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Ktenasite

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About KtenasiteHide

09290230014947358137364.jpg
Konstantinos Ktenas
Formula:
ZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Originally given as (Cu,Zn)5(SO4)2(OH)6.6H2O; changed to present formula by executive decision taken by the CNMNC during approval of fehrite.
Colour:
Blue-green
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named by P. Kokkoros in 1950 after Konstantinos I. Ktenas (1884-1935), Greek physician, professor of mineralogy and petrology (since 1908) and Dean (1918) of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Director of the Museum of Mineralogy and Paleontology and of the Zoological Museum of the University (1918), Head of the Greek Geological Survey and one of the founding members of the Academy of Athens (1926).
Rare secondary copper-zinc sulphate with typical pseudo-orthorhombic habit.
The Zn analogue of gobelinite and fehrite.

Mg- or Cd-bearing varieties are also known (U. Kolitsch & G. Giester, unpublished results), as well as a Zn-dominant (on one of the Cu sites) analogue (Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)) and a Ni-dominant analogue (S. Mills, U. Kolitsch et al., to be submitted as a new mineral proposal).

Ktenasite may have to be split up into a Cu- and a Zn-dominant species; the crystal structure contains a Zn site, a Cu site and a mixed Cu/Zn site with variable occupancy (U. Kolitsch & G. Giester, unpublished results). Data of Livingstone (1991) suggest dominant Zn on at least two sites, although this suggestion is based only on chemical analyses.
A joint proposal on the complex nomenclature of ktenasite-type minerals is in preparation (Leverett, Sciberras, Williams, Kolitsch, Giester, Hibbs et al., 2009-2020).




Classification of KtenasiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.DD.20

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.6.3.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
6 : (AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
25.5.4

25 : Sulphates
5 : Sulphates of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of KtenasiteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Blue-green
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of KtenasiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.571 nβ = 1.613 nγ = 1.623
2V:
Measured: 51° , Calculated: 50°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.052
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of KtenasiteHide

Formula:
ZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O

Originally given as (Cu,Zn)5(SO4)2(OH)6.6H2O; changed to present formula by executive decision taken by the CNMNC during approval of fehrite.

Crystallography of KtenasiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.59 Å, b = 6.12 Å, c = 23.76 Å
β = 95.55°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.913 : 1 : 3.882
Unit Cell V:
809.04 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0010799KtenasiteMellini M, Merlino S (1978) Ktenasite, another mineral with 2[(Cu,Zn)2(OH)3O]- octahedral sheets Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 147 129-1401978Miniera Trentin, Vicenza, Italy0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of KtenasiteHide

Other Language Names for KtenasiteHide

German:Ktenasit
Simplified Chinese:基性铜锌矾
Spanish:Ktenasita

Relationship of Ktenasite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
FehriteMgCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
GobeliniteCoCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Ktenasite)Zn(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Structurally related to group(s):

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
22 photos of Ktenasite associated with SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
20 photos of Ktenasite associated with GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
4 photos of Ktenasite associated with ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
3 photos of Ktenasite associated with NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
2 photos of Ktenasite associated with DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
2 photos of Ktenasite associated with ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
2 photos of Ktenasite associated with CalciteCaCO3
1 photo of Ktenasite associated with Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
1 photo of Ktenasite associated with JohanniteCu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
1 photo of Ktenasite associated with SmithsoniteZnCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OTric.
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.35Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3c1
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OHex.
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
7.DD.50NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.55BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]Trig. 3 : P3
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
7.DD.80GuarinoiteZn6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2OHex.
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
7.DD.80ThérèsemagnaniteNaCo4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Cmc21

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.5.1ZinkositeZnSO4Orth.
25.5.2GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.5.3NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
25.5.5Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.6Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.5.7SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.8OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
25.5.9ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
25.5.10Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.5.11GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.12ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.5.13Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.5.15Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.5.16Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.17SchuetteiteHg2+3(SO4)O2Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
25.5.18Gianellaite[(Hg2N)2](SO4)(H2O)xIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KtenasiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kokkoros, P. (1950): Ktenasit, ein Zink-Kupfersulfat aus Lavrion (Griechenland). Tschermaks Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 1, 342-346. (in German).
American Mineralogist (1951): 36: 381.
Raade, G.; Elliott, C.J. & Fejer, E.E. (1977): New data on Ktenasite. Mineralogical Magazine 41, 65-70.
American Mineralogist (1977): 62: 1262.
Mellini, M. and Merlino, S. (1978): Ktenasite, another mineral with 2[infinity][(Cu,Zn)2(OH)3O)]- octahedral sheets. Z. Kristallogr. 147, 129-140.
Olsen, E. and Lewis, C. F. (1979): Ktenasite from Creede, Colorado. Am. Mineral. 64, 446-448.
Mellini, M., Orlandi, P. and Boscardin, M. (1981): Chemical and crystallographic data for ktenasite. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol. 37, 409-414.
Yakhontova, L. K., Postnikova, V. P., Sergeeva, N. E. and Yudin, R. N. (1984): New data on rare copper sulphates. Moscow Univ. Geol. Bull. 39 (3), 41-46. (in Russian)
Sarp, H., Perroud, P. & Camerola, M. (1990): Cobalt nickel-kténasite de la mine de Cap Garonne (Var), France, nouvelle variété de kténasite. Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen: 70, 333-335. (in French).
Courtney, S. F. and Rodgers, K. A. (1990): Ktenasite, (Cu2+,Zn)5(SO4)2(OH)6.6H2O – a further occurrence. N. Jb. Mineral. Mh. 1990, 320-326.
Livingstone, A. (1991): The zinc analogue of ktenasite from Smallcleugh and Brownley Hill mines, Nenthead, Cumbria. J. Russel Soc. 4, 13-15.
Miyawaki, R., Hatert, F., Pasero, M., Mills, S.J. (2019): New minerals approved by IMA CNMNC in October and November 2019. Newsletter 52.

