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Lead

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About LeadHide

Formula:
Pb
Colour:
Grey, but often coated with white hydrocerussite or related phases
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
11.37
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
Named plumbum nigrum by Pliny the Elder, but the name was for the chemical element and not a mineral. Native lead was probably first discovered in the Långban District in the late nineteenth century and was named for the chemical element.
Native lead is rare; lead is far more commonly found and mined as the lead sulphide mineral galena. The Romans named the refined metal 'plumbum' and used it for pipes in plumbing. Its major use today is in lead-acid batteries and for radiation shields. It is also a constituent of low-melting alloys. Native lead is somewhat ductile and very malleable.


Classification of LeadHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
1.AA.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
A : Copper-cupalite family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.21.1
1.1.1.4

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.30

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of LeadHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Grey, but often coated with white hydrocerussite or related phases
Streak:
grey
Hardness:
1½ on Mohs scale
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Malleable
Cleavage:
None Observed
none, malleable
Fracture:
Hackly
Density:
11.37 g/cm3 (Measured)    11.341 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LeadHide

Type:
Isotropic
Internal Reflections:
none
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of LeadHide

Crystallography of LeadHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fm3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.9506 Å
Unit Cell V:
121.33 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Commonly as rounded masses and plates up to 60kg. Also wiry and dendritic forms. Octahedral, cubic and dodecahedral crystals up to 6 cm in size are rare.
Twinning:
Herring bone twins at 60 degrees {111}

Crystallographic forms of LeadHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Lead no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Lead no.5 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indices | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
hydrothermal; also in placers, authigenic, replacing tree roots.

Synonyms of LeadHide

Other Language Names for LeadHide

Afrikaans:Lood
Arabic:رصاص
Armenian:Կապար
Basque:Berun
Belarusian:Свінец
Bengali:সীসা
Bosnian:Olovo
Catalan:Plom
Corsican:Piombu
Croatian:Olovo
Czech:Olovo
Danish:Bly
Dutch:Lood
Esperanto:Plumbo
Estonian:Plii
Farsi/Persian:سرب
Finnish:Lyijy
French:Plomb
Friulian:Plomp
Galician:Chumbo
Haitian:Plon
Hebrew:עופרת
Hungarian:Ólom
Icelandic:Blý
Ido:Plombo
Indonesian:Timbal
Irish Gaelic:Luaidhe
Italian:Piombo
Japanese:自然鉛
Korean:
Kurdish (Latin Script):Sirb
Latin:Plumbum
Latvian:Svins
Lithuanian:Švinas
Lojban:cnisa
Low Saxon/Low German:Blie
Luxembourgish:Bläi
Maori:Matā
Marathi:शिसे
Nahuatl:Temētztli
Norwegian:Bly
Norwegian (Nynorsk):Bly
Occitan:Plomb
Polish:Ołów
Portuguese:Chumbo
Quechua:Titi
Ripuarian:Blëij
Romanian:Plumb
Russian:Свинец
Scots:Leid
Serbo-Croatian:Olovo
Sicilian:Chiummu
Simplified Chinese:自然铅
Slovak:Olovo
Slovenian:Svinec
Spanish:Plomo
Swahili:Risasi
Swedish:Bly
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Сурб
Traditional Chinese:自然鉛
Turkish:Kurşun
Ukrainian:Свинець
Vietnamese:Chì
Welsh:Plwm
Yiddish:בליי

Relationship of Lead to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
31 photos of Lead associated with PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
29 photos of Lead associated with HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
19 photos of Lead associated with WillemiteZn2SiO4
16 photos of Lead associated with AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
12 photos of Lead associated with CopperCu
11 photos of Lead associated with LithargePbO
10 photos of Lead associated with AllactiteMn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
10 photos of Lead associated with CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
9 photos of Lead associated with CerussitePbCO3
9 photos of Lead associated with RhodoniteMn2+SiO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AA.05AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05Electrum(Au,Ag)
1.AA.05GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AA.05UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd(Cu,Pd,Au)
1.AA.05UM1991-06-E:AuCuAu3Cu
1.AA.10aAuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.AA.10bTetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.AA.10aCuproaurideCu3Au
1.AA.15AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.AA.15Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.AA.15IodineI2
1.AA.15NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.AA.15UM1985-02-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)Al2
1.AA.20Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.AA.25HunchuniteAu2PbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.1.1.1GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.1.1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.1.1.3CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.1.1.5AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag,Hg)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LeadHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume I: 102-103.
Dekov, V.M., Hålenius, U., Billström, K., Kamenov, G.D., Munnik, F., Eriksson, L., Dyer, A., Schmidt, M., Botz, R. (2009) Native Sn–Pb droplets in a zeolitic amygdale (Isle of Mull, Inner Hebrides). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 73: 2907-2919.

