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Idaite

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About IdaiteHide

Formula:
Cu5FeS6
Very close to Cu5.5FeS6.5 according to Sugaki et al. (1975).
Hardness:
2½ - 3½
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Member of:
Name:
Named for the type locality, the Ida mine in Namibia.
Stannite Group.

A lamellar decomposition product of bornite, commonly associated with fine spindles of chalcopyrite; apparently of secondary origin, a first product of enrichment.

Grandfathered but inadequately described mineral; name may refer to both impure nukundamite, which was originally called "idaite", and to a tetragonal phase close to Sn-poor mawsonite (Rice et al., 1979).

Chemically related to bornite.


Classification of IdaiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.CB.15a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
2.9.14.1

2 : SULFIDES
9 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
3.1.29

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of IdaiteHide

Hardness:
2½ - 3½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of IdaiteHide

Formula:
Cu5FeS6

Very close to Cu5.5FeS6.5 according to Sugaki et al. (1975).
IMA Formula:
Cu3FeS4

Crystallography of IdaiteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.90 Å, c = 16.95 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 4.346
Unit Cell V:
223.27 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Comment:
Space group unknown.

Type Occurrence of IdaiteHide

Synonyms of IdaiteHide

Other Language Names for IdaiteHide

German:Idait
Simplified Chinese:铁铜蓝
伊达矿
Spanish:Idaita

Relationship of Idaite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
BriartiteCu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4Tet.
ČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
FamatiniteCu3SbS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
FerrokësteriteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
KeutschiteCu2AgAsS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
KuramiteCu3SnS4Tet.
LuzoniteCu3AsS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
OmariniiteCu8Fe2ZnGe2S12Orth. 2 2 2 : I2 2 2
PermingeatiteCu3SbSe4Tet.
Petrukite(Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4Orth.
PirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
StanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
StannoiditeCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12Orth.
UM1984-30-S:CuFeSnCu2Fe2Sn3S7
Unnamed (Cu-Zn-In Sulphide)CuZn2InS4
VelikiteCu2HgSnS4Tet.
ZincobriartiteCu2(Zn,Fe)(Ge,Ga)S4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Idaite associated with DigeniteCu9S5
1 photo of Idaite associated with Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
1 photo of Idaite associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
1 photo of Idaite associated with PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
1 photo of Idaite associated with NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CB.AgmantiniteAg2MnSnS4Orth.
2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.05aHawleyiteCdSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05cPolhemusite(Zn,Hg)STet.
2.CB.05bSakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4Iso.
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aStilleiteZnSe
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZnCu2Fe3Zn5S10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aEskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bMooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16Tet.
2.CB.10bPutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2Iso.
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aKësterite Cu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aKuramiteCu3SnS4Tet.
2.CB.15bMohiteCu2SnS3Mon.
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15cStannoiditeCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12Orth.
2.CB.15aVelikiteCu2HgSnS4Tet.
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.30ColusiteCu13VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16Iso.
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32Iso.
2.CB.30MaikainiteCu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
2.CB.35aHemusiteCu6SnMoS8Iso.
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.35aPolkovicite(Fe,Pb)3(Ge,Fe)1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
2.CB.35aVincienniteCu+7Cu2+3Fe2+2Fe3+2Sn(As,Sb)S16Tet.
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite(Pb,Fe)3Ge1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45RambergiteMnSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
2.CB.60RaguiniteTlFeS2Orth.
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
2.CB.65SternbergiteAgFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.70SulvaniteCu3VS4Iso.
2.CB.75VulcaniteCuTeOrth.
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.1.1ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.1.2DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
3.1.3DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.1.4AniliteCu7S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.5RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
3.1.6SpionkopiteCu39S28Trig.
3.1.7GeeriteCu8S5Trig. 3
3.1.8CovelliteCuSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.9BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.10BellidoiteCu2SeTet. 4/m : P42/n
3.1.11UmangiteCu3Se2Tet.
3.1.12YarrowiteCu9S8Trig.
3.1.13AthabascaiteCu5Se4Orth.
3.1.14KlockmanniteCuSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.15Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.16WeissiteCu2-xTeHex.
3.1.17RickarditeCu7Te5Orth.
3.1.18VulcaniteCuTeOrth.
3.1.19BambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2Tet.
3.1.20LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.21MgriiteCu3AsSe3
3.1.22CubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.1.23BorniteCu5FeS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.1.24FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.25ChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.1.26MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16Tet.
3.1.27HaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
3.1.28IsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.30NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.1.31PutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2Iso.
3.1.32Orickite2CuFeS2 · H2OHex.
3.1.33EskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
3.1.34Chaméanite(Cu,Fe)4As(Se,S)4Iso.
3.1.35TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for IdaiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Frenzel, G. (1958): Ein neues Mineral: Idait. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh.,
142 (in German).
Frenzel, G. (1959): Ein neues Mineral: Idait, natürliches Cu5FeS6. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Abh., 93, 87–114 (in German).
American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 1219.
American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
Rice, C. M., Atkin, D., Bowles, J. F. W. and Criddle, A. J. (1979): Nukundamite, a new mineral, and idaite. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 193-200.
Sugaki, A. Shima, H. Kitakaze, A. and Harada, H. (1975): Isothermal phase relations in the system Cu-Fe-S under hydrothermal conditions at 350°C and 300°C. Econ. Geol., 70, 806-823.

