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Kinichilite

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About KinichiliteHide

00546930014947046826661.jpg
Dr. Kinichi Sakurai
Formula:
Mg0.5Mn2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
Colour:
Dark Brown
Lustre:
Sub-Adamantine
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
4.11 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1981 by Hidemichi Hori, Eiji Koyama, and Kozo Nagashima in honor of Dr. Kin-ichi Sakurai (December 11, 1912, Tokyo – October 6, 1993), amateur mineralogist of Tokyo. He described and/or provided type material for half a dozen species. The mineral sakuraiite is also named in his honor.
Mn-analogue of zemannite and keystoneite. Also Mn(2+)-Fe-analogue of ilirneyite.


Classification of KinichiliteHide

Approved
First Published:
1981
4.JM.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
J : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites; iodates
M : Tellurites without additional anions, with H2O
34.3.2.2

34 : SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
3 : A2(XO3)3·xH2O
28.3.9

28 : Selenites, Selenates, Tellurites, and Tellurates
3 : Tellurites

Physical Properties of KinichiliteHide

Sub-Adamantine
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Dark Brown
Streak:
Brown
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Fragile
Density:
4.11 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of KinichiliteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.800 nε = 1.800
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Pale brown to yellowish brown
Comments:
Indices => 1.8

Chemical Properties of KinichiliteHide

Formula:
Mg0.5Mn2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
IMA Formula:
Mg0.5Mn2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O

Crystallography of KinichiliteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P63/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.451(7) Å, c = 7.687(3) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.813
Unit Cell V:
594.62 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Imperfect hexagonal prisms to 2mm.

Type Occurrence of KinichiliteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian Museum Washington DC 164269
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidation zone of low temperature hydrothermal Au-Ag-Te quartz veins.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of KinichiliteHide

Other Language Names for KinichiliteHide

Relationship of Kinichilite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
IlirneyiteMg0.5ZnMn3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex.
ZemanniteMg0.5ZnFe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Kinichilite associated with SphaleriteZnS
1 photo of Kinichilite associated with QuartzSiO2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.JM.05KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex.
4.JM.05ZemanniteMg0.5ZnFe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
4.JM.10BlakeiteFe3+2[TeO3]3 (?)
4.JM.10EmmonsiteFe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
4.JM.15GraemiteCu[TeO3] · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmma
4.JM.20TeineiteCu2+(Te4+O3) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

34.3.2.1ZemanniteMg0.5ZnFe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
34.3.2.3KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

28.3.1BalyakiniteCu(TeO3)Orth.
28.3.2RajiteCu(Te4+2O5)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
28.3.3GraemiteCu[TeO3] · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmma
28.3.4TeineiteCu2+(Te4+O3) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
28.3.5CesbroniteCu2+3Te6+O4(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
28.3.6MroseiteCaTe4+(CO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
28.3.7QuetzalcoatliteZn6Cu3(TeO6)2(OH)6 · AgxPbyClx+2yTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
28.3.8ZemanniteMg0.5ZnFe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
28.3.10Denningite(Mn2+,Ca,Zn)Te4+2O5Tet.
28.3.11SpiroffiteMn2+2Te4+3O8Mon. 2/m : B2/b
28.3.12WinstanleyiteTiTe4+3O8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
28.3.13FairbankitePb(TeO3)Tric.
28.3.14PlumbotelluritePb(TeO3)Orth.
28.3.15Choloalite(Cu,Sb)3(Pb,Ca)3(TeO3)6ClIso. 4 3 2 : P41 3 2
28.3.16SmirniteBi2Te4+O5Orth. mm2
28.3.17ChekhovichiteBi2Te4+4O11Mon. 2/m
28.3.18Cliffordite(UO2)Te4+3O7Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
28.3.19Schmitterite(UO2)(TeO3)Orth.
28.3.20MoctezumitePb(UO2)(TeO3)2Mon.
28.3.21EmmonsiteFe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
28.3.22BlakeiteFe3+2[TeO3]3 (?)
28.3.23MackayiteFe3+(Te4+2O5)(OH)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
28.3.24PoughiteFe3+2(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2OOrth.
28.3.25SonoraiteFe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2OMon.
28.3.26RodalquilariteFe2(TeO2OH)3(TeO3)ClTric. 1 : P1
28.3.27EztlitePb2+2Fe3+3(Te4+ O3)3(SO4)O2ClMon. m : Bm
28.3.28KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KinichiliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hori, H., Koyama, E., Nagashima, K. (1981) Kinichilite, a new mineral from the Kawazu mines, Shimoda City, Japan. Mineralogical Journal (Tokyo): 10: 333-337. (in English)
Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Mandarino, J.A., Pabst, A. (1982) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 67: 621-624.
Miletich, R. (1995) Crystal chemistry of the microporous tellurite minerals zemannite and kinichilite, Mg0.5[Me2+Fe3+(TeO3)3]•4.5H2O, (Me2+ = Zn, Mn). European Journal of Mineralogy: 7: 509-523. American Mineralogist (1982): 67: 623.

Internet Links for KinichiliteHide

Localities for KinichiliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Japan (TL)
 
  • Shizuoka Prefecture
    • Shimoda City
      • Rendaiji
Hori, H., Koyama, E., Nagashima, K. (1981) Kinichilite, a new mineral from the Kawazu mines, Shimoda City, Japan. Mineralogical Journal (Tokyo): 10: 333-337. (in English)
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Moctezuma Municipality
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
M. Kampf collection
 
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