Internet Links for LeadHide

Localities for LeadHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy Province
    • Humahuaca Department
      • Aguilar mining district
Econ Geol (1992) 87:2085-2112
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252 Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models
  • Salta Province
    • Iruya Department
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
    • Sierra Leone fracture zone
      • Markov Deep
Sharkov, E.V., Abramov, S.S., Simonov, V.A., Krinov, D.I., Skolotnev, S.G., Bel’tenev, V.E., and Bortnikov, N.S. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 467-486.
    • Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse hydrothermal field (TAG)
Dekov, V. M., Damyanov, Z. K., Kamenov, G. D., Bonev, I. K., Rajta, I., & Grime, G. W. (2001). Sorosite (η-Cu6Sn5)-bearing native tin and lead assemblage from the Mir zone (Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 26° N). Oceanologica acta, 24(3), 205-220.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Birch, W.D. (1999) Minerals of Broken Hill. Broken Hill City Council in conjunction with Museum Victoria [ISBN 0-9599486-9-4]. Carr, P., Selleck, B., Stott, M., Williamson, P. (2008) Native Lead at broken hill, New South Wales, Australia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 46:1, 73-85.
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Paralana High Plains
Wuelser-Pierre-Alain; Lahaye-Yann; Brugger-Joel 2004. Mineralogy and zircon geochemistry of uranium sedimentary-hosted Beverley Deposit (Lake Frome Embayment, Curnamona Province, South Australia), McGoldrick-Peter (editor) Abstracts - Geological Society of Australia. 73; Pages 138. 2004.; Wülser, P. A., Brugger, J., Foden, J., & Pfeifer, H. R. (2011). The sandstone-hosted Beverley uranium deposit, Lake Frome Basin, South Australia: mineralogy, geochemistry, and a time-constrained model for its genesis. Economic Geology, 106(5), 835-867.
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Callington
SARIG Mineral Deposit Information, Site No: 240009, Deposit No: 1588
SARIG Mineral Deposit Information, Site No: 239430, Deposit No: 1478
  • Tasmania
    • Break O'Day municipality
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Rosebery
Zaw, K., Large, R. R., & Huston, D. L. (1997). Petrologic and geochemical significance of a Devonian replacement zone in the Cambrian Rosebery massive sulfide deposit, western Tasmania. The Canadian Mineralogist, 35(5), 1325-1349.
      • Zeehan district
        • Zeehan mineral field
          • Tasmanian Smelting Company site
M Latham collection
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hermagor District
      • Dellach
        • Jaukenhöhe
          • Plonalmlacke
Pichler, A. (2009) Bergbau in Westkärnten, Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. Verlag des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Kärnten, Klagenfurt, Sonderheft 63, 416 pages [in German].
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hüttenberg
          • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
        • St Martin am Silberberg
Blaß, G., Graf, H.-W. & Pichler, A. (1997): Sekundäre Neubildungen in Schlacken von St. Martin am Silberberg in Kärnten (1). Mineralien-Welt, 8(5), 42-45.
    • Villach
      • Mittewald
A.Pichler (2003)
    • Völkermarkt District
      • Bleiburg
        • Feistritz
Bergbau in Osttkärnten (Pichler 2003)
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Rauris
        • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
          • Kolm-Saigurn
A. Strasser: Die MInerale Salzburgs (1989)
Niedermayr, G. & Wittern, A. (2009): Mineralreiches Österreich - Tirol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 144 pp.
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Öblarn
        • Walchen
[Lapis 1992: 2 p.19-30]
Belarus
 
  • Mogilev Region
    • Babruysk District
Levitskiy, V. I., Solodilova, V. V., Zavadich, N. S., Pavlova, L. A., & Levitskiy, I. V. (2018, July). Genetic Nature of Mineralization with Native and Intermetallic Compounds in the Bobruisk Ring Structure (Republic of Belarus). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 481, No. 1, pp. 857-861). Pleiades Publishing.
Belgium
 