Internet Links for IdaiteHide

Localities for IdaiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Cuanza Sul Province (Kwanza Sul Province)
    • Sumbe City Council
Milesi, J. P., Toteu, S. F., Deschamps, Y., Feybesse, J. L., Lerouge, C., Cocherie, A., ... & Nicol, N. (2006). An overview of the geology and major ore deposits of Central Africa: Explanatory note for the 1: 4,000,000 map “Geology and major ore deposits of Central Africa”. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 44(4-5), 571-595.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Queen Fabiola Mts (Yamato Mts)
El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja Province
    • Chilecito department
      • Chilecito
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
      • Sañogasta
Minerales de la Republica Argentina, E. O. Zappettini Ed., Buenos Aires 1999 ISSN 0328-2325
  • Mendoza Province
    • Malargüe Department
      • Pampa Amarilla District
        • Agua Botada
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
American Mineralogist: 51: 1-13
  • Salta Province
    • Los Andes department
      • San Antonio de los Cobres
        • Organullo mining district
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
  • Santa Cruz Province
    • Deseado department
      • Deseado massif
        • Tres Cerros
Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
    • Semenov region
Firstova, A., Stepanova, T., Sukhanova, A., Cherkashov, G., & Poroshina, I. (2019). Au and Te Minerals in Seafloor Massive Sulphides from Semyenov-2 Hydrothermal Field, Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Minerals, 9(5), 294.
    • Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse hydrothermal field (TAG)
Mozgova, N.N., Borodaev, Y.S., Stepanova, T.V., Cherkashev, G.A., and Zhirnov, E.A. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(1), 1-18.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Condobolin district
Base Metal Mineralisation at Mineral Hill Central Western New South Wales, by L. McClatchie 1971 - Memoirs of the Geological Survry of N.S.W. No. 11.
Gilligan, L.B., Suppel, D.W. (1993) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Nymagee 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map (SI/55-2). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 171 pages.
Gilligan, L.B., Suppel, D.W. (1993) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Nymagee 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map (SI/55-2). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 171 pages.
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Oberwart District
      • Stadtschlaining
Huber, S. und Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp.; Huber, S. & Huber, P. (1981): Die Mineralien der Antimonitlagerstätte Schlaining, Burgenland. Die Eisenblüte, Jahrg. 2 NF., Nr. 3, 18-22.
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Zirknitz
        • Kleine Zirknitz valley
          • Kluidscharte
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
  • Lower Austria
    • Neunkirchen District
Tufar, W. (1967): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 106, 334-351.; Huber, S. and Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp. (in German)
Hackenberg, M. (2003): Bergbau im Semmeringgebiet. Arch. f. Lagerst.forsch. Geol. B.-A., 24, 5-97.
    • Wiener Neustadt-Land District
      • Katzelsdorf
Tufar, W. (1966): N. Jb. Mineral. Abh. 105, 203-210.
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo District
R.Poeverlein (2016)
R.Poeverlein (2016)
R.Poeverlein (2016)
  • Tyrol
    • Innsbruck-Land District
      • Habicht
Vavtar, F. (1986): Das Zinn-Kupfer-Erzvorkommen am Glücksgrat (Stubai-Kristallin). Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 35, 287-298.
    • Kitzbühel District
      • Oberndorf in Tirol
Vohryzka, K. (1968): Die Erzlagerstätten von Nordtirol und ihr Verhältnis zur alpinen Tektonik. Jb. Geol. B.-A., 111, 3-88.; Steiner, M., Tropper, P., Vavtar, F., Kaindl, R. & Krismer, M. (2010): Balkanite from the Cu ore deposit Röhrerbühel, Kitzbühel (N-Tyrol, Austria). N. Jb. Mineral. Abh. 187, 207-215.
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Stavelot Massif
Hatert, F., Blondieau, M., Puccio, S., Baijot, M. et Gustine, C. (2014) - Le gisement de manganèse de la vallée de la Lienne, Belgique. Le Règne Minéral, 117, pp. 5-28, editions du Piat.
    • Luxembourg
      • Stavelot Massif
Michel Bloindieau
          • Cahai (Cahay)
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Curaçá river valley
      • Curaçá
Bello, Rosa M. S. (1986) "Jazida de cobre de Surubim, vale do Curuçá, Bahia: mineralogia, petrologia e petrogenese"
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Province
    • Gotse Delchev Obshtina
Bul. Acad. Sci. (1998)
  • Pazardzhik Province
    • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
      • Elshitsa
Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., and Kuzmanov, K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 219-229.
      • Levski
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Panagyurishte
Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
  • Sofia City Province
    • Chelopech
American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 29-36; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
  • Sofia Province
    • Zlatitsa Obshtina
      • Zlatitsa
Mladenova, V., Apostolova, R., & Ivanov, Z. (2017). Epithermal intermediate-sulfidation veins in the low-grade metamorphic rocks in the upper levels of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society, 78.
Canada
 
