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Kassite

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About KassiteHide

09223310015091813782796.jpg
Nikolai G. Kassin
Formula:
CaTi2O4(OH)2
Hardness:
5
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
In honour of Academician Nikolai Grigor’evich Kassin (Николая Григорьевича Кассина) (14 December 1885, Gnusino, Vyatka province, Russian empire - 28 October 1949, Alma-Ata, Kazakh SSR (now Kazakhstan), USSR), geologist with the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR. He discovered the Afrikanda massif, Russia.
This page provides mineralogical data about Kassite.


Classification of KassiteHide

Approved
4.DH.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
H : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
8.3.9.1

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
3 : AB2O6
7.9.7

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
9 : Oxides of Ti

Physical Properties of KassiteHide

Hardness:

Optical Data of KassiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.950 nβ = 2.130 nγ = 2.210
2V:
Measured: 58° , Calculated: 62°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.260
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
very strong

Chemical Properties of KassiteHide

Formula:
CaTi2O4(OH)2

Crystallography of KassiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.1 Å, b = 31.65 Å, c = 4.95 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.382 : 1 : 0.156
Unit Cell V:
1,895.68 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0003155KassiteGrey I E, Mumme W G, Pekov I V, Pushcharovsky D Y (2003) The crystal structure of chromian kassite from the Saranovskoye deposit, Northern Urals, Russia American Mineralogist 88 1331-133520030293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of KassiteHide

Other Language Names for KassiteHide

German:Kassit
Russian:Кассит
Spanish:Kassita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Kassite associated with NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
5 photos of Kassite associated with VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
4 photos of Kassite associated with LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
4 photos of Kassite associated with LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
3 photos of Kassite associated with CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
3 photos of Kassite associated with GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
3 photos of Kassite associated with MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4
2 photos of Kassite associated with CalciteCaCO3
2 photos of Kassite associated with Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DH.Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6FIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.DH.Roméite GroupA2(Sb5+)2O6Z
4.DH.Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)Iso.
4.DH.OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.Cesiokenopyrochlore□Nb2(O,OH)6(Cs,◻) (◻ ∼ 0.20)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.05BranneriteUTi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
4.DH.05OrthobranneriteU4+U6+Ti4O12(OH)2Orth.
4.DH.05Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6Mon.
4.DH.10Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2(O,OH)6Mon.
4.DH.15Bariomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15JixianitePb(W,Fe3+)2(O,OH)7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Plumbobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
4.DH.15Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)
4.DH.15Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)A2-mD2X6-wZ1-nIso.
4.DH.15Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)Iso.
4.DH.15Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6FIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Bismutopyrochlore (of Chukanov et al.)(Bi,Ca,U,Pb)2-xNb2(O,OH)6(OH)Amor.
4.DH.15Hydrokenoelsmoreite2W2O6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20BismutostibiconiteBi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20BindheimitePb2Sb2O6OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20MonimolitePb2Sb5+2O7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.DH.20CuproroméiteCu2Sb2(O,OH)7Iso.
4.DH.20StetefeldtiteAg2Sb2(O,OH)7Iso.
4.DH.20StibiconiteSb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
4.DH.25RosiaitePbSb5+2O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
4.DH.30ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7Orth.
4.DH.35LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8Trig.
4.DH.35PetscheckiteUFe(Nb,Ta)2O8Hex.
4.DH.40IngersoniteCa3Mn2+Sb5+4O14Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
4.DH.45PittongiteNa0.22(W,Fe3+)(O,OH)3 · 0.44H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.9.1HongquiiteTiO
7.9.2RutileTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.9.3AnataseTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.4BrookiteTiO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.5GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.6PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.9.8TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m
7.9.9CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.10Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2(O,OH)6Mon.
7.9.11HiboniteCaAl12O19Hex.
7.9.12Yttrocrasite-(Y)(Y,Th,Ca,U)(Ti,Fe)2(O,OH)6Amor.
7.9.13PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.14Jacobsite-QMn2+(Fe3+,Mn3+)2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.15IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.16PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.17UlvöspinelTiFe2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.9.18PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9Hex.
7.9.19FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16Mon.
7.9.20KennedyiteFe2TiO5
7.9.21Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.22Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10Hex.
7.9.23Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.9.24CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.9.25Loveringite(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38Trig.
7.9.26Lindsleyite(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
7.9.27PrideriteK(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16Tet.
7.9.28Jeppeite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13Mon.
7.9.29AnkangiteBa(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16Tet. 4/m : I4/m
7.9.30Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.31LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KassiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kukharenko, A.A., Orlova, M.P., Bulakh, A.G., Bagdasarov, E.A., Rimskaya-Korsakova, O.M., Nefedov, Y.I., Ilyinskiy, G.A., Sergeyev, A.C., Abakumova, N.B. (1965) The Caledonian complex of the ultrabasic alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the Kola Peninsula and northern Karelia. Izdatelstvo "Nedra" Moskva: 1965: 368-375.
Fleischer, M. (1967) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 52: 559-564.
International Mineralogical Association (1968) International Mineralogical Association: Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 1143-1145.
Fleischer, M. (1969) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 54: 326-330.
Self, P.G., Buseck, P.R. (1991) Structure model for kassite, CaTi2O4(OH)2. American Mineralogist: 76: 283-287.
Grey, I.E., Mumme, W.G., Pekov, I.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2003) The crystal structure of chromian kassite from the Saranovskoye deposit, Northern Urals, Russia. American Mineralogist: 88: 1331-1335.
Pekov, I.V., Schneider, J., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2004) X-ray powder diffractogram of kassite and its relationship to cafetite. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 133(3): 51-55. (in Russian, English abstract)
Piilonen, P.C., Ercit, T.S., Roberts, A.C. (2005) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 90: 768-773.
Bortolozzi, G., Boscardin, M., Rocchetti, I., Bersani, D. (2013) Cafetite e kassite della cava di Pilcante in Val d'Adige (Ala, Trento). Micro: 11(1): 39-48.

