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Hutchinsonite

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About HutchinsoniteHide

02164200015089255438598.jpg
Arthur Hutchinson
Formula:
TlPbAs5S9
As may be replaced by Sb; the extent of the solid-solution range is unknown.
Colour:
Scarlet-vermillion to deep cherry-red
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Specific Gravity:
4.6
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in honor of Dr. Arthur Hutchinson (6 July 1866, London, UK – 12 December 1937, Cambridge, UK), Professor of Mineralogy, University of Cambridge.
This page provides mineralogical data about Hutchinsonite.


Classification of HutchinsoniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.HD.45

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
D : With Tl
3.8.6.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
5.5.7

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
5 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Tl

Pronounciation of HutchinsoniteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of HutchinsoniteHide

Adamantine
Colour:
Scarlet-vermillion to deep cherry-red
Streak:
Scarlet-vermillion to deep cherry-red
Hardness:
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{010} good.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
4.6 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of HutchinsoniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 3.078 nβ = 3.176 nγ = 3.188
2V:
Measured: 37° , Calculated: 36°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.110
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Anisotropism:
Strong
Dispersion:
marked to extreme
Internal Reflections:
Marked carmine-red

Chemical Properties of HutchinsoniteHide

Formula:
TlPbAs5S9

As may be replaced by Sb; the extent of the solid-solution range is unknown.
Common Impurities:
Ag,Sb

Crystallography of HutchinsoniteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pbca
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.786(3) Å, b = 35.389(8) Å, c = 8.141(3) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.305 : 1 : 0.23
Unit Cell V:
3,107.47 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Prismatic to acicular [001]. Dominant prism {410}. Radiating tufts at times.
Comment:
Cell data from Matsushita & Takéuchi (1994).

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0010621HutchinsoniteTakeuchi Y, Ghose S, Nowacki W (1965) The crystal structure of hutchinsonite, (Tl,Pb)2As5S9 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 121 321-3481965Lengenbach, Binnatal, Valais, Switzerland0293
0011062HutchinsoniteMatsushita Y, Takeuchi Y (1994) Refinement of the crystal structure of hutchinsonite, TlPbAs5S9 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 209 475-47819940293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of HutchinsoniteHide

Other Language Names for HutchinsoniteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫砷铊铅矿

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
102 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with OrpimentAs2S3
42 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with BaryteBaSO4
20 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with PyriteFeS2
14 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with RealgarAs4S4
9 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with ArsenicAs
6 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72
4 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with QuartzSiO2
3 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with SphaleriteZnS
3 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
3 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HD.05LoránditeTlAsS2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HD.05WeissbergiteTlSbS2Tric. 1 : P1
2.HD.15ChristiteTlHgAsS3Mon. 2/m
2.HD.20JankovićiteTl5Sb9(As,Sb)4S22Tric. 1 : P1
2.HD.25RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HD.30ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26Mon. 2/m
2.HD.35EdenharteritePbTlAs3S6Orth.
2.HD.40JentschiteTlPbAs2SbS6Mon. 2/m
2.HD.50BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HD.55SicheriteTlAg2(As,Sb)3S6Orth.
2.HD.60GabrieliteTl6Ag3Cu6(As,Sb)9S21Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.5.1LoránditeTlAsS2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.2EllisiteTl3AsS3Trig. 3m : R3m
5.5.3ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26Mon. 2/m
5.5.4SimoniteTlHgAs3S6Mon. 2/m
5.5.6ChristiteTlHgAsS3Mon. 2/m
5.5.6RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
5.5.8Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5Tric.
5.5.9BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.10VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
5.5.11RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.12GillulyiteTl2As7.5Sb0.3S13Mon. 2/m
5.5.13WeissbergiteTlSbS2Tric. 1 : P1
5.5.14Rohaite(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4Orth.
5.5.15VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7Tric.
5.5.16ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
5.5.17PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
5.5.18ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
5.5.19CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10Mon.
5.5.20ChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Contains thallium, lead and arsenic, three toxic elements - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest.

References for HutchinsoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Solly (1904), Cambridge Philosophical Society, Proceedings: 12: 277.
Solly (1905), Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 72.
Smith and Prior (1907), Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 283.
Guisca (1930), Min. Mitt.: 10: 170.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 468-470.
Takéuchi, Y., Ghose, S., Nowacki, W. (1965): The crystal structure of hutchinsonite, (Tl,Pb)2As5S9. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 121, 321-348.
White, J.S. & Nelen, J.A. (1985): Hutchinsonite from Quiruvilca, Peru. Mineralogical Record 16, 459-460.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 86: 163-178.
Matsushita, Y., Takéuchi, Y. (1994): Refinement of the crystal structure of hutchinsonite, TlPbAs5S9. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 209, 475-478.

Internet Links for HutchinsoniteHide

Localities for HutchinsoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Anhui
    • Ma'anshan
      • He County
Zhou, T.F., Fan, Y., Yuan, F., Wu, M.A., Hou, M.J., Voicu, G., Hu, Q.H., Zhang, Q.M., and Yue, S.C. (2005): Mineralogy and Petrology 85(3/4), 243-251
  • Hubei
    • Huangshi
      • Yangxin Co.
        • Fengshan ore field
Guanglong Shu, Shimin Ma, and Jishun Liu (2007): Geology and Prospecting 43(2), 1-7
  • Yunnan
    • Chuxiong
      • Nanhua County
Baogui Zhang, Zhong Zhang, Guohong Gong, Sanxue Wang, and Mingzai Wang (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(2), 138-143; Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Karlsruhe Region
      • Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
        • Wiesloch
P. Ramdohr, (1980) The Ore Minerals and Their Intergrowths,2nd ed., Pergammon Press, pg 740.
Iran
 
  • West Azerbaijan Province
    • Takab County
W. H. Paar, A. Pring, Y. Moëlo, C. J. Stanley, H. Putz, D. Topa, A. C. Roberts, R. S. W. Braithwaite (2009): Daliranite, PbHgAs2S6, a new sulphosalt from the Zarshouran Au-As deposit, Takab region, Iran. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 871-881.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Shiribeshi Subprefecture
      • Abuta District
        • Takarada
Shimizu, M., Matsuyama, F. and Shimizu, M. (1999): Hutchinsonite, TlPb(As,Sb)5S9 chabournéite, Tl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17 and unnamed (Tl,Ag)2Pb6(As,Sb)16S31 from the Toya-Takarada mine, Hokkaido, Japan -Tl mineralisation in the Kuroko deposits. Resource Geology, Special Issue no. 20, 31-37.
Peru
 
  • La Libertad
    • Santiago de Chuco Province
      • Quiruvilca District
White, J.S. & Nelen, J.A. (1985): Hutchinsonite from Quiruvilca, Peru. Mineralogical Record 16, 459-460; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254
Switzerland (TL)
 
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Fäld
Cambridge Phil.Soc.Proc.(1904) 12, 277 and Mineralogical Magazine(1905) 14, 72-82
 
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