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Kalistrontite

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Formula:
K2Sr(SO4)2
Colour:
Colorless
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
3.2
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
In allusion to its composition, containing potassium (Latin = KALIum), and STRONTium.
Isostructural with:
The strontium analogue of Palmierite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of KalistrontiteHide

Approved
First Published:
1962
7.AD.40

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
A : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations
28.4.3.2

28 : ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
4 : Miscellaneous
25.4.16

25 : Sulphates
4 : Sulphates of Ca, Sr and Ba

Physical Properties of KalistrontiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colorless
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{0001}
Comment:
Easily split by pressing with a needle
Density:
3.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.32 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of KalistrontiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.569 nε = 1.549
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low

Chemical Properties of KalistrontiteHide

Formula:
K2Sr(SO4)2

Crystallography of KalistrontiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.46 Å, c = 20.84 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.817
Unit Cell V:
538.04 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of KalistrontiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Single crystals, elongated along the prism, up to 15-20 mm long and as flattened hexagonal tablets up to 22 mm in diameter
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Saline anhydrite containing clay and dolomite and a little sylvite
Reference:
Voronova, M.L. (1962) Kalistrontite, a new mineral of potassium and strontium sulfate. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 91: 712-717.

Other Language Names for KalistrontiteHide

Simplified Chinese:钾锶矾
硫锶钾石

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.AD.CalciolangbeiniteK2Ca2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
7.AD.BubnovaiteK2Na8Ca(SO4)6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
7.AD.05ArcaniteK2SO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.AD.05Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.AD.10MercalliteKHSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.AD.15MiseniteK8H6(SO4)7Mon.
7.AD.20Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2Tric.
7.AD.25GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
7.AD.30AnhydriteCaSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.AD.35AnglesitePbSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.AD.35BaryteBaSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.AD.35CelestineSrSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.AD.35OlsacheritePb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)Orth.
7.AD.40Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

28.4.3.1Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
28.4.3.3MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.4.1AnhydriteCaSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.4.2BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2OMon. 2 : B2
25.4.3GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
25.4.4GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
25.4.5CesaniteNa3Ca2(SO4)3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
25.4.6EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2OMon.
25.4.7HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2OMon.
25.4.8SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.4.9GörgeyiteK2Ca5(SO4)6 · H2OMon.
25.4.10PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric. 1
25.4.11Koktaite(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2OMon.
25.4.12Ye'elimiteCa4Al6(SO4)O12Iso.
25.4.13EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
25.4.14BentoriteCa6(Cr3+,Al)2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
25.4.15CelestineSrSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
25.4.17BaryteBaSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Other InformationHide

Thermal Behaviour:
Endothermal effect at 634 degrees (scale not given).
Notes:
Insoluble in water, dissolves in HCl when heated, with separation of SrSO4
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KalistrontiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Voronova, M.L. (1962) Kalistrontite, a new mineral of potassium and strontium sulfate. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 91: 712-717. (in Russian)
Fleischer, M. (1963) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 48: 708-712.
International Mineralogical Association (1967) Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 131-136.
Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma (1979): 48: 195-203.
Kemp, S.J., Rushton, J.C., Horstwood, M.S.A., Nénert, G. (2018) Kalistrontite, its occurrence, structure, genesis, and significance for the evolution of potash deposits in North Yorkshire, U.K.. American Mineralogist: 103: 1136-1150.

Internet Links for KalistrontiteHide

Localities for KalistrontiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Sichuan
    • Dazhou
      • Qu Co.
Min Mo (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(2), 154-158
    • Guang'an
      • Linshui Co.
Yaoting Lin and Jinquan He (2004): Geology of Chemical Minerals 26(3), 145-149
  • Xinjiang
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Xiaohong Sun, Chenglin Liu, and Zhiqiang Xuan (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(4), 631-639
  • Yunnan
    • Pu'er
      • Jiangcheng County
Li, M., Yan, M., Wang, Z., Liu, X., Fang, X., & Li, J. (2015). The origins of the Mengye potash deposit in the Lanping–Simao Basin, Yunnan Province, Western China. Ore Geology Reviews, 69, 174-186.
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Lüneburg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Israel
 
Vapnik, Y., Galuskina, I., Murashko, M., Britvin, S., & Galuskin, E. (2014). The Hatrurim Complex-the New Unique Locality on World Mineral Map: the Review of Mineral Discoveries. In Israel Geological Society 2014, Annual Meeting, En Boqeq (pp. 143-144).
Italy
 
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Bracciano Lake
        • Cesano geothermal field
Maras, A. (1979): Studi sui minerali del Lazio: la kalistrontite di Cesano. Per. Mineral., 48, 195-203; abstr. in Riv. Mineral. Ital., 4, 3 (3-1980), 69-70; Stoppani, F.S., Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
Namibia
 
  • Omaheke Region
    • Aminuis
Mees, F. (1999): Distribution patterns of gypsum and kalistrontite in a dry lake basin of the southwestern Kalahari (Omongwa pan, Namibia). Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 24, 731-744.
Russia (TL)
 
  • Bashkortostan
    • Sterlitamak District
Am Min 48 (1963), 708; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Voronnova M L (1962) Kalistrontite, a new potassium strontium sulfate. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 91, issue 6, 712-717
Turkey
 
  • Kütahya Province
    • Emet
      • Doğanlar village
J. García-Veigas, L. Rosell, X. Alcobé, I. Subias, F. Ortí, I. Gündogan and C. Helvaci (2010) Fontarnauite, a New Sulphate-Borate Mineral from the Emet Borate District (Turkey). Macla 13, 97-98. ; Cooper, M. A., Hawthorne, F. C., García-Veigas, J., Alcobé, X., Helvaci, C., Grew, E. S., & Ball, N. A. (2015). Fontarnauite,(Na, K) 2 (Sr, Ca)(SO4)[B5O8 (OH)](H2O) 2, A New Sulfate-Borate Mineral From Doğanlar (Emet), Kütahya Province, Western Anatolia, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(5), 803-820.; García-Veigas, J., Rosell, L., Ortí, F., Gündoğan, İ., & Helvacı, C. (2011). Mineralogy, diagenesis and hydrochemical evolution in a probertite–glauberite–halite saline lake (Miocene, Emet Basin, Turkey). Chemical Geology, 280(3-4), 352-364.
UK
 
  • England
    • North Yorkshire
      • Scarborough
Smith, F.W., Dearlove, J.P.L., Kemp, S.J., Bell, C.P., Milne, C.J. and Pottas, T.L. (2014) Potash – Recent exploration developments in North Yorkshire. Pp. 45-50 in Hunger, E., Brown, T. J. and Lucas, G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 17th Extractive Industry Geology Conference, EIG Conferences Ltd. 202pp
Ukraine
 
  • Lviv Oblast
    • Drohobych
Griniv, S. P., Iorysh, Z. I. & Skul'skaya, L. I. (1986): Kalistrontite from the Stebnik deposit of potassium salts. Mineralogicheskii Sbornik (Lvov) 40, 74-78. (in Russian)
 
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