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Ludlamite

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About LudlamiteHide

Formula:
Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Colour:
Apple-green to bright green; nearly colourless in transmitted light; rarely blue
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.12 - 3.19
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1877 by Frederick Field in honor of Henry Ludlam [October 14, 1824 England, United Kingdom - June 23, 1880 London, England, United Kingdom], English mineral collector, London, England.
A secondary phosphate mineral in complex granitic pegmatites; also found in polymetallic veins.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Ludlamite.


Classification of LudlamiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.CD.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O = 1:2
40.3.5.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
3 : A3(XO4)2·xH2O
19.12.35

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn

Pronounciation of LudlamiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of LudlamiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Pearly on cleavage {001}
Colour:
Apple-green to bright green; nearly colourless in transmitted light; rarely blue
Streak:
Pale greenish white
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {001}, indistinct on {100}
Density:
3.12 - 3.19 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.176 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LudlamiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.650 - 1.653 nβ = 1.669 - 1.675 nγ = 1.688 - 1.697
2V:
Measured: 82° , Calculated: 86° to 88°
Birefringence:
0.041
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.038 - 0.044
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v perceptible
Optical Extinction:
Y=b, Z ^ c = -67°
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of LudlamiteHide

Formula:
Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O

Crystallography of LudlamiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P21/a
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.541(5) Å, b = 4.646(4) Å, c = 9.324(5) Å
β = 100.43°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.269 : 1 : 2.007
Unit Cell V:
449.08 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals tabular {001}, exhibiting forms {100}, {110}, {001}, and {_111}, and others. Form parallel groups at times. Also occurs granular, massive.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.91 Å(75)
3.96 Å(100)
3.74 Å(50)
2.990 Å(60)
2.765 Å(100)
2.543 Å(100)
2.387 Å(40)
Comments:
ICDD 17-468; See also 35-634

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Complex granitic pegmatites as a alteration product under reducing conditions.

Type Occurrence of LudlamiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
The Natural History Museum, London, England: #44187.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Copper-tin veins associated with granite intrusives
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of LudlamiteHide

Other Language Names for LudlamiteHide

German:Ludlamit
Spanish:Ludlamita

Relationship of Ludlamite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
MetaswitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
SterlinghilliteMn2+3(AsO4)2 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
SwitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.

Common AssociatesHide

FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
SideriteFeCO3
TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
TripliteMn2+2(PO4)F
Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
VivianiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
110 photos of Ludlamite associated with PyriteFeS2
107 photos of Ludlamite associated with SideriteFeCO3
56 photos of Ludlamite associated with VivianiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
24 photos of Ludlamite associated with QuartzSiO2
11 photos of Ludlamite associated with Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
7 photos of Ludlamite associated with SphaleriteZnS
6 photos of Ludlamite associated with TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
4 photos of Ludlamite associated with Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
4 photos of Ludlamite associated with Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
3 photos of Ludlamite associated with CassiteriteSnO2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CD.CastellaroiteMn2+3(AsO4)2·4H2OMon. 2/m
8.CD.05KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
8.CD.05MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CD.05PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
8.CD.05UM2005-02-AsO:AlHPScSiScAsO4 · 2H2O
8.CD.10MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CD.10ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.CD.10StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CD.10VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CD.10YanomamiteInAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CD.15ParascoroditeFeAsO4 · 2H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
8.CD.25SterlinghilliteMn2+3(AsO4)2 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CD.30RollanditeCu3(AsO4)2 · 4H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

