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Kalicinite

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About KaliciniteHide

Formula:
KHCO3
Colour:
Colourless, white, yellowish
Hardness:
1 - 2
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
In allusion to the composition, containing potassium (Latin = KALIum)
This page provides mineralogical data about Kalicinite.


Classification of KaliciniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.AA.20

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
A : Alkali carbonates
13.1.2.1

13 : ACID CARBONATES
1 : Miscellaneous
11.1.8

11 : Carbonates
1 : Carbonates of the alkali metals and ammonium

Physical Properties of KaliciniteHide

Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, white, yellowish
Hardness:
1 - 2 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of KaliciniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.380 nβ = 1.482 nγ = 1.578
2V:
Measured: 81° , Calculated: 82°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.198
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v weak

Chemical Properties of KaliciniteHide

Formula:
KHCO3
IMA Formula:
KH(CO3)

Crystallography of KaliciniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.11 Å, b = 5.67 Å, c = 3.71 Å
β = 103.75°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.665 : 1 : 0.654
Unit Cell V:
308.74 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Fine-crystalline aggregates. Crystals shiort prismatic (artificial material).

Type Occurrence of KaliciniteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Under a dead tree as a decomposition product of recent origin.

Synonyms of KaliciniteHide

Other Language Names for KaliciniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Kalicinite associated with BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.AA.05ZabuyeliteLi2CO3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.AA.10NatriteNa2CO3Mon.
5.AA.10Gregoryite(Na2,K2,Ca)CO3Hex.
5.AA.15NahcoliteNaHCO3Mon. 2/m
5.AA.25Teschemacherite(NH4)HCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
5.AA.30WegscheideriteNa5H3(CO3)4Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.1.1ZabuyeliteLi2CO3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
11.1.2NatriteNa2CO3Mon.
11.1.3NahcoliteNaHCO3Mon. 2/m
11.1.4WegscheideriteNa5H3(CO3)4Tric. 1 : P1
11.1.5ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
11.1.6TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
11.1.7NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
11.1.9ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3Orth. mm2 : Amm2
11.1.10NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
11.1.11NatrofairchilditeNa2Ca(CO3)2Orth.
11.1.12ZemkoriteNa2Ca(CO3)2Hex.
11.1.13PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Fdd2
11.1.14GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
11.1.15BaylissiteK2Mg(CO3)2 · 4H2OMon.
11.1.16FairchilditeK2Ca(CO3)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
11.1.17BütschliiteK2Ca(CO3)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
11.1.18Teschemacherite(NH4)HCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in water (33.3 g. per 100 g. H2O at 20° C.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KaliciniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Brooke (1823) Annals of Philosophy, London: 22: 42.
Pisani (1865) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 60: 918 (as Kalicine).
Landero, Carlos F. De (1888) Sinopsis Mineralógica ó catálogo descriptivo de los Minerales. 528pp., Mexico: 255 (as Kalicit).
Ochsenius (1893) Zeitschrift für praktische Geologie, Berlin, hale a.S.: 198.
Groth, P. (1898) Tabellarische Übersicht der Mineralien nach ihren krystallographish-chemischen Beziehungen. Braunschweig.,4th. edition: 57.
Merwin (1930) Int. Crit. Tab.: 7: 27.
Dhar (1936) Curr. Sc.: 4: 867.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 136-137.
Nitta, I., Tomiie, Y. & Koo, C. H. (1952) The crystal structure of potassium bicarbonate, KHCO3. Acta Crystallographica, 5, 292-292.
Nitta, I., Tomiie, Y. & Koo, C. H. (1954) : On the relation among the results of various investigations on potassium bicarbonate, KHCO3. Acta Crystallographica, 7, 140-141.
Acta Crystallographica (1974): B30: 1155.
Kagi, H., Nagai, T., Loveday, J.S., Wada, C., Parise, J.B. (2003) Pressure-induced phase transformation of kalicinite (KHCo3) at 2.8 GPa and local structural changes around hydrogen atoms. American Mineralogist 88: 1446-1451.

Internet Links for KaliciniteHide

Localities for KaliciniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
      • Le Fjord-du-Saguenay RCM
        • Saint-Honoré
Fournier, A. (1993)
FOURNIER, A. (1993) Magmat!c and hydrothermal controls of LREE mineralization of the St.-Honoré carbonatite, Québec. M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. 95p.
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
J. Weissman collection; http://rruff.info/kalicinite/names/asc/
Sweden
 
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Switzerland (TL)
 
  • Valais
    • Sierre
C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris (1865): 60: 918; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 136.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha region
    • Ngorongoro District
Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
Garvie, L.A.J. (2016): Mineralogy of paloverde (Parkinsonia microphylla) tree ash from the Sonoran Desert: A combined field and laboratory study. American Mineralogist: 101 : 1584-1595; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12875 (2016
  • Virginia
    • Montgomery Co.
Mineralogical Record:2(3):130-132
 
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