Internet Links for KtenasiteHide

Localities for KtenasiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
Birch, W.D., van der Heyden, A. (1997) Minerals of the Kintore and Block 14 open cuts at Broken Hill, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy: 3(1): 23-71.
          • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • Tasmania
    • Break O'Day municipality
      • Scamander mining district
- Bottrill, R. S. & Baker, W. E. (2008): A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania, 254 pp.
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • Kufstein District
      • Brixlegg
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994); Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
Belgium
 
  • Flanders
    • Limburg
      • Dilsen-Stokkem
        • Rotem
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Plombières (Blieberg; Bleiberg; Bleyberg)
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995b): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
      • Invermere
M. Mauthner personal collection
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Buchans
Sabina (2003) 94.
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of Newfoundland. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 75-36, 199p. Reissued in 2003 as Île de la Madeleine, Quebec, the Island of Newfoundland and Labrador. Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 58, 94-97.
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Foix
        • Auzat
Philippe Rémy collection
    • Aveyron
      • Millau
        • Saint-Rome-de-Tarn
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Gard
      • Le Vigan
        • Montdardier
Minéralogie de la mine des malines (Daniel Gol, Alain Martaud, Nicolas Meisser, Pascal Chollet) - Le regne minéral, H.S. XVI, pp 49-86.
- Gol, D, Martaud, A., Meisser, N. & Chollet, P. (2010): Minéralogie des Malines, Gard. Le Règne Minéral, HS XVI, 49-88. Previously analysed by H. Sarp, ang never seen still... Recently (2016) re-discovered by Y. et J.-M. Vessely and XRD analysed by Michel Blondieau at "Laboratoire de minéralogie, université de Liège (B)"
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Céret
        • Caixas
          • Fontcouverte
BERBAIN, C., FAVREAU, G. & MORENO, C. (2010): Mas Vicenç, Fontcouverte, Caixas (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 107, 20-25.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
SARP H., PERROUD P. and CAMEROLA M. (1990) Cobalt nickel - kténasite de la mine de Cap Garonne (Var), France, nouvelle variété de kténasite. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 70, 333 - 335.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
        • Nentershausen
          • Süß
            • Richelsdorf Smelter
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988) Mineralogische Notizen IV. Der Aufschluss, 39, 153-168.; Weiß, S. (1990) Atlas der Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland-West. Weise (Munich).
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Oberschulenberg
No reference listed
      • Goslar
        • Rammelsberg
No reference listed
      • Langelsheim
        • Astfeld
van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
        • Grane Reservoir
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hochsauerlandkreis
        • Bestwig
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Verein der Hegauer Mineralienfreunde (1983) Rezente Mineralbildungen in den Schlacken ehemaliger Erzverhüttung. Mineralien-Magazin, 9/1983, 411-413.; Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986) Neue Minerale von der Schlackenhalde der ehemaligen Zinkhütte Genna in Letmathe/Sauerland. Der Aufschluss, 37(2), 55-67.; Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Burbach
Henrich, J.M., Reinhardt, M., Frenz, G. (2019): Die Grube Schöne Ausicht bei Burbach im Siegerland: Fundort vieler seltener Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt, 30 (6), 12-39 (in German).
        • Siegen
          • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Cologne
      • Aachen
        • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
      • Euskirchen
        • Mechernich
          • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Niederberg area
      • Heiligenhaus
Lapis 1988(1), 17-35
      • Velbert
Lapis 1988(1), 13-35
Lapis 1988(1), 14-33
      • Wülfrath
        • Rohdenhaus
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Rhein-Lahn District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
      • Loreley
        • Braubach
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. & David, W. (1991): Die Blei- und Silberhütte Braubach und ihre Haldenminerale. Lapis, 16 (1), 38-49; 58 (in German).
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld-Südharz
      • Hettstedt
Luigi Chiappino specimen
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Annaberg-Buchholz
        • Kleinrückerswalde
Stolze, S., Möhn, G., Desor, J. (09/2020) SEM-EDS & Rama spectroscopy
      • Grünhain-Beierfeld
        • Beierfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion Mining District
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
              • Hilarion Mine
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
            • Mercati mines
No reference listed
          • Elaiochori
            • Dipseliza Mines
Branko Rieck Collection; Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Lapis, 28/5 (May 2003)
Gröbner, J. (2003): Hervorragender Neufund: Niedermayrit aus dem Revier Villia bei Lavrion. Lapis, 28 (5), 32-34.
          • Km 3
            • Kaminiza mines
No reference listed
          • Sounion
            • Cato Sounio mines
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).; Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
          • Sounion area
Fritz Schreiber Collection
          • Thorikos area
ko Jansen.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Genoa
        • Borzoli
analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
    • Savona Province
SEM-EDS + microRaman - Collezione Gianluca Armellino
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 17, 3 (3-1994), 193-206.
      • Nuxis
Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: Identificazioni UKiS AMI, Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro, 1/2010, 124-127
Ciriotti, M.E. & Blass, G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: Identificazioni UKiS AMI Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro, 8, 124-127.
      • Villaputzu
Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
Lapis, 9 (2), 18-25.; Pegoraro S., Orlandi P., Chiereghin P., Contin.A. and Toniolo E. (2009): I minerali del Monte Trisa, Torrebelvicino, Vicenza. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, No. 3, 160-179
Pegoraro S., Orlandi P., Chiereghin P., Contin.A. and Toniolo E. (2009): I minerali del Monte Trisa, Torrebelvicino, Vicenza. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, No. 3, 160-179
        • Monte Naro
          • Monte Naro - Riolo Valley side
            • Contrada Trentini
Lapis, 9, 18-20, 1984; Uwe Kolitsch SXRD- and EDS-analyses (sample from Giorgio Bortolozzi); Fassina, B., Rocchetti, I. & Boscardin, M. (2012): Fassinaite, una nuova specie minerale dal Vicentino. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2012, 92-98.
Japan
 