40.3.5.2MetaswitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
40.3.5.3SterlinghilliteMn2+3(AsO4)2 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
40.3.5.4SwitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
19.12.6RobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.11PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet.
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3Orth.
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2OOrth.
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.23SwitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36Trig.
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.36GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OOrth.
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.39BeusiteMn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2Mon.
19.12.40MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.45StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon.
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2Mon.
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.12.55EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
19.12.57ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ccc2
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon.
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe2+2Mn2+2Al2(PO4)10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Fluorescence of LudlamiteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Magnetism:
Diamagnetic
Notes:
Soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LudlamiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Maskelyne and Field (1877) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 3: 52, 135, 525.
Field, F. (1885): On ludlamite, a new Cornish mineral, Mineralogical Magazine, 6, 23-31.
Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 5: 171.
Berman (1925) American Mineralogist: 10: 428.
Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 124.
Glass and Vhay (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 335.
Wolfe (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 94.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 952-953.
Abrahams, S.C. and J.L. Bernstein (1966) Crystal structure of paramagnetic ludlamite, Fe3(PO4)2 •4H2O, at 298°K. Journal of Chemical Physics, Lancaster, PA, 44(6), 2223–2229.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 322.
U. Kolitsch, G. Giester and F. Brandstätter (2011): Mg-rich ludlamite and Mg-rich whiteite-(CaFeMg) from the phosphate pegmatite boulder at Laggerhof, Carinthia. Joint Meeting of the DGK, DMG and ÖMG, Salzburg, Austria, September 20-24, 2011; Abstracts Volume, p. 135.

Internet Links for LudlamiteHide

Localities for LudlamiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Millstatt lake
U. Kolitsch, G. Giester and F. Brandstätter (2011): Mg-rich ludlamite and Mg-rich whiteite-(CaFeMg) from the phosphate pegmatite boulder at Laggerhof, Carinthia. Joint Meeting of the DGK, DMG and ÖMG, Salzburg, Austria, September 20-24, 2011; Abstracts Volume, p. 135.; Auer, Ch., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1732) Arsenopyrit, Columbit-(Fe), Graphit, Ludlamit und gediegen Wismut vom Pegmatit beim Laggerhof, Millstätter Seerücken, Kärnten. Pp. 136-137 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
    • Wolfsberg District
      • Frantschach-Sankt Gertraud
        • Brandrücken
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro
    • Dalence Province
      • Huanuni
[MinRec 32:472]; Cacho, A.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Camprubí, A.; Torró, L.; Castillo-Oliver, M.; Torres, B.; Artiaga, D.; Tauler, E.; Martínez, Á.; Campeny, M.; Alfonso, P.; Arce-Burgoa, O.R. (2019) Mineralogy and Distribution of Critical Elements in the Sn–W–Pb–Ag–Zn Huanuni Deposit, Bolivia. Minerals 9, 753
Royal Ontario Museum specimen (Pala, obtained 1972)
      • Pazña
        • Monserrat-Antequera mining district
Royal Ontario Museum specimen (Pala; obtained 1972)
  • Potosí
    • Cornelio Saavedra Province
      • Machacamarca mining district (Colavi mining district)
        • Colavi subdistrict
First found here in December 2003. -Alfredo Petrov
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 
  • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Tuzla Canton
      • Srebrenica
Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Ana S. Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Nikola S. Vuković (2016): (Pb–Sb)-bearing sphalerite from the Čumavići polymetallic ore deposit, Podrinje Metallogenic District, East Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 253-268.
Radosavljević, S., Đorđević, D., Stojanović, J., Radosavljević-Mihajlović, A., & Kašić, V. (2014). Srebrenica Orefield, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Republic of Srpska, B&h: Hydrated Fe (Al)-phosphates and Their Parageneses Within the Pb-Zn Mineralization. Архив за техничке науке, 1(11), 1-6.
Brazil
 
  • Amazonas
    • São Gabriel da Cachoeira
Sergio Varvello collection
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
Baijot, M., Hatert, F., Dal Rio, F. & Philipo, S. (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of phosphate mineral association from the Jocão pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 373-397.
    • Galiléia
      • Laranjeiras
Cassedanne, J. P. & Cassedanne, J. O.(1978): Ludlamite crystals from Galileia. Mineralogical Record. 9: 41: [MinRec 12:69]
      • Sapucaia do Norte
Baijot, M., Hatert, F. & Philippo, S. (2012): Mineralogy and geochemistry of phosphates and silicates in the Sapucaia pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Genetic implications. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 1531-1554
    • Itinga
      • Jenipapo district
Sergio Varvello collection
Canada
 
