登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Langbeinite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About LangbeiniteHide

Formula:
K2Mg2(SO4)3
Colour:
Colorless, white, pale tinges; colourless in transmitted light
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Specific Gravity:
2.83
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
After A. Langbein of Leopoldshall, Germany.
Piezoelectric.


Classification of LangbeiniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1891
7.AC.10

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
A : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
28.4.4.1

28 : ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
4 : Miscellaneous
25.3.13

25 : Sulphates
3 : Sulphates of Mg

Physical Properties of LangbeiniteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colorless, white, pale tinges; colourless in transmitted light
Hardness:
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
2.83 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.77 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LangbeiniteHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of LangbeiniteHide

Formula:
K2Mg2(SO4)3

Crystallography of LangbeiniteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
2 3 - Tetartoidal
Space Group:
P21 3
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.92 Å
Unit Cell V:
976.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals rare. Usually disseminated grains, nodular or massive aggregates.

Type Occurrence of LangbeiniteHide

Other Language Names for LangbeiniteHide

German:Langbeinit
Simplified Chinese:无水钾镁矾
Spanish:Langbeinita
Traditional Chinese:無水鉀鎂礬

Relationship of Langbeinite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CalciolangbeiniteK2Ca2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
Efremovite(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3Iso.
Ferroefremovite(NH4)2Fe2+2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Langbeinite associated with SylviteKCl
1 photo of Langbeinite associated with PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.AC.Aluminopyracmonite(NH4)3Al(SO4)3Trig. 3 : R3
7.AC.Acmonidesite(NH4,K,Pb)8NaFe2+4(SO4)5Cl8Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
7.AC.05VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.AC.08Pyracmonite(NH4)3Fe(SO4)3Trig. 3m : R3c
7.AC.10Efremovite(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3Iso.
7.AC.10ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
7.AC.15YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.AC.15EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.AC.20Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
7.AC.20Sabieite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
7.AC.25ThénarditeNa2SO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
7.AC.30MetathénarditeNa2SO4Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
7.AC.35Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2Trig.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

28.4.4.2ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
28.4.4.3Efremovite(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3Iso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.3.1KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.2SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.3.3StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.4PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
25.3.5HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.3.6EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.3.7CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2OTet.
25.3.8VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.9BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.10KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.11LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2OTrig.
25.3.12UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2OMon.
25.3.14LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.15PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.16Efremovite(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3Iso.
25.3.17Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.18PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Thermal Behaviour:
Melting Point = 930°.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LangbeiniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Zuckschwerdt, S. (1891) Langbeinit, ein neues kaliummagnesiumsulfat. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Chemie: 1891: 356-356.
Luedecke (1898) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 29: 255.
Sachs (1902) Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin: 376.
Nacken (1907) Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Nachr.: 602.
Görgey (1909) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 28: 334.
Gossner and Koch (1931) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 80: 455.
Ramsdell, L.S. (1935) An x-ray study of the system K2SO4-MgSO4-CaSO4. American Mineralogist: 20: 569-574.
Bond, W.L. (1943) The Mathematics of the Physical Properties of Crystals. Bell Systems Technology Journal: 22: 145.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 434-435.
Mereiter, K. (1979) Refinement of the crystal structure of langbeinite, K2Mg2(SO4)3. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1979: 182-188.
Battle, P.D., Cheetham, A.K., Harrison, W.T.A., Long, G.J. (1986) The crystal structure and magnetic properties of the synthetic langbeinite KBaFe2(PO4)3. Journal of Solid State Chemistry: 62: 16-25.
Battle, P.D., Gibb, T.C., Nixon, S. (1988) The magnetic properties of the synthetic langbeinite KBaCrs(PO4)3. Journal of Solid State Chemistry: 75: 21-29.
Oelkrug, H., Bruckel, T., Hohlwein, D., Hoser, A., Prandl, W. (1988) The magnetic structure of the langbeinite K2Mn2(SO4)3. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 16: 246-249.