  • Alberta
    • Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek deposit
Goble R J (1980) Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28, The Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518
Goble R J (1980) Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28, The Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518
  • British Columbia
    • Alberni Mining Division
Minfile Database (2017)
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Seagull Lake Area
        • Seagull Lake complex
Wilson, G., & Harper, G. (2013). Nipigon Reefs Project: A New Look at the PGE-bearing Seagull Mafic-Ultramafic Complex. Field Guide to the Copper-Nickel-Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Lake Superior Region, Precambrian Research Center Guidebook, 13-01.
  • Québec
    • Bas-Saint-Laurent
      • Témiscouata RCM
        • Lac Témiscouata
Mineralium Deposita 44 (2009) 285-301
    • Montérégie
      • Acton RCM
Econ Geol (1994) 89:936-943.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
R.B. Cook: "Famous mineal locality; Chuquicamata, Chile": Mineralogical Record, sept.-oct. 1973
      • Escondida
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Coquimbo
    • Elqui Province
Henley, R. W., Mavrogenes, J. & Tanner, D. (2012): Sulfosalt melts and heavy metal (As-Sb-Bi-Sn-Pb-Tl) fractionation during volcanic gas expansion: the El Indio (Chile) paleo-fumarole. Geofluids 12, 199-215.
Llaumet C./Henríquez F. (1976); "Faja de mineralización de oro, plata, cobre y arsenico en la Cordillera Andina de la III y IV región"; Primero Congreso Geológico Chileno, Vol. II.
China
 
