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Kryzhanovskite

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About KryzhanovskiteHide

01892400015206282121124.jpg
Vladimir I. Kryzhanovskiy
Formula:
(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in honor of Vladimir Ilyich Kryzhanovskiy (Владимира Ильича Крыжановского) (25 June 1881 – 1947), Russian mineralogist, Curator of the A.E. Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.
Garyansellite-Kryzhanovskite Series.

Can be derived from phosphoferrite by oxidation.


Classification of KryzhanovskiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1950
8.CC.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O = 1:1.5
40.3.2.2

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
3 : A3(XO4)2·xH2O
19.12.17

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn

Physical Properties of KryzhanovskiteHide

Hardness:
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of KryzhanovskiteHide

Type:
Biaxial
Dispersion:
strong

Chemical Properties of KryzhanovskiteHide

Formula:
(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3

Crystallography of KryzhanovskiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.4 Å, b = 9.97 Å, c = 8.53 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.943 : 1 : 0.856
Unit Cell V:
799.41 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of KryzhanovskiteHide

Reference:
Ginzburg, A.I. (1950) Kruzhanovskite, a new phosphate mineral. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 72: 763-766.

Synonyms of KryzhanovskiteHide

Other Language Names for KryzhanovskiteHide

Relationship of Kryzhanovskite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CorreianevesiteFe2+Mn2+2(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Garyansellite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2(OH,O) · 1.5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
LandesiteMn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2OOrth.
Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Kryzhanovskite associated with LudlamiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
4 photos of Kryzhanovskite associated with SideriteFeCO3
2 photos of Kryzhanovskite associated with QuartzSiO2
1 photo of Kryzhanovskite associated with FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
1 photo of Kryzhanovskite associated with LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
1 photo of Kryzhanovskite associated with Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
1 photo of Kryzhanovskite associated with Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
1 photo of Kryzhanovskite associated with FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
1 photo of Kryzhanovskite associated with KingsmountiteCa3MnFeAl4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2O
1 photo of Kryzhanovskite associated with Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CC.05Garyansellite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2(OH,O) · 1.5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.CC.05LandesiteMn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2OOrth.
8.CC.05Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.CC.05Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.CC.10KaatialaiteFe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2OMon. 2/m
8.CC.15LeogangiteCu10(AsO4)4(SO4)(OH)6 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

40.3.2.1Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
40.3.2.3Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
40.3.2.4LandesiteMn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2OOrth.
40.3.2.5Garyansellite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2(OH,O) · 1.5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
19.12.6RobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.11PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet.
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2OOrth.
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.23SwitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36Trig.
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.35LudlamiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.36GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OOrth.
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.39BeusiteMn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2Mon.
19.12.40MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.45StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon.
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2Mon.
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.12.55EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
19.12.57ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ccc2
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon.
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe2+2Mn2+2Al2(PO4)10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KryzhanovskiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ginzburg, A.I. (1950) Kruzhanovskite, a new phosphate mineral. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 72: 763-766. [Abs. in American Mineralogist (1951): 36: 382].
Moore, P.B. (1971) The Fe2+3(H2O)n(PO4)2 homologous series: crystal-chemical relations and oxidized equivalents. American Mineralogist: 56: 1-17.
Moore, P.B. (1974) Complete mixed valence solid solution series in Fe32+(H2O)3(PO4)2 (phosphoferrite) Fe33+(OH)3(PO4)2 (kryzhanovskite). Nature: 251: 305-306.
Moore, P.B., Araki, T. (1976) Mixed-valence solid-solution series. Crystal structures of phosphoferrite, Fe32+(H2O)3[PO4]2, and kryzhanovskite, Fe33+(OH)3[PO4]2. Inorganic Chemistry: 15: 316-321.
Moore, P.B., Araki, T., Kampf, A.R. (1980) Nomenclature of the phosphoferrite structure type: refinements of landesite and kryzhanovskite. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 789-795.
Frost, R.L., Scholz, R., Wang, L. (2016) Vibrational spectroscopic study of the phosphate mineral kryzhanovskite and in comparison with reddingite - implications for the molecular structure. Journal of Molecular Structure: 1118: 203-211.

