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Kanoite

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About KanoiteHide

01332540015400778337855.jpg
Hiroshi Kano
Formula:
Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
Colour:
pinkish brown
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
6
Specific Gravity:
3.66
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in honor of Hiroshi Kano (加納 博教授) (9 September 1914, Tokyo, Japan - 5 June 2009), Professor of Petrology, Akita University, for "his geological and petrographical contributions to metamorphic rocks in Japan especially those forming the basement of the Japanese Islands."
Dimorph of:

Classification of KanoiteHide

Approved
First Published:
1977
9.DA.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
A : Inosilicates with 2-periodic single chains, Si2O6; pyroxene family
65.1.1.3

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
1 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
14.18.8

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
18 : Silicates of Mn and Na, K, Mg, Ca or Fe

Physical Properties of KanoiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
pinkish brown
Streak:
pale brown to white
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Perfect
{110}
Density:
3.66 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.60 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of KanoiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.715 nβ = 1.715 nγ = 1.728
2V:
Measured: 40° to 42°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.013
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of KanoiteHide

Formula:
Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
IMA Formula:
MnMgSi2O6
Common Impurities:
Al,Fe,Ca,Na,K

Crystallography of KanoiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.73 Å, b = 8.93 Å, c = 5.26 Å
β = 108.56°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.09 : 1 : 0.589
Unit Cell V:
433.27 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Grains to 0.1mm
Twinning:
Polysynthetic twinning on {100} is common.
Comment:
Space group probable

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000806KanoiteGordon W A, Peacor D R, Brown P E, Essene E J, Allard L F (1981) Exsolution relationship in a clinopyroxene of average composition Ca0.43Mn0.69Mg0.82Si2O6: X-ray diffraction and analytical electron microscopy American Mineralogist 66 127-14119810293
0002049KanoiteArlt T, Angel R J, Miletich R, Armbruster T, Peters T (1998) High-pressure P2_1/c-C2/c phase transitions in clinopyroxenes: Influence of cation size and electronic structure American Mineralogist 83 1176-118119980293
0002050KanoiteArlt T, Angel R J, Miletich R, Armbruster T, Peters T (1998) High-pressure P2_1/c-C2/c phase transitions in clinopyroxenes: Influence of cation size and electronic structure American Mineralogist 83 1176-118119985.2293
0006620KanoiteGnos E, Armbruster T, Nyfeler D (1996) Kanoite, donpeacorite and tirodite: Mn-Mg-silicates from a manganiferous quartzite in the United Arab Emirates European Journal of Mineralogy 8 251-2611996manganiferous quartzite in the United Arab Emirates0293
0006698KanoiteArlt T, Armbruster T (1997) The temperature-dependent P2_1/c - C2/c phase transition in the clinopyroxene kanoite MnMg[Si2O6]: a single-crystal X-ray and optical study European Journal of Mineralogy 9 953-96419970473
0006699KanoiteArlt T, Armbruster T (1997) The temperature-dependent P2_1/c - C2/c phase transition in the clinopyroxene kanoite MnMg[Si2O6]: a single-crystal X-ray and optical study European Journal of Mineralogy 9 953-96419970543
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of KanoiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Science Museum, Tokyo, Japan
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Seam cutting a pyroxmangite-cummingtonite metamorphic rock.
Reference:
Kobayashi, H. (1977) Kanoite, (Mn2+,Mg)2[Si2O6], a new clinopyroxene in the metamorphic rock from Tatehira, Oshima Peninsula, Hokkaido, Japan. Chishitsugaku Zasshi: 83: 537-542.

Other Language Names for KanoiteHide

German:Kanoit
Russian:Каноит
Simplified Chinese:锰辉石
斜锰辉石
Spanish:Kanoita

Relationship of Kanoite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
BurnettiteCaVAlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
DavisiteCaScAlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
DiopsideCaMgSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
GrossmaniteCaTi3+ AlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6Mon.
JervisiteNaSc3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
KosmochlorNaCrSi2O6Mon.
KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
NamansiliteNaMn3+Si2O6Mon.
NatalyiteNaV3+Si2O6Mon.
Omphacite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m
PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6Mon.
Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Tissintite(Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
UM2001-19-SiO:AlCaMgNa(Na,Mg,Ca)(Mg,Al)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
UM2003-36-SiO:CaNaNaCrSi2O6 - CaMgSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Kanoite associated with PyroxmangiteMnSiO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DA.ProtoenstatiteMg2Si2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.DA.05Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2Orth.
9.DA.05EnstatiteMg2Si2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.DA.05FerrosiliteFeSiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.DA.10ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DA.10ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DA.10Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DA.15Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15DiopsideCaMgSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6Mon.
9.DA.15DavisiteCaScAlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15GrossmaniteCaTi3+ AlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.20Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.20Omphacite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m
9.DA.25AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.25JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6Mon.
9.DA.25JervisiteNaSc3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.25KosmochlorNaCrSi2O6Mon.
9.DA.25NamansiliteNaMn3+Si2O6Mon.
9.DA.25NatalyiteNaV3+Si2O6Mon.
9.DA.30SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

