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Hydrophilite

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About HydrophiliteHide

Probably identical with Antarcticite or Sinjarite.

Originally described from Kalkberg hill, Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.


Classification of HydrophiliteHide

9.2.7.2

9 : NORMAL HALIDES
2 : AX2

Optical Data of HydrophiliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.600 nβ = 1.605 nγ = 1.613
2V:
Measured: 50° , Calculated: 78°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.013
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v weak

Synonyms of HydrophiliteHide

Other Language Names for HydrophiliteHide

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

9.2.7.1CotunnitePbCl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HydrophiliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hausmann, J.F.L. (1813) Handbuch der Mineralogie 3 volumes, Göttingen: 857 (as Hydrophilite).
Beudant (1832) Traité élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition: 2: 512 (as Chlorure de calcium).
Dana, J.D. (1854) A System of Mineralogy, Fourth edition, p. 506 (as chloride of calcium).
Dana, J.D. (1868) A System of Mineralogy, Fifth edition, Appendix II, p. 29 (as chloride of calcium).
Dana, E. (1892) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1868: Descriptive Mineralogy, Sixth edition, p. 161 (incorrectly mentioned as identical to Chlorocalcite).
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 41, 91.
Hey, M.H. (1980) What was hydrophilite? Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 682.
Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., and Pabst, A. (1980) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 65: 1065-1070.
Burke, E.A.J. (2006) A mass discreditation of GQN minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44(6): 1557-1560.
National Bureau of Standards (U.S.) Monograph 25, sec. 11: 18.

Internet Links for HydrophiliteHide

Localities for HydrophiliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Ross Archipelago
        • Ross Island
[Antarcticite] Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Wright Valley
[Antarcticite] J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997)
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Rosebud Station
        • Mary Kathleen district
[Antarcticite] T. Kwak & P. Abeysinghe (1987): Rare earth and uranium minerals present as daughter crystals in fluid inclusions, Mary Kathleen U-REE skarn, Queensland, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 51, 665-670.
Azerbaijan
 
  • Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan)
    • Caspian Sea
[Sinjarite] Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Bahamas
 
  • North Andros District
[Antarcticite] J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997); Eckstein Y., Manecki M., Matyjasik M., Rosenthal E. (1994): Hydrochemical stratification and processes in three “blue holes” on North Andros Island, Bahamas. Geological Society of America 1994 Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA, Oct. 24-27, Abstracts with Programs, 26, 7, A-360.
Brazil
 
  • Mato Grosso
    • Juína kimberlite field
      • Juína
        • Sorriso river
Kaminsky, F. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Wirth, R. (2015). A primary natrocarbonatitic association in the Deep Earth. Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-12.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • Preissac
[Antarcticite] Taner, H., Williams-Jones, A.E., and Wood, S.A. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 34, 579-590.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • El Loa Province
      • San Pedro de Atacama
        • Cordillera de la Sal
[Antarcticite] De Waele, J., Carbone, C., Sanna, L., Vattano, M., Galli, E., & Forti, P. (2017). Secondary minerals from halite caves in the Atacama Desert (Chile). In 17th International Congress of Speleology (No. I, pp. 242-246). Australian Speleological Federation Inc.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 41.
China
 
  • Qinghai
    • Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Golmud City (Ge'ermu Co.)
[Antarcticite] Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Mangnai City (Mangya Co.)
        • Lenghu Co.
[Antarcticite] Bingxiao Li and Kejun Wang (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(1), 59-62; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Mianping Zheng and Xifang Liu (2010): Acta Geologica Sinica 84(11), 1585-1600
Czech Republic
 
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Děčín District
Varilová, Z., Prikryl, R., & Cílek, V. (2011). Erratum to: Pravcice Rock Arch (Bohemian Switzerland National Park, Czech Republic) deterioration due to natural and anthropogenic weathering. Environmental Earth Sciences, 64(4), 1191.
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Hildesheim
      • Alfeld
Dana 6:A3:40.
    • Lüneburg
Hausmann, J.F.L. (1813) Handbuch der Mineralogie 3 volumes, Göttingen: 857 (first description of "hydrophilite").; Hey, M.H. (1980) What was hydrophilite? Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 682 (referring to Hausmann, 1813).; Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III.
India
 
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 41.
Iraq
 
  • Nineveh Governorate
    • Mosul
[Sinjarite] Aljubouri Z A, Aldabbagh S M (1980) Sinjarite, a new mineral from Iraq. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 643-645
Italy
 
  • Sicily
    • Metropolitan City of Catania
      • Etna Volcanic Complex
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 41; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Bærum (Baerum)
[Antarcticite] Hans-Jørgen Berg, NHM, Oslo 1999
Peru
 
  • Ica
    • Pisco Province
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 41.
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
[Antarcticite] Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Zheleznogorsk (Korshunikha)
[Antarcticite] Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.; Mazurov et al (2007) Geology of Ore Deposits, 49, 271–284.
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Tolbachik volcano
      • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
        • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
Vergasova L P, Filatov S K, Starova G L, Matusevich Z L, Filosofova T M (1996) Vlodavetsite, AlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl·4H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations, Transactions (Doklady) of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Earth science sections, 343, 173-176 abstract Am Min 81:768
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Burgersfort
      • Sekhukhuneland
[Antarcticite] J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997)
UK
 
  • England
    • Warwickshire
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 41.
USA
 
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Saltus
[Antarcticite] Dunning, G.E. and J.F. Cooper (1969b) A second occurrence of antarcticite from Bristol Dry Lake, California. American Mineralogist: 54: 1018-1021; Muehle, G.H. (1971) Antarcticite from California. Mineralogical Record: 2: 171-172; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 288-290.; Ansermet, S. (2011): Aus dem Salzsee in Kühlschrank: Antarcticit vom Bristol Dry Lake, Kalifornien, USA. Lapis. 36 (11), 33-36
  • New Mexico
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
Mars
 
  • Aeolis quadrangle
    • Gusev Crater
[Antarcticite] SILICA-RICH DEPOSITS AND HYDRATED MINERALS AT GUSEV CRATER, MARS. M. S. Rice1, J. F.
 
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