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Amphibole Supergroup

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About Amphibole SupergroupHide

Formula:
AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
A = ☐, Na, K, Ca, Pb2+
X = Li, Na, Mg, Fe2+, Mn2+, Ca
Z = Li, Na, Mg, Fe2+, Mn2+, Zn, Co, Ni, Al, Fe3+, Cr3+, Mn3+, V3+, Ti, Zr

The IMA nomenclature report (Hawthorne et al., 2012) uses the general formula AB2C5T8W2. On mindat.org we avoid using variables with the same symbol as elements and we use X rather than B, Z rather than C and (OH,F,Cl,O) rather than W.
Name:
The name amphibole (Greek αμφιβολος - amphibolos meaning 'ambiguous') was used by René Just Haüy to include tremolite, actinolite, tourmaline, and hornblende. The group was so named by Haüy in allusion to the protean variety, in composition and appearance, assumed by its minerals. This term has since been applied to the whole group. (Wikipedia).
An extensive and complex group of minerals presently divided into a group/subgroup/root-name hierarchy (see group/subgroup/root-name files for the individual species). The amphibole group remains under study with the most recent, IMA-approved nomenclature being published in 2012 (Hawthorne et al., 2012, superseding Hawthorne & Oberti, 2006).

Individual members can often only be correctly identified by a combination of chemical-analytical, X-ray diffraction and spectroscopic methods.

The crystal symmetry is either monoclinic (more common) or orthorhombic.


Classification of Amphibole SupergroupHide

Notes:
IMA Approved Group Name

Chemical Properties of Amphibole SupergroupHide

Formula:
AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2

A = ☐, Na, K, Ca, Pb2+
X = Li, Na, Mg, Fe2+, Mn2+, Ca
Z = Li, Na, Mg, Fe2+, Mn2+, Zn, Co, Ni, Al, Fe3+, Cr3+, Mn3+, V3+, Ti, Zr

The IMA nomenclature report (Hawthorne et al., 2012) uses the general formula AB2C5T8W2. On mindat.org we avoid using variables with the same symbol as elements and we use X rather than B, Z rather than C and (OH,F,Cl,O) rather than W.

Age distributionHide

Recorded ages:
Paleoproterozoic to Quaternary : 1908 ± 15 Ma to 0.19 ± 0.05 Ma - based on 24 recorded ages.