65.1.1.1ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
65.1.1.2ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
65.1.1.2EliseeviteLiNa1.5Ti2(H1.5Si4O12)O2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
65.1.1.4Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.18.1NambuliteLiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.2Natronambulite(Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)4Si5O14OHTric.
14.18.3ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2OTrig.
14.18.4NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.5ShafranovskiteNa3K2(Mn,Fe,Na)4[Si9(O,OH)27](OH)2 · nH2OTrig.
14.18.6AbswurmbachiteCuMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.7Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2Orth.
14.18.9CaryopiliteMn2+3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
14.18.10Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8Orth.
14.18.11Tirodite
14.18.12Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth.
14.18.13BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.14GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.18.15Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2OTrig.
14.18.16SantaclaraiteCaMn4[Si5O14OH](OH) · H2OTric.
14.18.17FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
14.18.18JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.18.19NeltneriteCaMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.20OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2OHex.
14.18.21InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.18.22OrientiteCa8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O Orth.
14.18.23RuiziteCa2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2OMon. 2
14.18.24BostwickiteCaMn3+6Si3O16 · 7H2OOrth.
14.18.25KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2OHex.
14.18.26LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.27SeranditeNaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.28KvanefjelditeNa4(Ca,Mn)(Si3O7)2(OH)2Orth.
14.18.29MarsturiteNaCaMn3Si5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.30RaiteNa4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
14.18.31Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.32Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ama2
14.18.33Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5Mon.
14.18.34CalderiteMn2+3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso.
14.18.35PyroxmangiteMnSiO3Tric. 1
14.18.36Dannemorite☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.18.37Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
14.18.38BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.39ManganbabingtoniteCa2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.40ÖrebroiteMn2+3(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3Hex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KanoiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Clark, J.R., Appleman, D.E., Papike, J.J. (1969) Crystal-chemical characterization of clinopyroxenes based on eight new structure refinements. MSA Special Paper: 2: 31-50.
Kobayashi, H. (1977) Kanoite, (Mn2+,Mg)2[Si2O6], a new clinopyroxene in the metamorphic rock from Tatehira, Oshima Peninsula, Hokkaido, Japan. Chishitsugaku Zasshi: 83: 537-542.
Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J. (1978) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 63: 595.
Morimoto, N. (1989) Nomenclature of pyroxenes. The Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 143-156.
Gnos, E., Armbruster, T., Nyfeler, D. (1996): Kanoite, donpeacorite and tirodite: Mn-Mg-silicates from a manganiferous quartzite in the United Arab Emirates. European Journal of Mineralogy 8, 251-261.

Internet Links for KanoiteHide

Localities for KanoiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Birch, W. D., ed. (1999): The minerals of Broken Hill. Broken Hill City Council and Museum of Victoria, Broken Hill, Australia, 289 pp.
Finland
 
  • South Ostrobothnia
    • Seinäjoki-Lapua
Heikkilä, Pasi 2003. Vittinki-ryhmän metaserttien geologia ja mineralogia Etelä-Pohjanmaalla. Pro gradu, matemaattis-luonnontieteellinen tiedekunta, Geologian laitos. Helsingin Yliopisto.
Japan (TL)
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Oshima Subprefecture
      • Futami District
        • Yakumo
          • Kumaishi
Kobayashi, H. (1977): Kanoite, (Mn2+,Mg)2[Si2O6], a new clinopyroxene in the metamorphic rock from Tatehira, Oshima Peninsula, Hokkaido, Japan. Chishitsugaku Zasshi 83, 537-542.; Tomohiro Morishita, Hiroharu Mastueda (2011) Mineral assemblage and genesis of the Tatehira manganese ore deposit, Southeast Hokkaido, Japan. Abstracts for Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences 2011 Session ID: R1-P22
  • Miyazaki Prefecture
    • Nishiusuki District
      • Hinokage
Gunnar Färber specimens.
Russia
 
  • Primorsky Krai
Kazachenko, V. T., Perevoznikova, E. V., Miroshnichenko, N. V., Karabtsov, A. A., & Solyanik, V. A. (2006, July). Metalliferous sediments of the Triassic cherty formation in the Ol’ga ore district of primorye: Tin-noble metal ores of a new genetic type. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 409, No. 2, pp. 847-852). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Sweden
 
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Nordmark District
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018, Ulf Nyberg material
United Arab Emirates
 
  • Emirate of Fujairah
    • Semail Ophiolite
      • Khawr Fakkan Massif (Khor Fakkan)
European Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 9 , 953-964
USA
 
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Balmat-Edwards Zinc Mining District
NY State Museum spec. no. 13664
 
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