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Laitakarite

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About LaitakariteHide

08039310015206392047460.jpg
Aarne Laitakari
Formula:
Bi4Se2S
Colour:
Galena white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
7.93
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named in honor of Aarne Vihtori Laitakari (12 December 1890 Helsinki, Finland - 6 February 1975 Helsinki, Finland), geologist, professor and director general of the Geological Survey of Finland.
A continuous solid-solution series with ikunolite, Bi4(S,Se)3, may exist.


Classification of LaitakariteHide

Approved
First Published:
1959
2.DC.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
C : Variable M:S
2.6.2.4

2 : SULFIDES
6 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
3.7.22

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of LaitakariteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Comment:
With a high metallic lustre.
Colour:
Galena white
Comment:
Old surfaces are lead grey.
Hardness:
Density:
7.93 g/cm3 (Measured)    
Comment:
Value represent the average of six determinations with a range of ± 0.08

Chemical Properties of LaitakariteHide

Formula:
Bi4Se2S
IMA Formula:
Bi4(Se,S)3
Common Impurities:
Pb,Ag,Cu,Zn

Crystallography of LaitakariteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.22 Å, c = 39.93 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 9.462
Unit Cell V:
615.82 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Grains, size: 0.5-2 mm (TL, Orijärvi), may be graphically intergrown with fine-grained chalcopyrite.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0012737LaitakariteStasova M M (1968) The crystal structure of bismuthum selenide Bi4Se3 Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR 4 28-3119680293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of LaitakariteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
As grains in thin < 2mm large ore-bearing veinlets.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Quartz-anthophyllite-cordierite rock.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Vorma, A. (1959) Laitakariitti Uusi Bi-Se-mineraali Orijärveltä. Geologi: 11(2): 11-11.

Synonyms of LaitakariteHide

Other Language Names for LaitakariteHide

German:Laitakarit
Simplified Chinese:硫硒铋矿
Spanish:Laitakarita

Relationship of Laitakarite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Laitakarite associated with NevskiteBi(Se,S)
1 photo of Laitakarite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DC.05HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.DC.05IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3Trig.
2.DC.05IngoditeBi2TeSTrig.
2.DC.05Joséite-BBi4Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.DC.05KawazuliteBi2Te2SeTrig.
2.DC.05NevskiteBi(Se,S)Trig.
2.DC.05ParaguanajuatiteBi2Se3Trig.
2.DC.05PilseniteBi4Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.DC.05SkippeniteBi2TeSe2Trig.
2.DC.05SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2STrig.
2.DC.05TellurantimonySb2Te3Trig.
2.DC.05TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3Trig.
2.DC.05TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.DC.05TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
2.DC.05BaksaniteBi6Te2S3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.DC.05Joséite-CBi16Te3S9
2.DC.05ProtojoséiteBi3(Te,S)2Trig.
2.DC.05SztrókayiteBi3TeS2
2.DC.05VihorlatiteBi24Se17Te4Trig.
2.DC.05TelluronevskiteBi3TeSe2Trig.
2.DC.05UM1983-09-S:BiPbTePbBi3S2Te