Crystallographic forms of Amphibole SupergroupHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Amphibole no.7 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Amphibole no.39 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0001981ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001982ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature after heating at 700 C American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001983ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001984ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature after heating at 700 C American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001985ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001986ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature after heating at 700 C American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001987ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001988ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature after heating at 700 C American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001989ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001990ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature after heating at 600 C American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001991ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature after heating at 700 C American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001992ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature after heating at 800 C American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001993ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001994ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature after heating at 700 C American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001995ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001996ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature after heating at 700 C American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001997ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0001998ActinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature after heating at 700 C American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0004419Ferro-taramiteOberti R, Boiocchi M, Smith D C, Medenbach O (2007) Aluminotaramite, alumino-magnesiotaramite, and fluoro-alumino-magnesiotaramite: Mineral data and crystal chemistry American Mineralogist 92 1428-14352007Liset kyanite-eclogite pod, Vestlandet, Norway0293
0017657AnthophylliteWarren B, Modell D (1930) The structure of Anthophyllite H2 Mg7 (Si O3)8 _cod_database_code 1010935 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 75 161-17919300293
0010994AnthophylliteWalitzi E M, Walter F, Ettinger K (1989) Verfeinerung der kristallstruktur von anthophyllit vom Ochsenkogel/Gleinalpe, Osterreich Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 188 237-24419890293
0001597ArfvedsoniteHawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Oberti R, Bottazzi P, Czamanske G K (1993) Li: an important component in igneous alkali amphiboles American Mineralogist 78 733-7451993Questa caldera, New Mexico0293
0001598ArfvedsoniteHawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Oberti R, Bottazzi P, Czamanske G K (1993) Li: an important component in igneous alkali amphiboles American Mineralogist 78 733-74519930293
0005126ArfvedsoniteHawthorne F C (1976) The crystal chemistry of the amphiboles: V. The structure and chemistry of arfvedsonite The Canadian Mineralogist 14 346-35619760293
0019554BarroisiteHeritsch H, Paulitsch P, Walitzi E M (1957) Die Struktur von Karinthin und einer barroisitischen Hornblende Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 6 215-2219570293
0000145CummingtoniteFischer K F (1966) A further refinement of the crystal structure of cummingtonite (Mg,Fe)7(Si4O11)2(OH)2 American Mineralogist 51 814-81819660293
0001266CummingtoniteGhose S, Yang H (1989) Mn-Mg distribution in a C2/m manganoan cummingtonite: Crystal-chemical considerations American Mineralogist 74 1091-109619890293
0001752CummingtoniteYang H, Hirschmann M M (1995) Crystal structure of P2_1/m ferromagnesian amphibole and the role of cation ordering and composition in the P2_1/m - C2/m transition in cummingtonite American Mineralogist 80 916-92219950293
0001753CummingtoniteYang H, Hirschmann M M (1995) Crystal structure of P2_1/m ferromagnesian amphibole and the role of cation ordering and composition in the P2_1/m - C2/m transition in cummingtonite American Mineralogist 80 916-92219950293
0001754CummingtoniteYang H, Hirschmann M M (1995) Crystal structure of P2_1/m ferromagnesian amphibole and the role of cation ordering and composition in the P2_1/m - C2/m transition in cummingtonite American Mineralogist 80 916-92219950293
0001788CummingtoniteYang H, Smyth J R (1996) Crystal structure of a P2_1/m ferromagnesian cummingtonite at 140 K American Mineralogist 81 363-36819960140
0001789CummingtoniteYang H, Smyth J R (1996) Crystal structure of a P2_1/m ferromagnesian cummingtonite at 140 K American Mineralogist 81 363-36819960295
0001970CummingtoniteYang H, Hazen R M, Prewitt C T, Finger L W, Lu R, Hemley R J (1998) High-pressure single-crystal X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopic studies of the C2/m-P2_1/m phase transition in cummingtonite American Mineralogist 83 288-29919980293
0001971CummingtoniteYang H, Hazen R M, Prewitt C T, Finger L W, Lu R, Hemley R J (1998) High-pressure single-crystal X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopic studies of the C2/m-P2_1/m phase transition in cummingtonite American Mineralogist 83 288-29919980.6293
0001972CummingtoniteYang H, Hazen R M, Prewitt C T, Finger L W, Lu R, Hemley R J (1998) High-pressure single-crystal X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopic studies of the C2/m-P2_1/m phase transition in cummingtonite American Mineralogist 83 288-29919981.1293
0001973CummingtoniteYang H, Hazen R M, Prewitt C T, Finger L W, Lu R, Hemley R J (1998) High-pressure single-crystal X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopic studies of the C2/m-P2_1/m phase transition in cummingtonite American Mineralogist 83 288-29919981.32293
0001974CummingtoniteYang H, Hazen R M, Prewitt C T, Finger L W, Lu R, Hemley R J (1998) High-pressure single-crystal X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopic studies of the C2/m-P2_1/m phase transition in cummingtonite American Mineralogist 83 288-29919982.97293
0001975CummingtoniteYang H, Hazen R M, Prewitt C T, Finger L W, Lu R, Hemley R J (1998) High-pressure single-crystal X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopic studies of the C2/m-P2_1/m phase transition in cummingtonite American Mineralogist 83 288-29919985.09293
0001976CummingtoniteYang H, Hazen R M, Prewitt C T, Finger L W, Lu R, Hemley R J (1998) High-pressure single-crystal X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopic studies of the C2/m-P2_1/m phase transition in cummingtonite American Mineralogist 83 288-29919987.9293
0020422EckermanniteOberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ball N A, Harlow G E (2015) Eckermannite revised: The new holotype from the Jade Mine Tract, Myanmar-crystal structure, mineral data, and hints on the reasons for the rarity of eckermannite American Mineralogist 100 909-9142015Jade Mine Tract, Kachin Province, Myanmar0293
0001999Ferro-actinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature in an alteration of hornblende American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0002000Ferro-actinoliteEvans B W, Yang H (1998) Fe-Mg order-disorder in tremolite-actinolite-ferro-actinolite at ambient and high temperature in an alteration of hornblende, after heating at 700 C American Mineralogist 83 458-47519980293
0012672Ferro-hornblendeGuha R, Nag D K, Iyengar S V P (1987) Structure of an amphibole from Simlipal granite, India Indian Minerals 41 32-411987Simlipal granite, India0293
0000215GedritePapike J J, Ross M (1970) Gedrites: Crystal structures and intracrystalline cation distributions sample 001 American Mineralogist 55 1945-197219700293
0000182GlaucophanePapike J J, Clark J R (1968) The crystal structure and cation distribution of glaucophane American Mineralogist 53 1156-117319680293
0006415GlaucophaneComodi P, Mellini M, Ungaretti L, Zanazzi P F (1991) Compressibility and high pressure structure refinement of tremolite, pargasite and glaucophane European Journal of Mineralogy 3 485-49919910293
0006416GlaucophaneComodi P, Mellini M, Ungaretti L, Zanazzi P F (1991) Compressibility and high pressure structure refinement of tremolite, pargasite and glaucophane European Journal of Mineralogy 3 485-49919910293
0006417GlaucophaneComodi P, Mellini M, Ungaretti L, Zanazzi P F (1991) Compressibility and high pressure structure refinement of tremolite, pargasite and glaucophane European Journal of Mineralogy 3 485-49919910293
0000002GruneriteFinger L W (1969) The crystal structure and cation distribution of a grunerite Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper 2 95-1001969Wabush iron formation, Labrador, Canada0293
0001269HastingsiteMakino K, Tomita K (1989) Cation distribution in the octahedral sites of hornblendes sample O-H from Obira, Japan American Mineralogist 74 1097-110519890293
0014502HastingsiteMakino K, Tomita K, Suwa K (1993) Effect of chlorine on the crystal structure of a chlorine-rich hastingsite Mineralogical Magazine 57 677-6851993West Ongul, East Antarctica0293
0003813HolmquistiteCamara F, Oberti R (2005) The crystal-chemistry of holmquistites: Ferroholmquistite from Greenbushes (Western Australia) and hints for compositional constraints in B-Li amphiboles American Mineralogist 90 1167-117620050293
0003814HolmquistiteCamara F, Oberti R (2005) The crystal-chemistry of holmquistites: Ferroholmquistite from Greenbushes (Western Australia) and hints for compositional constraints in B-Li amphiboles American Mineralogist 90 1167-117620050293
0003815HolmquistiteCamara F, Oberti R (2005) The crystal-chemistry of holmquistites: Ferroholmquistite from Greenbushes (Western Australia) and hints for compositional constraints in B-Li amphiboles American Mineralogist 90 1167-117620050293
0003816HolmquistiteCamara F, Oberti R (2005) The crystal-chemistry of holmquistites: Ferroholmquistite from Greenbushes (Western Australia) and hints for compositional constraints in B-Li amphiboles American Mineralogist 90 1167-117620050293
0003817HolmquistiteCamara F, Oberti R (2005) The crystal-chemistry of holmquistites: Ferroholmquistite from Greenbushes (Western Australia) and hints for compositional constraints in B-Li amphiboles American Mineralogist 90 1167-117620050293
0003818HolmquistiteCamara F, Oberti R (2005) The crystal-chemistry of holmquistites: Ferroholmquistite from Greenbushes (Western Australia) and hints for compositional constraints in B-Li amphiboles American Mineralogist 90 1167-117620050293
0014625JoesmithiteMoore P B, Davis A M, Van Derveer D G, Sen Gutpa P K (1993) Joesmithite, a plumbous amphibole revisited and comments on bond valences Mineralogy and Petrology 48 97-1131993Langban, Sweden0293
0005060KaersutiteComopdi P, Boffa Ballaran T, Zanazzi P F, Capalbo C, Zanetti A, Nazzareni S (2010) The effect of oxo-component on the high-pressure behavior of amphiboles American Mineralogist 95 1042-10512010an alkaline basalt of the Massif Central, France0.0001293
0005061KaersutiteComopdi P, Boffa Ballaran T, Zanazzi P F, Capalbo C, Zanetti A, Nazzareni S (2010) The effect of oxo-component on the high-pressure behavior of amphiboles American Mineralogist 95 1042-10512010an alkaline basalt of the Massif Central, France0.26293
0005062KaersutiteComopdi P, Boffa Ballaran T, Zanazzi P F, Capalbo C, Zanetti A, Nazzareni S (2010) The effect of oxo-component on the high-pressure behavior of amphiboles American Mineralogist 95 1042-10512010an alkaline basalt of the Massif Central, France2.85293
0005063KaersutiteComopdi P, Boffa Ballaran T, Zanazzi P F, Capalbo C, Zanetti A, Nazzareni S (2010) The effect of oxo-component on the high-pressure behavior of amphiboles American Mineralogist 95 1042-10512010an alkaline basalt of the Massif Central, France3.74293
0005064KaersutiteComopdi P, Boffa Ballaran T, Zanazzi P F, Capalbo C, Zanetti A, Nazzareni S (2010) The effect of oxo-component on the high-pressure behavior of amphiboles American Mineralogist 95 1042-10512010an alkaline basalt of the Massif Central, France4.31293
0005065KaersutiteComopdi P, Boffa Ballaran T, Zanazzi P F, Capalbo C, Zanetti A, Nazzareni S (2010) The effect of oxo-component on the high-pressure behavior of amphiboles American Mineralogist 95 1042-10512010an alkaline basalt of the Massif Central, France4.84293
0005066KaersutiteComopdi P, Boffa Ballaran T, Zanazzi P F, Capalbo C, Zanetti A, Nazzareni S (2010) The effect of oxo-component on the high-pressure behavior of amphiboles American Mineralogist 95 1042-10512010an alkaline basalt of the Massif Central, France6.35293
0005067KaersutiteComopdi P, Boffa Ballaran T, Zanazzi P F, Capalbo C, Zanetti A, Nazzareni S (2010) The effect of oxo-component on the high-pressure behavior of amphiboles American Mineralogist 95 1042-10512010an alkaline basalt of Deadman Lake Volcanic Area, USA0.0001293
0005068KaersutiteComopdi P, Boffa Ballaran T, Zanazzi P F, Capalbo C, Zanetti A, Nazzareni S (2010) The effect of oxo-component on the high-pressure behavior of amphiboles American Mineralogist 95 1042-10512010an alkaline basalt of Deadman Lake Volcanic Area, USA0.67293
0005069KaersutiteComopdi P, Boffa Ballaran T, Zanazzi P F, Capalbo C, Zanetti A, Nazzareni S (2010) The effect of oxo-component on the high-pressure behavior of amphiboles American Mineralogist 95 1042-10512010an alkaline basalt of Deadman Lake Volcanic Area, USA3.65293
0005070KaersutiteComopdi P, Boffa Ballaran T, Zanazzi P F, Capalbo C, Zanetti A, Nazzareni S (2010) The effect of oxo-component on the high-pressure behavior of amphiboles American Mineralogist 95 1042-10512010an alkaline basalt of Deadman Lake Volcanic Area, USA4.54293
0005071KaersutiteComopdi P, Boffa Ballaran T, Zanazzi P F, Capalbo C, Zanetti A, Nazzareni S (2010) The effect of oxo-component on the high-pressure behavior of amphiboles American Mineralogist 95 1042-10512010an alkaline basalt of Deadman Lake Volcanic Area, USA5.42293
0006773KaersutiteTiepolo M, Zanetti A, Oberti R (1999) Detection, crystal-chemical mechanisms and petrological implications of Ti partitioning in pargasite and kaersutite European Journal of Mineralogy 11 345-35419990293
0006774KaersutiteTiepolo M, Zanetti A, Oberti R (1999) Detection, crystal-chemical mechanisms and petrological implications of Ti4+ partitioning in pargasite and kaersutite European Journal of Mineralogy 11 345-35419990293
0006775KaersutiteTiepolo M, Zanetti A, Oberti R (1999) Detection, crystal-chemical mechanisms and petrological implications of Ti4+ partitioning in pargasite and kaersutite European Journal of Mineralogy 11 345-35419990293
0006776KaersutiteTiepolo M, Zanetti A, Oberti R (1999) Detection, crystal-chemical mechanisms and petrological implications of Ti4+ partitioning in pargasite and kaersutite European Journal of Mineralogy 11 345-35419990293
0017887Mangano-ferri-eckermanniteBarkley M C, Yang H, Downs R T (2010) Kozulite, a Mn-rich alkali amphibole Acta Crystallographica E66 i83-i832010Tanohata mine, Iwate Prefecture, Tohoku Region, Honshu Island, Japan0293
0001541Ferri-leakeiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Ungaretti L, Grice J D (1992) Leakeite, NaNa2(Mg2Fe2Li)Si8O22(OH)2, a new alkali amphibole from the Kajlidongri manganese mine, Jhabua district, Madhya Pradesh, India American Mineralogist 77 1112-11151992Kajlidongri manganese mine, Jhabua district, Madhya Pradesh, India0293
0001655Ferri-leakeiteHawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Oberti R, Cannillo E (1994) The mechanism of Li incorporation in amphiboles American Mineralogist 79 443-4511994Kajlidongri, Madhya Pradesh, India0293
0001656Ferri-leakeiteHawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Oberti R, Cannillo E (1994) The mechanism of Li incorporation in amphiboles American Mineralogist 79 443-4511994Kajlidongri, Madhya Pradesh, India0293
0001657Ferri-leakeiteHawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Oberti R, Cannillo E (1994) The mechanism of Li incorporation in amphiboles American Mineralogist 79 443-4511994Kajlidongri, Madhya Pradesh, India0293
0020051Ferri-leakeiteOberti R, Camara F, Caballero J M (2004) Ferri-ottoliniite and ferriwhittakerite, two new end-members of the new Group 5 for monoclinic amphiboles American Mineralogist 89 888-8932004Pedriza massif, Sierra de Guadarrama, Spain0293
0012382Ferri-katophoritePushcharovsky D Y, Lebedeva Y S, Pekov I V, Ferraris G, Novakova A A, Ivaldi G (2003) Crystal structure of magnesioferrikatophorite Crystallography Reports 48 16-232003Turiy Cape, Kola Peninsula, Russia0293
0010840Magnesio-hastingsiteWalitzi E M, Walter F (1981) Verfeinerung der kristallstruktur eines basaltischen magnesio-hastingsites Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 156 197-2081981Untertiefenbach, Austria0293
0007427Magnesio-arfvedsoniteGhose S, Kersten M, Langer K, Rossi G, Ungaretti L (1986) Crystal field spectra and Jahn Teller effect of Mn3+ in clinopyroxene and clinoamphiboles from India Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 13 291-30519860293
0020742Magnesio-arfvedsoniteOberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ball N A, Harlow G E (2015) Magnesio-arfvedsonite from Jade mine tract, Myanmar: mineral description and crystal chemistry Mineralogical Magazine 79 253-2602015Jade mine tract, Myanmar0293
0001081PargasiteRaudsepp M, Turnock A C, Hawthorne F C, Sherriff B L, Hartman J S (1987) Characterization of synthetic pargasitic amphiboles (NaCa2Mg4M3+Si6Al2O22(OH,F)2; M3+ = Al,Cr,Ga,Sc,In) by infrared spectroscopy, Rietveld structure refinement, and 27Al, 29Si, and 19F MAS NMR spectroscopy American Mineralogist 72 580-59319870293
0001082PargasiteRaudsepp M, Turnock A C, Hawthorne F C, Sherriff B L, Hartman J S (1987) Characterization of synthetic pargasitic amphiboles (NaCa2Mg4M3+Si6Al2O22(OH,F)2; M3+ = Al,Cr,Ga,Sc,In) by infrared spectroscopy, Rietveld structure refinement, and 27Al, 29Si, and 19F MAS NMR spectroscopy American Mineralogist 72 580-59319870293
0001083PargasiteRaudsepp M, Turnock A C, Hawthorne F C, Sherriff B L, Hartman J S (1987) Characterization of synthetic pargasitic amphiboles (NaCa2Mg4M3+Si6Al2O22(OH,F)2; M3+ = Al,Cr,Ga,Sc,In) by infrared spectroscopy, Rietveld structure refinement, and 27Al, 29Si, and 19F MAS NMR spectroscopy American Mineralogist 72 580-59319870293
0001084PargasiteRaudsepp M, Turnock A C, Hawthorne F C, Sherriff B L, Hartman J S (1987) Characterization of synthetic pargasitic amphiboles (NaCa2Mg4M3+Si6Al2O22(OH,F)2; M3+ = Al,Cr,Ga,Sc,In) by infrared spectroscopy, Rietveld structure refinement, and 27Al, 29Si, and 19F MAS NMR spectroscopy American Mineralogist 72 580-59319870293
0001085PargasiteRaudsepp M, Turnock A C, Hawthorne F C, Sherriff B L, Hartman J S (1987) Characterization of synthetic pargasitic amphiboles (NaCa2Mg4M3+Si6Al2O22(OH,F)2; M3+ = Al,Cr,Ga,Sc,In) by infrared spectroscopy, Rietveld structure refinement, and 27Al, 29Si, and 19F MAS NMR spectroscopy American Mineralogist 72 580-59319870293
0001267PargasiteMakino K, Tomita K (1989) Cation distribution in the octahedral sites of hornblendes sample I-P from Iratsu, Japan American Mineralogist 74 1097-110519890293
0001268PargasiteMakino K, Tomita K (1989) Cation distribution in the octahedral sites of hornblendes sample E-P from Einstodingen, Antarctica American Mineralogist 74 1097-110519890293
0001270PargasiteMakino K, Tomita K (1989) Cation distribution in the octahedral sites of hornblendes sample P-P from Parau Island American Mineralogist 74 1097-110519890293
0001826PargasiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Ungaretti L, Grice J D (1996) A new hyper-calcic amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland American Mineralogist 81 995-100219960293
0002275PargasiteSharma A, Jenkins D M (1999) Hydrothermal synthesis of amphiboles along the tremolite-pargasite join and in the ternary system tremolite-pargasite-cummingtonite American Mineralogist 84 1304-131819990293
0002276PargasiteSharma A, Jenkins D M (1999) Hydrothermal synthesis of amphiboles along the tremolite-pargasite join and in the ternary system tremolite-pargasite-cummingtonite American Mineralogist 84 1304-131819990293
0002277PargasiteSharma A, Jenkins D M (1999) Hydrothermal synthesis of amphiboles along the tremolite-pargasite join and in the ternary system tremolite-pargasite-cummingtonite American Mineralogist 84 1304-131819990293
0002278PargasiteSharma A, Jenkins D M (1999) Hydrothermal synthesis of amphiboles along the tremolite-pargasite join and in the ternary system tremolite-pargasite-cummingtonite American Mineralogist 84 1304-131819990293
0002279PargasiteSharma A, Jenkins D M (1999) Hydrothermal synthesis of amphiboles along the tremolite-pargasite join and in the ternary system tremolite-pargasite-cummingtonite American Mineralogist 84 1304-131819990293