  • Guizhou
    • Guiyang
      • Qingzhen County
Lin, Y. & El Goresy, A. (2002) A comparative study of opaque phases in Qingzhen (EH3) and MacAlpine Hills 88136 (EL3): Representatives of EH and EL parent bodies, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37 (4): 577-599 (April 2002)
  • Hunan
    • Changsha
      • Liuyang City
Zhengqin Li (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 11(2), 148-154
    • Chenzhou
      • Guiyang Co.
Zhengqin Li (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 11(2), 148-154
Cyprus
 
  • Nicosia District
    • Skouriotissa
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kipushi
Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
    • Musoshi
J. Cailteux, F. Dimanche : "Examen des oxydes de fer et titane dans l'environnement du gisement de cuivre de Musoshi (Shaba, République du Zaïre)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1973, 96, 378-382.
Fiji
 
  • Vanua Levu
    • Nukundamu
Economic Geology; 1996; v. 91; no. 1; p. 204-212; Colley, H., & Rice, C. M. (1975). A Kuroko-type ore deposit in Fiji. Economic Geology, 70(8), 1373-1386.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Ranua
Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
  • North Ostrobothnia
    • Kalajoki
      • Rautio
Nurmi, P.A., Front, K., Lampio, E. & Nironen, M. 1984. Etelä-Suomen svekokarjalaiset porfyyrityyppiset molygdeeni- ja kupariesiintymät, niiden granitoidi-isäntäkivet ja litogeokemiallinen etsintä. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 67, 88 s.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Le Mayet-de-Montagne
        • Laprugne
Picot, P. and Johan, Z. (1977). Atlas des Minéreaux Métalliques, BRGM, Elsevier,
    • Haute-Loire
      • Brioude
        • Paulhac
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
      • Langeac
        • Barlet
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Haute-Saône
      • Château-Lambert
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    • Saône-et-Loire
      • Bourbon-Lancy
        • Chalmoux
- DELFOUR J. (2007): Le gisement de pyrite de Chizeuil (Saône-et-Loire). Le Règne Minéral Hors série XIII, 31-35. http://jacques.delfour.pagesperso-orange.fr/chizeuil.htm; - DELFOUR J. (2007): Le gisement de pyrite de Chizeuil (Saône-et-Loire). Le Règne Minéral Hors série XIII, 31-35. http://jacques.delfour.pagesperso-orange.fr/chizeuil.htm
  • Brittany
    • Côtes-d'Armor
      • Plestin-les-Grèves
Chauris, L. (2014) Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 64.
    • Finistère
      • Crozon Peninsula
        • Crozon
R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
      • Edern
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 63.
  • Corsica
    • Haute-Corse
      • Corte
        • Ghisoni
H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
        • Moïta
H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
  • New Caledonia
    • Northern Province
      • Diahot River Valley
Briggs, R. M. (1975). Structure, metamorphism and mineral deposits in the Diahot region, northern New Caledonia. Thesis (PhD-Geology), University of Auckland, 1975.
Briggs, R. M. (1975). Structure, metamorphism and mineral deposits in the Diahot region, northern New Caledonia. Thesis (PhD-Geology), University of Auckland, 1975.
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • Monteils
No reference listed
    • Hérault
      • Le Puech
No reference listed
    • Lozère
      • Marvejols
        • St Léger-de-Peyre
Galvier J. et al. (1997), La mine de Sainte Lucie, Lozère (France), Le Règne Minéral, n° 18, pp: 5-36; Mineralogical Record 2011 42:0-32
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Guillaumes
        • Daluis
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
      • Saint-Martin-Vésubie
        • Belvédère
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
      • Saint-Sauveur-sur-Tinée
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
        • Roure
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
      • Saint-Véran
A. Sinojmeri, M. Ohnenstetter, Z. Johan : "Nouvelles données sur la clausthalite et les tellurures du gisement de Saint Véran (Hautes Alpes)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1987
      • Villar-d'Arêne
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Schenkenzell
      • Wittichen
        • Böckelsbach valley
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Heubach valley
          • Trillengrund
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • St Blasien
      • Menzenschwand
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Aschaffenburg
        • Schöllkrippen
          • Sommerkahl
No reference listed
    • Upper Franconia
      • Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge
        • Marktredwitz
          • Pechbrunn
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • Brandenburg
Kopp, J., Simon, A., Göthel, M. (2006): Die Kupfer-Lagerstätte Spremberg-Graustein in Südbrandenburg. Brandenburg. geowiss. Beitr., 13, 117-132.; Kopp, J. C., Spieth, V., & Bernhardt, H. J. (2012). Precious metals and selenides mineralisation in the copper-silver deposit Spremberg-Graustein, Niederlausitz, SE-Germany [Edelmetall-und Selenerze in der Kupfer-Silber-Lagerstätte Spremberg-Graustein, Niederlausitz, SE-Deutschland]. Zeitschrift der deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften, 163(4), 361-384.
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Mühltal
        • Nieder-Ramstadt
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • St Andreasberg District
      • Sieber
Heider, J. (2014): Die Selenidmineralisation der Grube Henriette. Aufschluss, 65, 216-226.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Siegen
          • Eiserfeld
            • Kohlenbach Valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Donnersbergkreis
      • Alsenz-Obermoschel
        • Obermoschel
Krupp, R.E. (1989) Paragenesis and conditions of formation of the Moschellandsberg mercury deposit, SW Germany. Mineralium Deposita, 24:2, 69-76.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
    • Kazincbarcika District
      • Rudabánya
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
India
 
