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Kazakhstanite

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About KazakhstaniteHide

07468690014949310453583.jpg
Reserve Karkaralinsky in Qaraghandy Province

Karkaraly, Karaganda Region, Kazakhstan
Formula:
Fe3+5V4+3V5+12O39(OH)9 · 9H2O
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.4 - 3.6
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after Kazakhstan, the country of the type locality.
This page provides mineralogical data about Kazakhstanite.


Classification of KazakhstaniteHide

Approved
8.CB.45

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O = 1:1
47.3.2.6

47 : VANADIUM OXYSALTS
3 : Hydrated Normal Vanadium Oxysalts
21.4.24

21 : Vanadates (and vanadates with arsenate or phosphate)
4 : Vanadates of U, Mn, Fe or Ni

Pronounciation of KazakhstaniteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of KazakhstaniteHide

Adamantine
Colour:
Black
Streak:
black with slight brownish tint,
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN10=62.69 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Cleavage:
Perfect
{001}
Density:
3.4 - 3.6 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.52 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of KazakhstaniteHide

Formula:
Fe3+5V4+3V5+12O39(OH)9 · 9H2O

Crystallography of KazakhstaniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.84(1) Å, b = 3.6500(4) Å, c = 21.27(1) Å
β = 100.0(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 3.244 : 1 : 5.827
Unit Cell V:
905.24 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
platy crystals
Comment:
C2/c or Cc

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.51Å(100)
3.484Å(60)
2.915Å(30)
2.756Å(30)
2.606Å(40)

Type Occurrence of KazakhstaniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
forms small (0.01 mm) round or oval grains; aggregates, and aggregates with bokite, are up to 0.5 x 1.5 cm; occurs in thin anastomosing veins or as a cement in breccias.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Moscow.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
weathered crust of vanadium-bearing black shales
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of KazakhstaniteHide

Other Language Names for KazakhstaniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Kazakhstanite associated with StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
1 photo of Kazakhstanite associated with HewettiteCaV6O16 · 9H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CB.05SerrabrancaiteMnPO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CB.10HureauliteMn2+5(PO3OH)2(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CB.10SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CB.10VillyaelleniteMnMn2Ca2(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CB.10UM1997-09-AsO:CaHMgZn(Mg,Ca,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.CB.10NyholmiteCd3Zn2(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CB.10MiguelromeroiteMnMn2Mn2(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CB.15FluckiteCaMn2+(AsO3OH)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CB.15KrautiteMn(HAsO4) · H2OMon. 2 : P21
8.CB.20Cobaltkoritnigite(Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CB.20KoritnigiteZn(HAsO4) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CB.25YvoniteCu(HAsO4) · 2H2OTric.
8.CB.30GeminiteCu2+(AsO3OH) · H2OTric.
8.CB.35SchubneliteFe3+VO4 · H2OTric.
8.CB.40RadovaniteCu2Fe3+(AsO4)(HAs3+O3)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.CB.50KolovratiteNixZny(VO4)0.67(x+y) · nH2O
8.CB.55IrhtemiteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.CB.60BurgessiteCo2(H2O)4[AsO3(OH)]2(H2O)Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

47.3.2.1Straczekite(Ca,K,Ba)(V5+,V4+)8O20 · 3H2OMon.
47.3.2.2Corvusite(Na,K,Ca,Mg)2(V5+,V4+,Fe2+)8O20 · 6-10H2OMon.
47.3.2.3Fernandinite(Ca,K)(V5+,V4+,Fe2+)8O20 · 10H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
47.3.2.4BarianditeAl0.6(V5+,V4+)8O20 · 9H2OMon.
47.3.2.5Bokite(Al,Fe3+)1.3(V5+,V4+,Fe3+)8O20 · 7.4H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

21.4.1UvaniteU6+2V5+6O21 · 15H2O (?)Orth.
21.4.2Vanuranylite(H3O)2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 4H2O
21.4.3StrelkiniteNa2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2OOrth.
21.4.4CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
21.4.5Margaritasite(Cs,K,H3O)2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
21.4.6SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
21.4.7MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
21.4.8TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
21.4.9RauviteCa(UO2)2(V10O28) · 16H2O
21.4.10FrancevilliteBa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2OOrth.
21.4.11MetavanuraliteAl(UO2)2(VO4)2(OH) · 8H2OTric.
21.4.12VanuraliteAl(UO2)2(V2O8)(OH) · 11H2OMon.
21.4.13CurienitePb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2OOrth.
21.4.14FritzscheiteMn(UO2)2(PO4,VO4)2 · 10H2O (?)Tet.
21.4.15Palenzonaite(NaCa2)Mn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
21.4.16Santafeite(Na,Ca,Sr)12(Mn2+,Fe3+,Al,Mg)8Mn4+8(VO4)16(OH,O)20 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
21.4.17PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
21.4.18BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
21.4.19ČechitePbFe2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
21.4.20HeyitePb5Fe2+2(VO4)2O4Mon.
21.4.21MounanaitePbFe3+2(VO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
21.4.22SchubneliteFe3+VO4 · H2OTric.
21.4.23FervaniteFe3+4V5+4O16 · 5H2OMon.
21.4.25Bokite(Al,Fe3+)1.3(V5+,V4+,Fe3+)8O20 · 7.4H2OMon.
21.4.26Rusakovite(Fe3+,Al)5(VO4,PO4)2(OH)9 · 3H2O
21.4.27KolovratiteNixZny(VO4)0.67(x+y) · nH2O

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in cold acids. Melts at 630°C
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KazakhstaniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1991): 76: 667.
Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1989): 118(5): 95-100.

Internet Links for KazakhstaniteHide

Localities for KazakhstaniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Jambyl Region
    • Talas Alatau Range (Talas Ala-Too Range)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Kyzylorda Region
    • Shieli
Ankinovich, E.A., Bekenova, G.K., Podlipaeva, N.I. (1989) A new hydrous ferrovanadian mineral kazakhstanite Fe3+5V4+3V5+12O39·8.55H2O from a carbonaceous-siliceous formation in NW Karatau (southern Kazakhstan). Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 118(5): 95-100.; Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1991) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 76: 665-671.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
  • Turkistan Region
    • Aksumbe
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Ran River valley
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
USA
 
  • Arkansas
J. Michael Howard (2007) Mineral Species of Arkansas : Arkansas Geological Commission Bulletin 23
      • Wilson Springs (Potash Sulfur Springs)
        • Union Carbide Mine
Howard, J.M. 2017. Potash Sulphur Springs, Wilson Springs Vanadium Mines, Garland County, Arkansas-A collecting update, minerals, and a photogallery, E-publication, rockhoundingAR.com, 24 p.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Mining Subdistrict
Mineralogical Record: 26(5): 449-469; Canadian Mineralogist: 42(3): 741-752.
      • Lynn Mining District
        • Elko
Mineralogical Record 26:467
 
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