  • Flanders
    • Limburg
      • Dilsen-Stokkem
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet mining district (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet mining district)
        • Plombières (Blieberg; Bleiberg; Bleyberg)
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995b): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Namur
      • Andenne
No reference listed
Brazil
 
  • Amazonas
    • Presidente Figueiredo
      • Pitinga mine
A. C. Bastos Neto, V. P. Pereira, L. H. Ronchi, E. F. de Lima and J. C. Frantz (2009): The world-class Sn, Nb, Ta, F (Y, REE, Li) deposit and the massive cryolite associated with the albite-enriched facies of the Madeira A-type granite, Pitinga mining district, Amazonas State, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 47, 1329-1357.
Canada
 
  • Alberta
    • Whitecourt
Alberta Geological Survey, Mudaliar, G. G., Richards, J. P., & Eccles, D. R. (2007). Gold, platinum and diamond placer deposits in alluvial gravels, Whitecourt, Alberta. Albera Energy and Utilities Board.
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Černý, P., Siivola, J. (1980) The Tanco pegmatite at Bernic Lake, Manitoba. XII. Hafnian zircon. Canadian Mineralogist, 18(3), 313-321.; Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bernic Lake, Manitoba: Mining for Space-age Elements. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 64-67; 153-155.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Baie Verte Peninsula
Christian Bracke Collection
  • Northwest Territories
    • North Slave Region
Coleman, L. C. (1953). Mineralogy of the Yellowknife Bay Area, NWT. American Mineralogist, 38(5-6), 506-527.
COLEMAN, L.C. (1953) Mineralogy of the Yellowknife Bay are, N.W.T. American Mineralogist 38, 506-527.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
      • Klondike Area (Klondyke District; Klondike District)
        • Indian River Drainage
          • Dominion Creek Drainage
Mark Mauthner specimens and analyses.
    • Mayo mining district
Boyle, R. W. (1976): Native lead at Keno Hill, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 14, 577.
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Gannan
      • Maqu Co.
        • Dashui Au ore field
Guanghong Wang, Xianrong Luo, Qian Gao, Ming Liang, and Xiaoyu Dou (2009): Geology and Exploration 45(4), 450-455
  • Guizhou
    • Zunyi
      • Bozhou District
Kehua Yin (2009): Geology and Prospecting 45(3), 273-279
  • Hebei
    • Chengde
Shao Dianxin, Zhou Jianxiong, Zhang Jianhong, and Bao Daxi (1984): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 4, 97-101.
  • Henan
    • Nanyang
      • Tongbai County
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997)
        • Weishancheng ore field
Diankai Chen and Danshen Zhou (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(1), 37-46
Diankai Chen and Danshen Zhou (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(1), 37-46
    • Pingdingshan
      • Wugang County
        • Wugang Fe ore field
          • Batai Mine
Xingjie Jia, Huaiqian Li, and Honglu Zheng (2012): Gold Science and Technology 20(2), 25-31
    • Sanmenxia
      • Lingbao City
Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
  • Jiangxi
    • Jiujiang
      • De'an Co.
Xilin Liu (1991): Geology of Jiangxi 5(3), 203-211
  • Jilin
    • Yanbian Chaoxianzu
      • Hunchun City
        • Shajin Mine
Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold
  • Liaoning
    • Chaoyang
      • Jianping County
Liyan Zhang (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(8), 34-39
  • Qinghai
    • Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Maqên Co.
        • Dur'ngoi Ophiolite
Duan Guolian (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(2), 20-24; Guolian Duan (1998): Geology of Chemical Minerals 20(4), 287-294
  • Shandong
    • Laiwu
      • Gangcheng District
Yaxiong Zhong (1980): Geology and Prospecting 16(5), 31-36
      • Laicheng District
Yaxiong Zhong (1980): Geology and Prospecting 16(5), 31-36
    • Linyi
      • Mengyin County
        • Mengyin Kimberlite field
          • Changma Kimberlite belt
            • Wangcun deposit
Gorshkov, A.I., Titkov, S.V., Yan Nan Bao, Ryabchikov, I.D., and Magazina, L.O. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(4), 326-334.
    • Tai'an
      • Daiyue District
Yaxiong Zhong (1980): Geology and Prospecting 16(5), 31-36
  • Shanxi
    • Xinzhou
      • Yuanping Co.
http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
  • Sichuan
    • Liangshan
      • Yanyuan County
Lizhu Li, Zhigang Zhao, Jinliang He, and Zexiang Yang (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 269-280
  • Tibet
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
  • Xinjiang
    • Changji Autonomous Prefecture (Sanji Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Manasi Co. (Manas Co.)
Jianxun Bai (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(12), 24-27
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Yizhou District
Chunji Xue, Jinsheng Ji, and Qianjin Yang (2000): Mineral Deposits 19(2), 156-164
        • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
Xiangcheng Bao (1994): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 15(1), 53-57
    • Kezilesu Autonomous Prefecture (Kizilsu Autonomous Prefecture; Qizilsu Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Wuqia Co. (Ulugqat Co.; Ulughchat Co.)
Minghua Zheng, Jiajun Liu, Shouting Zhang, and Xunrong Long (2002): Geology and Resources 11(3), 140-146
  • Yunnan
    • Honghe
      • Mengzi City
Xinpei Jiang (1994): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 13(5), 278-284
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Kutná Hora District
      • Poličany
        • Vrchlice river valley
Pauliš P. Mineralogické lokality okolí Kutné Hory. Kuttna, Kutná Hora 1999. ISBN 80-902719-0-1.
    • Příbram District
RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Trutnov District
      • Radvanice
Žáček, V., Ondruš, P.: Mineralogy of recently formed sublimates from Kateřina colliery in Radvanice, Eastern Bohemia, Czech Republic. Bulletin of the Czech geological survey, 1998, vol. 73, no. 2, s. 289-302.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
[Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Bertil Otter collection & photo,photo-405064
    • Qeqertalik
Ulff-Møller, F. (1989): Exsolution of metallic Pb liquid in a magmatic sulfide-metal lens from Disko, central West Greenland. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Abh.: 160: 193-206; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 434
Ulff-Møller, F. (1985): Solidification History of the KitdlÎt Lens: Immiscible Metal and Sulphide Liquids from a Basaltic Dyke on Disko, Central West Greenland Journal of Petrology. 26,64-91.
Ethiopia
 