Internet Links for LangbeiniteHide

Localities for LangbeiniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Bad Aussee
        • Altaussee
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Tyrol
    • Innsbruck-Land District
      • Hall
        • Hall valley
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 434; R. Exel (1993): Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs.
  • Upper Austria
    • Gmunden District
      • Bad Ischl
        • Perneck
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Hallstatt
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 434; R. Exel (1993): Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs.
China
 
  • Qinghai
    • Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Golmud City (Ge'ermu Co.)
Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Mangnai City (Mangya Co.)
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
  • Shandong
    • Tai'an
      • Daiyue District
        • Dawenkou depression
Zhongde Zhu (1988): Mineral Deposits 7(1), 87-96
  • Xinjiang
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Gaochang District
        • Turfan basin (Turpan basin)
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
  • Yunnan
    • Pu'er
      • Jiangcheng County
Li, M., Yan, M., Wang, Z., Liu, X., Fang, X., & Li, J. (2015). The origins of the Mengye potash deposit in the Lanping–Simao Basin, Yunnan Province, Western China. Ore Geology Reviews, 69, 174-186.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
Zacek, V., Oplustil, S., Mayova, A. & Meyer, F. R. (1995): Die Mineralien von Kladno in Mittelböhmen, Tschechische Republik. Mineralien-Welt 6 (1), 13-30 (in German).
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Trutnov District
      • Radvanice
Sejkora, J., Kotrlý, M.: Sulfáty vysokoteplotní oxidační minerální asociace; hořící odval dolu Kateřina v Radvanicích v Čechách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2001, roč. 9, s. 261-267.
France
 
  • Hauts-de-France
    • Pas-de-Calais
Naze-Nancy Masalehdani, M., Mees, F., Dubois, M., Coquinot, Y., Potdevin, J.-L., Fialin, M. & Blanc-Valleron, M.-M. (2009): Condensate minerals from a burning coal-waste heap in Avion, Northern France. Can. Mineral. 47, 573-591.
  • Réunion
Vlastélic, I., Staudacher, T., Deniel, C., Devidal, J. L., Devouard, B., Finizola, A., & Telouk, P. (2013). Lead isotopes behavior in the fumarolic environment of the Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Reunion Island). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 100, 297-314.
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Fulda
      • Neuhof
        • Giesel
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Krah, O., (1988): Beobachtungen beim Durchbruch eines Basaltganges durch das Kalilager vom Werk Neuhof-Ellers, Der Aufschluss Vol. 39 (2), 103-113
    • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
      • Phillippsthal
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Werra-Meißner
      • Heringen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Celle
      • Hänigsen
Bode "Mineralien und Fundstellen BRD" from 1989 ISBN 3-925094-24-5 Pg.9; Krupp, R. E. (2005). Formation and chemical evolution of magnesium chloride brines by evaporite dissolution processes—Implications for evaporite geochemistry. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69(17), 4283-4299.
      • Wathlingen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Hanover
      • Lehrte
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Halberstadt
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 434.
    • Stassfurt Potash Deposit
      • Bernburg
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 434; Naumann, Zirkel (1898) "Elemente der Mineralogie", 13th Ed.
      • Stassfurt
Dana 6:A3:14,43,46; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 430, 447; Zr. Kr. (1911): 50: 139.
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    • Wartburgkreis
      • Krayenberggemeinde
W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
      • Unterbreizbach
A.Dietrich, G.Behnke and T.Thonelt (2004): Kristalle aus der Tiefe - Eine Auswahl von Mineralen aus Kali- und Steinsalzlagerstatten. Kali und Steinsalz:3.p.6-14.
Japan
 
  • Fukushima
    • Minamisouma City
Seki, Y., Hirano, T., & Watanabe, K. (1987). Salt crystallization decay and water-rock interaction of rock-cliff Budda sculptures at Yakushido Temple of Odaka Town, Fukushima, Japan. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 82(7), 269-279.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Atyrau Region
    • Inder
Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
Pakistan
 
  • Punjab
    • Salt Range
      • Khewra
Dana 6: 899; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 432, 434, & 449.
Poland
 