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.6.2.1JoséiteBi4TeS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.6.2.2Joséite-BBi4Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.6.2.3IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3Trig.
2.6.2.5PilseniteBi4Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.6.2.6PoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4Trig.
2.6.2.7RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.7.1PatróniteVS4Mon.
3.7.2DuranusiteAs4SOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
3.7.3DimorphiteAs4S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.4RealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m
3.7.5PararealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.6AlacrániteAs8S9Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.7.7UzoniteAs4S5Mon.
3.7.8OrpimentAs2S3Mon. 2/m
3.7.9JeromiteAmor.
3.7.10LaphamiteAs2Se3Mon. 2/m
3.7.11GetchelliteAsSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.12Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]Orth. mm2 : Pna21
3.7.13PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.7.14StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.15MetastibniteSb2S3Amor.
3.7.16TellurantimonySb2Te3Trig.
3.7.17BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.18NevskiteBi(Se,S)Trig.
3.7.19GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.21IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3Trig.
3.7.23PoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4Trig.
3.7.24TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3Trig.
3.7.25SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3Orth.
3.7.26TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
3.7.27PilseniteBi4Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.28HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.29TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.30JoséiteBi4TeS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.31Joséite-BBi4Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.32IngoditeBi2TeSTrig.
3.7.33SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2STrig.
3.7.34KawazuliteBi2Te2SeTrig.
3.7.36SkippeniteBi2TeSe2Trig.
3.7.37KochkaritePbBi4Te7Trig.
3.7.38RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4Trig.
3.7.39AleksitePbBi2Te2S2Trig.
3.7.40JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LaitakariteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Vorma, A. (1959) Laitakariitti Uusi Bi-Se-mineraali Orijärveltä. Geologi: 11(2): 11-11.
Fleischer, M. (1959) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 44: 906-910.
Vorma, A. (1960) Laitakarite a new Bi-Se-mineral. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande: 188: 1-10.
Fleischer, M. (1962) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 47: 805-812.
Berry, L.G. (1963) The probable identity of laitakarite and selenjoseite. Canadian Mineralogist: 7: 677-679.
Fleischer, M. (1963) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 48: 1413-1421.
International Mineralogical Association (1967) Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 131-136.
Stasova, M.M. (1968) The crystal structure of bismuthum selenide Bi4Se3. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR: 1968(1): 28-31.
Pringle, G.J., Thorpe, R.I. (1980) Bohdanowiczite, junoite and laitakarite from the Kidd Creek mine, Timmins, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 18: 353-360.
Bayliss, P. (1991) Crystal chemistry and crystallography of some minerals in the tetradymite group. American Mineralogist: 76: 257-265.
Grice, J.D., Ferraris, G. (2003) New minerals approved in 2002 and nomenclature modifications approved in 1998-2002 by the Commission on the New Minerals and Mineral Names, International Mineralogical Association. The Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 795-802.
Cook, N.J., Ciobanu, C.L., Wagner, T., Stanley, C.J. (2007) Minerals of the system Bi-Te-Se-S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. Canadian Mineralogist: 45: 665-708.

Internet Links for LaitakariteHide

Localities for LaitakariteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Kanmantoo
Arbon, H. H. R. (2011). Bismuth distribution in the Cu-Au mineralisation of the Kanmantoo deposit, South Australia (Doctoral dissertation).
  • Western Australia
    • Boddington Shire
      • Boddington
Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro
    • Dalence Province
      • Santa Fé mining district
Jiménez-Franco, A., Alfonso Abella, M. P., Canet Miquel, C., & Trujillo, J. E. (2018). Mineral chemistry of In-bearing minerals in the Santa Fe mining district, Bolivia. Andean Geology, 45(3), 410-432.
Bulgaria
 
  • Haskovo Province
    • Ivaylovgrad Municipality
      • Ivaylovgrad
T. Kerestedjian (1997) Argentonentlandite (Fe, Ni)8+хАg1-xS8 from Kamilski dol – a new mineral species for Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 58:15-18
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • Timmins area
        • Kidd Township
Canadian Mineralogist, 18, 353-360; ontariominerals.com; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; Gemmell, T. P. (2013). Geology of the Kidd Creek Deep Orebodies–Mine D, Western Abitibi Subprovince, Canada. University of Ottawa (Canada).
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
Boucher, S. M. (2011). Ore petrology and alteration of the West Ansil volcanic-hosted Massive sulphide deposit of the Noranda mining camp, Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec. University of Ottawa (Canada).
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Jinchang
      • Jinchuan District
Minzhi Yang (2006): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 21(1), 1-9
Czech Republic
 
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
      • Javorník
Sejkora J., Škoda R., Pauliš P. 2006: Selenium mineralization of the uranium deposit Zálesí, Rychlebské Hory Mts., Czech Republic. Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 196-198
Ethiopia
 
  • Oromia Region
    • Megado
A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Finland (TL)
 
  • Southwest Finland
    • Salo
      • Kisko
Geologi (1959) 3, 11 (in Finnish); Amer. Mineral. (1959) 44, 908 (abs); Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Göttingen District
      • Bad Lauterberg
Koch, H.-P. & Heider, K.-J. (2018): Die Selenid-Mineralisation der Grube "Frische Lutter" bei Bad Lauterbach, Harz. Der Aufschluss, 69, 1-21 (in German).
Japan
 
  • Hyogo Prefecture
    • Yabu City
      • Oya-cho
(Kato, A. (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 13).; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Tochigi Prefecture
    • Nikko City
      • Ashio
Alfredo Petrov collection
  • Yamaguchi Prefecture
    • Iwakuni City
(Kikuchi et al (1980) Sanko-Gakkai Kou’en-Youshi, 81).
Morocco
 
  • Marrakesh-Safi Region
    • Marrakech Prefecture
      • Marrakech
        • Draa Sfar deposit
Belkabir, A., Gibson, H.L., Marcoux, E., Lentz, D., and Rziki, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 280-306.
  • Souss-Massa Region
    • Tata Province
      • Azgour (Azegour)
Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
North Macedonia
 