  • Benishangul-Gumuz Region
    • Asosa region (Assosa region)
P.M. Kartashov data
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Kittilä
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
  • North Karelia
    • Outokumpu Cu-Co-Zn-Ni-Ag-Au ore field
Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Orivesi
Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353
    • Sastamala
      • Suodenniemi
Knauf, V., Sandberg, E., Sokolov, P. and Tabuns, E. 2000. Gold geochemistry and mineralogy of till. A new approach for data integration. bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland Volume 72 (1-2) 57-69.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
    • Rhône
      • Villefranche
        • Chessy-les-Mines
          • Chessy copper mines
Paul Poulain, Chollet Pascal, Yannick Vessely, Lucien Cluzaud collections
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 43.
Germain C., Leydet J-C., Saget Ph. (1990), Les minéraux de néoformation de Huelgoat (Finistère), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, 3-16
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Colmar-Ribeauvillé
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
  • Occitanie
    • Lozère
      • Pont-de-Montvert
Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
No reference listed
Gabon
 
  • Haut-Ogooué Province
    • Franceville
Régis Mathieu, Lena Zetterström, Michel Cuney, François Gauthier-Lafaye, Hiroshi Hidaka, Alteration of monazite and zircon and lead migration as geochemical tracers of fluid paleocirculations around the Oklo–Okélobondo and Bangombé natural nuclear reaction zones (Franceville basin, Gabon), Chemical Geology, Volume 171, Issues 3–4, 1 January 2001, Pages 147-171
Janusz Janeczek (1999) Mineralogy and geochemistry of natural fission reactors in Gabon. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, MSA, v. 38, p. 321-392
Georgia
Am.Min. 66,639(1981)
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Lahr
          • Reichenbach
            • Weiler
Walenta, K. & Wimmenauer, W. (1961): Der Mineralbestand des Michaelganges im Weiler bei Lahr (Schwarzwald). Jh. Geol. Landesamt Baden-Württemberg, 4, 7-37.; Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Braunlage
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hüsten
D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (1993) Neue Funde. Mineralien-Welt, 4 (2), 57-60.; Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
    • Cologne
      • Aachen
        • Eschweiler
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
        • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
      • Euskirchen
        • Mechernich
          • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District slag localities
          • Agios Nikolaos [St Nicholas] area
No reference listed
          • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
          • Oxygon area
No reference listed
          • Panormos area
No reference listed
          • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Sounion area
Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude,etc.
Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude etc.
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Thorikos area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Tourkolimanon area
No reference listed
          • Vrissaki area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • Peloponnese
    • Laconia
      • Molaoi
M. Grossou-Valta, K. Adam, D. C. Constantinides, J. M. Prevosteau, E. Dimou (1990): Mineralogy of and potential beneficiation process for the Molai complex sulphide orebody, Greece. In: P. M. J. Gray, G. J. Bowyer, J. F. Castle, D. J. Vaughan, N. A. Warner (Eds.): Sulphide deposits — their origin and processing, 1990, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 119-133.
Italy
 
