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Heteromorphite

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About HeteromorphiteHide

Formula:
Pb7Sb8S19
Colour:
Iron black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Specific Gravity:
5.73
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
From the Greek ετερος for "different" and μορφή "form" in allusion to a proposed dimorph.
This mineral is an intermediate member of a homologous series. The thickness of a galena sheet in the structure determines the series member. A very rare mineral.

Feather ores ("plumosite" = jamesonite, boulangerite etc.) have often been mislabeled as heteromorphite; for discussion see http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,7,158675,158759#msg-158759


Classification of HeteromorphiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.HC.10c

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
C : With only Pb
3.6.20.3

3 : SULFOSALTS
6 : 2 < ø < 2.49
5.6.10

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Physical Properties of HeteromorphiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Iron black
Streak:
black
Hardness:
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
5.73 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Chemical Properties of HeteromorphiteHide

Formula:
Pb7Sb8S19
Common Impurities:
Zn

Crystallography of HeteromorphiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/b
Setting:
C2/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.628(5) Å, b = 11.943(4) Å, c = 21.285(8) Å
β = 90.92(12)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.141 : 1 : 1.782
Unit Cell V:
3,463.88 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Pyramidal, somewhat elongated in the direction of the pyramid edges. Striated and rounded parallel to [11¯0]. Often distorted or twisted and composed of subparallel individuals. Massive.

Type Occurrence of HeteromorphiteHide

Other Language Names for HeteromorphiteHide

Simplified Chinese:异硫锑铅矿
Traditional Chinese:異硫銻鉛礦

Relationship of Heteromorphite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Heteromorphite associated with QuartzSiO2
2 photos of Heteromorphite associated with BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
1 photo of Heteromorphite associated with BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HC.05bArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05bBaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05eChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05dDufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05aGuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05cLiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
2.HC.05fParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
2.HC.05fPierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
2.HC.05dRathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05aSartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HC.05aTwinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
2.HC.05dVeenitePb16Sb9-xAs7+xS40, x ~ 0-0.5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05gMarumoitePb32As40S92Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05eDalnegroite(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.10aFülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.10bPlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
2.HC.10dRayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
2.HC.10dSemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.15FalkmanitePb3Sb2S6Mon.
2.HC.20RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HC.25MoëloitePb6Sb6S14(S3)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 2
2.HC.30DadsonitePb23Sb25S60ClTric. 1 : P1
2.HC.35OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.35ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
2.HC.40ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.6.20.1FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
3.6.20.2PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
3.6.20.4SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
3.6.20.5RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.3LiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20Mon.
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44ClMon.
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43Orth.
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
5.6.20VeenitePb16Sb9-xAs7+xS40, x ~ 0-0.5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.25CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
5.6.31WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HeteromorphiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Pisani (1876) C.R.: 83: 747.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 465-466.
Edenharter, A., Nowacki W. (1975): Die Kristallstruktur von Heteromorphit, Pb7Sb8S19. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1975, 193-195 (in German).
Edenharter, A. (1980) Die Kristallstruktur von Heteromorphit, Pb7Sb8S19. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 151, 193-202 (in German).

Internet Links for HeteromorphiteHide

Localities for HeteromorphiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Wolfsberg District
      • Frantschach-Sankt Gertraud
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Lower Austria
    • Neunkirchen District
      • Gloggnitz
        • Eichberg
Kolitsch, U. (2019): 2133) Boulangerit, Bournonit, Cerussit, Coloradoit, Heteromorphit(?), Plagionit(?) und Tetradymit aus der Magnesitlagerstätte vom Eichberg bei Gloggnitz, Niederösterreich – ein Vorbericht. Pp. 293-295 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-362.
  • Salzburg
    • St. Johann im Pongau District
      • Mühlbach am Hochkönig
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro
    • Cercado Province
      • Oruro City
[MinRec 32:473]
Bulgaria
 
  • Smolyan Province
[MinRec 22 p.439]
China
 
  • Guangxi
    • Hechi
      • Nandan County
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Mineral Deposits 4(1), 74
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
Erroneous Terra Mineralia and Pribram Museum label http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,7,158675,158759#msg-158759
  • Karlovy Vary Region
Jan Hloušek
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Meier, S. (1995). Mineralfundstellen im Fichtelgebirge. Eigenverlag, Marktredwitz, 220 p.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Hilchenbach
          • Müsen
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Wilnsdorf
Haege, T. (1887): Die Mineralien des Siegerlandes und der angrenzenden Gebiete. 50 pp. [Reprint 1980]
          • Wilden
Haege, T. (1887): Die Mineralien des Siegerlandes und der angrenzenden Gebiete. 50 pp. [Reprint 1980]; Magma 1984(2), 43-49
      • Uentrop
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, volume 151, pp. 193 (1980); Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Altenkirchen
Haege, T. (1887): Die Mineralien des Siegerlandes und der angrenzenden Gebiete. 50 pp. [Reprint 1980]
      • Oberlahr
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Reinhardt, M. (2012): Mineralien von der Grube Silberwiese bei Oberlahr, Westerwald. Mineralien-Welt, 23 (2), 49-59.
Haege, T. (1887): Die Mineralien des Siegerlandes und der angrenzenden Gebiete. 50 pp. [Reprint 1980]
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Straßberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Stolberg
        • Wolfsberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
Lapis 17(12), 24-33
    • Mittelsachsen
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Zug
Baumann, L., Hofmann, F. & Weber, W. (1997): Glückauf Freiberg. Bergbau, Erze, Mineralien. Bode Verlag Haltern, 168 p.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
    • Kazincbarcika District
      • Rudabánya
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei:Hungarian Minerals Species,2005
  • Heves County
    • Gyöngyösoroszi
Szakáll & Gatter: 1993
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Shiribeshi Subprefecture
      • Abuta District
        • Takarada
Matsubara, S. & Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals (National Science Museum)
Kosovo
 