  • Osaka Prefecture
    • Minoh City
      • Onsen-cho
M. Ohnishi, et al. (2002) Ktenasite from the Hirao mine at Minoo, Osaka, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 97, 185-189.; M. Ohnishi, N. Shimobayashi, D. Nishio-Hamane, K. Shinoda, K. Momma, and T. Ikeda (2013): Minohlite, a new copper-zinc sulfate mineral from Minoh, Osaka, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 335-342.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Zagora Province
      • Agdz Cercle
        • Bou Skour mining district
Georges FAVREAU collection
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Desor, J. (04/2020) SEM-EDS & Raman spectroscopy
New Zealand
 
  • Waikato Region
    • Matamata-Piako District
      • Te Aroha
Courtney, S.F., King, P. & Rodgers, K.A., (1990). A Check List of Minerals from the Tui Mine, Te Aroha, New Zealand. New Zealand Natural Sciences 17: 95-98.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Åmot
Raade et al.(1977): New data on Ktenasite. Mineralogical Magazine 41, 65-70 ; Neumann (1985), p. 112.
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Kjennerudvannet North
Nordrum, F.S. (2002): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2001-2002. STEIN 29 (2): 4-10
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
microprobe university of munich
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
Joy Desor ID by Raman spectroscopy: Desor, J (2018) New minerals from the Eureka mine. http://mineralanalytik.de/images/REMBILDER/march18-02.pdf
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Saint-Maurice
      • Salvan
        • Les Marécottes
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 243; Brugger, J., Burns, P., Meisser, N. (2003) Contribution to the mineralogy of acid drainage of uranium minerals: marécottite and the zippeite group. American Mineralogist: 88: 676-685.; Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eden
        • Alston Moor
          • Nenthead
Livingstone, A. (1991): The zinc analogue of ktenasite from Smallcleugh and Brownley Hill mines, Nenthead, Cumbria. J. Russel Soc. 4, 13-15.
Livingstone, A. (1991): The zinc analogue of ktenasite from Smallcleugh and Brownley Hill mines, Nenthead, Cumbria. J. Russel Soc. 4, 13-15.
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ysgubor-y-coed
        • Furnace
BMS Database, UKJMM No18
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Graeme, R. (1993) Bisbee revisited. The Mineralogical Record: 24: 421-436.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 269; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mountains
        • Banner Mining District
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 270.
              • Keystone Gulch
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 270.
Michael Cline collection
              • Toronado Peak
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 368.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Malpais Mesa
Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Nash, B.P. (2016): Pauladamsite, Cu4(SeO3)(SO4)(OH)4·2H2O, a new mineral from the Santa Rosa mine, Darwin district, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 80: 949-958.; Paul M. Adams (2017) The Santa Rosa mine, Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 48: 755-777.
  • Colorado
    • Eagle Co.
      • Gilman Mining District (Battle Mountain Mining District; Red Cliff Mining District)
        • Gilman
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", pp. 13-14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Mineral Co.
      • Creede Mining District
        • Amethyst vein
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • New Mexico
    • Socorro Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
        • Magdalena
Patrick Haynes collection
  • Utah
    • Piute Co.
      • Cottonwood Creek
        • Mount Baldy Mining District
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Oquirrh Mountains
        • Ophir Mining District
          • Ophir Hill area
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. Confirmed by SEM EDS and XRD.; Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 52-62
    • Utah Co.
      • Tintic Mining District
        • East Tintic District
In the collection of Brent Thorne.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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