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Albano Laziale
Caponera, I., Fiori S., Pucci R. (2003): Fluoborite, piombo nativo, richterite ed altri interessanti ritrovamenti nei Colli Albani. Il Cercapietre, 1-2, 3-13.
  • Piedmont
    • Vercelli Province
Luigi Chiappino data
  • Sardinia
    • Oristano Province
      • Pau
Urraci E.- Lini M. – Mattias P. (2006) - Il piombo naturale di Pau e gli altri minerali dell'area del rilievo vulcanico di M. Arci (Oristano, Sardegna Centrale) – Con la Collaborazione di Fabio Bellatreccia – Pubblicazione a cura del Comune di Pau (OR)
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Lagorai Group
        • Telve
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Montieri
A.Costantini, G.Pagani (2015) Minerali: bellezze della natura nel parco delle colline metallifere - Tuscan mining geopark . 1-266
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
http://www.comune.pisa.it/apsn/Articoli/Scorie/Capattoli.htm
        • Sassetta
          • Canina Valley
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
        • Suvereto
Luigi Chiappino data
      • Piombino
Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N. (1992): I minerali delle scorie ferrifere etrusche di Baratti (Livorno). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 99, 43-77; Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N., Bartoli, M.L., Chiappino, L. (1992): Baratti (LI): una nuova località mineralogica italiana analoga al Laurion. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 15, 2 (2-1992), 67-75 [2a parte].
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
Pegoraro S., Orlandi P., Chiereghin P., Contin.A. and Toniolo E. (2009): I minerali del Monte Trisa, Torrebelvicino, Vicenza. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, No. 3, 160-179
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola Region
Dyussembayeva, K., Kasenova, A., & Shakirova, G. (2013). The Intermetallic Compounds of Gold with Lead. International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference: SGEM: Surveying Geology & mining Ecology Management, 2, 643.
  • Turkistan Region
    • Kentau
United States Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Resources Data
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Jalal-Abad Region
    • Chatkal Range
      • Kasan ore field
Sabir K. Mustafin data
Mexico
 
  • Veracruz
    • Las Minas Municipality
      • Zomelahuacan
Panczner (1987): 250.
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mountains
P.M. Kartashov analytical data
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
New Zealand
 
  • Waikato Region
    • Thames-Coromandel District
Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Norway
 
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Tvedalen
        • Tuften (Tuften 1 Quarry; Tuften 2 Quarry)
Selbekk, R. S., Husdal, T. A. & Berg, H-J. (2010): Nye mineraler for Norge i 2010. Stein. 37 (4): 24-26; Andresen, P. (2013): Gedigent bly og andre spennende mineraler fra en unik pegmatitt i Tvedalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 83-87
Poland
 
