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Khanneshite

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Formula:
(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Colour:
Light yellow, almost colourless
Hardness:
3 - 4
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
After the type locality at Khanneshin, Afghanistan.
This page provides mineralogical data about Khanneshite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of KhanneshiteHide

Approved
5/B.05-110
5.AC.30

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
C : Alkali and alkali-earth carbonates
14.4.4.2

14 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
4 : Miscellaneous
11.8.15

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths

Physical Properties of KhanneshiteHide

Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Light yellow, almost colourless
Hardness:
3 - 4 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle

Optical Data of KhanneshiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.620 - 1.623 nε = 1.609 - 1.610
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.011 - 0.013
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of KhanneshiteHide

Formula:
(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5

Crystallography of KhanneshiteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.65 Å, c = 6.58 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.618
Unit Cell V:
646.33 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of KhanneshiteHide

Synonyms of KhanneshiteHide

Other Language Names for KhanneshiteHide

Relationship of Khanneshite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
Petersenite-(Ce)Na4(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)5Mon. 2 : P21
Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5Mon. 2 : P21
Rémondite-(La)Na3(La,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5Mon. 2 : P21
SanromániteNa2CaPb3[CO3]5Hex. 6mm : P63mc

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.AC.05EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2Trig.
5.AC.10NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
5.AC.10ZemkoriteNa2Ca(CO3)2Hex.
5.AC.15BütschliiteK2Ca(CO3)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.AC.20FairchilditeK2Ca(CO3)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.AC.25ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3Orth. mm2 : Amm2
5.AC.30Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
5.AC.30CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
5.AC.30SanromániteNa2CaPb3[CO3]5Hex. 6mm : P63mc

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

14.4.4.1Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
14.4.4.3CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
14.4.4.4SanromániteNa2CaPb3[CO3]5Hex. 6mm : P63mc

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth.
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5Mon. 2 : P21
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2OOrth.
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2OOrth.
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2OMon. m : Pm
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.14Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.8.17Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2Orth. mm2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.19EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2OHex. 6mm : P63mc
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KhanneshiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Yeremenko, G.K. and Bel’ko, V.A. (1982) Khanneshite, (Na, Ca)3(Ba, Sr,
RE, Ca)3(CO3)5 – a new mineral of the burbankite group. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 111,
321–324 (in Russian).
American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 1249.
Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., and Belovitskaya, Y.V. (1998) Khanneshite and petersenite-(Ce) from the Khibiny massif. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 127(2): 92-100 (in Russian w. English abstract).

Internet Links for KhanneshiteHide

Localities for KhanneshiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan (TL)
 
  • Helmand
    • Dushan District
      • Khanneshin complex
Yeremenko, G.K., and Bel’ko, V.A. (1982): Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 111, 321–324; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Russia
 
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
Doroshkevich, A. G., Chebotarev, D. A., Sharygin, V. V., Prokopyev, I. R., & Nikolenko, A. M. (2019). Petrology of alkaline silicate rocks and carbonatites of the Chuktukon massif, Chadobets upland, Russia: Sources, evolution and relation to the Triassic Siberian LIP. Lithos, 332, 245-260.
  • Murmansk Oblast
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Arzamastsev, A. A., Bea, F., Arzamastseva, L. V., & Montero, P. (2006). Proterozoic Gremyakha-Vyrmes Polyphase Massif, Kola Peninsula: An example of mixing basic and alkaline mantle melts. Petrology, 14(4), 361-389.
    • Khibiny Massif
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm
Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Belovitskaya, Yu.V. [Пеков, И.В., Чуканов, Н.В., Беловицкая, Ю.В.] (1998): Khanneshite and petersenite-(Ce) from Khibiny [Ханнешит и петерсенит-(Ce) из Хибин]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 127, 2, 92-100; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Louhi District
Bea, F., Arzamastsev, A., Montero, P., & Arzamastseva, L. (2001). Anomalous alkaline rocks of Soustov, Kola: evidence of mantle-derived metasomatic fluids affecting crustal materials. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 140(5), 554-566.
 
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