0002351PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 1 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002352PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 2 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002353PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 3 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002354PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies Sample 4 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002355PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 5 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002356PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 6 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002357PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 7 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002358PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 8 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002359PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 9 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002360PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 10 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002361PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 11 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002362PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 12 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002363PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 13 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002364PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 14 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002365PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 15 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002366PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 16 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002367PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 17 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002368PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 18 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002369PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 19 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002370PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 20 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002371PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 21 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002372PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 22 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0019530PargasiteHalenius U, Bosi F (2012) Cation ordering in Pb2+-bearing, Mn3+-rich pargasite from Langban, Sweden American Mineralogist 97 1635-16402012Langban, Sweden0293
0005420PargasiteJenkins D M, Hawthorne F C (1995) Synthesis and rietveld refinement of amphibole along the join Ca2Mg5Si8O22F2 - NaCa2Mg4Ga3Si6O22F2 The Canadian Mineralogist 33 13-241995Synthetic0293
0005421PargasiteJenkins D M, Hawthorne F C (1995) Synthesis and rietveld refinement of amphibole along the join Ca2Mg5Si8O22F2 - NaCa2Mg4Ga3Si6O22F2 The Canadian Mineralogist 33 13-241995Synthetic0293
0005422PargasiteJenkins D M, Hawthorne F C (1995) Synthesis and rietveld refinement of amphibole along the join Ca2Mg5Si8O22F2 - NaCa2Mg4Ga3Si6O22F2 The Canadian Mineralogist 33 13-241995Synthetic0293
0005423PargasiteJenkins D M, Hawthorne F C (1995) Synthesis and rietveld refinement of amphibole along the join Ca2Mg5Si8O22F2 - NaCa2Mg4Ga3Si6O22F2 The Canadian Mineralogist 33 13-241995Synthetic0293
0005424PargasiteJenkins D M, Hawthorne F C (1995) Synthesis and rietveld refinement of amphibole along the join Ca2Mg5Si8O22F2 - NaCa2Mg4Ga3Si6O22F2 The Canadian Mineralogist 33 13-241995Synthetic0293
0005455PargasiteOberti R, Hawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E (1995) [6]Al disorder in amphiboles from mantle peridotites The Canadian Mineralogist 33 867-87819950293
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0005494PargasiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Sardone N (1996) Sodium at the A site in clinoamphiboles: the effects of composition on patterns of order The Canadian Mineralogist 34 577-59319960293
0005495PargasiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Sardone N (1996) Sodium at the A site in clinoamphiboles: the effects of composition on patterns of order The Canadian Mineralogist 34 577-59319960293
0005496PargasiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Sardone N (1996) Sodium at the A site in clinoamphiboles: the effects of composition on patterns of order The Canadian Mineralogist 34 577-59319960293
0005497PargasiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Sardone N (1996) Sodium at the A site in clinoamphiboles: the effects of composition on patterns of order The Canadian Mineralogist 34 577-59319960293
0005571PargasiteOberti R, Hawthorne F C, Camara F, Raudsepp M (1998) Synthetic fluoro-amphiboles: site preferences of Al, Ga, Sc and inductive effects on mean bond-lengths of octahedra The Canadian Mineralogist 36 1245-125219980293
0005759PargasiteTait K T, Hawthorne F C, Della Ventura G (2001) Al-Mg disorder in a gem-quality pargasite from Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada The Canadian Mineralogist 39 1725-17322001Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada0293
0006418PargasiteComodi P, Mellini M, Ungaretti L, Zanazzi P F (1991) Compressibility and high pressure structure refinement of tremolite, pargasite and glaucophane European Journal of Mineralogy 3 485-49919910293
0006419PargasiteComodi P, Mellini M, Ungaretti L, Zanazzi P F (1991) Compressibility and high pressure structure refinement of tremolite, pargasite and glaucophane European Journal of Mineralogy 3 485-49919910293
0006603PargasiteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C, Memmi I (1995) Temperature-dependent Al order-disorder in the tetrahedral double chain of C2/m amphiboles European Journal of Mineralogy 7 1049-106319950293
0006604PargasiteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C, Memmi I (1995) Temperature-dependent Al order-disorder in the tetrahedral double chain of C2/m amphiboles European Journal of Mineralogy 7 1049-106319950293
0006605PargasiteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C, Memmi I (1995) Temperature-dependent Al order-disorder in the tetrahedral double chain of C2/m amphiboles European Journal of Mineralogy 7 1049-106319950293
0006771PargasiteWelch M D, Knight K S (1999) A neutron powder diffraction study of cation ordering in high-temperature synthetic amphiboles European Journal of Mineralogy 11 321-33119990293
0001574RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Site occupancies in monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic magnesium cobalt potassium richterite Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 633-64019930293
0001575RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Site occupancies in monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic magnesium cobalt potassium richterite Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 633-64019930293
0001576RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Site occupancies in monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic magnesium cobalt potassium richterite Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 633-64019930293
0001577RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Site occupancies in monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic magnesium cobalt potassium richterite Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 633-64019930293
0001578RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Site occupancies in monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic magnesium cobalt potassium richterite Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 633-64019930293
0001579RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Site occupancies in monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic magnesium cobalt potassium richterite Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 633-64019930293
0001580RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Site occupancies in monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic magnesium cobalt potassium richterite Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 633-64019930293
0001581RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Site occupancies in monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic magnesium cobalt potassium richterite Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 633-64019930293
0001582RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Site occupancies in monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic magnesium cobalt potassium richterite Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 633-64019930293
0001583RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Site occupancies in monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic magnesium cobalt potassium richterite Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 633-64019930293
0001584RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Site occupancies in monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic magnesium cobalt potassium richterite Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 633-64019930293
0001609RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Beny J-M, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) The OH-F substitution in Ti-rich potassium richterite: Rietveld structure refinement and FTIR and micro-Raman spectroscopic studies of synthetic amphiboles in the system K2O-Na2O-CaO-MgO-SiO2-TiO2-H2O-HF Sample Rich58 Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 980-98719930293
0001610RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Beny J-M, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) The OH-F substitution in Ti-rich potassium richterite: Rietveld structure refinement and FTIR and micro-Raman spectroscopic studies of synthetic amphiboles in the system K2O-Na2O-CaO-MgO-SiO2-TiO2-H2O-HF Sample Rich59 Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 980-98719930293
0001611RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Beny J-M, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) The OH-F substitution in Ti-rich potassium richterite: Rietveld structure refinement and FTIR and micro-Raman spectroscopic studies of synthetic amphiboles in the system K2O-Na2O-CaO-MgO-SiO2-TiO2-H2O-HF Sample Rich60 Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 980-98719930293
0001612RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Beny J-M, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) The OH-F substitution in Ti-rich potassium richterite: Rietveld structure refinement and FTIR and micro-Raman spectroscopic studies of synthetic amphiboles in the system K2O-Na2O-CaO-MgO-SiO2-TiO2-H2O-HF Sample Rich61 Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 980-98719930293
0001613RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Beny J-M, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) The OH-F substitution in Ti-rich potassium richterite: Rietveld structure refinement and FTIR and micro-Raman spectroscopic studies of synthetic amphiboles in the system K2O-Na2O-CaO-MgO-SiO2-TiO2-H2O-HF Sample Rich62 Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 980-98719930293
0001614RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Beny J-M, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) The OH-F substitution in Ti-rich potassium richterite: Rietveld structure refinement and FTIR and micro-Raman spectroscopic studies of synthetic amphiboles in the system K2O-Na2O-CaO-MgO-SiO2-TiO2-H2O-HF Sample Rich63 Atomic parameters from ICSD American Mineralogist 78 980-98719930293
0001875RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C, Welch M D (1997) Site occupancies in synthetic monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement and infrared spectroscopy of (nickel, magnesium, cobalt)-richterite American Mineralogist 82 291-30119970293
0001876RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C, Welch M D (1997) Site occupancies in synthetic monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement and infrared spectroscopy of (nickel, magnesium, cobalt)-richterite American Mineralogist 82 291-30119970293
0001877RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C, Welch M D (1997) Site occupancies in synthetic monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement and infrared spectroscopy of (nickel, magnesium, cobalt)-richterite American Mineralogist 82 291-30119970293
0001878RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C, Welch M D (1997) Site occupancies in synthetic monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement and infrared spectroscopy of (nickel, magnesium, cobalt)-richterite American Mineralogist 82 291-30119970293
0001879RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C, Welch M D (1997) Site occupancies in synthetic monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement and infrared spectroscopy of (nickel, magnesium, cobalt)-richterite American Mineralogist 82 291-30119970293
0001880RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C, Welch M D (1997) Site occupancies in synthetic monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement and infrared spectroscopy of (nickel, magnesium, cobalt)-richterite American Mineralogist 82 291-30119970293
0001881RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C, Welch M D (1997) Site occupancies in synthetic monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement and infrared spectroscopy of (nickel, magnesium, cobalt)-richterite American Mineralogist 82 291-30119970293
0001882RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C, Welch M D (1997) Site occupancies in synthetic monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement and infrared spectroscopy of (nickel, magnesium, cobalt)-richterite American Mineralogist 82 291-30119970293
0001883RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C, Welch M D (1997) Site occupancies in synthetic monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement and infrared spectroscopy of (nickel, magnesium, cobalt)-richterite American Mineralogist 82 291-30119970293
0001884RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C, Welch M D (1997) Site occupancies in synthetic monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement and infrared spectroscopy of (nickel, magnesium, cobalt)-richterite American Mineralogist 82 291-30119970293
0001885RichteriteDella Ventura G, Robert J-L, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C, Welch M D (1997) Site occupancies in synthetic monoclinic amphiboles: Rietveld structure refinement and infrared spectroscopy of (nickel, magnesium, cobalt)-richterite American Mineralogist 82 291-30119970293
0001914RichteriteHawthorne F C, Della Ventura G, Robert J-L, Welch M D, Jenkins D M (1997) A Rietveld and infrared study of synthetic amphiboles along the potassium-richterite-tremolite join American Mineralogist 82 708-71619970293
0001915RichteriteHawthorne F C, Della Ventura G, Robert J-L, Welch M D, Jenkins D M (1997) A Rietveld and infrared study of synthetic amphiboles along the potassium-richterite-tremolite join American Mineralogist 82 708-71619970293
0001916RichteriteHawthorne F C, Della Ventura G, Robert J-L, Welch M D, Jenkins D M (1997) A Rietveld and infrared study of synthetic amphiboles along the potassium-richterite-tremolite join American Mineralogist 82 708-71619970293
0001917RichteriteHawthorne F C, Della Ventura G, Robert J-L, Welch M D, Jenkins D M (1997) A Rietveld and infrared study of synthetic amphiboles along the potassium-richterite-tremolite join American Mineralogist 82 708-71619970293
0001918RichteriteHawthorne F C, Della Ventura G, Robert J-L, Welch M D, Jenkins D M (1997) A Rietveld and infrared study of synthetic amphiboles along the potassium-richterite-tremolite join Note, Kr0 sample from Smelik et al (1994) Am Min 79, 1110-1122 American Mineralogist 82 708-71619970293
0002223RichteriteYang H, Konzett J, Prewitt C T, Fei Y (1999) Single-crystal structure refinement of synthetic K-substituted potassic richterite, K(KCa)Mg5Si8O22(OH)2 American Mineralogist 84 681-68419990293
0002373RichteriteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 23 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002374RichteriteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 24 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002375RichteriteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 25 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002376RichteriteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 26 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002377RichteriteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 27 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002378RichteriteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 28 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002379RichteriteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 29 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002380RichteriteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 30 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002381RichteriteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 31 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002382RichteriteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 32 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002383RichteriteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 33 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002384RichteriteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 34 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0003186RichteriteGunter M E, Dyar M D, Twamley B, Foit F F, Cornelius S (2003) Composition, Fe3+/Sum(Fe), and crystal structure of non-asbestiform and asbestiform amphiboles from Libby, Montana, U.S.A. American Mineralogist 88 1970-197820030293
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0003792RichteriteSenda K, Ishida K, Jenkins D M (2005) X-ray Rietveld refinement and FTIR spectra of synthetic (Si,Ge)-richterites American Mineralogist 90 1062-107120050293
0003793RichteriteSenda K, Ishida K, Jenkins D M (2005) X-ray Rietveld refinement and FTIR spectra of synthetic (Si,Ge)-richterites American Mineralogist 90 1062-107120050293
0003794RichteriteSenda K, Ishida K, Jenkins D M (2005) X-ray Rietveld refinement and FTIR spectra of synthetic (Si,Ge)-richterites American Mineralogist 90 1062-107120050293
0003795RichteriteSenda K, Ishida K, Jenkins D M (2005) X-ray Rietveld refinement and FTIR spectra of synthetic (Si,Ge)-richterites American Mineralogist 90 1062-107120050293
0003796RichteriteSenda K, Ishida K, Jenkins D M (2005) X-ray Rietveld refinement and FTIR spectra of synthetic (Si,Ge)-richterites American Mineralogist 90 1062-107120050293
0006438RichteriteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C (1992) The behaviour of Ti in amphiboles: I. Four- and six-coordinate Ti in richterite European Journal of Mineralogy 4 425-43919920293
0006439RichteriteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C (1992) The behaviour of Ti in amphiboles: I. Four- and six-coordinate Ti in richterite European Journal of Mineralogy 4 425-43919920293
0006440RichteriteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C (1992) The behaviour of Ti in amphiboles: I. Four- and six-coordinate Ti in richterite European Journal of Mineralogy 4 425-43919920293
0006441RichteriteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C (1992) The behaviour of Ti in amphiboles: I. Four- and six-coordinate Ti in richterite European Journal of Mineralogy 4 425-43919920293
0006442RichteriteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C (1992) The behaviour of Ti in amphiboles: I. Four- and six-coordinate Ti in richterite European Journal of Mineralogy 4 425-43919920293
0006443RichteriteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C (1992) The behaviour of Ti in amphiboles: I. Four- and six-coordinate Ti in richterite European Journal of Mineralogy 4 425-43919920293
0006444RichteriteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C (1992) The behaviour of Ti in amphiboles: I. Four- and six-coordinate Ti in richterite European Journal of Mineralogy 4 425-43919920293
0006445RichteriteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C (1992) The behaviour of Ti in amphiboles: I. Four- and six-coordinate Ti in richterite European Journal of Mineralogy 4 425-43919920293
0006446RichteriteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C (1992) The behaviour of Ti in amphiboles: I. Four- and six-coordinate Ti in richterite European Journal of Mineralogy 4 425-43919920293
0006464RichteriteOberti R, Hawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E (1993) The behaviour of Mn in amphiboles: Mn in richerite European Journal of Mineralogy 5 43-5119930293
0006465RichteriteOberti R, Hawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E (1993) The behaviour of Mn in amphiboles: Mn in richerite European Journal of Mineralogy 5 43-5119930293
0006466RichteriteOberti R, Hawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E (1993) The behaviour of Mn in amphiboles: Mn in richerite European Journal of Mineralogy 5 43-5119930293
0006467RichteriteOberti R, Hawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E (1993) The behaviour of Mn in amphiboles: Mn in richerite European Journal of Mineralogy 5 43-5119930293
0006468RichteriteOberti R, Hawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E (1993) The behaviour of Mn in amphiboles: Mn in richerite European Journal of Mineralogy 5 43-5119930293
0006475RichteriteRobert J-L, Della Ventura G, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic strontium-rich potassium-richterites European Journal of Mineralogy 5 199-20619930293
0006476RichteriteRobert J-L, Della Ventura G, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic strontium-rich potassium-richterites European Journal of Mineralogy 5 199-20619930293
0006477RichteriteRobert J-L, Della Ventura G, Raudsepp M, Hawthorne F C (1993) Rietveld structure refinement of synthetic strontium-rich potassium-richterites European Journal of Mineralogy 5 199-20619930293
0007034SadanagaiteBanno Y, Miyawaki R, Matsubara S, Makino K, Bunno M, Yamada S, Kamiya T (2004) Magnesiosadanagaite, a new member of the amphibole group from Kasuga-mura, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan European Journal of Mineralogy 16 177-1832004Kasuga-mura, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan0293