  • Lesser Poland Voivodeship
    • Nowy Targ Co.
      • Gmina Szczawnica
Wojciechowski J. 1955: O żyłach kruszcowych pod Szczawnicą. Biul. Inst. Geol. 101
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Głogów Co.
Jadwiga PIECZONKA, Adam PIESTRZYŃSKI, Jacek MUCHA, Adam GŁUSZEK, Maciej KOTARBA, Dariusz WIĘCŁAW (2008): The red-bed-type precious metal deposit in the Sieroszowice-Polkowice copper mining district, SW Poland. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 78, 151-280.
    • Kamienna Góra County
      • Gmina Marciszów
Zagożdżon, P.W., Zagożdżon, K.D. (2009) Wyniki wstępnych badań geologicznych w sztolniach w Ciechanowicach koło Miedzianki. Dzieje górnictwa – element europejskiego dziedzictwa kultury.
Piestrzyński, A., & Pieczonka, J. (2012). Low temperature ore minerals associations in the Kupferschiefer type deposit, Lubin–Sieroszowice mining district, SW Poland. Мінералогічний збірник, (2), 59-66.
Kucha H. 1983: Precious metal-bearing shale from Zechstein copper deposits, Lower Silesia, Poland. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy (Sect. B: Applied Earth Science), 92, 72-79
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Katowice City Co.
      • Wełnowiec
Pierwoła, J., Ciesielczuk, J., Misz-Kennan, M., Fabiańska, M.J., Bielińska, A., Kruszewski, Ł., 2018. Structure and thermal history of the Wełnowiec dump, Poland: A municipal dump rehabilitated with coal waste. Int. J. Coal Geol., 197, 1–19.
Cabała, J.; Warchulski, R.; Rozmus, D.; Środek, D.; Szełęg, E. (2020) Pb-Rich Slags, Minerals, and Pollution Resulted from a Medieval Ag-Pb Smelting and Mining Operation in the Silesian-Cracovian Region (Southern Poland). Minerals 10, 28.
Portugal
 
  • Madeira
Bernard, J.H. and Hyrsl, J. (2004) Minerals and their Localities.
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Karabash
      • Soimon Valley
http://maurice.strahlen.org/ural/srednji.htm; Bryzgalov, I. A., Krivitskaya, N. N., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2007, November). First finding of nisbite and aurostibite in the eastern Transbaikal region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 417, No. 1, pp. 1265-1267). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.; Murzin, V. V., Varlamov, D. A., Ronkin, Y. L., & Shanina, S. N. (2013). Origin of Au-bearing rodingite in the Karabash massif of alpine-type ultramafic rocks in the southern Urals. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(4), 278-297.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Sosnovsky District
      • Bereznyakovskoe ore field
Spiridonov, A. M., Kulikova, Z. I., Zorina, L. D., Granina, E. M., Parshin, A. V., & Budyak, A. E. Material Composition of Ores and Metasomatically Altered Rocks at Bereznyakovskoe Epithermal Gold Ore Deposit (the South Urals).
  • Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
    • Kolyma area
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Baimka River
          • Aluchinskii Massif (Aluchin horst)
American Mineralogist, Volume 83, pages 901–906, 1998
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Bodaibo
      • Lena Gold District
Yudovskaya, M. A., Distler, V. V., Prokofiev, V. Y., & Akinfiev, N. N. (2015). Gold mineralisation and orogenic metamorphism in the Lena province of Siberia as assessed from Chertovo Koryto and Sukhoi Log deposits. Geoscience Frontiers.
        • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
Keren Tan (1998): Gold Science and Technology 6(4), 29-37; Distler, V. V., Mitrofanov, G. L., Yudovskaya, M. A., Lishnevsky, E. N., & Prokof’ev, V. Y. (2005). Deep structure and ore-forming processes of the Sukhoi Log gold-platinum deposit, Russia. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 921-923). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Kamchatka Krai
Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
No reference listed
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Aldan shield
Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Magadan Oblast
    • Kolyma River Basin
      • Ducat District
        • Omsukchan
          • Ducat ore field
No reference listed
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages; Krivovichev, S.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Mikhailova, J.A., Men’shikov, Yu.P., Armbruster, Th., Selivanova, E.A., Meisser, N. (2007): Yakovenchukite-(Y), K3NaCaY2(Si12O30)(H2O)4, a new mineral from the Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: A novel type of octahedral-tetrahedral open-framework structure. American Mineralogist, 92, 1525-1530.
        • Kirovskii apatite mine (Kirovsky Mine; Kirovskii Mine; Kirov Mine)
American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 1525-1530, 2007
    • Monche-Tundra
      • Monchegorsk
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Bakaev, G. F., Sholokhnev, V. V., Lapina, M. I., Muravitskaya, G. N., & Voitekhovich, V. S. (2003). The PGE ore mineralization in the Monchegorsk magmatic layered complex (Kola Peninsula, Russia). GEOLOGY OF ORE DEPOSITS C/C OF GEOLOGIIA RUDNYKH MESTOROZHDENII, 45(4), 287-308.
  • Orenburg Oblast
M.I. Novgorodova Doklady AN SSSR, 1979, v.248, N4, pp.965-968
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Khanka Lake
V.V. Seredin data
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Ladoga Region
      • Jalonvaara ore field
Ivashchenko, V. I., & Lavrov, О. В. (2006) Ore Deposits and Occurrences in the North Ladoga Region, Southwest Karelia. in Ore Deposits And Occurrences In The North Ladoga Region, Southwest Karelia Field Trip Guidebook. Understanding the genesis of ore deposits to meet the demands of the 21st century 12th Quadrennial IAGOD Symposium 2006. Moscow. P.41-64.
      • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    • Mirninsky District
      • Vilyui River Basin (Vilui River Basin; Wilui River Basin)
        • Lower Khann'ya River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Northern Yakutia
      • Olenyok (Olenek) river basin
Koval'skii, V.V., Oleinikov, O.B. (1985): Native metals and natural polymineralic alloys of copper, zinc, lead, tin and antimony in rocks from the "Leningrad" kimberlite pipe. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 285: 203-208; in: Hawthorne, F.C., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J., Grew, E.S., Langley, R.H., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Shigley, J.E., Vanko, D.A. (1987): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 72: 227
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
Azovskova, O. B., Malyugin, A. A., Nekrasova, A. A., & Yanchenko, M. Y. (2013, January). Pyrite from zones of Mz-Kz reactivation of large faults on the eastern slope of the Ural Mountains, Russia. In Proceedings of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (No. 79, p. 182). World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (WASET).
Azovskova, O. B., Malyugin, A. A., Nekrasova, A. A., & Yanchenko, M. Y. (2013, January). Pyrite from zones of Mz-Kz reactivation of large faults on the eastern slope of the Ural Mountains, Russia. In Proceedings of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (No. 79, p. 182). World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (WASET).
    • Ivdel
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
P.M. Karashov data; E. V. Sklyarov, D. P. Gladkochub, A. B. Kotov, A. E. Starikova, V. V. Sharygin, S. D. Velikoslavinsky, A. M. Larin, A. M. Mazukabzov, E. V. Tolmacheva, E. A. Khromova (2016): Genesis of the Katugin rare-metal ore deposit: Magmatism versus metasomatism. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology 10, 155–167.
      • Orlovskoye
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Serbia
 