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Jabalpur division
      • Balaghat District
        • Baihar Tehsil
          • Padritola
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Sikka, D. B., Petruk, W., Nehru, C. E., & Zhang, Z. (1991). Geochemistry of secondary copper minerals from Proterozoic porphyry copper deposit, Malanjkhand, India. Ore Geology Reviews, 6(2-3), 257-290.
Indonesia
 
  • Western New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
    • Papua Province
      • New Guinea
        • Carstensz Mts
          • Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District)
            • Ertsberg Complex
Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Scerscen Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
        • Masino Valley
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • South Tirol
      • Predoi (Prettau)
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Japan
 
  • Aomori
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Shizuoka
    • Shimoda City
      • Rendaiji
(microprobe analysis of specimen field collected by Alfredo Petrov)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Pavlodar Region
    • Bayanaul
Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Namibia (TL)
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Arandis
American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 1219.
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
New Zealand
 
  • Northland Region
    • Whangarei District
      • Parakao
Mason, D. O. & Kobe, H. W. 1989. Fe-Cu-(Zn) sulphide deposits associated with ophiolites in Northland, a summary. Royal Society of New Zealand bulletin, 26.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
Krause, H. (1965): Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway, no. 33. Idaite, Cu5FeS6, from Konnerud near Drammen. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 45, 417-421; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 29
  • Finnmark
    • Alta
Krause, H. 1965: Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 33. Idaite, Cu5FeS6, from Konnerud near Drammen. Norges Geologisk Tidsskrift. 45, 417-421 (p.417); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 29.
  • Nordland
    • Tysfjord
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, 278 pp (p. 29).
  • Rogaland
    • Suldal
Frenzel, G. (1960): Idait und "blaubleibender Covellin". Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen 93:87-132 (+ 5 plates)
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
Cook, N. & Kjærnet, T. (2008): Mineralogy and paragenesis of selected base metal deposits, NW Spitsbergen, Svalbard. 33rd International Geological Congress (2008), Session AAA-11 Metallogeny of the Arctic region. Abstracts
  • Telemark
    • Kviteseid
      • Morgedal
Dons, J.A. (1963): De prekambriske bergarter i Telemark, I. Gruber og skjerp innen gradteigskart E36V Kviteseid. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 216, 79p (p. 56-57)
  • Troms
    • Nordreisa
      • Vaddas-Rieppe ore field
Geological Survey of Norway. The Ore Database. Indre Gressdal. Deposit Area 1942 - 016
  • Trøndelag
    • Grong
      • Godejorda
Bergstöl, S. & Vokes, F.M. (1974) Stromeyerite and mckinstryite from the Godejord polymetallic sulfide deposit, central Norwegian Caledonides. Mineralium Deposita 9, 325-337.
    • Oppdal
Witsø, T. (1995): Mineraler i Oppdal med beskrivelse. Driva Kro og steinsenter. Unpublished paper. http://vinstradalen.no/pdf/Mineraler.pdf
Witsø, T. (1995): Mineraler i Oppdal med beskrivelse. Driva Kro og steinsenter. Unpublished paper. http://vinstradalen.no/pdf/Mineraler.pdf
Geological Survey of Norway. The Ore Database. Deposit Area 1634 - 024. Sliper.
    • Trondheim
      • Bymarka
Størseth, L. R. (2016): Kompleks sulfidmineralisering i kaledonske kvartsganger ved Trondheim. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016: 61-76
Pacific Ocean
 