0007035SadanagaiteBanno Y, Miyawaki R, Matsubara S, Makino K, Bunno M, Yamada S, Kamiya T (2004) Magnesiosadanagaite, a new member of the amphibole group from Kasuga-mura, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan European Journal of Mineralogy 16 177-1832004Kasuga-mura, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan0293
0000368TremoliteSueno S, Cameron M, Papike J J, Prewitt C T (1973) The high temperature crystal chemistry of tremolite American Mineralogist 58 649-66419730673
0000369TremoliteSueno S, Cameron M, Papike J J, Prewitt C T (1973) The high temperature crystal chemistry of tremolite American Mineralogist 58 649-66419730973
0000384TremoliteCameron M, Gibbs G V (1973) The crystal structure and bonding of fluor-tremolite: A comparison with hydroxyl tremolite American Mineralogist 58 879-88819730293
0001835TremoliteYang H, Evans B W (1996) X-ray structure refinements of tremolite at 140 and 295 K: Crystal chemistry and petrologic implications American Mineralogist 81 1117-112519960140
0001836TremoliteYang H, Evans B W (1996) X-ray structure refinements of tremolite at 140 and 295 K: Crystal chemistry and petrologic implications American Mineralogist 81 1117-112519960295
0002280TremoliteSharma A, Jenkins D M (1999) Hydrothermal synthesis of amphiboles along the tremolite-pargasite join and in the ternary system tremolite-pargasite-cummingtonite American Mineralogist 84 1304-131819990293
0002418TremoliteMerli M, Ungaretti L, Oberti R (2000) Leverage analysis and structure refinement of minerals American Mineralogist 85 532-54220000293
0003771TremoliteOberti R, Camara F, Ottolini L (2005) Clinoholmquistite discredited: The new amphibole end-member fluoro-sodic-pedrizite sample from Tastyg spodumene deposit, Tuva, Siberia, Russia American Mineralogist 90 732-73620050293
0004630TremoliteBallirano P, Andreozzi G B, Belardi G (2008) Crystal chemical and structural characterization of fibrous tremolite from Susa Valley, Italy, with comments on potential harmful effects on human health American Mineralogist 93 1349-13552008Condove, Susa Valley, Italy0293
0005124TremoliteHawthorne F C, Grundy H D (1976) The crystal chemistry of the amphiboles: IV. X-ray and neutron refinements of the crystal structure of tremolite The Canadian Mineralogist 14 334-34519760293
0005125TremoliteHawthorne F C, Grundy H D (1976) The crystal chemistry of the amphiboles: IV. X-ray and neutron refinements of the crystal structure of tremolite The Canadian Mineralogist 14 334-34519760293
0005419TremoliteJenkins D M, Hawthorne F C (1995) Synthesis and rietveld refinement of amphibole along the join Ca2Mg5Si8O22F2 - NaCa2Mg4Ga3Si6O22F2 The Canadian Mineralogist 33 13-241995Synthetic0293
0006113TremoliteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Martin R F (2006) Short-range order in amphiboles from the Bear Lake diggings, Ontario The Canadian Mineralogist 44 1171-11792006Bear Lake diggings, Bancroft area of Ontario, Canada0293
0006210TremoliteAntao S M, Hassan I, Wang J, Lee P L, Toby B H (2008) State-of-the-art high-resolution powder X-ray diffraction (HRPXRD) illustrated with Rietveld structure refinement of quartz, sodalite, tremolite, and meionite The Canadian Mineralogist 46 1501-15092008Gouverneur district, New York0293
0006413TremoliteComodi P, Mellini M, Ungaretti L, Zanazzi P F (1991) Compressibility and high pressure structure refinement of tremolite, pargasite and glaucophane European Journal of Mineralogy 3 485-49919910293
0006414TremoliteComodi P, Mellini M, Ungaretti L, Zanazzi P F (1991) Compressibility and high pressure structure refinement of tremolite, pargasite and glaucophane European Journal of Mineralogy 3 485-49919910293
0006601TremoliteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C, Memmi I (1995) Temperature-dependent Al order-disorder in the tetrahedral double chain of C2/m amphiboles European Journal of Mineralogy 7 1049-106319950293
0018086TremoliteWarren B (1929) The structure of tremolite H2 Ca2 Mg5 (Si O3)8 _cod_database_code 1011222 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 72 42-5719290293
0018031TremoliteWarren B (1930) The crystal structure and chemical composition of the monoclinic amphiboles. _cod_database_code 1011146 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 72 493-51619300293
0006297TschermakiteAbdu Y A, Hawthorne F C (2009) Crystal structure and Mossbauer spectroscopy of tschermakite from the ruby locality at Fiskenaesset, Greenland The Canadian Mineralogist 47 917-9262009Fiskenaesset, Greenland0293
0001714Mangano-mangani-ungarettiiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Cannillo E, Sardone N, Zanetti A, Grice J D, Ashley P M (1995) A new anhydrous amphibole from the Hoskins mine, Grenfell, New South Wales, Australia: Description and crystal structure of ungarettiite, NaNa2(Mn2Mn3)Si8O22O2 Sample U1 American Mineralogist 80 165-1721995Hoskins mine, Grenfell, New South Wales, Australia0293
0001715Mangano-mangani-ungarettiiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Cannillo E, Sardone N, Zanetti A, Grice J D, Ashley P M (1995) A new anhydrous amphibole from the Hoskins mine, Grenfell, New South Wales, Australia: Description and crystal structure of ungarettiite, NaNa2(Mn2Mn3)Si8O22O2 Sample U2 American Mineralogist 80 165-1721995Hoskins mine, Grenfell, New South Wales, Australia0293
0020107WinchiteJenkins D M, Della Ventura G, Oberti R, Bozhilov K (2013) Synthesis and characterization of amphiboles along the tremolite-glaucophane join American Mineralogist 98 588-6002013synthetic0293
0020108WinchiteJenkins D M, Della Ventura G, Oberti R, Bozhilov K (2013) Synthesis and characterization of amphiboles along the tremolite-glaucophane join American Mineralogist 98 588-6002013synthetic0293
0005710WinchiteSokolova E V, Hawthorne F C, Gorbatova V, McCammon C, Schneider J (2001) Ferrian winchite from the Ilmen mountains, southern Urals, Russia and some problems with the current scheme for amphibole nomenclature adjusted to match reported bond lengths The Canadian Mineralogist 39 171-1772001Ilmen mountains, southern Urals, Russia0293
0007426WinchiteGhose S, Kersten M, Langer K, Rossi G, Ungaretti L (1986) Crystal field spectra and Jahn Teller effect of Mn3+ in clinopyroxene and clinoamphiboles from India Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 13 291-30519860293
0020050Clino-ferri-holmquistiteOberti R, Camara F, Caballero J M (2004) Ferri-ottoliniite and ferriwhittakerite, two new end-members of the new Group 5 for monoclinic amphiboles American Mineralogist 89 888-8932004Pedriza massif, Sierra de Guadarrama, Spain0293
0001823Fluoro-cannilloiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Ungaretti L, Grice J D (1996) A new hyper-calcic amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland American Mineralogist 81 995-100219960293
0001824Fluoro-cannilloiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Ungaretti L, Grice J D (1996) A new hyper-calcic amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland American Mineralogist 81 995-100219960293
0001825Fluoro-cannilloiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Ungaretti L, Grice J D (1996) A new hyper-calcic amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland American Mineralogist 81 995-100219960293
0002746Fluoro-edeniteGianfagna A, Oberti R (2001) Fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla (Catania, Sicily, Italy): Crystal chemistry of a new amphibole end-member American Mineralogist 86 1489-149320010293
0004975Fluoro-edeniteAndreozzi G B, Ballirano P, Gianfagna A, Mazziotti-Tagliani S, Pacella A (2009) Structural and spectroscopic characterization of a suite of fibrous amphiboles with high environmental and health relevance from Biancaville (Sicily, Italy) Sample Name: Sample 1 American Mineralogist 94 1333-13402009Biancaville, Sicily, Italy0293
0004976Fluoro-edeniteAndreozzi G B, Ballirano P, Gianfagna A, Mazziotti-Tagliani S, Pacella A (2009) Structural and spectroscopic characterization of a suite of fibrous amphiboles with high environmental and health relevance from Biancaville (Sicily, Italy) Sample Name: Sample 2 American Mineralogist 94 1333-13402009Biancaville, Sicily, Italy0293
0004977Fluoro-edeniteAndreozzi G B, Ballirano P, Gianfagna A, Mazziotti-Tagliani S, Pacella A (2009) Structural and spectroscopic characterization of a suite of fibrous amphiboles with high environmental and health relevance from Biancaville (Sicily, Italy) Sample Name: Sample 3 American Mineralogist 94 1333-13402009Biancaville, Sicily, Italy0293
0004978Fluoro-edeniteAndreozzi G B, Ballirano P, Gianfagna A, Mazziotti-Tagliani S, Pacella A (2009) Structural and spectroscopic characterization of a suite of fibrous amphiboles with high environmental and health relevance from Biancaville (Sicily, Italy) Sample Name: Sample 4 American Mineralogist 94 1333-13402009Biancaville, Sicily, Italy0293
0005344Fluoro-edeniteBoschmann K F, Burns P C, Hawthorne F C, Raudsepp M, Turnock A C (1994) A-site disorder in synthetic fluor-edenite, a crystal-structure study The Canadian Mineralogist 32 21-3019940293
0006136Fluoro-edeniteGianfagna A, Andreozzi G B, Ballirano P, Mazziotti-Tagliani S, Bruni B M (2007) Structural and chemical contrasts between prismatic and fibrous fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla, Sicily, Italy The Canadian Mineralogist 45 249-2622007Biancavilla, Mt. Etna, Sicily, Italy0293
0006647Fluoro-edeniteOberti R, Hawthorne F C, Raudsepp M (1997) The behaviour of Mn in amphiboles: Mn in synthetic fluor-edenite and synthetic fluor-pargasite European Journal of Mineralogy 9 115-12219970293
0006770Fluoro-edeniteWelch M D, Knight K S (1999) A neutron powder diffraction study of cation ordering in high-temperature synthetic amphiboles European Journal of Mineralogy 11 321-33119990293
0012347Fluoro-edeniteRastsvetaeva R K, Pushcharovsky D Y, Borutskii B E (1995) Crystal structure of K,F-edenite from Khibini Crystallography Reports 40 27-301995Khibini alkali massif, Yum'erchorr mountain, Kola Peninsula, Russia0293
0020431Fluoro-edeniteDella Ventura G, Bellatreccia F, Camara F, Oberti R (2014) Crystal-chemistry and short-range order of fluoro-edenite and fluoro-pargasite: a combined X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopic approach Mineralogical Magazine 78 293-3102014Sterling Hill, Ogdensburg, New Jersey, USA0293
0020432Fluoro-edeniteDella Ventura G, Bellatreccia F, Camara F, Oberti R (2014) Crystal-chemistry and short-range order of fluoro-edenite and fluoro-pargasite: a combined X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopic approach Mineralogical Magazine 78 293-3102014Limecrest-Southdown Quarry, Sparta, New Jersey, USA0293
0020433Fluoro-edeniteDella Ventura G, Bellatreccia F, Camara F, Oberti R (2014) Crystal-chemistry and short-range order of fluoro-edenite and fluoro-pargasite: a combined X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopic approach Mineralogical Magazine 78 293-3102014Franklin Quarry, Franklin, New Jersey, USA0293
0001588Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeiteHawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Oberti R, Bottazzi P, Czamanske G K (1993) Li: an important component in igneous alkali amphiboles American Mineralogist 78 733-7451993Questa caldera, New Mexico0293
0001589Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeiteHawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Oberti R, Bottazzi P, Czamanske G K (1993) Li: an important component in igneous alkali amphiboles American Mineralogist 78 733-7451993Questa caldera, New Mexico0293
0001590Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeiteHawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Oberti R, Bottazzi P, Czamanske G K (1993) Li: an important component in igneous alkali amphiboles American Mineralogist 78 733-7451993Questa caldera, New Mexico0293
0000912Fluoro-richteriteCameron M, Sueno S, Papike J J, Prewitt C T (1983) High temperature crystal chemistry of K and Na fluor-richterites American Mineralogist 68 924-94319830297
0000913Fluoro-richteriteCameron M, Sueno S, Papike J J, Prewitt C T (1983) High temperature crystal chemistry of K and Na fluor-richterites American Mineralogist 68 924-94319830673
0000914Fluoro-richteriteCameron M, Sueno S, Papike J J, Prewitt C T (1983) High temperature crystal chemistry of K and Na fluor-richterites American Mineralogist 68 924-94319830873
0000915Fluoro-richteriteCameron M, Sueno S, Papike J J, Prewitt C T (1983) High temperature crystal chemistry of K and Na fluor-richterites American Mineralogist 68 924-943198301073
0000916Fluoro-richteriteCameron M, Sueno S, Papike J J, Prewitt C T (1983) High temperature crystal chemistry of K and Na fluor-richterites American Mineralogist 68 924-943198301173
0000917Fluoro-richteriteCameron M, Sueno S, Papike J J, Prewitt C T (1983) High temperature crystal chemistry of K and Na fluor-richterites American Mineralogist 68 924-94319830297
0000918Fluoro-richteriteCameron M, Sueno S, Papike J J, Prewitt C T (1983) High temperature crystal chemistry of K and Na fluor-richterites American Mineralogist 68 924-94319830673
0000919Fluoro-richteriteCameron M, Sueno S, Papike J J, Prewitt C T (1983) High temperature crystal chemistry of K and Na fluor-richterites American Mineralogist 68 924-94319830873
0000920Fluoro-richteriteCameron M, Sueno S, Papike J J, Prewitt C T (1983) High temperature crystal chemistry of K and Na fluor-richterites American Mineralogist 68 924-943198301073
0005492KatophoriteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Sardone N (1996) Sodium at the A site in clinoamphiboles: the effects of composition on patterns of order The Canadian Mineralogist 34 577-59319960293
0005493KatophoriteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Sardone N (1996) Sodium at the A site in clinoamphiboles: the effects of composition on patterns of order The Canadian Mineralogist 34 577-59319960293
0006115KatophoriteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Martin R F (2006) Short-range order in amphiboles from the Bear Lake diggings, Ontario The Canadian Mineralogist 44 1171-11792006Bear Lake diggings, Bancroft area of Ontario, Canada0293
0020689KatophoriteOberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ball N A, Harlow G E (2015) Katophorite from the Jade Mine Tract, Myanmar: mineral description of a rare (grandfathered) endmember of the amphibole supergroup Mineralogical Magazine 79 355-3632015near Hpakan, Jade Mine Tract, Kachin State, Myanmar0293
0005538Potassic-pargasiteRobinson G W, Grice J D, Gault R A, Lalonde A E (1997) Potassicpargasite, a new member of the amphibole group from Pargas, Turku-Pori, Finland The Canadian Mineralogist 35 1535-15401997Pargas, Turku-Pori, Finland0293
0003812Ferro-holmquistiteCamara F, Oberti R (2005) The crystal-chemistry of holmquistites: Ferroholmquistite from Greenbushes (Western Australia) and hints for compositional constraints in B-Li amphiboles American Mineralogist 90 1167-117620050293
0003184Proto-anthophylliteKonishi H, Groy T L, Dodony I, Miyawaki R, Matsubara S, Buseck P R (2003) Crystal structure of protoanthophyllite: A new mineral from the Takese ultramafic complex, Japan American Mineralogist 88 1718-172320030293
0006506Ferri-ghoseiteOberti R, Ghose S (1993) Crystal-chemistry of a complex Mn-bearing alkali amphibole ("tirodite") on the verge of exsolution European Journal of Mineralogy 5 1153-116019930293
0003735Mangani-dellaventuraiteTait K T, Hawthorne F C, Grice J D, Ottolini L, Nayak V K (2005) Dellaventuraite, NaNa2(MgMn2TiLi)Si8O22O2, a new anhydrous amphibole from the Kajlidongri Manganese Mine, Jhabua District, Madhya Pradesh, India American Mineralogist 90 304-30920050293
0020144Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsiteBojar H P, Walter F (2006) Fluoro-magnesiohastingsite from Dealul Uroi (Hunedoara county, Romania): Mineral data and crystal structure of a new amphibole end-member European Journal of Mineralogy 18 503-5082006Dealul Uroi, Hunedoara county, Romania0293
0006296Potassic-fluoro-hastingsiteLupulescu M V, Rakovan J, Dyar M D, Robinson G W, Hughes J M (2009) Fluoro-potassichastingsite from the Greenwood mine, Orange County, New York: A new end-member calcic amphibole The Canadian Mineralogist 47 909-9162009the Greenwood mine, Orange County, New York, USA0293
0005425Fluoro-pargasiteOberti R, Sardone N, Hawthorne F C, Raudsepp M, Turnock A C (1995) Synthesis and crystal-structure refinement of synthetic fluor-pargasite The Canadian Mineralogist 33 25-311995Synthetic0293
0005426Fluoro-pargasiteOberti R, Sardone N, Hawthorne F C, Raudsepp M, Turnock A C (1995) Synthesis and crystal-structure refinement of synthetic fluor-pargasite Sample FP2 [note: ideal = NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2] The Canadian Mineralogist 33 25-311995Synthetic0293
0006056Fluoro-pargasiteLupulescu M V, Rakovan J, Robinson G W, Hughes J M (2005) Fluoropargasite, a new member of the calcic amphiboles from Edenville, Orange County, New York The Canadian Mineralogist 43 1423-14282005Edenville, Orange County, New York0293
0020429Fluoro-pargasiteDella Ventura G, Bellatreccia F, Camara F, Oberti R (2014) Crystal-chemistry and short-range order of fluoro-edenite and fluoro-pargasite: a combined X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopic approach Mineralogical Magazine 78 293-3102014Edenville, Orange County, New York, USA0293
0020430Fluoro-pargasiteDella Ventura G, Bellatreccia F, Camara F, Oberti R (2014) Crystal-chemistry and short-range order of fluoro-edenite and fluoro-pargasite: a combined X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopic approach Mineralogical Magazine 78 293-3102014Edenville, Orange County, New York, USA0293
0002347Mangani-obertiiteHawthorne F C, Cooper M A, Grice J D, Ottolini L (2000) A new anhydrous amphibole from the Eifel region, Germany: Description and crystal structure of obertiite, NaNa2(Mg3FeTi)Si8O22O2 American Mineralogist 85 236-2412000Eifel region, Germany0293
0005890Ferro-ferri-pedriziteOberti R, Camara F, Caballero J M, Ottolini L (2003) Sodic-ferri-ferropedrizite and ferri-clinoferroholmquistite: mineral data and degree of order of the A-site cations in Li-rich amphiboles Sequence number in the CNR-IGG database: SEQ 1039 The Canadian Mineralogist 41 1345-135420030293
0013137Potassic-ferro-pargasiteBanno Y, Miyawaki R, Matsubara S, Sato E, Nakai I, Matsuo G, Yamada S (2009) Potassic-ferropargasite, a new member of the amphibole group, from Kabutoichiba, Mie Prefecture, central Japan Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 104 374-3822009Kabutoichiba, Mie Prefecture, central Japan0293
0006116Ferri-fluoro-katophoriteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Martin R F (2006) Short-range order in amphiboles from the Bear Lake diggings, Ontario The Canadian Mineralogist 44 1171-11792006Bear Lake diggings, Bancroft area of Ontario, Canada0293
0006114Ferri-fluoro-katophoriteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Martin R F (2006) Short-range order in amphiboles from the Bear Lake diggings, Ontario The Canadian Mineralogist 44 1171-11792006Bear Lake diggings, Bancroft area of Ontario, Canada0293
0014595Fluoro-leakeiteOberti R, Camara F, Hawthorne F C, Ball N A (2009) Fluoro-aluminoleakeite, NaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)Si8O22F2, a new mineral of the amphibole group from Norra Karr, Sweden: description and crystal structure Mineralogical Magazine 73 817-8242009Norra Karr, Granna, Jonkoping, Smaland, Sweden0293
0015898Ferri-fluoro-leakeiteCamara F, Hawthorne F C, Ball N A, Bekenova G, Stepanov A V, Kotelnikov P E (2010) Fluoroleakeite, NaNa2(Mg2Fe3+2Li)Si8O22F2, a new mineral of the amphibole group from the Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Eastern Kazakhstan District, Kazakhstan: description and crystal structure Mineralogical Magazine 74 521-5282010Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan0293
0020505Ferri-fluoro-leakeiteOberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Kristiansen R (2014) Ferri-fluoro-leakeite: a second occurrence at Bratthagen (Norway), with new data on Zn partitioning and the oxo component in Na amphiboles Mineralogical Magazine 78 861-8692014Bratthagen nepheline syenite pegmatite, Vestfold County, Norway0293
0019938Chromio-pargasiteNishio-Hamane D, Ohnishi M, Minakawa T, Yamaura J, Saito S, Kadota R (2012) Ehimeite, NaCa2Mg4CrSi6Al2O22(OH)2: The first Cr-dominant amphibole from the Akaishi Mine, Higashi-Akaishi Mountain, Ehime Prefecture, Japan Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 107 1-72012Akaishi mine, Higashi-Akaishi Mountain, Ehime Prefecture, Japan0293
0007271Potassic-ferro-taramiteOberti R, Boiocchi M, Smith D C, Medenbach O, Helmers H (2008) Potassic-aluminotaramite from Sierra de los Filabres, Spain European Journal of Mineralogy 20 1005-10102008Sierra de los Filabres, Spain0293
0018305Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteOberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Pagano R, Pagano A (2010) Fluoro-potassic-pargasite, KCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2, from the Tranomaro area, Madagascar: mineral description and crystal chemistry Mineralogical Magazine 74 961-9672010Tranomaro area, Madagascar0293
0005155Fluoro-riebeckiteHawthorne F C (1978) The crystal chemistry of the amphiboles. VIII. The crystal structure and site chemistry of fluor-riebeckite The Canadian Mineralogist 16 187-1941978Pikes Peak, Colorado, USA0293
0002347Ferri-obertiiteHawthorne F C, Cooper M A, Grice J D, Ottolini L (2000) A new anhydrous amphibole from the Eifel region, Germany: Description and crystal structure of obertiite, NaNa2(Mg3FeTi)Si8O22O2 American Mineralogist 85 236-2412000Eifel region, Germany0293
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Synonyms of Amphibole SupergroupHide

