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Likasite

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About LikasiteHide

01302640014947062625898.jpg
View of the Likasi copper mining area, ca. 1935.

Likasi Mine, Likasi, Kambove District, Haut-Katanga, DR Congo
Formula:
Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Colour:
Blue
Specific Gravity:
2.96 - 2.98
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named for the type locality.
This page provides mineralogical data about Likasite.


Classification of LikasiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.ND.05

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
N : NITRATES
D : With OH (etc.) and H2O
Dana 7th ed.:
19.2.1.1
19.1.5.1

19 : NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen

Physical Properties of LikasiteHide

Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Blue
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {001}
Density:
2.96 - 2.98 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.97 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LikasiteHide

Type:
Biaxial
Dispersion:
relatively strong
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X= Pale greenish blue
Y= purplish blue

Chemical Properties of LikasiteHide

Formula:
Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O

Crystallography of LikasiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.830(1) Å, b = 6.775(1) Å, c = 21.711(5) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.861 : 1 : 3.205
Unit Cell V:
857.55 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals to 1.5mm, rectangular section, tabular.

Type Occurrence of LikasiteHide

Other Language Names for LikasiteHide

German:Likasit
Spanish:Likasita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Likasite associated with CupriteCu2O
4 photos of Likasite associated with GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
1 photo of Likasite associated with ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
1 photo of Likasite associated with SpertiniiteCu(OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.ND.10Mbobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
5.ND.15Hydrombobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2OMon.
5.ND.20SveiteKAl7(NO3)4(OH)16Cl2 · 8H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LikasiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schoep, A., Borchert, W., Kohler, K. (1955) La likasite Cu12(OH)14(NO3)4(PO4)2, nouveau minéral. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 78: 84-88.
Fleischer, M. (1955) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 40: 941-944.
Deliens, M. (1973) La likasite de Likasi (République de Zaïre). Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 96: 143-145.
Declercq, J.P., Germain, G., Piret, P. (1977) Composition et structure de la likasite, Cu3P2H3(NO3(OH)2.H2O. Acta Crystallographica: 83(3): 1422-1427.
Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J. (1978) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 63: 598-600.
Effenberger, H. (1986) Likasite, Cu3(NO3)(OH)5·2H2O: Revision of the chemical formula and redetermination of the crystal structure. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1986: 101-110.
Hawthorne, F.C., Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J., Grice, J.D., Phillips, D., Roberts, A.C., Schedler, R.A., Shigley, J.E. (1987) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 72: 1023-1028.
Yoder, C.H., Bushong, E., Liu, X., Weidner, V., McWilliams, P., Martin, K., Lorgunpai, J., Haller, J., Schaeffer, R.W. (2010) The synthesis and solubility of the copper hydroxyl nitrates, gerhardtite, rouaite and likasite. Mineralogical Magazine: 74: 433-440.

Internet Links for LikasiteHide

Localities for LikasiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
        • Great Australia Mine
Sharpe, J.L., Williams, P.A. (2000) Exotic Secondary Copper Mineralization in the Eastern Mt Isa Block, Northwest Queensland. The Royal Society of New South Wales, 133:31-32.
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Wilmington
Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 5. No. 2. 1999. 55-62
Chile
 
  • Tarapacá
    • Tamarugal Province
      • Collahuasi District
Sulphides analysed by geology dep. of company; sulphates, phosphates, analysed by Bob Jenkins (Usa) 2007
DR Congo (TL)
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Likasi (Jadotville; Jadotstad)
Schoep, A., Borchert, W., Kohler, K. (1955) La likasite, Cu12(OH)14(NO3)4(PO4)2, nouveau minéral. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 78, 84-88.; Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
      • Luambo
Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
Handbook of Mineralogy Vol V
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda Region
Handbook of Mineralogy; Voloshin, A. V., Pakhomovskiy, Ya. A., Stepanov, V. I., Bulgak, L. V. and Men-shikov, Yu. P. (1988): Gerhardtite, likasite, and spertiniite from the oxidation zone of Dzhezkazgan chalcosite ores; first finds in the USSR. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh SSSR, 35, 40-47. (in Russian) ; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Spain
 
  • Asturias
    • Belmonte de Miranda
Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Calstock
        • Gunnislake
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.; Weiss, S., Green, D.H., Hooper, J.J., and Elton, N. (2007): Lapis 32 (11), 13-25, 54
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Globe-Miami Mining District
        • Miami-Inspiration Mining District
          • Miami
            • Sleeping Beauty Peak
              • Copper Cities Mine area
Handbook of Mineralogy Vol V
  • Colorado
Rouse, R.C., Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R. (1982): Mercury amidonitrate crystals from Colorado. Mineral. Record: 13: 233-234; in: Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, M., Burns, R.G., Pabst, A. (1983): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 68: 473
  • Michigan
    • Ontonagon Co.
      • Mass City
Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
 
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