  • East Pacific Rise
Econ Geol (1985) 80:221-249
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Eastern Highlands Province
Noku, S.K., Akasaka, M. & Matsueda, H. (2011): The Crater Mountain Deposit, Papua New Guinea: Porphyry-related Au-Te System. Resource Geology, 61, 63-75.; Noku, S., & Akasaka, M. (2002). Geology and Mineralogy of Crater Mountain deposit, Papua New Guinea. In Abstracts for Annual Meeting of the Mineralogical Society of Japan Abstracts for the 50th Anniversary Meeting (2002) of the Mineralogical Society of Japan (pp. 40-40). Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences.
    • Kainantu
Espi, J. O., Hayashi, K. I., Komuro, K., Kajiwara, Y., & Murakami, H. (2005). The Bilimoia gold deposit, Kainantu, Papua New Guinea: A fault-controlled, lode-type, synorogenic tellurium-rich quartz-gold vein system. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 941-944). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.; Espi, J. O., Hayashi, K. I., Komuro, K., Murakami, H., & Kajiwara, Y. (2007). Geology, Wall‐rock Alteration and Vein Paragenesis of the Bilimoia Gold Deposit, Kainantu Metallogenic Region, Papua New Guinea. Resource geology, 57(3), 249-268.
Peru
 
  • Lima
    • Yauyos Province
Hulse, D.E. et al (2015)
Philippines
 
  • Luzon
    • Cordillera Administrative Region
      • Benguet Province
        • Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan)
          • Bato Tabio
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Southern Tagalog Region
      • Batangas Province
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra Co.
      • Szklarska Poręba
        • Wysoki Grzbiet range
          • Mt. Zbójeckie Skały
Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
    • Kamienna Góra Co.
      • Gmina Marciszów
Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., Pieczka, A. (2012) Ore mineralization in the Miedzianka area (Karkonosze-Izera Massif, the Sudetes, Poland): new information. Mineralogia Polonica, 43:(3-4), 155-178.
          • Colourful Lakelets
Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
Chmielewski, A., Oszczepalski, S. (2016): Replacement processes of primary mineralization in the uppermost part of the Kupferschiefer series in SW Poland. Mineralogia - Special Papers: 45: 41-42
    • Lubin Co.
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
  • Masovian Voivodeship
    • Warszawa
Manecki, 2001. in Geological Quarterly Vol. 45-03 (Polish Geological Institute)
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Central Kamchatka mining district
Andreeva, E. D., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., Takahashi, R., & Ono, S. (2013). Au–Ag–Te Mineralization of the Low‐Sulfidation Epithermal Aginskoe Deposit, Central Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 63(4), 337-349.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Ladoga Region
      • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
Ivashchenko, V. I., Valkama, M., Sundblad, K., Golubev, A. I., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2011, September). New data on mineralogy and metallogeny of scarns in the Pitkyaranta ore region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 440, No. 1, p. 1307). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Kodar–Udokan district
        • Udokan
Gongalsky, B., & Krivolutskaya, N. (2019). The Cu-Ag-Fe Udokan Deposit. In World-Class Mineral Deposits of Northeastern Transbaikalia, Siberia, Russia (pp. 37-85). Springer, Cham.
Serbia
 