  • Radoviš Municipality
Serafimovski, T., Tasev, G., & Stefanova, V. (2013). Rare mineral phases related with major sulphide minerals in the Bučim porphyry copper deposit, R. Macedonia. Geologica Macedonica, 27(1), pp-43.; Serafimovski, T., Tasev, G., Strmić Palinkaš, S., Palinkaš, L.A. and Gjorgjiev, L. (2016): Porphyry Cu mineralization related to the small Tertiary volcanic intrusions in the Bučim ore deposit, Eastern Macedonia. Geologia Croatica 69, 101-119.
Serafimovski, T., Filev, K., Tasev, G., & Gjorgjiev, L. (2016). Three types of ore mineralization at the Vrshnik ore body, Buchim copper mine, Republic of Macedonia. 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference SGEM 2016, 2(1), 951-958.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra County
      • Gmina Stara Kamienica
Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
    • Kamienna Góra County
      • Gmina Kamienna Góra
        • Czarnów
Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
Portugal
 
  • Beja
    • Castro Verde
      • Santa Bárbara de Padrões
Gaspar, O.C. (2002): Mineralogy and sulfide mineral chemistry of the Neves–Corvo Ores, Portugal: insight into their genesis. Canadian Mineralogist 40, 611-636.
Romania
 
  • Bihor
    • Highiş Massif
Ciobanu, C. L., Cook, N. J., Damian, F., & Damian, G. (2006). Gold scavenged by bismuth melts: An example from Alpine shear-remobilizates in the Highiş Massif, Romania. Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 351-384.
Russia
 
  • Magadan Oblast
    • Kolyma River Basin
      • Ducat District
        • Omsukchan
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Ladoga Region
      • Pitkyaranta mining district (Pitkäranta mining district)
Ivashchenko, V. I., Valkama, M., Sundblad, K., Golubev, A. I., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2011, September). New data on mineralogy and metallogeny of scarns in the Pitkyaranta ore region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 440, No. 1, pp. 1307-1311). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Severo-Baykalsky District
        • Dovyren Highlands
Galuskin, E. V. et al. (2007): Dovyrenite Ca6Zr[Si2O7]2(OH)4 – A New Mineral From Skarned Carbonate Xenoliths In Basic-Ultrabasic Rocks Of The Ioko-Dovyren Massif, Northern Baikal Region, Russia. Mineralogia Polonica, 38, 15-27
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota District
      • Hnúšťa
Ragan,M., Caňo,F., 1991: Prvé údaje o dvoch nových sulfosoliach (CuPbSbBi a AgPbBiSb) so selénom zmastencového ložiska Hnúšťa. Min.Slovaca, 23,1,36
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica District
      • Úhorná
Pršek, J., & Peterec, D. (2008). Bi-Se-Te mineralization from Úhorná (Spišsko Gemerské Rudohorie Mts., Słovakia): A preliminary report. Mineralogia, 39(3), 87-103.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Alosno
        • Tharsis
          • Tharsis Mines
Tornos, F., González Clavijo, E., and Spiro, B. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 150-169.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña
      • Malpica
Gouanvic, Y. (1985). Métallogènese du gisement à W-Sn de Monteneme (NW Galice, Espagne). Cuadernos do Laboratorio Xeolóxico de Laxe, 9, 149-160
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Falun
The Canadian Mineralogist vol . 37,p p. 1313-1315 (1999); American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
  • Västerbotten County
    • Skellefteå
      • Skellefte mining district
        • Boliden
Jonsson, E. (1993): Om den s.k. selenokobelliten från Boliden. Berg & Mineral. 3 (no. 6), p.22; Wagner, T., & Jonsson, E. (2001). Mineralogy of sulfosalt-rich vein-type ores, Boliden massive sulfide deposit, Skellefte district, northern Sweden. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(3), 855-872.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Saint-Maurice
      • Salvan
        • Les Marécottes
Am Min 88:4 pp 676-685
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • South Lakeland
        • Coniston
BMS Database; Stanley, C. J., & Vaughan, D. J. (1982). Mineralization in the Bonser vein, Coniston, English Lake District: mineral assemblages, paragenesis, and formation conditions. Mineralogical Magazine, 46(340), 343-350.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent
    • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Kovalenker, V.A., Geinke, V.R. (1984): A new Cu-Sn-Bi-Se type of mineralization in the Kuramin subzone of central Tien Shan. Izvest. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. geol.: 5: 91-104 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, F., Langley, R.H., Shigley, J.E., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 880
    • Okhangaron District
Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
 
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