Internet Links for KryzhanovskiteHide

Localities for KryzhanovskiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Omeo
        • Mt Wills mining district
          • Dorchap Dyke Swarm
Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
Canada
 
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
MinRec 23:4-47
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Unexpected Treasures from Rapid Creek, Yukon Territory. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 31-39; 150-152.; Van Velthuizen, Jerry, Sturman, B. Darko, Robinson, George W., Ansell, H. Gary (1992) Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River Area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record, 23(4), 1-47 [23-25].
        • Kulan Camp (Area A; Area 1)
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab
        • Waidhaus
          • Hagendorf
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
VIGNOLA, P., & DIELLA, V. (2007). Phosphates from Piona granitic pegmatites (Central Southern Alps, Italy). Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Book of Abstr.(T. Martins & R. Vieira, eds.). Universidade do Porto, Departamento de Geologia, Memórias, 8, 102-103.
      • Dorio
Vignola P., Diella V., Ferrari E.S., Fransolet A.-M. (2011): Complex mechanisms of alteration in a graftonite + sacropside+ triphylite association from the Luna pegmatite, Piona, Lecco Province, Italy. Can. Mineral., 49, 765-776.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Rabbi
        • Ceresè
Vignola, P., Zucali, M., Rotiroti, N., Marotta, G., Risplendente, A., Pavese, A., ... & Bertoldi, G. (2018). The Chrysoberyl-and Phosphate-Bearing Albite Pegmatite of Malga Garbella, Val Di Rabbi, Trento Province, Italy. The Canadian Mineralogist, 56(4), 411-424.
Kazakhstan (TL)
 
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Ulan
      • Belogorskiy
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Morocco
 
  • Marrakesh-Safi Region
    • Rehamna Province
      • Jebilet Mtn (Djebilet Mtn)
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Dâures
      • Sandamap North Farm 115 (Sandamab)
Collection Elmar Lackner
    • Karibib
      • Davib Ost Farm 61 (Davib East Farm 61)
Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
      • Etusis Farm 75
Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.; Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
      • Tsaobismund Farm 85
Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Pieczka A., Łobos K., Sachanbiński M. 2004: The first occurence of elbaite in Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 35, 3-14
    • Świdnica Co.
      • Gmina Świdnica
Włodek, A., Grochowina, A., Gołębiowska, B., Pieczka, A. (2015): A phosphate-bearing pegmatite from Lutomia and its relationships to other pegmatites of the Góry Sowie Block, southwestern Poland. Journal of Geosciences: 60: 45-72
Łodziński M. & Sitarz M. 2008: Chemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Some Phosphates Accessory Minerals from Pegmatites of the Sowie Mts (Owles Mts), SW Poland. EUCMOS, Spectroscopy Applied to Archaeology, Arts, Geology and Mineralogy, p. 278
Pieczka, A., Włodek, A., Gołębiowska, B., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K. (2015): Phosphate-bearing pegmatites in the Góry Sowie Block and adjacent areas, Sudetes, SW Poland. 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015 Książ, Poland. Abstracts: 77-78; Pieczka, A., Hawthorne, F.C., Gołębiowska, B., Włodek, A., Grochowina, A. (2016): Maneckiite, ideally NaCa2Fe2+2(Fe3+Mg)Mn2(PO4)6(H2O)2, a new phosphate mineral of the wicksite supergroup from the Michałkowa pegmatite, Góry Sowie block, southwestern Poland. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press
Portugal
 
  • Guarda
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
  • Viana do Castelo
    • Caminha
      • Arga de Baixo
Pedro Alves collection
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Cabração
Pedro Alves collection
  • Viseu
    • Mangualde
Cassat, Y. M. F. D., & Orlandi, A. (1989). Rittmannite, a new mineral species of the whiteite group from the Mangualde granitic pegmatite, Portugal. Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 447-449.
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Zamora
      • Villar del Buey
Robles, E. R., Fontan, F., Pesquera Pérez, A., & Keller, P. (1998). The Fe-Mn phosphate associations from the Pinilla de Fermoselle pegmatite, Zamora, Spain: occurrence of kryzhanovskite and natrodufrénite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 155-168.
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino
    • Lago Maggiore
Vignola, P., Diella, V., Oppizzi, P., Tiepolo, M. & Weiss, S. (2008): Phosphate assemblages from the Brissago granitic pegmatite, Western Southern Alps, Switzerland. Can. Mineral. 46, 635-650.
USA
 
  • Maine
    • Oxford County
      • Greenwood
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., Dallaire, D. A., Nizamoff, J. W., & Sprague, R. A. (2019). The Emmons Pegmatite, Greenwood, Oxford County, Maine. Rocks & Minerals, 94(6), 498-519.
  • Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p. 96.; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115; NIZAMOFF, J. W. (2004, November). Phosphate mineralogy and paragenesis of the Palermo# 2 pegmatite, North Groton, New Hampshire. In 2004 Denver Annual Meeting.
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
        • Custer
Rocks & Min.:60:117.
        • Fourmile
Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone Mining District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
Mars
 
  • Aeolis quadrangle
    • Gusev Crater
      • Columbia Hills
        • Husband Hill
          • Cumberland Ridge
Lane, M.D., Bishop, J.L., Dyar, M.D., King, P.L., Parene, M., Hyde, B.C. (2008) Mineralogy of the Paso Robles soils on Mars. American Mineralogist, 93 (5-6), 728-739.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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