Internet Links for KassiteHide

Localities for KassiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
    • Quilengues
Amores-Casals, S., Melgarejo, J. C., Bambi, A., Gonçalves, A. O., Morais, E. A., Manuel, J., ... & Molist, J. M. (2019). Lamprophyre-Carbonatite Magma Mingling and Subsolidus Processes as Key Controls on Critical Element Concentration in Carbonatites—The Bonga Complex (Angola). Minerals, 9(10), 601.
China
 
  • Henan
    • Pingdingshan
      • Wugang County
Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
    • Edelény District
Zajzon, N., Váczi, T., Fehér, B., Takács, Á., Szakáll, S. and Weiszburg, T. G. (2013): Pyrophanite pseudomorphs after perovskite in Perkupa serpentinites (Hungary): a microtextural study and geological implications. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 40, 611-623.
Italy
 
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Ala
        • Pilcante
Bortolozzi, G., Boscardin, M., Rocchetti, I., Bersani, D. (2013): Cafetite e kassite della cava di Pilcante in Val d'Adige (Ala, Trento). Micro, 11, 1, 39-48.
Russia (TL)
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
[World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Khibiny Massif
Lapis 1996(4), p. 20
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Perm Krai
    • Gornozavodskii District
      • Saranovskaya Village (Sarany)
Am Min, 88, 1331–1335 (2003)
South Africa
 
  • Free State
    • Thabo Mofutsanyane District
      • Clocolan
Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
Rocks & Min.:63:109. Am Min 71 1045-1048
  • Montana
    • Meagher Co.
Chakhmouradian A.R., Mitchell R.H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114.
  • Oregon
    • Josephine Co.
      • Josephine Creek Mining District
Am Min 76:283-287
 
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