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About HuttoniteHide

Colin Osborne Hutton
Colourless to very pale cream, pale greenish
Crystal System:
Named in 1951 by Adolph Pabst in honor of Colin Osborne Hutton [January 10, 1910 Dunedin, New Zealand - December 1, 1971 Stanford, California, USA], geologist with the New Zealand Geological Survey, professor of Mineralogy at the University of Otago, and later professor of mineralogy at Stanford University. Hutton established many of the principles of using heavy detrital minerals in geochemical exploration. Hutton's research, along with that of Frank J. Turner, established the textural basis for classifying schists that is widely used by geologists. Hutton named hydrogrossular.
Dimorph of:
Appears to be the high-temperature modification of ThSiO4 (synthetic crystals form at 1225 +/- 10°C whereas thorite forms below this temperature; Finch et al. 1964).

Classification of HuttoniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
D : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in [6] and/or greater coordination

51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
5 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
11 : Silicates of Th and Hg

Physical Properties of HuttoniteHide

Transparent, Translucent
Colourless to very pale cream, pale greenish

Optical Data of HuttoniteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.898 nβ = 1.900 nγ = 1.922
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.024
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
r > v extreme

Chemical Properties of HuttoniteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of HuttoniteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.77 Å, b = 6.96 Å, c = 6.49 Å
β = 104.99°
a:b:c = 0.973 : 1 : 0.932
Unit Cell V:
295.40 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0009634HuttoniteTaylor M, Ewing R C (1978) The crystal structure of the ThSiO4 polymorphs: huttonite and thorite Acta Crystallographica B34 1074-10791978synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of HuttoniteHide

Pabst, A., Hutton, C.O. (1951) Huttonite, a new monoclinic thorium silicate with an account of its occurrence, analysis, and properties. American Mineralogist: 36: 60-69.

Other Language Names for HuttoniteHide


Varieties of HuttoniteHide

CerphosphorhuttoniteIntermediate member of Monazite-(Ce) and Huttonite series of solid solutions with Th:LREE and Si:P ratios close to 1:1.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AD.AdrianiteCa12(Al4Mg3Si7)O32Cl6Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.05LarniteCa2SiO4Mon. 2/m
9.AD.10Calcio-olivineCa2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AD.15MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AD.25AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25AlmandineFe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25HenritermieriteCa3Mn3+2(SiO4)2[◻(OH)4]Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AD.25HibschiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.25HoltstamiteCa3Al2(SiO4)2[◻(OH)4]Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AD.25KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25MomoiiteMn2+3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25EringaiteCa3Sc2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25EltyubyuiteCa12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.25HutcheoniteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(AlO4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.30CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2OTet.
9.AD.30HafnonHfSiO4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.30ThoriteTh(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.30ZirconZr(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.30Stetindite-(Ce)Ce(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.40EulytineBi4(SiO4)3Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.45ReiditeZrSiO4Tet. 4/m : I41/a

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2xMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.11.1ThoriteTh(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
14.11.4Thornasite(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2OTrig. 3m : R3m
14.11.5Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HuttoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Pabst, A., Hutton, C.O. (1951) Huttonite, a new monoclinic thorium silicate with an account of its occurrence, analysis, and properties. American Mineralogist: 36: 60-69.
Fleischer, M. (1952) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 37: 359-362.
Finch, C.B., Harris, L.A., Clark, G.W. (1964) The thorite -> huttonite phase transformation as determined by growth of synthetic thorite and huttonite single crystals. American Mineralogist: 49: 782-785.
Taylor, M., Ewing, R.C. (1978) The crystal structure of the ThSiO4 polymorphs : huttonite and thorite. Acta Crystallographica: B34: 1074-1075.
Kucha, H. (1980) Continuity in the Monazite-Huttonite Series. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 1031-1034.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh & Nichols (1995), Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. II: 352.
Della Ventura, G., Mottana, A., Parodi, G.C., Raudsepp, M., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Rossi, P., Fiori, S. (1996) Monazite-Huttonite Solid-Solutions from the Vico Volcanic Complex, Latium, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 60: 751-758.
Förster, H.J., Harlov, D.E., Milke, R. (2000) Composition and Th — U — total Pb ages of huttonite and thorite from Gillespie's Beach, South Island, New Zealand. The Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 675-684.
Shein, I.R., Shein, K.I., Ivanovskii, A.L. (2006) Thorite versus huttonite: stability, electronic properties and X-ray emission spectra from first-principle calculations. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 33: 545-552.
Linthout, K. (2007) Tripartite division of the system 2REEPO4—CaTh(PO4)2—2ThSiO4, discreditation of brabantite, and recognition of cheralite as the name for members dominated by CaTh(PO4)2. The Canadian Mineralogist: 45: 503-508.

