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Laueite

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About LaueiteHide

05824440014947625336020.jpg
Max von Laue
Formula:
Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Colour:
honey-brown, amber, yellow, dark yellow, yellow-orange, reddish orange
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
2.44 - 2.49
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named by Hugo Strunz in 1954 in honor of Max Felix Theodor von Laue (1879-1960), professor of physics at the Kaiser-Wilhelm Institute (now Max Planck Institute), Berlin, Germany and in the University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany. Laue was the first to verify that minerals had a regular atomic arrangement as had been predicted by previous physicists. He directed the original experiments using x-rays to obtain a diffraction pattern that became the method for determining crystal structures.
The Mn2+ analogue of ferrolaueite.


Classification of LaueiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.DC.30

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1 and < 2:1
42.11.10.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
11 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
19.12.24

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn

Physical Properties of LaueiteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
honey-brown, amber, yellow, dark yellow, yellow-orange, reddish orange
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {010}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
2.44 - 2.49 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.56 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LaueiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.588 - 1.603 nβ = 1.654 - 1.659 nγ = 1.680 - 1.682
2V:
Measured: 63° to 66°, Calculated: 62°
Birefringence:
0.075
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.092
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v weak

Chemical Properties of LaueiteHide

Formula:
Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O

Crystallography of LaueiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.28 Å, b = 10.66 Å, c = 7.14 Å
α = 107.91°, β = 110.98°, γ = 71.12°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.495 : 1 : 0.67
Unit Cell V:
346.59 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
tabular prismatic crystals to 3mm, {100}, {010}, {001}, {110}, {110}, {011} {011),

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.91 Å(100)
6.57 Å(70)
4.95 Å(80)
4.02 Å(50)
3.93 Å(50)
3.28 Å(90)
2.88 Å(60)
Comments:
ICDD 14-246

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Late stage hydrothermal mineral in oxidized triphylite bearing granitic pegmatites.

Type Occurrence of LaueiteHide

Other Language Names for LaueiteHide

German:Laueit
Russian:Лауеит
Spanish:Laueita

Relationship of Laueite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
KummeriteMn2+Fe3+Al(PO4)2(OH)2·8H2OTric. 1 : P1
MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2OTric.
UshkoviteMgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.

Common AssociatesHide

BerauniteFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
61 photos of Laueite associated with StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
40 photos of Laueite associated with StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
35 photos of Laueite associated with StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
30 photos of Laueite associated with PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
19 photos of Laueite associated with RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
14 photos of Laueite associated with BerauniteFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
13 photos of Laueite associated with Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
10 photos of Laueite associated with BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8 photos of Laueite associated with WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
6 photos of Laueite associated with CacoxeniteFe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DC.05NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
8.DC.07EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.DC.10LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.12StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2OMon.
8.DC.15ArthuriteCuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15OjuelaiteZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15Cobaltarthurite(Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15BendadaiteFe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15KunatiteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:FeHZn)ZnFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:AlCuFeH)Fe2+Al3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.17KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
8.DC.20BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DC.20CoralloiteMn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.22KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2OMon.
8.DC.25FerristrunziteFe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OTric.
8.DC.25FerrostrunziteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric.
8.DC.25MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.25MetavivianiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.25StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.27BerauniteFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DC.30GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
8.DC.30ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.30SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2OTric.
8.DC.30StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30UshkoviteMgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
8.DC.30FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30MaghrebiteMgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.32TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.35VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.37VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2OOrth.
8.DC.40CacoxeniteFe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.DC.45Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
8.DC.45Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
8.DC.47KingiteAl3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2OTric.
8.DC.50WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DC.50AllanpringiteFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DC.52KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.55MapimiteZn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2OMon.
8.DC.57OgdensburgiteCa2Fe3+4(Zn,Mn2+)(AsO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
8.DC.60Nevadaite(Cu2+,Al,V3+)6Al8(PO4)8F8(OH)2 · 22H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DC.60CloncurryiteCu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

42.11.10.2StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
42.11.10.3PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
42.11.10.4UshkoviteMgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
42.11.10.7FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
19.12.6RobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.11PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet.
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3Orth.
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2OOrth.
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.23SwitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36Trig.
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.35LudlamiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.36GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OOrth.
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.39BeusiteMn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2Mon.
19.12.40MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.45StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon.
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2Mon.
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.12.55EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
19.12.57ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ccc2
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon.
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe2+2Mn2+2Al2(PO4)10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Fluorescence of LaueiteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LaueiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Strunz, H. (1954): "Laueit, ein neues Mineral": Naturwissenschaften: 41: 256.
American Mineralogist (1954): 39: 1038. (abstract)
Moore, P.B. (1965): "The crystal structure of laueite": American Mineralogist: 50: 1884-1892.
Moore, P.B. (1975): "Laueite, pseudolaueite, stewartite and metavauxite; a study in combinatorial polymorphism": Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 123: 148-159.
Frost, R. L., Scholz, R., & López, A. (2016). A Raman and infrared spectroscopic study of the phosphate mineral laueite. Vibrational Spectroscopy, 82, 31-36.

