskopiskt undersökta och beskrifna. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, Serie C 51 ; The Swedish Museum of Natural History collection # 19030158
Switzerland
 
  • Schaffhausen
    • Thayngen
      • Lohn
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 254.
Tajikistan
 
  • Gorno-Badakhshan
Solovova, I. P., Girnis, A. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Simakin, S. G. (2006, October). High-temperature carbonatite melt and its interrelations with alkaline magmas of the Dunkel’dyk complex, southeastern Pamirs. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 410, No. 1, pp. 1148-1151). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Tanzania
 
  • Kilimanjaro Region
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Stern, W.B. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 198-202.
Turkey
 
  • Kırşehir Province
    • Kaman
  • Trabzon Province
Sebastian Axt; Yücel, C., Temizel, R., Abdioğlu, E., Arslan, M., & Yağcıoğlu, U. C. (2014). Origin of analcimes in the Tertiary volcanic rocks from the Eastern Pontides (NE Turkey): a textural, mineralogical and geochemical approach. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 191(3), 277-299.
USA
 
  • Arizona
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/usa.htm
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Deep Springs Valley
Nash, Douglas B. & Clemens Arvid Nelson (1964), Leucite-bearing volcanic plugs, Deep Spring valley, California (abstract): Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section Meeting, Program: 47, March 1964; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 243; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 366.
  • Maine
    • Kennebec Co.
www.galleries.com/minerals/silicate/leucite/leucite.htm
  • Montana
    • Chouteau Co.
American Mineralogist 23:837
    • Garfield Co.
Velde, D. (1968) A new occurrence of priderite. Mineralogical Magazine: 36(282): 867-870.; www.minsocam.org/msa/Handbook/Davanite.PDF.
    • Hill Co.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Wantage Township
        • Libertyville
Wilkerson, A.S. (1946) Nepheline Syenite from Beemerville, Sussex County, New Jersey. American Mineralogist, 31, 284-287.
  • New Mexico
    • Cibola Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • McKinley Co.
      • Todilto Park
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Mora Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Wyoming
    • Sweetwater Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:390
GSA Bull (1903) 14:305-336
GSA Bull (1903) 14:305-336
Kemp, J. F., & Knight, W. C. (1903), Leucite Hills of Wyoming. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 14: 305-336.
Barton, M. & van Bergen, M. J. 1981. Green Clinopyroxenes and Associated Phases in a Potassium-Rich Lava from the Leucite Hills, Wyoming. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 77: 101-114.
Kemp, J. F., & Knight, W. C. (1903), Leucite Hills of Wyoming. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 14: 305-336.
GSA Bull (1903) 14:305-336
Mitchell, Roger H. and Chakhmouradian (1999): Sr-Bearing Perovskite and Loparite from Lamproite and Agpaitic Nepheline Syenite Pegmatites (Canadian Mineralogist 37:99-112).
GSA Bull (1903) 14:305-336
GSA Bull (1903) 14:305-336
GSA Bull (1903) 14:305-336
Gunnar Färber
 
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