  • Bor District
    • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
Albrecht von Quadt, Vladica Cvetković, Rade Jelenković, Miodrag Banjesević, Vladica Cvetković & Aleksandar Pačevski, Ljubomir Cvetković & Robert Moritz(2007) Advances in Regional Geological and Metallogenic Studies in the Carpathians, Balkans, Rhodope Massif and Caucasus (Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Georgia) Field Guide
      • Vlaole-Jasikovo ore field
Aleksandar Pacevski, Ljubomir Cvetkovic & Perisa Zivkovic (2007) Mineralogy of the Coka Marin polymetallic deposit, Bor ore district, Serbia
Slovakia
 
  • Bratislava Region
    • Malacky Co.
- Ferenc Š. & Rojkovič I., 2001: Copper mineralization in the Permian basalts of the Hronicum Unit, Slovakia. Geolines, 13, 22-27.
  • Košice Region
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
Ďuďa R., Peterec D., 1995 : Die Mineralien der siderit - baryt lagersttäte von Rudňany ( Kotterbach ) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern/, 1, s.20 - 31
  • Trnava Region
Ferenc, Š., & Rojkovič, I. (2001). Copper mineralization in the Permian basalts of the Hronicum unit, Slovakia. Geolines, Acad. Sci. Czech Republic, 13, 22-27.
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland County
    • Nyköping
      • Tunaberg
Dobbe, R. T. M. (1991): Tellurides, Selenides and Associated Minerals in the Tunaberg Copper Deposits, SE Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology. 44:89-106
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
    • Albula Valley
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Marmorera lake
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 223.
    • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
      • Albigna Valley
Schweizer Strahler, Vol. 9 Nr. 11 Aug. 1993
  • Valais
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Grimentz
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 223.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Vissoie
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Turkey
 
  • Balikesir Province
    • Ayvalık
Oyman, T. (2010): Geochemistry, mineralogy and genesis of the Ayazmant Fe–Cu skarn deposit in Ayvalik, (Balikesir), Turkey. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 175-201.
  • Kastamonu Province
    • Küre
      • Küre copper deposits
GÜNER, M. (1980). Geology and massive sulfide ores of the Küre area, the Pontic Ranges, northern Turkey. Bull. Mineral Res. Explor, 93(94), 65-109.
  • Niğde Province
    • Bolkardağ Range
      • Madenköy
Çağatay, A., and Arman, B. (1989): Geological Bulletin of Turkey 32, 15-20.
UK
 
  • England
    • North Somerset
      • Clevedon
BMS Database; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
    • Warwickshire
      • Nuneaton and Bedworth
UKJMM 26:43-51
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Census Area
      • Nizina Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
USGS OFR 99-342
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Copper Mountain Mining District (Clifton-Morenci Mining District)
        • Morenci
Merritt Stephen Enders (2000) The Evolution of Supergene Enrichment in the Morenci Porphyry Copper Deposit, Greenlee County, Arizona. PhD Thesis, University of Arizona
  • California
    • Plumas Co.
      • Last Chance Mining District
        • Adams Peak
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
    • Shasta Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • West Shasta Copper - Zinc Mining District
          • Backbone District
            • Mammoth Butte
              • Copper Crest group
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10310642.
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Summit Co.
      • Monte Cristo Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Maryland
    • Carroll Co.
      • Sykesville
Mines of the Washington D.C Area
  • Montana
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Troy Mining District
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1899-1931; Hayes, T. S., Landis, G. P., Whelan, J. F., Rye, R. O., & Moscati, R. J. (2012). The Spar Lake strata-bound Cu-Ag deposit formed across a mixing zone between trapped natural gas and metals-bearing brine. Economic Geology, 107(6), 1223-1249.
  • New Mexico
    • Sierra Co.
      • Sierra Cuchillo (Cuchillo Negro Mts)
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Utah
    • Piute Co.
      • Cottonwood Creek
        • Mount Baldy Mining District
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1932-1952
 
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