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Loseyite

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About LoseyiteHide

Formula:
(Mn2+,Zn,Mg)4Zn3(CO3)2(OH)10
Colour:
White to colorless, may be tannish- brown due to staining; colourless in transmitted light. Examination of the type specimen at Harvard University suggests that the color of loseyite can vary when in daylight to "daylight LED" to fluorescent white light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Silky
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
3.27
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1929 by Lawson H. Bauer and Harry Berman in honor of miner and mineral collector, Samuel R. Losey [December 10, 1830 New jersey, USA - July 26, 1904 USA], of Franklin, New Jersey, USA. Frederack A. Canfield, Jr. briefly mentioned some of his family's 19th century sources for Franklin District minerals: "More Franklin minerals were collected by Samuel Woodruff than by both miners of the Losey family and by the several miners of the Kemble family." Samuel R. Losey's grandfather was Michael Rorick [1749-1832], one of the owners of a forge along the Wallkill River, about 1765, near where the Franklin Furnace was later erected in Hardyston, later called Franklin, New Jersey.
Isostructural with:
Small white laths


Classification of LoseyiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5/C.01-120
5.BA.30

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
A : With Cu, Co, Ni, Zn, Mg, Mn
16a.5.3.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : Miscellaneous
11.6.8

11 : Carbonates
6 : Carbonates of Zn and Cd

Physical Properties of LoseyiteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Silky
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
White to colorless, may be tannish- brown due to staining; colourless in transmitted light. Examination of the type specimen at Harvard University suggests that the color of loseyite can vary when in daylight to "daylight LED" to fluorescent white light.
Comment:
Originally said to be blue white, but only to suggest that it was not pale yellow, etc.
Streak:
white
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.27 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.37 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LoseyiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.637 nβ = 1.648 nγ = 1.676
2V:
Measured: 64° , Calculated: 66°
Birefringence:
0.029
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.039
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively weak
Optical Extinction:
Inclined, Y = b

Chemical Properties of LoseyiteHide

Formula:
(Mn2+,Zn,Mg)4Zn3(CO3)2(OH)10
IMA Formula:
Mn2+4Zn3(CO3)2(OH)10

Crystallography of LoseyiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.23 Å, b = 5.51 Å, c = 14.95 Å
β = 95.4°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.946 : 1 : 2.713
Unit Cell V:
1,331.00 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals may form subparallel aggregates and radiating bundles of lath-like crystals elongated [010]; also jackstraw clusters or single crystals. May be confused with chlorophoenicite, but the latter may have a somewhat fibrous appearance.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.49 Å(80)
5.26 Å(20)
4.89 Å(40)
3.80 Å(90)
3.68 Å(100)
3.54 Å(60)
3.43 Å(40)
2.95 Å(40)
2.79 Å(60)
2.77 Å(60)
2.63 Å(100)
2.54 Å(70)
2.36 Å(50)
2.30 Å(50)
2.17 Å(50)
2.15 Å(50)
1.90 Å(40)
1.77 Å(30)
1.72 Å(20)
1.67 Å(20)
1.62 Å(10)
1.60 Å(40)
1.57 Å(40)
1.54 Å(40)
Comments:
JCPDS 17-206

Geological EnvironmentHide

Type Occurrence of LoseyiteHide

Other Language Names for LoseyiteHide

German:Loseyit
Spanish:Loseyita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Loseyite associated with PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
5 photos of Loseyite associated with CalciteCaCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BA.05AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.BA.10GeorgeiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2 · 6H2OAmor.
5.BA.10Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.BA.10KolweziteCuCo(CO3)(OH)2Tric.
5.BA.10MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.BA.10Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
5.BA.10NullaginiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2Mon.
5.BA.10PokrovskiteMg2(CO3)(OH)2Mon.
5.BA.10Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.BA.10Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2Mon.
5.BA.10ChukanoviteFe2+2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.BA.15Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BA.15HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.BA.20HoldawayiteMn6(CO3)2(OH)7(Cl,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.BA.25DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.BA.25UM1977-03-COSiO:CaClHCa10-11(CO3)7(SiO4)Cl1-2(OH)1-2Mon.
5.BA.30SclariteZn7(CO3)2(OH)10Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

16a.5.3.2SclariteZn7(CO3)2(OH)10Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.6.1SmithsoniteZnCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
11.6.2HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
11.6.3Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
11.6.4Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2Mon.
11.6.5Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6Mon. 2/m : P21/m
11.6.6Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2OTric.
11.6.7MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
11.6.9SclariteZn7(CO3)2(OH)10Mon. 2/m : B2/b
11.6.10OtaviteCdCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m)

Fluorescence of LoseyiteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LoseyiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bauer, Lawson and Berman, Harry (1929) American Mineralogist 14: 150-153.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 244-245.
Acta Crystallographica (1981) B37: 1323-1328.
King, Vandall T., 2007, Loseyite, Mn4Zn3(CO3)2(OH)10 from Franklin, Sussex County, New Jersey: A New Physical Description, Mineral News, v. 23 (2): 1,3-4.

Internet Links for LoseyiteHide

Localities for LoseyiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Villach-Land District
      • Nötsch im Gailtal
        • Kreuth
King, V., 2006, Loseyite ..., Mineral News, v. 23 (2), p. 1,3-4; G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Tyrol
King, V., 2006, Loseyite ..., Mineral News, v. 23 (2), p. 1,3-4; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Schwaz District
      • Vomp
King, V., 2006, Loseyite ..., Mineral News, v. 23 (2), p. 1,3-4; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
USA (TL)
 
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Palache, C. (1935) “The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey,” USGS Professional Paper 180: 59; Dunn, Pete J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world’s most magnificent mineral deposits, part: 4: 621-622.
 
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