  • District of Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
Joana Koà Odziejczyk ,Jaroslav Pršek , Halilqela ( 2012) MIneralogical Diversity In Orebodies Within Xth Horizon.At Stan Terg Mine, Kosovo. Buletini i Shkencave Gjeologjike pp84-
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Batken Region
[Lapis 11:11-24]
  • Osh Region
[Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie Co.
      • Gmina Bardo
Nejbert, K., Siuda, R., Matyszczak, W., Borzęcki, R. (2014): Mineralogic and textural relationships among Pb-Sb sulphosalts from the Dębowina mine, Bardzkie Mountains, Sudetes. Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 83
Portugal
 
  • Porto
    • Gondomar
      • Covelo
MUHNAC, Lisbon (António Bello mineral collection) former Harvard
    • Valongo
      • Alfena
Bello, A. de Oliveira, 1908, Minéraux Portugais - Bulletin de la Société Portugaise des Sciences Naturelles, Vol II, fasc. 3, Livraria Ferin, Lisboa
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara
    • Deva
www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
  • Maramureș
    • Baia Mare (Nagybánya)
      • Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya)
Cook N.J., Damian Gh., New data on "Plumosite" and Other Sulfosalt Minerals from the Herja Vein Deposit, Baia Mare Dist., Romania, Geologica Carphathica, (1997)
Russia
 
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Vershino-Darasunskiy
Spiridonov, E. M., Krivitskaya, N. N., Bryzgalov, I. A., Kulikova, I. M., & Gorodetskaya, M. D. (2010, December). Bismuth-rich aurostibite: A product of maldonite replacement in a volcanogenic-plutonogenic Darasun deposit (Eastern Transbaikalia). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 435, No. 2, pp. 1611-1613). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica District
    • Žarnovica District
Koděra, M., a kol.: Topografická mineralogie Slovenska. Sv. 1 A-Kl, Bratislava, Veda 1986, s. 448-472.
      • Nová Baňa
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Žiar nad Hronom District
Ďuďa R., 1993 : Die mineralien der Gold und Silber - lagersttäte von Kremnitz ( Kremnica) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern,Nemecko/,5, s. 20 - 32
  • Košice Region
    • Košice
      • Medzev (Metzenseifen)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002:Nejznámejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 136p
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš District
Chovan, M., Majzlan, J., Ragan, M., Siman, P., Krištín, J. (1998): Pb-Sb and Pb-Sb-Bi sulfosalts and associated sulphides from Dúbrava antimony deposit, Nízké Tatry Mts. Acta Geologica Universitatis Comenianae, 53, 37-49.
      • Liptovské Kľačany
Bakoš, F., Chovan, M., Michálek, J., 2000 : Minerálne zloženie hydrotermálnej Sb, Cu, Pb, Zn, As mineralizácie na SV od Magurky v Nízkych Tatrách. Mineralia Slovaca, 32, 6,497 – 506
      • Partizánska Lupča
Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Makovicky, E., Pršek, J., Ozdín, D., Putz, H., Dittrich, H. & Karup-Møller, S. (2012): Chovanite, Pb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2), a new sulphosalt species from the Low Tatra Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 727-740.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Pechina
        • Baños de Alhamilla
Rewitzer, C., Hochleitner, R. y Fehr, T. Mina Casualidad, Baños de Alhamilla, Almería. Revista de Minerales, 8, (4), 8-32
Tajikistan
 
  • Sughd
    • Gissar Range
Mozgova N.I., Borodaev Yu.S., Senderova V.M. (1967) DAN SSSR, v. 173, p.1418.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Endellion
        • Port Isaac
Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent
    • Okhangaron District
Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Vietnam
 
  • Tuyên Quang Province
    • Lang Vai mining district
Nevolko, P. A., Pham, T. D., Fominykh, P. A., Tran, T. H., Tran, T. A., & Ngo, T. P. (2019). Origin of the intrusion-related Lang Vai gold-antimony district (Northeastern Vietnam): Constraints from fluid inclusions study and COSPb isotope systematics. Ore Geology Reviews, 104, 114-131.
Nevolko, P. A., Pham, T. D., Fominykh, P. A., Tran, T. H., Tran, T. A., & Ngo, T. P. (2019). Origin of the intrusion-related Lang Vai gold-antimony district (Northeastern Vietnam): Constraints from fluid inclusions study and COSPb isotope systematics. Ore Geology Reviews, 104, 114-131.
 
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