Other Language Names for Amphibole SupergroupHide

Croatian:Amfiboli
Dutch:Amfibool
Esperanto:Amfibolo
Estonian:Amfiboolid
Finnish:Amfiboli
French:Amphibole
Italian:Anfibolo
Japanese:角閃石
Korean:각섬석
Norwegian:Amfibol
Polish:Amfibole
Portuguese:Anfíbola
Romanian:Amfiboli
Simplified Chinese:角闪石
Spanish:Anfíbol
Swedish:Amfibol

Varieties of Amphibole SupergroupHide

Byssolite
UralitePseudomorphs of hornblende group minerals, mainly actinolite, after a pyroxene group mineral, mainly augite.
Originally described from the Urals Region, Russia.

Relationship of Amphibole Supergroup to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite) (Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
w(O)-dominant Amphibole Group A0-1X2Z5T8O22O2
  Kaersutite Root Name Group ACa2{Z2+3Z3+Ti}(Si6Al2O22)O2Mon.
    Ferri-kaersutite NaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si6Al2O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Ferro-kaersutite NaCa2{Fe2+3AlTi}(Si6Al2O22)O2Mon.
    Kaersutite NaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2Mon.
  Mangani-dellaventuraite NaNa2(MgMn3+2Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
  Mangano-mangani-ungarettiite NaNa2(Mn2+2Mn3+3)(Si8O22)O2Mon.
  Obertiite Root Name Group ANa2(Z2+3Z3+Ti)Si8O22O2
    Ferri-obertiite NaNa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Ferro-ferri-obertiite NaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Mangani-obertiite NaNa2(Mg3Mn3+Ti4+)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Unnamed (Possible K-analogue of Ferri-obertiite) KNa2((Mg,Fe,Na)3Fe3+(Ti,Fe))Si8O22(O,F)2
  Oxo-magnesio-hastingsite NaCa2(Mg3(Fe3+2-x,Tix))5(Si6Al2O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
  Oxo-pargasite NaCa2(Mg3(Al2-x,Tix))5(Si6Al2O22)O2
  Potassic-jeanlouisite K(NaCa)(Mg4Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
  Potassic-mangano-mangani-ungarettiite KNa2(Mn2+2Mn3+3)Si8O22O2
w(OH, F, Cl)-dominant Amphibole Group A0-1X2Z5T8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
  Calcium Amphibole Subgroup AnCa2(Z2+5-mZ3+m)(Si8-(n+m)Al(n+m))(OH,F,Cl)2
    Actinolite ☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Cannilloite Root Name Group CaCa2(Z2+4Z3+)(Si5Al3O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
      Cannilloite CaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si5Al3O22)OH2Mon.
      Ferro-cannilloite CaCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si5Al3O22)OH2
      Ferro-ferri-cannilloite CaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si5Al3O22)OH2
      Fluoro-cannilloite CaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si5Al3)O22F2Mon.
    Edenite Root Name Group ACa2Z5(AlSi7O22)((OH),F,Cl)2Mon.
      Edenite NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2Mon.
      Ferro-edenite NaCa2Fe2+5(Si7Al)O22OH2Mon.
      Ferro-fluoro-edenite NaCa2Fe2+5(AlSi7O22)F2
      Fluoro-edenite NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22F2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
      Potassic-ferro-chloro-edenite KCa2Fe2+5(AlSi7O22)Cl2
    Ferro-actinolite ☐Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2Mon.
    Hastingsite Root Name Group ACa2(Z2+4 Fe3+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
      Fluoro-hastingsite NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Al2Si6O22)F2
      Hastingsite NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2Mon.
      Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite NaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Magnesio-hastingsite NaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon.
      Potassic-chloro-hastingsite KCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Potassic-fluoro-hastingsite KCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Potassic-hastingsite KCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite KCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Hornblende Root Name Group ☐(Ca2)(Z2+4Z3+}(AlSi7O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
      Ferro-ferri-fluoro-hornblende ☐Ca2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2
      Ferro-ferri-hornblende ☐Ca2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Ferro-fluoro-hornblende ☐Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(AlSi7O22)F2
      Ferro-hornblende ☐Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon.
      Magnesio-ferri-fluoro-hornblende ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(AlSi7O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Magnesio-ferri-hornblende ☐Ca2(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Magnesio-fluoro-hornblende (Na,K)1-xCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22F2
      Magnesio-hornblende ☐Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Joesmithite Pb2+Ca2(Mg3Fe3+2)(Si6Be2)O22(OH)2Mon.
    Mangano-actinolite ◻Ca2(Mg,Mn,Fe)5(Si8O22)(OH)2
    Pargasite Root Name Group (A)(Ca2){Z2+4Z3+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
      Chromio-pargasite {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Ferro-chloro-pargasite NaCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Al2Si6O22)Cl2
      Ferro-fluoro-pargasite (Na)(Ca2)(Fe2+4Al)(Al2Si6O22)F2
      Ferro-pargasite NaCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon.
      Fluoro-pargasite NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Mangani-pargasite NaCa2(Mg4Mn3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Pargasite NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Potassic-chloro-pargasite KCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Potassic-ferro-pargasite KCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Potassic-fluoro-pargasite KCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Potassic-pargasite KCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon.
      Vanadio-pargasite NaCa2(Mg3+4V)(Al2Si6)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Sadanagaite Root Name Group A (Ca2)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Si5Al3O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
      Ferri-fluoro-sadanagaite {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)F2
      Ferri-sadanagaite {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
      Ferro-chloro-sadanagaite {K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)Cl2
      Ferro-ferri-fluoro-sadanagaite {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)F2
      Ferro-ferri-sadanagaite {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
      Ferro-fluoro-sadanagaite {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)F2
      Ferro-sadanagaite {Na}{Ca2}{Fe3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
      Fluoro-sadanagaite {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)F2
      Potassic-chloro-sadanagaite {K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)Cl2
      Potassic-ferri-sadanagaite {K}{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
      Potassic-ferro-chloro-sadanagaite {K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)Cl2
      Potassic-ferro-ferri-sadanagaite {K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
      Potassic-ferro-sadanagaite {K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
      Potassic-sadanagaite {K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
      Sadanagaite {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2Mon.
    Tremolite ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Tschermakite Root Name Group ☐(Ca2)(Z2+3Z3+2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
      Ferri-fluoro-tschermakite ☐{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Al2Si6O22)F2
      Ferri-tschermakite ☐{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
      Ferro-ferri-fluoro-tschermakite ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al2Si6O22)F2
      Ferro-ferri-tschermakite ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
      Ferro-fluoro-tschermakite ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2
      Ferro-tschermakite ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Fluoro-tschermakite ☐{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2
      Tschermakite ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
  Fluor-hornblende (◻/Na,K)Ca2({Fe2+/Mg}4{Fe3+/Mg})(AlSi7O22)F2
  Lithium Amphibole Subgroup An(Li2)(Z2+3+n-2mZ3+2-n+mLim)(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
    Clino-holmquistite Root Name Group ☐{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
      Clino-ferri-fluoro-holmquistite ☐{Li2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)F2
      Clino-ferri-holmquistite ◻{Li2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Clino-ferro-ferri-fluoro-holmquistite ☐{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)F2
      Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite ◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Clino-ferro-fluoro-holmquistite ☐{Li2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Si8O22)F2
      Clino-fluoro-holmquistite ◻{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)F2
    Clino-sodic-fluoro-holmquistite {Na}{Li2}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)F2
    Holmquistite Root Name Group ☐{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth.
      Ferri-holmquistite ☐{Li2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
      Ferro-ferri-holmquistite ☐{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
      Ferro-holmquistite ☐{Li2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth.
      Holmquistite ☐{Li2}{Mg3Al2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth.
    Pedrizite Root Name Group ALi2(LiZ2+2Z3+2)(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
      Ferri-fluoro-pedrizite NaLi2(LiMg2Fe3+2)(Si8O22)F2
      Ferri-pedrizite [Na][Li2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
      Ferro-ferri-fluoro-pedrizite NaLi2(LiFe2+2Fe3+2)(Si8O22)F2
      Ferro-ferri-pedrizite [Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite {Na}{Li2}{Fe2Al2Li}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Ferro-pedrizite NaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Fluoro-pedrizite NaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Pedrizite NaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Sodic-ferri-clinoferroholmquistite Na0.5{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
  Lithium-(Magnesium-Iron-Manganese) Amphibole Subgroup {A}{Li(Mg,Fe,Mn)}{Z5}{T8O22}(OH,F,Cl)2
  Lithium-Calcium Amphibole Subgroup {A}{LiCa}{Z5}{T8O22}(OH,F,Cl)2
  Magnesium-iron-manganese Amphibole Subgroup An(X2)(Z2+5-mZ3+m)(Si8-(n+m)Al(n+m)O22(OH)2
    Anthophyllite Root Name Group ☐{X2}{Z5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
      Anthophyllite ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
      Ferro-anthophyllite ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth.
      Proto-anthophyllite ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
      Proto-ferro-anthophyllite ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth.
    Cummingtonite ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
    Gedrite Root Name Group ☐{X2+2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Orth.
      Ferro-gedrite ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Orth.
      Gedrite ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Orth.
    Grunerite ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Papikeite Root Name Group NaX2+2(Z2+3Al2)(Si5Al3)O22(OH)2
      Ferro-papikeite NaFe2+2(Fe2+3Al2)(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
      Papikeite NaMg2(Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
    Sodic-ferro-anthophyllite {Na}{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Orth.
    Sodicanthophyllite {Na}{Mg2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Orth.
    Suenoite Root Name Group ☐{X2}{Z5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
      Clino-ferro-suenoite ◻{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
      Clino-suenoite □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Proto-ferro-suenoite ☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth.
      Suenoite □Mn2Mg5Si8O22(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
  Sodium Amphibole Subgroup An(Na2)(Z5)(Si8-mAlmO22)(OH,F,Cl)2
    Arfvedsonite Root Name Group ANa2(Z2+4Fe3+}Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
      Arfvedsonite [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Fluoro-arfvedsonite [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22F2
      Magnesio-arfvedsonite {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite [Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2Mon.
      Potassic-arfvedsonite [(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite [K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite [(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Eckermannite Root Name Group ANa2(Z2+4Al}Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
      Eckermannite NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Ferro-eckermannite NaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
      Ferro-fluoro-eckermannite NaNa2(Fe2+4Al}Si8O22F2
      Fluoro-eckermannite NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22F2
      Mangano-ferri-eckermannite {Na}{Na2}{Mn2+4Fe3+}Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
      Potassic-eckermannite {K}{Na2}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
    Glaucophane Root Name Group ◻[Na2][Z2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
      Ferro-fluoro-glaucophane ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22F2
      Ferro-glaucophane ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
      Fluoro-glaucophane ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22F2
      Glaucophane ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
    Leakeite Root Name Group ANa2(Z2+2Z3+2Li)(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
      Ferri-fluoro-leakeite {Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Ferri-leakeite [Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
      Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeite Na(Na2)(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)(Si8O22)(F)2Mon.
      Ferro-ferri-leakeite [Na][Na2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
      Ferro-fluoro-leakeite NaNa2(Fe2+2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2
      Ferro-leakeite NaNa2(Fe2+2Al2Li)(Si8O22)(OH)2
      Fluoro-leakeite NaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Leakeite NaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)(OH)2
      Oxo-mangani-leakeite NaNa2(Mn3+4Li)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Potassic-ferri-leakeite [K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Potassic-leakeite KNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)(OH)2
      Potassic-mangani-leakeite [(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
    Nybøite Root Name Group ANa2(Z2+3Z3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
      Ferri-fluoro-nybøite NaNa2(Mg3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)F2
      Ferri-nybøite NaNa2(Mg3Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
      Ferro-ferri-fluoro-nybøite NaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)F2
      Ferro-ferri-nybøite NaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Ferro-fluoro-nybøite NaNa2(Fe2+3Al2)(AlSi7O22)F2
      Ferro-nybøite NaNa2(Fe2+3Al2)(AlSi7)O22(OH)2Mon.
      Fluoro-nybøite NaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Nybøite NaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Riebeckite Root Name Group ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
      Fluoro-riebeckite ◻{Na2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Magnesio-fluoro-riebeckite ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)F2
      Magnesio-riebeckite ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
      Riebeckite ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
  Sodium-(Magnesium-Iron-Manganese) Amphibole Subgroup {A}{Na(Mg,Fe,Mn)}{Z5}{T8O22}(OH,F,Cl)2
    Ghoseite Root Name Group ☐[Mn2+Na][Z2+4Z3+]Si8O22W2
      Ferri-ghoseite ☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
      Ghoseite ☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Al]Si8O22(OH)2
    Hjalmarite Root Name Group {A}{Mn2+Na}{Z5}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
      Hjalmarite {Na}(NaMn}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
  Sodium-Calcium Amphibole Subgroup An(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZ3+m)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
    Barroisite Root Name Group ☐{CaNa}{Z2+3Z3+2}(AlSi7O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
      Barroisite ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
      Ferri-barroisite ☐(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
      Ferri-fluoro-barroisite ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Fe3+2}(AlSi7O22)F2
      Ferro-barroisite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Ferro-ferri-barroisite ☐(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
      Ferro-ferri-fluoro-barroisite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(AlSi7O22)F2
      Ferro-fluoro-barroisite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)F2
      Fluoro-barroisite ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)F2
    Katophorite Root Name Group A(CaNa)(Z2+4Z3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
      Ferri-fluoro-katophorite Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Ferri-katophorite Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
      Ferro-ferri-fluoro-katophorite Na(CaNa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon.
      Ferro-ferri-katophorite Na(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Ferro-fluoro-katophorite Na(CaNa)(Fe2+4Al)(AlSi7O22)F2
      Ferro-katophorite {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Fluoro-katophorite Na(CaNa)(Mg4Al)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon.
      Katophorite {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Potassic-ferri-katophorite K(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
      Potassic-ferro-ferri-katophorite {K}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Fe3+}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
      Potassic-fluoro-katophorite K(CaNa)(Mg4Al)(AlSi7O22)F2
    Richterite Root Name Group {A}{CaNa}{Z5}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
      Ferro-fluoro-richterite {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)F2
      Ferro-richterite {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
      Fluoro-richterite {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
      Potassic-ferro-richterite {K}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}Si8O22(OH)2
      Potassic-fluoro-richterite {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon.
      Potassic-richterite {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Richterite {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Taramite Root Name Group A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
      Ferri-fluoro-taramite Na(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)F2
      Ferri-taramite Na(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
      Ferro-ferri-fluoro-taramite Na(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)F2
      Ferro-ferri-taramite Na(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
      Ferro-fluoro-taramite Na(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)F2
      Ferro-taramite Na(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Fluoro-taramite {Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Potassic-ferri-taramite K(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)
      Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramite K(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
      Potassic-ferro-taramite K{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}{Si6Al2}O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Taramite {Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
    Winchite Root Name Group ☐{CaNa}{Z2+4Z3+}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
      Ferri-winchite ☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
      Ferro-ferri-winchite ☐[CaNa][Fe2+4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
      Ferro-fluoro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)F2
      Ferro-winchite  ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
      Fluoro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)F2
      Winchite ☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Amphiboles with an asbestiform morphology present a health risk if finely divided fibrous particles are inhaled.