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
[Mineralogical Record Vol 23 No.4 pp27]
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Unexpected Treasures from Rapid Creek, Yukon Territory. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 31-39; 150-152.; Van Velthuizen, Jerry, Sturman, B. Darko, Robinson, George W., Ansell, H. Gary (1992) Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River Area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record, 23(4), 1-47 [27].
        • Stoneman Camp (Area B; Area 2)
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Nanping
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field (Xikeng pegmatite field)
Rao, C., Wang, R. C., Hatert, F., & Baijot, M. (2014). Hydrothermal transformations of triphylite from the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite dyke, southeastern China. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 179-188.; Rao, C., Wang, R., Yang, Y., Hatert, F., Xia, Q., Yue, X., & Wang, W. (2017). Insights into post-magmatic metasomatism and Li circulation in granitic systems from phosphate minerals of the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite (SE China). Ore Geology Reviews, 91, 864-876.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Kutná Hora District
Povondra, P., Pivec, E. (eds.) et al.: Přibyslavice peraluminuous granite. Acta universitatis carolinae, Geologica, 1987, no. 3, s . 183 – 283.
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Cheb District
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
  • Plzeň Region
    • Domažlice District
      • Otov
Masau, M., Staněk, J., Černý, P., Chapman, R. (2000). Metasomatic wolfeite and associated phosphates from the Otov I granitic pegmatite, western Bohemia. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 159-173.
Finland
 
  • North Karelia
    • Tohmajärvi
Kallio, P. & Alviol, R. 1968. Triphylites and lithiphilites from the granite pegmatites of the communes of Kitee and Tohmajärvi, E. Finland. in: International Mineral Assosiation papers and proceedings of the Ninth General Meeting, Berlin (West)-Regenburg, September 12-18. 1974. Fortschritte der Mineralogie. Special issue to vol. 52, 279-283.
France
 
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Creuse
      • Crozant
FONTAN F (1976) Les phosphates des pegmatites de la région de Crozant. Bulleti de la société française de minéralogie et de cristallographie 99 p 318-321
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Salsigne
Le Règne Minéral, Hors série (3), 36-54; Cooper, Michael P.(1997) What’s New in Minerals, Munich Show 1996. Mineralogical Record 28:137
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Regen
        • Zwiesel
          • Rabenstein
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab
        • Waidhaus
          • Hagendorf
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 729; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Dill H.G.: "Mineralogical and chemical composition of the Hagendorf-North Pegmatite, SE Germany - a monographic study", J. Min. Geochem, 2013
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Dill, H. G., Weber, B., Gerdes, A., & Melcher, F. (2008). The Fe-Mn phosphate apliteSilbergrube'near Waidhaus, Germany: epithermal phosphate mineralization in the Hagendorf-Pleystein pegmatite province. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(5), 1119-1144.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Thomas, R., and Webster, J.D. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 570-582.
Japan
 
  • Tochigi Prefecture
    • Nikko City
      • Ashio-machi
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Kosovo
 
  • District of Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
Féraud J. (1979) - La mine " Stari-Trg " (Trepca, Yougoslavie) et ses richesses minéralogiques. Avec la collaboration de Mari D. et G. (1979) Minéraux et Fossiles, n° 59-60, p. 19-28
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Aquiles Serdán Municipality
        • East Camp
MinRec 14:169; Panczner (1987): 77-395.
Morocco
 