Internet Links for LaueiteHide

Localities for LaueiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Salta Province
    • La Poma department
      • Nevados de Palermo
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); Galliski, M. A. (1983). Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina, 38, 340-380.
Galliski, M. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2002). Refinement of the crystal structure of ushkovite from Nevados de Palermo, Republica Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 929-937.; GALLISKI, M.A. (1983): Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina 38, 340-380.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station)
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
sergio varvello
Mineralogical Record 24: 384-385
Van King
https://e-rocks.com/item/ser158644/strunzite-bermanite-laueite
    • Galiléia
      • Laranjeiras
[MinRec 12:69]
      • Sapucaia do Norte
AmMin 89:1087
Cassedanne, J.P. & Baptista, A. (1999): Famous Mineral Localities: The Sapucaia Pegmatite Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 30: 347-360 + 365.
    • Itinga
      • Taquaral
Frost, R. L., Scholz, R., & López, A. (2016). A Raman and infrared spectroscopic study of the phosphate mineral laueite. Vibrational Spectroscopy, 82, 31-36.
    • Mendes Pimentel
Self collect by Jhonatan Gomes
Czech Republic
 
  • Plzeň Region
    • Domažlice District
      • Otov
Čech F., Staněk J., Dávidová Š. (1981): Minerály pegmatitů. - in: Bernard J.H. [ed.]: Mineralogie Československa. Academia, Praha.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Křižanov
Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
Finland
 
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
Berbain,C., Riley, T., Favreau, G., (2012): Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs. 117, 121-172
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); WALENTA, K. (1999): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 8. Folge, 2. Teil. Lapis 24 (12), 40-44
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Regen
        • Zwiesel
          • Rabenstein
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Obermüller, T., (1993): Über Phosphatmineralien aus Zwiesel/Bayerischer Wald, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, pp. 337-341
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab
        • Pleystein
Dill, H. G., Melcher, F., Gerdes, A., & Weber, B. (2008). The origin and zoning of hypogene and supergene Fe–Mn–Mg–Sc–U–REE phosphate mineralization from the newly discovered Trutzhofmühle aplite, Hagendorf pegmatite province, Germany. The Canadian Mineralogist, 46(5), 1131-1157.
        • Reinhardsrieth
Harald G. Dill and Radek Skoda (2015) The new Nb–P aplite at Reinhardsrieth: A keystone in the lateral and depth zonations of the Hagendorf–Pleystein Pegmatite Field, SE Germany. Ore Geology Reviews 70:208–227.
        • Waidhaus
          • Hagendorf
Naturwissenschaften,(1954) 41, 256
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Dill, H. G., Weber, B., Gerdes, A., & Melcher, F. (2008). The Fe-Mn phosphate apliteSilbergrube'near Waidhaus, Germany: epithermal phosphate mineralization in the Hagendorf-Pleystein pegmatite province. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(5), 1119-1144.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
        • Piona Peninsula
luigi chiappino specimen
Japan
 
  • Hyogo Prefecture
    • Kobe city
      • Nishi-ku
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Dâures
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
    • Karibib
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
New Zealand
 
  • Tasman Region
    • Glenhope
Stott, F. (pers. notes) Minerals Associated with Phosphate Nodules, Tadmer Dry Weather Road Locality/Micromounting Seminar-Nelson. Both collector articles downloaded to Otago Rock and Minerals Club website (Phosphate nodules were studied by the club, however it is uncertain the level of scientific investigation)
Portugal
 
  • Guarda
    • Gouveia
      • Folgosinho
Pedro Alves collection
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
Pedro Alves collection
  • Viana do Castelo
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Cabração
Pedro Alves collection
  • Viseu
    • Mangualde
Mineralien Atlas
    • Sátão
      • Ferreira de Aves
        • Aldeia Nova
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Voron'i Tundry
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Sweden
 
  • Stockholm County
    • Nynäshamn
      • Norrö
Gustafson, Lars.(1989): Norrö glimmerbrott.Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 8-12; Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Coosa Co.
      • Rockford Mining District
        • Two Bit pegmatite
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
Van King
  • California
    • San Diego County
      • Anza-Borrego Desert State Park
        • Elder Canyon
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 312.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Schooner (1958, 1961): Rocks & Min.: 70:403
  • Maine
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
Thompson, W.B., et,al., 2000, Rocks & Minerals, vol. 75, no. 6, pgs 408-418; Rocks and Minerals (1999) 74:188,189
    • Oxford County
      • Buckfield
Guidebook 1 to Mineral Collecting in the Maine Pegmatite Belt
      • Greenwood
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., Dallaire, D. A., Nizamoff, J. W., & Sprague, R. A. (2019). The Emmons Pegmatite, Greenwood, Oxford County, Maine. Rocks & Minerals, 94(6), 498-519.
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2, with updates by Van King
King, V. T., 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, ... Maine, Mineral News, v. 22(6): p. 1-3.
"Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1" by King, V.T. & Foord, E.E., Maine Geologic Survey, 1994
      • Paris
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates. "Maine Mineral Localites, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al. , 1998
      • Rumford
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.; King and Foord, 2000, Addenda to Volume 1, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 2.
King & Foord, 1994: Mineralogy of Maine, V.1
Tim Blake, Lookout Mine Owner
      • Stoneham
King & Foord, 1994: Mineralogy of Maine, V.1
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Alstead
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Walpole
P. Cristofono, T. Mortimer, J.W. Nizamoff, A. Wilken, and R. Wilken (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 17-18.
    • Grafton Co.
      • Alexandria
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Groton
Rocks & Min. 65:301
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Am. Min. 50 (1965), 713-717; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
Whitmore and Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p.140.
Journal of Pegmatology vol. 1, no. 1 ; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115; NIZAMOFF, J. W. (2004, November). Phosphate mineralogy and paragenesis of the Palermo# 2 pegmatite, North Groton, New Hampshire. In 2004 Denver Annual Meeting.
Rocks & Min 80:252
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    • Strafford Co.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Rocks & Min. 39:355 (1964); Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Newport
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain Mining District
Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
    • Gaston Co.
      • Bessemer City
No reference listed
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
        • Custer
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
        • Fourmile
Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
        • Pringle
          • Cicero Peak
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone Mining District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
        • Keystone
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 380-382.
Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60:110 & 112.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
 
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