Amphibole Supergroup in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for Amphibole SupergroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Burns, R.G., Strens, R.G.J. (1966) Infrared study of the hydroxyl band in clinoamphiboles. Science: 153: 890-892.
Strens, R.G.J. (1966) Infrared study of clustering and ordering in some (Fe,Mg) amphibole solid solutions. Chemical Communications: 519-520.
Leake, B.E. (1968) A catalog of analyzed calciferous and sub-calciferous amphiboles together with their nomenclature and associated minerals. Geological Society of America Special Paper 98.
Himmelberg, G.R., Papike, J.J. (1969) Coexisting amphiboles from blueschist facies metamorphic rock: Journal of Petrology: 10: 102-114.
Papike, J.J., Ross, M., Clark, J.R. (1969) Crystal chemical characterization of clinoamphiboles based on five new structure refinements. Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper 2: 117-136.
Saxena, S.K., Ekstrom, T.K. (1970) Statistical chemistry of calcic amphiboles. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 26: 276-284.
Strens, R.G.J. (1974) The common chain, ribbon, and ring silicates. In V.C. Farmer, Ed., The infrared spectra of minerals: 305-330. Mineralogical Society, London.
Law, A.D. (1976) A model for the investigation of hydroxyl spectra of amphiboles. In: The Physics and Chemistry of Minerals and Rocks (R.G.J. Strens, ed.). J. Wiley & Sons, London, U.K.
Boettcher, A.L., O'Neil, J.R. (1980) Stable isotope, chemical and petrographic studies of high-pressure amphiboles and micas: evidence for metasomatism in the mantle source regions of alkali basalts and kimberlites. American Journal of Science: 280A: 594-621.
Ungaretti, L. (1980) Recent developments in X-ray single crystal diffractometry applied to the crystal-chemical study of amphiboles. Godisnjak Jugoslavenskog centra za Kristalografiju: 15: 29-65.
Hawthorne, F.C.H. (1983) The crystal chemistry of the amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 21: 173-480.
Rock, N.M.S., Leake, B.E. (1984) The International Mineralogical Association amphibole nomenclature scheme: computerization and its consequences. Mineralogical magazine: 48: 211-227.
Phillips, M.W., Popp, R.K., Clowe, C.A. (1988) Structural adjustments accompanying oxidation-dehydrogenation n amphiboles. American Mineralogist: 73: 500-506.
Hogarth, D.D. (1989) Pyrochlore, apatite and amphibole: distinctive minerals in carbonatite. In K. Bell, Ed., Carbonatites: Genesis and Evolution: 105-148. Unwin Hyman Ltd., London.
Deloule, E., Albarède, F., Sheppard, S.M.F. (1991) Hydrogen isotope heterogeneities in the mantle from ion probe analysis of amphiboles from ultramafic rocks. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.: 105: 543-553.
Skogby, H., Rossman, G.R. (1991) The intensity of amphibole OH bands in the infrared absorption spectrum. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 18: 64-68.
Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., Cannillo, E., Hawthorne, F.C. (1992) The behaviour of Ti in amphiboles. I. Four- and six-coordinate Ti in richterite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 4: 425-439.
Hawthorne, F.C., Ungaretti, L., Oberti, R., Bottazzi, P., Czamanske, G.K. (1993) Li: an important component in igneous alkali amphiboles. American Mineralogist: 78: 733-745.
Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., Cannillo, E., Hawthorne, F.C. (1993) The mechanism of Cl incorporation in amphibole. American Mineralogist: 78: 746-752.
Hawthorne, F.C., Ungaretti, L., Oberti, Cannillo, E., Smelik, E.A. (1994) The mechanism of [6]Li incorporation in amphiboles. American Mineralogist: 79: 443-451.
Oberti, R., Hawthorne, F.C., Ungaretti, L., Cannillo, E. (1995) [6]Al disorder in amphiboles from mantle peridotite: The Canadian Mineralogist: 33: 867-878.
Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., Cannillo, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Memmi, I. (1995) Temperature-dependent Al order-disorder in the tetrahedral double chain of C2/m amphiboles. European Journal of Mineralogy: 7: 1049-1063.
Hawthorne, F.C., Della Ventura, G., Robert, J.-L. (1996) Short-range order and long-range order in amphiboles: a model for the interpretation of infrared spectra in the principal OH-stretching region. In: Mineral Spectroscopy: a Tribute to Roger G. Burns (M.D. Dyar, C. McCammon & M.W. Schaefer, eds.). Geochemical Society, Special Publication 5: 49-54.
Hawthorne, F.C. (1997) Short-range order in amphiboles: a bond-valence approach. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 203-218.
Leake, B.E., Woolley, A.R., Arps, C.E.S., Birch, W.D., Gilbert, M.C., Grice, J.D., Hawthorne, F.C., Kato, A., J.Kisch, H.J.., G. Krivovichev, V.G., Linthout, K., Laird, J., Mandarino, J.A., Maresch, W.V., Nickel, E.H., Rock, N.M.S., Schumacher, J.C., Smith, D.C., Stephenson, N.C.N., Ungaretti, L., Whittaker, E.J.W., Guo, Y. (1997) Nomenclature of amphiboles of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 82: 1019-1037.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Zanetti, A., Czamanske, G.K. (1998) The role of Ti in hydrogen-deficient amphiboles: sodic-calcic and sodic amphiboles from Coyote Peak, California. The Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 1253-1265.
Welch, M.D., Lu, S., Klinowski, J. (1998) 29Si MAS NMR systematics of calcic and sodic-calcic amphiboles. American Mineralogist: 83: 85-96.
Robert, J.-L., Della Ventura, G., Hawthorne, F.C. (1999) Near-infrared study of short-range disorder of OH and F in monoclinic amphiboles. American Mineralogist: 84: 86-91.
Melzer, S., Gottschalk, M., Andrut, M., Heinrich, W. (2000) Crystal chemistry of K-richterite-richterite-tremolite solid solutions: a SEM, EMP, XRD, HRTEM and IR study. European Journal of Mineralogy: 12: 273-291.
Reece, J.J., Redfern, S.A.T., Welch, M.D., Henderson, C.M.B., McCammon, C.A. (2002) Temperature-dependent Fe2+ - Mn2+ order-disorder behaviour in amphiboles. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 29: 562-570.
Najorka, J., Gottschalk, M. (2003) Crystal chemistry of tremolite-tschermakite solid solutions. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 30: 108-124.
Oberti, R., F. Cámara, L. Ottolini, J.M. Caballero (2003) Lithium in amphiboles: detection, quantification, and incorporation mechanisms in the compositional space bridging sodic and [B} Li amphiboles. European Journal of Mineralogy: 15: 309-319.
Leake, B.E., Woolley, A.R., W.D. Birch, W.D., E.A.J. Burke, E.A.J., G. Ferraris, G., J.D. Grice, J.D., F.C. Hawthorne, F.C., H.J. Kisch, H.J., V.G. Krivovichev, V.G., J.C. Schumacher, J.C., N.C.N. Stephenson, N.C.N., Whittaker, E.J.W. (2004) Nomenclature of amphiboles: additions and revisions to the International Mineralogical Association's amphibole nomenclature. American Mineralogist: 88: 883-887.
Burke, E.A.J., Leake, B.E. (2005) “Named amphiboles”: a new category of amphiboles recognized by the International Mineralogical Association (IMA), and the proper order of prefixes to be used in amphibole names. American Mineralogist: 90: 516-517.
Hawthorne, F.C.H., Della Ventura, G., Oberti, R., Robert, J.-L., Iezzi, G. (2005) Short-range order in minerals: amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1895-1920.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1-21.
Ishida, K., Hawthorne, F.C. (2006) Assignment of infrared OH-stretching bands in calcic amphiboles through deuteration and heat treatment. American Mineralogist: 91: 871-879.
Hawthorne, F. C. & Oberti, R. (2007): Amphiboles: Crystal Chemistry. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 67, 1-54. [https://www.researchgate.net/publication/250130737_Amphiboles_Crystal_Chemistry]
Esawi, E.K. (2011) Calculations of amphibole chemical parameters and implementation of the 2004 recommendations of the IMA classification and nomenclature of amphiboles. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences: 106: 123-129.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031-2048.
Hawthorne, F.C. (2016): Short-range atomic arrangements in minerals. I: The minerals of the amphibole, tourmaline and pyroxene supergroups. Eur. J. Mineral. 28, 513-536.

Internet Links for Amphibole SupergroupHide

Significant localities for Amphibole SupergroupHide

Showing 156 significant localities out of 16,438 recorded on mindat.org.

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Badakhshan
    • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
        • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
[Richterite] Rob Woodside collection
[Richterite] Dudley Blauwet (2008) Private Communication
[Pargasite] Moore, T.P.,Woodside, R.M.W. (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
[Ferri-kaersutite] Gentili, S., Biagioni, C., Comodi, P., Pasero, M., McCammon, C. and Bonadiman, C. (2014) Ferri-kaersutite, IMA 2014-051. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1245; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248; Gentili, S., Biagioni, C., Comodi, P., Pasero, M., Mccammon, C., Bonadiman, C. (2016): Ferri-kaersutite, NaCa2(Mg3TiFe3+)(Si6Al2)O22O2, a new oxo-amphibole from Harrow Peaks, Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. American Mineralogist, 101, 461-468
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja Province
    • Coronel Felipe Varela department
      • Villa Unión
[Ferro-ferri-katophorite] Colombo, F., Rius, J., Molins, E., Biglia, H., Galliski, M.Á., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., Baldo, E.G.A. and Kriscautzky, A. (2016) Ferro-ferri-katophorite, IMA 2016-008. CNMNC Newsletter No. 31, June 2016, page 696; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 691–697.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Forbes Co.
      • Grenfell
[Mangano-mangani-ungarettiite] Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Cannillo, E., Sardone, N., Zanetti, A., Grice, J.D., Ashley, P.M. (1995): A new anhydrous amphibole from the Hoskins mine, Grenfell, New South Wales, Australia: Description and crystal structure of ungarettiite, NaNa2(Mn2+2Mn3+3)Si8O22O2. American Mineralogist, 80, 165-172.; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F. C., Ball, N. A., & Ashley, P. M. (2016). PREPUBLICATION: Oxo-mangani-leakeite from the Hoskins mine, New South Wales, Australia: occurrence and mineral description. Mineralogical Magazine.
  • Western Australia
    • Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire
      • Greenbushes Tinfield
[Ferro-holmquistite] Am Min 90:1167-1176
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Weeli Wolli Creek Area
        • Mining Area C (Northern Flank; Packsaddle)
[Riebeckite Root Name Group var: Crocidolite] J M Bennett Collection
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Völkermarkt District
      • Griffen
[Barroisite] Rammelsberg, C. F. (1860). 1875: Handbuch der Mineralchemie. Jameson, R. (1820). A system of mineralogy: In which minerals are arranged according to the natural history method (Vol. 1) Heritsch, H., & Kahler, E. (1960). Strukturuntersuchung an zwei Kluftkarinthinen. Ein Beitrag zur Karinthinfrage. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 7(3), 218-234
    • Wolfsberg District
      • Frantschach-Sankt Gertraud
        • Brandrücken
[Holmquistite] F. Walter (1992) Eur. Journ. Mineral. 4, 1275-1283; G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Azerbaijan
 