Internet Links for HuttoniteHide

Localities for HuttoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Paralana High Plains
Wülser, P. A., Brugger, J., Foden, J., & Pfeifer, H. R. (2011). The sandstone-hosted Beverley uranium deposit, Lake Frome Basin, South Australia: mineralogy, geochemistry, and a time-constrained model for its genesis. Economic Geology, 106(5), 835-867.
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Omeo
        • Mt Wills mining district
          • Sunnyside goldfield
Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Merritt Township
TRAILL, R.J. (1983): A catalogue of Canadian minerals, Geological Survey of Canada Paper 80-18, 432 p.
Czech Republic
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Děčín District
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Budišov
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
      • Třebíč Area
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
Mohamed, A. (2013). Mineral chemistry and genesis of Zr, Th, U, Nb, Pb, P, Ce and F enriched peralkaline granites of El-Sibai shear zone, central Eastern Desert, Egypt.
  • Lapland
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
        • Sokli carbonatite complex
AL-Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2016. Abundance of REE bearing minerals in carbonatite and lambrophyre dikes in Kaulus area, Sokli carbonative complex, NE Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus 7/2016.
  • South Karelia
    • Lappeenranta
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
  • Tavastia Proper
    • Forssa
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Ilkka Mikkola specimen
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler District
      • Brohltal
        • Glees
Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch., Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Mendig
        • Mendig
Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch., Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch., Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
          • Wingertsberg
Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch. , Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
      • Pellenz
        • Kruft
Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch. , Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Rhémy-en-Bosses
      • Mort Mountain
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Piateda
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Thalhammer, O., & Garuti, G. (2005). The Finero chromitites (Ivrea Zone, Italy): evidence for metasomatism in a mantle plume. Poster session presented at Platinum 10th International Platinum Symposium, Oulu, Finnland, .
      • Toceno
        • Val di Crana
Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39-42
  • Talas Region
    • Ak-Tyuz ore Field
no reference
  • Oaxaca
    • San Francisco Telixtlahuaca Municipality
      • San Francisco Telixtlahuaca
Prol-Ledesma, R.-M., Melgarejo, J.C. & Martin, R.F. (2012) The El Muerto "NYF" granitic pegmatite, Oaxaca, Mexico, and its striking enrichment in allanite-(Ce) and monazite-(Ce). Canadian Mineralogist 50, 1055-1076.
  • Gandaki Pradesh
    • Kaski District
      • Annapurna Municipality
Aaron J. Martin, Jibamitra Ganguly, Peter G. DeCelles. (2009) Metamorphism of Greater and Lesser Himalayan rocks exposed in the Modi Khola valley, central Nepal. Springer-Verlag 2009
New Zealand (TL)
  • West Coast Region
    • Westland District
Pabst, A., Hutton, Osborne C. (1951) Huttonite a new monoclinic thorium silicate, with an account of its occurrence, analysis and properties, American Mineralogist, Vol. 36: 60-69. Förster, H-J., Harlov, D.E., Milke, R. (2000) Composition and Th-U-Total Pb Ages of Huttonite and Thorite from Gillespie's Beach, South Island, New Zealand. The Canadian Mineralogist 38(3): 675-684. Pabst, A (1950) Monoclinic Thorium Silicate, Nature 166, p 157.
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Zgorzelec County
Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 1031-1034; Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
  • Azores
    • São Miguel
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA; Lavarde, S., Chiappino, L., Alves, P., Astolfi, M., (2019) Les Minéraux du massif volcanique du Fogo, Ile de São Miguel, Açores, Portugal. Le Règne Mineral, 145, 30-50
  • Aldan Shield
    • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
Konev, A.A., Vorob'yev, E.I., and Lazebnik, K.A. (1996) The Mineralogy of the Murun Massif. Russian Academy of Science Press, Siberian Branch, Novosbirsk, Russia (in Rus.)
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Argayashsky District
Am Min 90:1402-1412 (deposit item)
    • Vishnevye Mountains
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
P.M. Kartashov data; Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
    • Komsomolski ore District
Korostelev, P. G., Gonevchuk, V. G., Gorelikova, N. V., Ekimova, N. I., Kononov, V. V., Krylova, T. L., ... & Suchkov, V. I. (2016). Tin–rare-earth element greisens of the Solnechnoe cassiterite–silicate deposit, Russian Far East. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 10(1), 63-77.
  • Murmansk Oblast
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava District
      • Dobšiná
        • Dobšiná mining district
Uher P., Bačík P., Števko M., Chládek Š., Fridrichová J. (2018): Elbaite-bearing, Nb-Ta-rich granitic pegmatite from Dobšiná, Gemeric Unit, Eastern Slovakia: the first documented occurrence in the Western Carpathians. Joint 5th Central-European Mineralogical Conference and 7th Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians Conference, Book of Abstracts, 109.
South Africa
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
Mitchell, R.H., Liferovich, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite, Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 1169-1178.
  • Jämtland County
    • Krokom
  • Norrbotten County
    • Luleå
      • Råneå
P.M. Kartashov analytical data
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Carn Brea
        • Pool
LeBoutillier, N. G., Shail, R. K., & Jewson, C. (2003). Monazite in polymetallic chlorite-(tourmaline)-quartz-(fluorite)-cassiterite-sulphide lodes and its potential for constraining the chronology of magmatic hydrothermal mineralisation in Cornwall.
  • Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Fitting Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Wisconsin
    • Florence Co.
      • Fern
        • Pine River pegmatites
Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
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