  • Boranja orefield
Radosavljević-Mihajlović, A. S., Stojanović, J. N., Radosavljević, S. A., Pačevski, A. M., Vuković, N. S., & Tošović, R. D. (2017). Mineralogy and genetic features of the Cu-As-Ni-Sb-Pb mineralization from the Mlakva polymetallic deposit (Serbia)—New occurrence of (Ni-Sb)-bearing Cu-arsenides. Ore Geology Reviews, 80, 1245-1258.
Slovenia
 
  • Central Sava Region
    • Litija
NTF collection
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Grensman, F., Kalinowski, M.P. and Sandström, F. (2001): Garpenberg Norra. Litofilen. 18 (2), 26-46.
  • Örebro County
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
No reference listed
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Damman, A. H & Kieft, C. (1990): W-MO polymettallic mineralization and associated calc-silicate assemblages in the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 28, 17-36
Damman, A. H & Lustenhouwer, W. (1991): Native lead and tin from the Gåsborn area, Filipstad, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113, 35-37
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Adolfsson, S. G. (1979): Notes on Recent Underground Collecting at Långban. Mineralogical Record. 10: 215-217
Adolfsson, S. G. (1979): Notes on Recent Underground Collecting at Långban. Mineralogical Record. 10: 215-217
Rock Currier
      • Nordmark District
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Kjell Gatedal
      • Nordmark Odal Field (Nordmarksberg)
Mineralogical Magazine (1998) 62 (3), 395-407
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Hamberg, A. (1888): Om kristalliseradt bly från Harstigsgrufvan vid Pajsberg i Värmland. Översigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 1888. 45, 483-490 Dana 7: I: 103; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 726, 857.
No reference listed
Turkmenistan
 