  • Marrakesh-Safi Region
    • Rehamna Province
      • Jebilet Mtn (Djebilet Mtn)
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Świdnica Co.
      • Gmina Świdnica
Włodek, A., Grochowina, A., Gołębiowska, B., Pieczka, A. (2015): A phosphate-bearing pegmatite from Lutomia and its relationships to other pegmatites of the Góry Sowie Block, southwestern Poland. Journal of Geosciences: 60: 45-72
        • Michałkowa pegmatites
Pieczka, A., Włodek, A., Gołębiowska, B., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K. (2015): Phosphate-bearing pegmatites in the Góry Sowie Block and adjacent areas, Sudetes, SW Poland. 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015 Książ, Poland. Abstracts: 77-78; Pieczka, A., Hawthorne, F.C., Gołębiowska, B., Włodek, A., Grochowina, A. (2016): Maneckiite, ideally NaCa2Fe2+2(Fe3+Mg)Mn2(PO4)6(H2O)2, a new phosphate mineral of the wicksite supergroup from the Michałkowa pegmatite, Góry Sowie block, southwestern Poland. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press
Portugal
 
  • Guarda
    • Gouveia
      • Folgosinho
Alves, P., Leal Gomes, C., Lopes Nunes, J.E (2012) : Produtos de evolução de triplite-zwieselite, fluorapatite e isokite da mina Sítio do Castelo (Folgosinho, Guarda). II Congresso Jovens Investigadores em Geociências, LEG 2012.
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
  • Vila Real
    • Chaves
      • Vidago
Neiva, A. M. R., Silva, M. M. V. G., Antunes, I. M. H. R., & Ramos, J. M. F. (2000). Phosphate minerals of some granitic rocks associated quartz veins from northern and central Portugal.
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Murcia
    • La Unión
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
Calvo, M. (1996). Mineralogía. La Unión. Bocamina, 2, 14-35
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino
    • Lago Maggiore
Vignola, P., Diella, V., Oppizzi, P., Tiepolo, M. & Weiss, S. (2008): Phosphate assemblages from the Brissago granitic pegmatite, Western Southern Alps, Switzerland. Can. Mineral. 46, 635-650.
UK (TL)
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Kea
        • Baldhu
Phil. Mag., 5th ser. (1877): 3, 52; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 953; Embrey & Symes (1987) "Minerals of Cornwall and Devon": 112.
USA
 
  • California
    • San Diego County
      • Pala Mining District
        • Pala
          • Hiriart Mountain (Hariat Mtn; Harriot Mtn; Heriart Mtn; Heriot Mtn; Hiriat Hill)
Anonymous (1951), World news on mineral occurrences: Rocks & Minerals: 26: 265-279; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 245.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Schooner (1961)
  • Idaho
    • Lemhi Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 953; Ream, Lanny R. (2004) Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
        • Blackbird mine complex
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263; Allan Young (2010) The Blackbird Mine, Lemhi County Idaho. Mineralogical Record 41:355-370
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • East Mount Apatite Mining District
Mineralogy of Maine,Vol 2: Mining History, Gems, and Geology. By King & Mineral News Vol. 12 No. 5 May 1996 By Douglas Watts
    • Oxford County
      • Greenwood
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., Dallaire, D. A., Nizamoff, J. W., & Sprague, R. A. (2019). The Emmons Pegmatite, Greenwood, Oxford County, Maine. Rocks & Minerals, 94(6), 498-519.
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1; King, V, 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, Oxford County, Maine, Mineral News, v. 22 (6), p. 1-3.
      • Paris
      • Rumford
Tim Blake, Lookout Mine Owner
      • Stoneham
W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Walpole
P. Cristofono, T. Mortimer, J.W. Nizamoff, A. Wilken, and R. Wilken (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 17-18.
    • Grafton Co.
      • Alexandria
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Groton
Rocks & Minerals: 80: 252.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 686, 953.; Am. Min. 50 (1965), 713-717; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 353; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p. 96.; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115; NIZAMOFF, J. W. (2004, November). Phosphate mineralogy and paragenesis of the Palermo# 2 pegmatite, North Groton, New Hampshire. In 2004 Denver Annual Meeting.
    • Strafford Co.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Rocks & Min. 80:256 (2005); Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • Burro Mountains Mining District
        • Tyrone Area
P Haas collection
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
        • Custer
Rocks & Min.:60:117.
        • Fourmile
Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Harney City
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
      • Keystone Mining District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
        • Keystone
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160; &/or 60:110 & 112.
 
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