  • Greater Poland Voivodeship
    • Koło Co.
Jirásek, J.: Solný důl Kłodawa (Polsko). Minerál, 2004, roč. 12, č. 2, s. 98-102. ISSN 1213-0710 (excerpted from unpublished thesis Hanczke, T.: Mineralogia i petrografia soli czechstyńskich kopalni "Kłodawa". Doktroská práce, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Instytut nauk geologicznych, 1967.); Wachowiak, J., Pieczka, A. (2016): Motukoreaite from the Kłodawa Salt Dome, Central Poland. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 277-289
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Wodzisław Co.
      • Radlin
Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Segit, T., Kusy, D., Motyliński, R., Ciesielczuk, J., Deput, E., (2019): Carbon-nitrogen compounds, alcohols, mercaptans, monoterpenes, acetates, aldehydes, ketones, SF6, PH3, and other fire gases in coal-mining waste heaps of Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland) – a re-investigation by means of in situ FTIR external database approach. Science of The Total Environment (in press)
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Chesnokov, B.V., L.F. Bazhenova, E.P. Shcherbakova, T.A. Michal, T.N. Deriabina (1988), New minerals from the burned dumps of the Chelyabinsk coal basin, in Mineralogy, technogenesis, and mineral-resource complexes of the Urals. Akad. Nauk SSSR-Uralskoe Otdel.: 5-31 (in Russian).; Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Tolbachik volcano
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
          • Second scoria cone
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2014): New arsenate minerals from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. II. Ericlaxmanite and kozyrevskite, two natural modifications of Cu4O(AsO4)2. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1553–1569.; Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Ksenofontov, D. A., Yapaskurt, V. O., Pushcharovsky, D. Y., & Sidorov, E. G. (2018, March). Arcanite from Fumarole Exhalations of the Tolbachik Volcano (Kamchatka, Russia) and Its Crystal Structure. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 479, pp. 339-341). Pleiades Publishing.
N. V. Chukanov, M. N. Murashko, A. E. Zadov & A. F. Bushmakin (2006): Avdoninite, K2Cu5Cl8(OH)4• H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations and from the zone of technogenesis at massive sulphide ore deposits. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society 135(3), 38–42; Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Polekhovsky, Yu.S. & Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2012): Cupromolybdite, Cu3O(MoO4)2, a new fumarolic mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 749-757.; Pekov, I. V., Zelenski, M. E., Zubkova, N. V., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Belakovskiy, D. I., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2012). Calciolangbeinite, K2Ca2 (SO4) 3, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(3), 673-682.; Chukanov, N. V., Murashko, M. N., Zadov, A. E., & Bushmakin, A. F. (2007). Avdoninite, K 2 Cu 5 Cl 8 (OH) 4· H 2 O, a new mineral species from volcanic exhalations and the technogenic zone at volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposits. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(7), 505-508.
Tajikistan
 
  • Sughd
    • Gissar Range
PXRD
UK
 
  • England
    • North Yorkshire
      • Scarborough
Smith, F.W., Dearlove, J.P.L., Kemp, S.J., Bell, C.P., Milne, C.J. and Pottas, T.L. (2014) Potash – Recent exploration developments in North Yorkshire. Pp. 45-50 in Hunger, E., Brown, T. J. and Lucas, G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 17th Extractive Industry Geology Conference, EIG Conferences Ltd. 202pp
Smith, F.W., Dearlove, J.P.L., Kemp, S.J., Bell, C.P., Milne, C.J. and Pottas, T.L. (2014) Potash – Recent exploration developments in North Yorkshire. Pp. 45-50 in Hunger, E., Brown, T. J. and Lucas, G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 17th Extractive Industry Geology Conference, EIG Conferences Ltd. 202pp
Ukraine
 
  • Lviv Oblast
    • Drohobych
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 434.
USA
 
  • New Mexico
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 595.
    • Eddy Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 2nd. rev. ed. (1959)
      • Carlsbad Potash Mining District
SIMMONS, P.S. (2013)The Carlsbad Potash Basin, Carlsbad, New Mexico. Mineralogical Record, 44 (1), 13-49.
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NMBMMR Bull 87 Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Van King; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 435; Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.1.22 08:11:11 Page generated: 2020.1.10 18:16:25
Go to top of page