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About InderiteHide

MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Colourless, white, pink; colourless in transmitted light
Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly, Dull
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Member of:
After the type locality, the Inder Lake, Kazakhstan.
Dimorph of:

Classification of InderiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

C : Triborates
A : Neso-triborates

3 : Triborates

9 : Borates
2 : Borates of Be and Mg

Physical Properties of InderiteHide

Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly, Dull
Transparent, Translucent
Pearly on cleavages.
Colourless, white, pink; colourless in transmitted light
On {010} perfect; on {110} good.
1.8 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.794 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of InderiteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.488 nβ = 1.491 nγ = 1.505
Measured: 37° , Calculated: 52°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.017
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
weak r > v

Chemical Properties of InderiteHide

MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O

Crystallography of InderiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.025 Å, b = 13.1145(13) Å, c = 6.8221(3) Å
β = 104.49°
a:b:c = 0.917 : 1 : 0.52
Unit Cell V:
1,041.64 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Crystals tabular with two pinacoidal cleavages (California); acicular, in reniform nodular aggregates (Inder Lake); prismatic (artificial).

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Rarely as a primary mineral in lacustrine borate deposits.

Type Occurrence of InderiteHide

Synonyms of InderiteHide

Other Language Names for InderiteHide

Relationship of Inderite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m
KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
10 photos of Inderite associated with UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
5 photos of Inderite associated with CanavesiteMg2(HBO3)(CO3) · 5H2O
4 photos of Inderite associated with DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
4 photos of Inderite associated with KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
1 photo of Inderite associated with HematiteFe2O3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

6.CA.20KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
6.CA.25InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
6.CA.30MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
6.CA.35InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m
6.CA.45Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10Hex. 6 m2 : P62m
6.CA.55OlshanskyiteCa2[B3O3(OH)6](OH) · 3H2OTric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide · 4H2OMon. 2/m · 8H2OMon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

9.2.1HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.2.3KotoiteMg3[BO3]2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.2.6AksaiteMg[B6O7(OH)6] · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.2.7WightmaniteMg5(BO3)O(OH)5 · 2H2OMon.
9.2.8PinnoiteMg[B2O(OH)6]Tet. 4/m : P42/m
9.2.9KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.2.10HalurgiteMg4[B8O13(OH)2]2·7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
9.2.12HungchaoiteMg(B4O7) · 9H2OTric. 1
9.2.13AdmontiteMgB6O10 · 7H2OMon.
9.2.14McallisteriteMg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
9.2.15RivadaviteNa6Mg[B6O7(OH)6]4 · 10H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.2.16KaliboriteKMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.2.17IquiqueiteK3Na4Mg(CrO4)B24O39(OH) · 12H2OHex.

Other InformationHide

IR Spectrum:
Boron Open Pit material [cm-1]: 3625, 3580, 3470s, 3435s, 3360s, 3260s, 3060sh, 2940sh, 1705sh, 1685, 1650w, 1449, 1405s, 1350s, 1280, 1260sh, 1179, 1134, 1047s, 999s, 870s, 802, 748, 675sh, 657, 620sh, 583, 568, 487w, 347w
Insoluble in water. Readily soluble in warm, dilute HCl.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for InderiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Boldyreva and Egorova (1937) Mat. Centr. Sc. Geol. Prosp. Inst. U.S.S.R. Gen. Ser., no. 2.
Boldyreva (1937) Mineralogicheskoe Obshchestvo, Leningrad, Zapiski: 66: 651.
Feigelson, Grushvitsky, and Korobochkina (1939) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S.: 22: 242.
Nikolaev and Chelishcheva (1940) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S.: 28: 127.
Heinrich (1946) American Mineralogist: 31: 71.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 360-361.
Frondel, C., et al (1956), Lesserite, a new borate mineral, American Mineralogist: 41: 927-928.
Rumanova, I.M. and Ashirov, A. (1964) The determination of the crystal structure of inderite. Soviet Physics-Crystallography: 8: 414-428.
Acta Crystallographica (1976): B32: 1329-1333.
Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2003) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume V. Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 813pp.: 323.
Chukanov, N.V. (2014): Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library. Springer (Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy), vol. 1, Dordrecht, 1726 pp.

Internet Links for InderiteHide

Localities for InderiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Salta Province
    • Los Andes department
      • Salar del Hombre Muerto
Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
      • Sijes
Galliski, M.A., Cooper, M.A., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., and Hawthorne, F.C. (2010) Alfredstelznerite: a new calcium borate hydrate from Santa Rosa mine, Salta, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 123-128
  • Qinghai
    • Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Da Qaidam (Dachaidan Co.)
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275
  • Tibet
    • Ngari
      • Gê'gyai Co. (Geji Co.)
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Mianping Zheng and Wengao Liu (1982): Geological Review 28(3), 263-266; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Xifang Liu and Mianping Zheng (2010): Acta Geologica Sinica 89(11), 1601-1612; Mianping Zheng and Xifang Liu (2010): Acta Geologica Sinica 84(11), 1585-1600
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Léssolo
        • Cálea
M.E. Ciriotti (2006) EDX probed
  • Atyrau Region
    • Inder
World of Stones #1; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
        • Mt Kzyl-tau
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Polar Yakutia
      • Dogdo River Basin
        • Tas-Khayakhtakh Range
  • Eskişehir Province
    • Kirka
CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/T%FCrkei/Eskisehir/Kirka/Sarikaya; Baysal, O. (1972) : A mineralogical study and genesis of Sarıkaya (Kırka) borate deposits. Hacettepe University, Ankara.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Furnace Creek Mining District (Furnace Creek Borate Mining District)
        • Ryan
Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and G.D. Eberlein (1979) New data on hungchaoite, the second world occurrence, Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 64: 369-375; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols.
    • Kern Co.
Frondel, Clifford & V. Morgen (1956), Inderite and gerstleyite from the Kramer borate district, Kern County, California: American Mineralogist: 41: 839-843; Frondel, Clifford, V. Morgan & J.L.T. Waugh (1956), Lesserite, a new borate mineral American Mineralogist: 41: 927-928; Schaller, Waldemar Theodore & Mary Emma Mrose (1960), The naming of the hydrous magnesium borate minerals from Boron, California – a preliminary note: American Mineralogist: 45: 732-734; Rumanova, I.M. and Ashirov, A. (1964) The determination of the crystal structure of inderite. Soviet Physics-Crystallography: 8: 414-428; Bowser, C.J. (1965a), Geochemistry and petrology of the sodium borates in the non-marine evaporative environment: Unpublished Ph.. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 307 pp.: 49-50; Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 150-152; Razmanova, .P., Rumanova, I.M., and Belov, N.V. (1970) Crystal structure of kurnakovite Mg2B6O11•15H2O = 2Mg[B3O3(OH)5]•5H2O. Soviet Physics, Doklady: 14: 1139; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 240.
Minerals Notes and News (1948), Inderite discovered at Boron: Mineral Notes & News Bulletin 127: 12; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 227-228.
American Mineralogist 41 (1956), 839-843
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 227-228.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 228.
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