  • Dashkasan District
    • Dashkesan
[Potassic-chloro-hastingsite] IMA Website; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Sara S. Jacobson (1973) Dashkesanite: High-Chlorine Amphibole from St. Paul's Rocks, Equatorial Atlantic, and Transcaucasia, U.S.S.R. SMITHSONIAN CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE EARTH SCIENCES • NUMBER 14 Mineral Sciences Investigations 1972-1973
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba
    • Chapare Province
[Magnesio-riebeckite] Whittaker: Acta Crystallographica (1949) [MinRec 32:461]
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Brumado
      • Serra das Éguas
[Tremolite] Cassedanne, J.P, Resende, J.P. (1983) Sellaite from the Brumado mine. The Mineralogical Record: 14(3): 179-181.
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofia City Province
[Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite] Dyulgerov, M., Platevoet, B., Oberti, R., Kadiyski, M. and Rusanov, V. (2017) Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite, IMA 2016-083. CNMNC Newsletter No. 35, February 2017, page 210; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 209–213.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Haliburton County
      • Glamorgan Township
[Tremolite] Microprobe analysis by Glen Poirier at the Canadian Museum of Nature
      • Monmouth Township
[Ferri-fluoro-katophorite] Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Martin, R.F. (2006): Short-range order in amphiboles from the Bear Lake Diggings, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 1171-1179. ; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Martin, R.F. (2016) Ferrifluoro-katophorite, IMA 2015-096. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016, 203. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 199–205
[Fluoro-richterite] Bancroft and District Mineral Collecting Guidebook, Bancroft Chamber of Commerce, 1998
[Fluoro-richterite] Microprobe analysis by Glen Poirier at the Canadian Museum of Nature
    • Hastings County
[Hastingsite] ADAMS, F.D. & HARRINGTON, B.J. (1896): On a new alkali hornblende and a titaniferous andradite from the nepheline-syenite of Dungannon, Hastings County, Ontario. American Journal of Science 151, 210-218. ADAMS, F.D. & BARLOW, A.E. (1910): Geology of the Haliburton and Bancroft areas, Province of Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Memoir 6 (243-247). WALKER, T.L. (1924): Hastingsite from Dungannon Township, Hastings County, Ontario. University of Toronto Studies, Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy 17, 58-61.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
[Ferro-hornblende] Age of the Cabonga nepheline syenite, Grenville Province, western Quebec Hudon, Pierre; Friedman, Richard M.; Gauthier, Gilles; Martignole, Jacques Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol. 43, issue 9, pp. 1237-1249 Olivier Langelier Collection
    • Côte-Nord
      • Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent RCM
        • Gros-Mécatina
          • La Tabatière
[Ferro-edenite] LALONDE, A.E., and MARTIN, R.F. (1983) The Baie-des-Moutons syenitic complex, La Tabatière, Québec II. The ferromagnesian minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 21, 81-91. ; LALONDE,A.E. & MARTIN, R.F. (1983) The Baie-des-Moutons syenitic complex, La Tabatiere, Quebec II. The ferromagnesian minerals. Canadian Mineralogist 21, 81-91.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
[Ferro-ferri-nybøite] Lussier, A.J., Hawthorne, F.C., Abdu, Y., Ball, N.A., Tait, K.T., Back, M.E., Steede, A.H., Taylor, R. and MacDonald, A.M. (2013) Ferro-ferri-nybøite, IMA 2013-072. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3251; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249 -3258.; Lussier, A.J., Hawthorne, F.C., Abdu, Y.A., Ball, N.A., Tait, K.T., Back, M.E., Steede, A.H., Taylor, R., McDonald, A.M. (2014): Ferro-ferri-nybøite, NaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+2)Si8O22(OH)2, a new clinoamphibole from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec, Canada: Description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 1019-1026.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
[Magnesio-hastingsite] BANCROFT, J.A. & HOWARD, W.V. (1923): The essexites of Mt. Royal, Montreal, P.Q. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 17, section 4, 13-43. BILLINGS, M. (1928): The chemistry, optics and genesis of the hastingsite group of amphiboles. American Mineralogist 13, 287-296. LEAKE, B.E. (1978): Nomenclature of amphiboles. Canadian Mineralogist 16, 501-520. LEAKE, B.E. et al. (1997): Nomenclature of amphiboles. Canadian Mineralogist 35, 219-246.
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Val-des-Monts
[Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite] HOGARTH, D.D. & LAPOINTE, P. (1984): Amphibole and pyroxene development in fenite from the Gatineau area, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 22, 281-295. HOGARTH, D.D., CHAO, G.Y. & TOWNSEND, M.G. (1987): Potassium and fluorine-rich amphiboles from the Gatineau area, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 25, 739-753. HOGARTH, D.D. (2006): Fluoro-potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite, KNa2Mg5Si8O22F2, from the Outaouais region, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 289. HOGARTH, D.D. (2010): Fluoro-potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite, KNa2Mg5Si8O22F2, from the Outaouais region, Quebec, Canada: Erratum Canadian Mineralogist 48, 432.
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Chifeng City (Ulanhad League; Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Hexigten Banner (Keshiketeng Co.)
[Potassic-hastingsite] Ren, G., Li, G., Shi, J., Gu, X., Fan, G.,Yu, A., Liu, Q. and Shen, G. (2019) Potassic-hastingsite, IMA 2018-160. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328
  • Jiangsu
    • Lianyungang
      • Donghai Co.
[Fluoro-nybøite] Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., and Smith, D.C. (2003): Mineralogical Magazine 67(4), 769-782.
Czech Republic
 
  • Plzeň Region
    • Tachov District
      • Černošín
[Kaersutite] Navrátil, Z., Šrein, V.: Krystalovaný olivín v tufech Vlčí hory u Černošína. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 177-178; Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1989): 137-143..
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
[Arfvedsonite] Checked by Paul De Bondt.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Finland
 
  • Satakunta
    • Siikainen
[Magnesio-ferri-hornblende] Zarubina, E.S., Aksenov, S.M., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K. (2016): Crystal Structure of Magnesio-Ferri-Hornblendite □Ca2(Mg4Fe3+)[(Si7Al)O22](OH)2 as a Potentially New Mineral of the Amphibole Supergroup. Doklady Chemistry: 470: 245–251
  • Southwest Finland
[Potassic-pargasite] Robinson, G.W., Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A, and Lalonde, A.E. (1997): Potassicpargasite, a new member of the amphibole group from Pargas, Turku-Pori, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist. 35, 1535–1540.
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Côtes-d'Armor
      • Lannion
        • Perros-Guirec
          • La Clarté
[Ferro-tschermakite] Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C. and Ciriotti, M.E. (2017)Ferro-tschermakite, IMA 2016-116. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 738; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 737–742
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Argelès-Gazost
[Gedrite] AM 63 (1978), 1023
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Collobrières
[Grunerite] Mineralogical Magazine 1931 22 : 477-481
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Mendig
        • Bell
[Ferri-obertiite] Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C.,Ball, N.A. and Blass, G. (2015) Ferri-obertiite, IMA 2015-079. CNMNC Newsletter No. 28, December 2015, page 1863; Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 1859–1864; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Blass, G. (2017): Ferri-obertiite from the Rothenberg quarry, Eifel volcanic complex (Germany): mineral data and crystal-chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 641–651.
      • Vordereifel
        • Ettringen
[Mangani-obertiite] Hawthorne, F. C., Cooper, M.A., Grice, J.D., Ottolini, l. (2000): A new anhydrous amphibole from the Eifel region, Germany: Description and crystal structure of obertiite, Na Na2(Mg3,Fe,Ti)Si8O28O2, American Mineralogist 85, 236-241
Greece
 
  • South Aegean
    • Syros
[Glaucophane] Pawley, A.R. (1992) Experimental study of the composition and stabilities of synthetic nyboite and nyboite-glaucophane amphiboles. European Journal of Mineralogy 4 (1) 171-192.; Cheney, J., Schumacher, J.C., Coath, C.D., Brady, J.B., DiFilippo, E.L., Argyrou, E.N., Otis, J.W., Sperry, A.J., Sable, J.E., and Skemer, P.A. (2000) Ion microprobe ages of zircons from blueschists, Syros, Greece. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, vol. 32 pg. A152.; Breecker, D.O. (2001) Mineral assemblages in high-pressure quartz-mica schists from Syros, Cyclades, Greece (Doctoral dissertation, Amherst College).; Walton, A. (2001) Petrology of the "Airport Ophiolite" Syros, Greece. 14th Keck Symposium Volume, p. 152.; Marschall, H.R., Ertl, A., Hughes, J.M., and McCammon, C. (2004) Metamorphic Na- and OH-rich disordered dravite with tetrahedral boron, associated with omphacite, from Syros, Greece: Chemistry and structure. European Journal of Mineralogy 16, 817-823.; Schumacher, J.C., Brady, J.B., Cheney, J.T., and Tonnsen, R.R. (2008) Glaucophane-bearing marbles on Syros, Greece. Journal of Petrology 49, 1667-1686.; https://www.geosociety.org/datarepository/2004/2004165.pdf
Greenland
 
  • Avannaata
    • Nuussuaq Peninsula
      • Qaarsut (Kaersut)
[Kaersutite] Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Reitzels Forlag København. Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p. 296)
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Ilímaussaq complex
[Arfvedsonite] Lorenzen, J. (1882): On some minerals from the Sodalite-Syenite in Julianehaab district, south Greenland, Mineralogical Magazine and Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, No 23, Vol. V, 49-70
          • Head of Kangerluarsuk
            • Lilleelv
              • Pegmatite Valley
[Potassic-arfvedsonite] Pekov, I., Chukanov, N., Lebedeva, Yu, Pushcharovsky, D., Ferraris, G., Gula, A., Zadov, A.E., Novakova, A.A., Petersen, O.V. (2004) Potassic-Arfvedsonite a K-dominant Amphibole of the Arfvedsonite-series from agpaitic pegmatites. Neues Jahrbuch Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 12: 555-574.
India
 
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Jabalpur division
      • Balaghat District
        • Tirodi
[Ferri-ghoseite] S. Weiß: Lapis 29(9):48 (2004); European Journal of Mineralogy, 5, 1153-1160 (2003)
    • Jhabua District
[Ferri-leakeite] Amer.Min.(1992) 77, 1112-1115
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Champdepraz
[Ferro-glaucophane] Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta, Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo), 617 pp.
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Monte Somma
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
[Potassic-fluoro-richterite] Della Ventura, G., Maras, A., Parodi, G.C. (1983): Potassium-fluorrichterite from Monte Somma (Campania) Italy. Periodico di Mineralogia, 52, 617-630. Della Ventura, G., Parodi, G.C., Maras, A. (1992): Potassium-fluor-richterite, a new amphibole from San Vito, Monte Somma, Campania, Italy. Rendiconti dell’Accademia dei Lincei, Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali, Serie 9, 3, 239-245.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Lanzada
        • Scerscen Valley
[Clino-suenoite] Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ciriotti, M.E., Revheim, O. and Bracco, R. (2017) Clino-suenoite, IMA 2016-111. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 408; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409. ; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Traversella
[Ferro-ferri-hornblende] Oberti, R.,Boiocchi, M.,Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A.,Pagano, R. and Pagano, A. (2015) Ferro-ferri-hornblende, IMA 2015-054. CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1227; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229-1236.; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Cámara, F., Pagano, R., Pagano, A. (2016): Ferro-ferri-hornblende from the Traversella Mine (Ivrea, Italy): occurrence, mineral description and crystal-chemistry. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1233-1242
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Portoscuso
[Magnesio-ferri-fluoro-hornblende] Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Chiappino, L. (2015): Magnesio-ferri-fluoro-hornblende, IMA 2014-091. CNMNC Newsletter No. 24, April 2015, page 248; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 247-251; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Chiappino, L. (2016): Magnesio-ferri-fluoro-hornblende from Portoscuso, Sardinia, Italy: description of a newly approved member of the amphibole supergroup. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 269-275.
  • Sicily
    • Metropolitan City of Catania
      • Etna Volcanic Complex
        • Biancavilla
[Fluoro-edenite] Gianfagna, A. & Oberti, R.(2001): Fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla (Catania, Sicily, Italy): crystal chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. American Mineralogist, 86, 1489-1493. - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Fivizzano
[Suenoite] Biagioni, C., Pasero, M., Bonaccorsi, E., Hålenius, U., Bosi, F. (2019): Suenoite, IMA 2019-075. CNMNC Newsletter No. 52; Mineralogical Magazine, 83, https://doi.org/10.1180/mgm.2019.73; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15946
Japan
 
  • Ehime Prefecture
    • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
[Potassic-sadanagaite] Shimazaki et al (1984) American Mineralogist, 69, 465-471.
[Potassic-ferro-sadanagaite] Can Min 35 (1997), 219; Min Rec 29 (1998), 169
    • Shikokuchuo City
      • Doi
[Chromio-pargasite] Nishio-Hamane, D., Ohnishi, M., Minakawa, T., Yamaura, J., Saito, S. & Kadota, R. (2012) Ehimeite, NaCa2Mg4CrSi6Al2O22(OH)2: the first Cr-dominant amphibole from the Akaishi Mine, Higashi-Akaishi Mountain, Ehime Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 107, 1-7.
  • Gifu Prefecture
    • Ibi District
      • Ibigawa-cho
[Sadanagaite] Banno, Y., Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S., Makino, K., Bunno, M., Yamada, S. and Kamiya, T. (2004): Magnesiosadanagaite, a new member of the amphibole group from Kasuga-mura, Gifu prefecture, central Japan., European Journal of Mineralogy: 16(1): 177-183.; Banno Y, Miyawaki R, Kogure T, Matsubara S, Kamiya T, Yamada S (2005) Aspidolite, the Na analogue of phlogopite, from Kasuga-mura, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan, description and structural data. Mineralogical Magazine 69, 1047-1057
    • Nakatsugawa City
      • Hirukawa
[Proto-ferro-anthophyllite] J. Mineral. Petrol. Sci., 97, 127-136.
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Shimohei District
      • Tanohata-mura
[Mangano-ferri-eckermannite] [Journ.Jap.Ass.Min.Petr.Econ.Geol.(1969) 62, 311-328; Nickel & Nichols, 1991]
  • Mie Prefecture
    • Kameyama City
[Potassic-ferro-pargasite] Yasuyuki BANNO, Ritsuro MIYAWAKI, Satoshi MATSUBARA, Eriko SATO, Izumi NAKAI, Gen-ichiro MATSUO and Shigeo YAMADA (2009): Potassic-ferropargasite, a new member of the amphibole group, from Kabutoichiba, Mie Prefecture, central Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 104, 374-382.
  • Okayama Prefecture
    • Niimi City
      • Shingo-takase
[Proto-anthophyllite] Konishi, H., Groy, T. L., Dódony, I., Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S., & Buseck, P. R. (2003). Crystal structure of protoanthophyllite: A new mineral from the Takase ultramafic complex, Japan. American Mineralogist, 88(11-12), 1718-1723.
  • Tochigi Prefecture
    • Kanuma City
      • Awano
[Proto-ferro-suenoite] AmMin 84:196; Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences: 97: 127-136.; Sueno, S., Matsuura, S., Bunno, M., & Kurosawa, M. (2002). Occurrence and crystal chemical features of protoferro-anthophyllite and protomangano-ferro-anthophyllite from Cheyenne Canyon and Cheyenne Mountain, USA and Hirukawa-mura, Suisho-yama, and Yokone-yama, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 97(4), 127-136.
Kazakhstan
 
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Tarbagatai Range
      • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
[Ferri-fluoro-leakeite] Cámara, F., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Bekenova, G., Stepanov, A.V., Kotel’nikov, P.E. (2010): Fluoroleakeite, NaNa2(Mg2Fe3+2Li)Si8O22F2, a new mineral of the amphibole group from the Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Eastern Kazakhstan District, Kazakhstan: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 521-528.
Kenya
 
  • Makueni County
    • Umba Valley Region
      • Sultan Hamud
[Riebeckite] Campell Smith, W., Hey, M.H. and Kempe, D.R.C. (1968): Riebeckite from near Sultan Hamud, Machalcos District, Kenya. Mineralogical Magazine 36, 1164-1167. [http://www.minersoc.org/pages/Archive-MM/Volume_36/36-284-1164.pdf]
Madagascar
 
  • Anosy
    • Amboasary Sud
      • Tranomaro
[Potassic-fluoro-pargasite] Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Pagano, R., Pagano, A. (2010): Fluoro-potassic-pargasite, KCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2 from the Tranomaro area, Madagascar: mineral description and crystal chemistry. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 961-967
Myanmar
 
  • Kachin State
    • Mohnyin District
      • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
[Eckermannite] Shi, G. H., Zhu, X. K., Deng, J., Mao, Q., Liu, Y. X., & Li, G. W. (2011). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(6), 1608-1620; Guanghai Shi, George E. Harlow, Jing Wang, Jun Wang, Enoch Ng, Xia Wang, ShuMin Cao and Wenyuan CUI(2012): Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of mineralogy, Vol 24, pp 345-384; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A. and Harlow, G.E.(2014) Eckermannite, IMA 2013-136. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 553; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Harlow, G.E. (2015): Eckermannite revised: The new holotype from the Jade Mine Tract, Myanmar—crystal structure, mineral data, and hints on the reasons for the rarity of eckermannite. American Mineralogist, 100, 909-914.
Namibia
 
