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Kulanite

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About KulaniteHide

Formula:
Ba(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3
Colour:
Blue, blue-green, green
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous
Hardness:
4
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after Alan Kulan.

Classification of KulaniteHide

Approved
8.BH.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
H : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 = 1:1
41.9.1.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
9 : (AB)5(XO4)3Zq
19.5.14

19 : Phosphates
5 : Phosphates of Sr and Ba

Pronounciation of KulaniteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of KulaniteHide

Adamantine, Vitreous
Colour:
Blue, blue-green, green
Streak:
Greenish white
Hardness:

Optical Data of KulaniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.703 nβ = 1.705 nγ = 1.723
2V:
Measured: 32° , Calculated: 38°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v weak

Chemical Properties of KulaniteHide

Formula:
Ba(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3
IMA Formula:
BaFe2+2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3

Crystallography of KulaniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.01 Å, b = 12.07 Å, c = 4.92 Å
β = 100.48°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.746 : 1 : 0.408
Unit Cell V:
526.13 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0005343KulaniteCooper M A, Hawthorne F C (1994) Refinement of the crystal structure of kulanite The Canadian Mineralogist 32 15-191994Rapid Creek, Yukon, Canada0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of KulaniteHide

Synonyms of KulaniteHide

Other Language Names for KulaniteHide

German:Kulanit
Simplified Chinese:磷铝铁钡石
Spanish:Kulanita

Relationship of Kulanite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
JohntomaiteBaFe2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
PlumboperloffitePbMn2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
46 photos of Kulanite associated with SideriteFeCO3
16 photos of Kulanite associated with FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
11 photos of Kulanite associated with LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
10 photos of Kulanite associated with QuartzSiO2
4 photos of Kulanite associated with WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
4 photos of Kulanite associated with Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
3 photos of Kulanite associated with ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
2 photos of Kulanite associated with NahpoiteNa2(PO3OH)
2 photos of Kulanite associated with Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
2 photos of Kulanite associated with Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BH.CrimsonitePbFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
8.BH.05ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
8.BH.10DurangiteNaAl(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10IsokiteCaMg(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10MaxwelliteNaFe3+(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : P2/m
8.BH.10PanasqueiraiteCaMg(PO4)(OH,F)Mon.
8.BH.10TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)FMon. m : Bb
8.BH.15DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BH.20Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
8.BH.20CirroliteCa3Al2(PO4)3(OH)3 (?)
8.BH.20PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.20PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.20JohntomaiteBaFe2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.25Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4Orth.
8.BH.25Palermoite(Li,Na)2(Sr,Ca)Al4(PO4)4(OH)4Orth.
8.BH.30CarminitePbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
8.BH.30SewarditeCaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
8.BH.35AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35CobaltaustiniteCaCo(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35GabrielsonitePbFe3+(As3+O3)OOrth. mm2 : Pmc21
8.BH.35NickelaustiniteCaNi(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35GottlobiteCaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35HermannroseiteCaCu(PO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.40ČechitePbFe2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.BH.40DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.40MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.40PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.45BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.45VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BH.50PaganoiteNiBi(AsO4)OTric. 1 : P1
8.BH.55JagoweriteBaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2Tric.
8.BH.60AttakoliteCaMn2+Al4(SiO3OH)(PO4)3(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BH.65LeningraditePbCu3(VO4)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ibam

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

41.9.1.2PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
41.9.1.3Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
41.9.1.4PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.5.1StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)Trig. 3m : R3c
19.5.2Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
19.5.3GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
19.5.4GoedkeniteSr2Al(PO4)2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
19.5.5Palermoite(Li,Na)2(Sr,Ca)Al4(PO4)4(OH)4Orth.
19.5.6NabaphiteNaBaPO4 · 9H2OIso.
19.5.7Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
19.5.8NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2OIso. 2 3 : P21 3
19.5.9JagoweriteBaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2Tric.
19.5.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
19.5.11PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
19.5.12CuretoniteBa(Al,Ti)(PO4)(OH,O)FMon. 2/m
19.5.13Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
19.5.15PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KulaniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
MANDARINO, J.A. & STURMAN, B.D. (1976): Kulanite, a new barium iron aluminum phosphate from the Yukon Territory, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 14, 127-131.
COOPER, M. & HAWTHORNE, F.C. (1994): Refinement of the crystal structure of kulanite. Canadian Mineralogist 32, 15-19.
ROBINSON, G.W., VAN VELTHUIZEN, J., ANSELL, H.G. & STURMAN, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
Yang Yueqing et al (1986) Acta Petr. Miner., 5(2): 119-127 + pl.I (in Chinese with English abstract).
IMA meeting (1986) Program & Abstract.

Internet Links for KulaniteHide

Localities for KulaniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Spittal an der Drau
        • Wolfsberg
Blass, G. & Graf, H.-W. (2000): 1207. Kulanit, ein weiteres seltenes Phosphat vom Pegmatitbruch am Wolfsberg, bei Spittal a. d. Drau, Kärnten. Pp. 192-193 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2000): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLIX. Carinthia II, 190./110., 181-224.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Yarmouth Co.
      • Argyle
        • East Kemptville
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages, doi:10.4095/293933.
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
MinRec 23:4-47
Mandarino, J.A., Sturman, B.D. (1976) Kulanite, a new barium iron aluminum phosphate from the Yukon Territory, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 14, 127-131.; Grice, Joel D. (1989) Unexpected Treasures from Rapid Creek, Yukon Territory. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 31-39; 150-152.; Van Velthuizen, Jerry, Sturman, B. Darko, Robinson, George W., Ansell, H. Gary (1992) Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River Area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record, 23(4), 1-47.; Cooper, M., Hawthorne, F.C. (1994) Refinement of the crystal structure of kulanite. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 15-19.
        • Kulan Camp (Area A; Area 1)
Robinson, et al. "Yukon Phosphates" Mineralogical Record v.23, #4.; Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Modris Baum specimens
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Nanping
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field
Yueqing Yang, Yunxiang Ni, Yongquan Guo, Yaping Zhang, and Jiapin Liu (1986): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 5(2), 119–127; Rao, C., Wang, R. C., Hatert, F., & Baijot, M. (2014). Hydrothermal transformations of triphylite from the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite dyke, southeastern China. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 179-188.; Rao, C., Wang, R., Yang, Y., Hatert, F., Xia, Q., Yue, X., & Wang, W. (2017). Insights into post-magmatic metasomatism and Li circulation in granitic systems from phosphate minerals of the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite (SE China). Ore Geology Reviews, 91, 864-876.; Rao, C.; Wang, R.-C.; Hatert, F.; Wu, R.-Q.; Wang, Q. (2020) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Sr-Bearing Phosphates from the Nanping No. 31 Pegmatite (SE China): Implications for Sr Circulation and Post-Magmatic Processes in Granitic Systems. Minerals 10, 541.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Cheb District
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Balestrino
Bracco R., Marchesini M. (2016): Le quarziti a lazulite della Liguria e la scoperta della fluorcarmoite-(BaNa). Micro, 14, 2 (2-2016), 68-84.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
AmMin 67: 97-113 (1982)
        • Independence Gulch
Am Min 67:97-113
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Nashua Min. Soc. Disp. Cat., 1995; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p.95.
 
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