  • Balkan
    • Cheleken Peninsula
Lebedev, L.M., Nikitina, J.B. (1983): The Cheleken ore forming system. Russ. Acad. Sci., Moscow (in Russian.)
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Crantock
BMS Newsletter 79, March 2010 (http://britishmicromountsociety.homestead.com/Gannell-Smelter.html)
    • County Durham
      • Bollihope District
Norman Wilson Personal Collection
Norman Wilson; Personal collection; Norman Wilson personal collection; Norman Wilson collection
      • Castleside
Norman Wilson collection
    • Devon
      • South Hams
[Collected by Dr. K. Banister]
      • Torbay
        • Torquay
[Camm, 1995, 71 - "Gold in the Counties of Cornwall and Devon"]
    • Northumberland
      • Allendale
Norman Wilson collection
  • Scotland
    • Argyll and Bute
      • Isle of Mull
        • Carsaig
Vesselin M. Dekov, Ulf Hålenius, Kjell Billström, George D. Kamenov, Frans Munnik, Lars Eriksson, Alan Dyer, Mark Schmidt and Reiner Botz (2009): Native Sn–Pb droplets in a zeolitic amygdale (Isle of Mull, Inner Hebrides). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73, 2907-2919.
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Dolgellau Gold Belt
        • Bontddu
Natiom
    • Powys
      • Llanidloes
J. Russell Smith, London, (1872) Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, Volume 5
J. Russell Smith, London, (1872) Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, Volume 5
Ukraine
 
  • Chernivtsi Oblast
L. Figura, M. Kovalchuk (2014) Typomorphic Peculiarities of Placer Gold from Alluvium of the Chornyi Cheremosh-river Left Tributaries. Mineralogical Review. N 64. Issue 2. Р.83–87
  • Kirovohrad Oblast
Alexander Babynin & Eugenia Slivko (1999) Gold Deposits in the Lower Proterozoic Gneiss Complexes of the Ukrainian Shield. Journal of Conference Abstracts EUG 10 Volume 4 Number 1 ; O.K.Babynin, A.G.Marchenko, Yu.F.Marchenko (2006) Object B3. Klyntsivske gold deposit. In International Field Workshop. IAGOD Field trip.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
      • Fortymile Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Valdez-Cordova Census Area
      • Prince William Sound Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 273.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 273.
      • Wickenburg Mountains
        • San Domingo Mining District
          • San Domingo Wash
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 273.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mountains
        • Harshaw Mining District
Wilson, E.D. (1927), AZ Gold Placers, 2nd.ed. (revised), Univ. AZ Bull. 124: 55-56; AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 135 (1933), AZ Gold Placers & Palcering: 78.
          • Patagonia
Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mts, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 279.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 273.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Hum Bug Mining District
          • Hum Bug Creek
Brian Beck Collected, Univ. of Arizona XRF
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 273.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 273.
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
      • Lake City Mining District (Lake Mining District)
        • Lake City
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Lake Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Summit Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Idaho
    • Blaine Co.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
      • Wood River Mining District
Dana 7:I:103,518.
    • Shoshone Co.
      • Canyon Creek
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Missouri
Yale Peabody Museum 174
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mountains
        • Goodsprings Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Elko Co.
      • Railroad Mining District
        • Alladin group
          • Nevada Bunker Hill Mines
U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Palache(1935):26; Dunn(1995):Pt4:522.
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
Palache(1935):26; Dunn(1995):Pt4:522.
  • New Mexico
    • Eddy Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Sierra Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Socorro Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Josiah Turner,1875,Minerals of North Carolina,Appendix C to Kerr,W.C,Report Geological Survey of North Carolina,Raleigh
  • Texas
    • Presidio Co.
      • Shafter Mining District
BEG Min Res Circ 71
Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
  • Utah
    • Iron Co.
Rolf Luetcke
  • Virginia
    • Amelia Co.
      • Winterham
Rocks & Minerals 79:4 p 256
    • Buckingham Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
        • Bremo Bluff
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Venezuela
 
  • Bolívar
    • Sifontes
Bernard, J.H. and Hyrsl, J. (2004) Minerals and their Localities.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Matabeleland South
    • Insiza District
      • Pioneer village No. 2
HARRISON (N.M.) - The geology of the country around Fort Rixon and Shangani. Rhodesia Geol. Surv., Bull. 61. 1969. 152 p.
The Moon
 
  • Mare Fecunditatis
Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Rus.).; Mokhov, A.V., Kartashov, P.M., Bogatikov, O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Russian).
 
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