  • ǁKaras Region
    • ǃNamiǂNûs Constituency
[Magnesio-hornblende] Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C. and Ciriotti, M.E. (2017) Magnesio-hornblende, IMA 2017-059. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1284; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1279–1286.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Kjennerudvannet North
        • Kjennerudvann Silver Mine
[Anthophyllite] Schumacher, C.F. (1801): Versuch eines verzeichnisses der in den Dänisch-Nordischen Staaten sich findenden einfachen Mineralien. Kopenhagen, p.96; Möller, N. B. (1825) Achmit fra Eger. Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 6: 174-181 (p.180)
  • Nordland
    • Rana
      • Altermark area
[Actinolite] Birtel, S. (2002): Fluid-rock interaction on alpine- type ultramafic rocks from the Norwegian Caledonides. Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Geowissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Albert-Ludwigs Universität Freiburg i.Br
  • Oslo
    • Grorud
[Ferro-katophorite] Brøgger, W.C. (1894): Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes, I. Die Gesteine der Grorudit-Tinguait-Serie. Videnskabsselkabets Skrifter. I. Mathematisk- Naturv. Klasse, 1894, 4, 1-206. (pp. 27-39); Raade, G. (1996): Minerals originally described from Norway. Including notes on type material. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 11, 48-49.
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
[Ferro-katophorite] Brøgger, W.C. (1894): Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes, I. Die Gesteine der Grorudit-Tinguait-Serie. Videnskabsselkabets Skrifter. I. Mathematisk- Naturv. Klasse, 1894, 4, 1-206. (pp. 27-39)
[Ferro-katophorite] Brøgger, W.C. (1894): Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes, I. Die Gesteine der Grorudit-Tinguait-Serie. Videnskabsselkabets Skrifter. I. Mathematisknaturv. Klasse, 1894, 4, 1-206. (pp. 27-39)
  • Vestland
    • Kinn
      • Vågsøy
        • Sørpollen
[Nybøite] Mineralogical Magazine, April 1997, Vol. 61, pp. 295-321; Ungaretti, L., Smith, D.C. (1981): Crystal-chemistry by x-ray structure refinement and electron microprobe analysis of a series of sodic-calcic to alkali-amphiboles from the Nybö eclogite pod, Norway. Bulletin Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie. 104: 400–412
    • Stad
      • Selje
        • Liset
[Ferro-taramite] Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Smith, D.C. & Medenbach, O. (2007): Alumotaramite, alumino-magnesiotaramite, and fluoro-alumino-magnesiotaramite: Mineral data and crystal chemistry. American Mineeralogist. 92: 1428-1435
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara
    • Simeria
[Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite] Bojar, H.-P. & Walter, F. (2006): Fluoro-magnesiohastingsite from Dealul Uroi (Hunedoara county, Romania): mineral structure of a new amphibole end-member. European Journal of Mineralogy, 18, 503-508.
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Bol'shoi Ishkul' lake
[Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite] ZVMO 135, 2, 49-57 (2006); Кориневский, В. Г., & Кориневский, Е. В. (2006). Калиймагнезиогастингсит (K, Na) Ca 2 (Mg, Fe 2+) 4 (Fe 3+, Al, Т1)[Si 6 А1 2 О 22](ОН, С1) 2-новый минеральный вид амфиболов. Записки Российского минералогического общества, 135(2), 49-57.
    • Ilmen Mountains
[Ferri-winchite] A. G. Bazhenov et al.: Proc. Russ. Min. Soc. 134(3):74-77 (2005)
[Potassic-ferro-ferri-sadanagaite] [AmMin 85:1563]; Frank C. Hawthorne, George E. Harlow (2008): THE CRYSTAL CHEMISTRY OF Al-RICH AMPHIBOLES: SADANAGAITE AND POTASSIC-FERRISADANAGAITE, The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 46, pp. 151-162
    • Miass
[Fluoro-richterite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.; Popov, V.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., McCammon, C., and Bazhenova, L.F. (2001) Polyakovite-(Ce), (REE,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2Si4O22, a new metamict mineral species from the Ilmen Mountains, southern Urals, Russia: mineral description and crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1095-1104.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.; Mineralogical Record 33: 167.
[Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite] [AmMin 86:1534]
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Lake Baikal area
      • Slyudyanka (Sludyanka)
[Vanadio-pargasite] Reznitsky, L.Z., Sklyarov, E.V., Cametti, G., Armbruster, T., Ushchapovskaya, Z.F., Suvorova, L.F. and Barash, I.G. (2017) Vanadiopargasite, IMA 2017-019. CNMNC Newsletter No. 38, August 2017, page 1034; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1033–1038. ; Cametti, G., Armbruster, T., Reznitsky, L.Z., Sklyarov, E.V., Della Ventura, G. (2018): Crystal structure and crystal-chemistry of vanadio-pargasite: a new amphibole from southern Lake Baikal, Siberia, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30, 981-987.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Kukisvumchorr Mt
        • Kirovskii apatite mine (Kirovsky Mine; Kirovskii Mine; Kirov Mine)
[Potassic-arfvedsonite] American Mineralogist: 90: 1467-1468.
    • Lovozersky District
      • Kedykverpakhk Mountain
        • Karnasurt mine (Kedyk area)
[Potassic-arfvedsonite] American Mineralogist: 90:1467-1468.
  • Tuva
    • Erzinsky District
[Fluoro-pedrizite] Oberti, R., Cámara, F., Ottolini, L. (2005): Clinoholmquistite discredited: The new amphibole end-member fluoro-sodic-pedrizite. The American Mineralogist, 90, 732-736.
[Ferro-pedrizite] Konovalenko, S.I., Ananyev, S.A., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M., Bakhtin, A.I., Nikolaev, A.G., Gainov, R., Sapozhnikov, A.N., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Bychkova, I.V. (2014) Ferro-pedrizite, IMA 2014-037. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 803; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804.
[Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite] Mineralogical Magazine 73,487(2009)
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
[Potassic-mangani-leakeite] Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1993) 73, 349-355; Gnos, E., Armbruster, T., & Villa, I. M. (2003). Norrishite, K (Mn23+ Li) Si4O10 (O) 2, an oxymica associated with sugilite from the Wessels Mine, South Africa: Crystal chemistry and 40Ar-39Ar dating. American Mineralogist, 88(1), 189-194.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
[Potassic-ferro-taramite] Obertii, R., Boiocchi, M., Smith, D.C. Mendenbach, O. & Helmers H. (2008): Potassic-aluminotaramite from Sierra de los Filabres, Spain. European Journal of Mineralogy. 20: 1005–1010
  • Community of Madrid
    • Manzanares el Real
[Ferri-pedrizite] Oberti, Roberta; Caballero, José M.; Ottolini, Luisa; López-Andrés, Sol; Herreros, Victor (2000) Sodic-ferripedrizite, a new monoclinic amphibole bridging the magnesium-iron-manganese-lithium and the sodium-calcium groups. American Mineralogist: 85: 578-585.
Sweden
 
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
[Fluoro-leakeite] Oberti, R. Cámara, F.; Hawthorne, F.C. and Ball, N.A. (2009): Fluoro-aluminoleakeite, NaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)Si8O22F2, a new mineral of the amphibole group from Norra Kärr, Sweden: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine. 73: 817-824
  • Stockholm County
    • Haninge
      • Utö
[Holmquistite] Osann, A. (1913): Über Holmquistit, einen Lithionglaukophan von der Insel Utö. Silzungsber. d. Heidelberger Akad. d. Wissensch. Math-nat. Klasse. Abt. A. Jahrg. 1913, 23: 1-17 + 2 plates.
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Långban Ore District
[Richterite] Breithaupt, A. (1865): Mineralogische Studien. 25. Ricterit. 32 Scheffferit. Berg- und Huettenmænnische Zeitung. 24, 364-364; American Mineralogist (1974): 59: 518; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
[Potassic-richterite] Holtstam, D., Cámara, F., Skogby, H. and Karlsson, A. (2018) Potassic-richterite, IMA 2017-102. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, page 447; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: 445–451.
[Potassic-richterite] Holtstam, D., Cámara, F., Skogby, H. and Karlsson, A. (2018) Potassic-richterite, IMA 2017-102. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, page 447; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: 445–451.;
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino
    • Leventina
      • Piumogna Valley
[Tremolite] Pini, E. (1790) Di alcuni fossili singolari della Lombardia Austriaca e di altre parti d'Italia. Milano, Marelli.; Stalder, H.A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998) Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel).; Roth, P. (2006) The early history of tremolite. Axis: 2(3): 1-10.
  • Uri
    • Maderanertal
      • Golzern
[var: Byssolite] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 26; H. Westenberger collection specimen ex Stolte collection (#759), now in C. Lemanski collection (#22655CL).
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
    • Monduli District
[Oxo-magnesio-hastingsite] Zaitsev A N, Avdontseva E Y, Britvin S N, Demény A, Homonnay Z, Jeffries T E, Keller J, Krivovichev V G, Markl G, Platonova N V, Siidra O I, Spratt J, Vennemann T (2013) Oxo-magnesio-hastingsite, NaCa2(Mg2Fe3+3)(Al2Si6)O22O2, a new anhydrous amphibole from the Deeti volcanic cone, Gregory rift, northern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 2773-2792
  • Manyara Region
    • Simanjiro District
      • Lelatema Mountains
[Tremolite] Fritz, E.A., Laurs, B.M., Downs, R.T. and Costin, G. (2007): Yellowish green diopside and tremolite from Merelani, Tanzania. Gems & Gemology 43, 146-148. [https://www.gia.edu/doc/Yellowish-Green-Diopside-and-Tremolite-from-Merelani--Tanzania.pdf]; Collection of Werner Radl; Mineralogical Record (2009) 40:347-408; Jaszczak, J.A., Rumsey, M.S., Bindi, L., Hackney, S.A., Wise, M.A., Stanley, C.J., Spratt, J. (2016) Merelaniite, Mo4Pb4VSbS15, a New Molybdenum-Essential Member of the Cylindrite Group, from the Merelani Tanzanite Deposit, Lelatema Mountains, Manyara Region, Tanzania. Minerals, 6, 115.
  • Mbeya Region
[Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramite] P.W.G.Brock, D.C. Gellatly, and O. Von Knorring(1964):Mboziite, a new sodic amphibole end member. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol 33, pp1057-65.
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Azov Sea Region
      • Oktyabr'skii Massif (Mariupol'skii)
[Taramite Root Name Group] Spraw.Polsk.Inst.Geol.(1923) 2, 6 and TMPM,(1925) 38, 210; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
USA
 
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
[Ferro-ferri-obertiite] IMA approvals - August 2009
  • Colorado
    • El Paso Co.
[Proto-ferro-anthophyllite] Am.Min.: 84: 196; Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences: 97: 127-136.
[Fluoro-riebeckite] Hawthorne, F. C. (1978). The crystal chemistry of the amphiboles; VIII, The crystal structure and site chemistry of fluor-riebeckite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 16(2), 187-194.
  • Connecticut
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Canaan
        • Falls Village
[Tremolite] Weber, Marcelle H. and Earle C. Sullivan. (1995): Connecticut Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals (Connecticut Issue): 70 (6): 397.
[Tremolite] Harold Moritz collection, Former Ed Force collection
      • Harwinton
[Tremolite] Harold Moritz collection, Former Richard Schooner collection, Former Ed Force collection.
      • Litchfield
[Magnesio-hornblende] Harold Moritz collection
      • New Hartford
[Anthophyllite] Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976), Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
      • New Milford
        • Boardman's Bridge
[Tremolite] Weber, Marcelle H. and Earle C. Sullivan. (1995), Connecticut Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals (Connecticut Issue), 70(6): 398.
      • North Canaan
[Tremolite] Januzzi, Ronald E. (1994), Mineral Data Book - Western Connecticut and Environs. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.; Schairer, J. F. (1931), The Minerals of Connecticut. State Geological and Natural History Survey, Hartford Connecticut Bulletin 51.
[Tremolite] Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976), Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
      • Torrington (Wolcottville)
[Tremolite] Mike Polletta specimen
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
        • Haddam Neck
[Anthophyllite] Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
[Anthophyllite] Lundgren, Lawrence, Jr. (1979): THE BEDROCK GEOLOGY OF THE HADDAM QUADRANGLE. State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut. Quadrangle Report No. 37, pages 9-13.
[Anthophyllite] Lundgren, Lawrence, Jr. (1979), THE BEDROCK GEOLOGY OF THE HADDAM QUADRANGLE. State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut. Quadrangle Report No. 37.
    • Tolland Co.
      • Willington
        • West Willington
[Magnesio-hornblende] Ague, J. J. (1995): Deep Crustal Growth of Quartz, Kyanite and Garnet into Large-Aperature, fluid-filled fractures, northeastern Connecticut, USA. Journal of Metamorphic Geology: 13: 299-314.
  • Idaho
    • Shoshone Co.
      • Placer Center Mining District
[Ferro-anthophyllite] Rocks & Min. 70:262
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Plainfield
[Ferro-hornblende] Plante, A.R. (1992) Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities. Valley Geology Press, 1992: 150 pgs.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Chelmsford
[Actinolite] Gleba, P. (1978) Massachusetts Mineral and Fossil Localities. Barton, W.R., Goldsmith, C.E. (1968) New England Beryllium Investigations. U.S. Depaartment of the Interior, Bureau of Mines Report of investigations 7070. 177 pages and maps.
    • Norfolk Co.
      • Quincy
[Riebeckite Root Name Group var: Crocidolite] Rocks & Min.: 19:244; Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
  • New Mexico
    • Taos Co.
      • Questa
[Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeite] American Mineralogist, Volume 78, pages 733-745, 1993
  • New York
    • Orange Co.
      • Town of Tuxedo
[Potassic-fluoro-hastingsite] Marian Lupulescu (2008) Rocks and Minerals, 83, #3; Lupulescu, M.V., Rakovan, J., Darby Dyar, M., Robinson, G.W., Hughes, J.M. (2009): Fluoro-potassichastingsite from the Greenwood Mine, Orange County, New York: a new end-member calcic amphibole. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 909-916.
      • Town of Warwick
[Edenite] American Mineralogist, 63, pp. 1023-1052 (1978)
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • West Pierrepont
[Tremolite] [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • Wallace Township
        • Cornog
[Tremolite] The Mineralogy of Pennstlvania 1922-1965; A. Montgomery, pg. 45
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • Cumberland
[Magnesio-hornblende] Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
[Magnesio-hornblende] Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
  • Washington
    • King Co.
      • North Bend
        • Hansen Creek
[Actinolite] Eric He's Collection
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
[Arfvedsonite] Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8; Rocks and Minerals, 66:6, p. 453; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.49; American Mineralogist, V.58, p. 874
  • Wyoming
    • Sweetwater Co.
      • Leucite Hills Mining District
[Potassic-jeanlouisite] Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Della Ventura, G., Färber, G. (2019) Potassic-jeanlouisite from Leucite Hill, Wyoming, USA, ideally K(NaCa)(Mg4Ti)Si8O22O2: the first species of oxo amphibole in the sodium–calcium subgroup. Mineralogical Magazine: 83(4): 587-593.
Yemen
 
  • Aden Governorate
[Riebeckite] Sauer A (1888) Ueber Riebeckit, ein neues Glied der Hornblendegruppe, sowie über Neubildung von Albit in granitischen Orthoklasen, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 40, 138-152
 
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