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Herzenbergite

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About HerzenbergiteHide

Formula:
SnS
May contain some Pb replacing Sn: (Sn,Pb)SnS2.
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
5.22
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
After the chemist Dr Roberto Herzenberg (Libau, Kurland, in what is now Latvia, on September 19, 1885 - Santiago, Chile, October 24, 1955), an ethnic German from Riga, Latvia, who became head of the ore analysis laboratories for Bolivian "tin baron" Moritz (Mauricio) Hochschild in Oruro, Bolivia.
Herzenbergite-Teallite Series.

Discovered by Roberto Herzenberg, who named it "kolbeckine". A better description was later published by Ramdohr, who renamed it after Herzenberg.



Classification of HerzenbergiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.CD.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
D : With Sn, Pb, Hg, etc.
2.8.24.

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
3.6.1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
6 : Sulphides etc. of Sb and Pb

Pronounciation of HerzenbergiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of HerzenbergiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{001}
Density:
5.22 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.19 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HerzenbergiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Intense in oil, with yellow to red colors.
Colour in reflected light:
white
Internal Reflections:
dark red-brown
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
light to darker blue-white

Chemical Properties of HerzenbergiteHide

Formula:
SnS

May contain some Pb replacing Sn: (Sn,Pb)SnS2.
Idealised Formula:
SnS

Crystallography of HerzenbergiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.32 Å, b = 11.19 Å, c = 3.97 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.386 : 1 : 0.355
Unit Cell V:
191.91 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Massive fine-grained lamellar. Rarely as free-standing tabular crystals.
Comment:
Non-standard space group Pbnm.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Paragenetic Mode(s):

Type Occurrence of HerzenbergiteHide

Synonyms of HerzenbergiteHide

Other Language Names for HerzenbergiteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫锡矿

Relationship of Herzenbergite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Herzenbergite associated with CassiteriteSnO2
2 photos of Herzenbergite associated with Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
2 photos of Herzenbergite associated with Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
2 photos of Herzenbergite associated with Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
2 photos of Herzenbergite associated with Cuprian PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
2 photos of Herzenbergite associated with AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
2 photos of Herzenbergite associated with AcanthiteAg2S
1 photo of Herzenbergite associated with BerndtiteSnS2
1 photo of Herzenbergite associated with OttemanniteSn2S3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CD.05TeallitePbSnS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CD.10AlabanditeMnSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10AltaitePbTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10ClausthalitePbSeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10GalenaPbSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)SIso.
2.CD.10Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)SIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10Keilite(Fe2+,Mg)SIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.15aCinnabarHgSTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
2.CD.15bHypercinnabarHgSHex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.6.2OttemanniteSn2S3
3.6.3BerndtiteSnS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.6.4StistaiteSnSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.6.5GalenaPbSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.6.6ClausthalitePbSeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.6.7AltaitePbTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.6.8Furutobeite(Cu,Ag)6PbS4Mon.
3.6.9AschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
3.6.10Betekhtinite(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Immm
3.6.11Shadlunite(Pb,Cd)(Fe,Cu)8S8

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HerzenbergiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Herzenberg, R. (1932) Kolbeckin, Sn2S3, ein neues Zinnmineral. CentralBlatt fuer Mineralogie, A, 345-355.
Ramdohr, P. (1935) Vorkommen und Eigenschaften des Herzenbergits. Zeitschrift fuer Kristallographie, 92, 186-189.
American Mineralogist (1935): 20: 541.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 259-260.
Transactions of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Sections: 159: 90-93.
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1987): 293: 1471-1472.

Internet Links for HerzenbergiteHide

Localities for HerzenbergiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Bolivia (TL)
 
  • Oruro
    • Avaroa Province
      • Huari
Dana 7:I:259-260.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 649-657 (2003)
    • Dalence Province
      • Huanuni
[MinRec 32:472]; Cacho, A.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Camprubí, A.; Torró, L.; Castillo-Oliver, M.; Torres, B.; Artiaga, D.; Tauler, E.; Martínez, Á.; Campeny, M.; Alfonso, P.; Arce-Burgoa, O.R. (2019) Mineralogy and Distribution of Critical Elements in the Sn–W–Pb–Ag–Zn Huanuni Deposit, Bolivia. Minerals 9, 753
    • Poopó Province
      • Callipampa
Ahlfeld, F. and Schneider-Scherbina, A. (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. Boletín No. 5 (especial), Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz.
Torres, B., Melgarejo, J. C., Torró, L., Camprubí, A., Castillo-Oliver, M., Artiaga, D., ... & Arce-Burgoa, O. R. (2019). The Poopó Polymetallic Epithermal Deposit, Bolivia: Mineralogy, Genetic Constraints, and Distribution of Critical Elements. Minerals, 9(8), 472.
  • Potosí
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
      • Tolopampa
Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
    • Chayanta Province
      • Ocuri
Federico Ahlfeld and Jorge Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. 180pp. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
    • Potosí City
Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
China
 
  • Guangxi
    • Hechi
      • Nandan County
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Pašava, J., Kříbek, B., Dobeš, P., Vavřín, I., Žák, K., Fan Delian, Zhang Tao, and Boiron, M.-C. (2003): Mineralium Deposita 38(1), 39-66.
Peng, Z., Watanabe, M., Hoshino, K., and Shibata, Y. (1999): Ore mineralogy of tin-polymetallic (Sn-Sb-Fe-Pb-Zn-Cu-Ag) ores in the Dachang tin field, Guangxi, China and their implications for the ore genesis. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 175(2), 125-151.
Mineral Deposits 4(1), 74; Peng, Z., Watanabe, M., Hoshino, K., and Shibata, Y. (1999): Ore mineralogy of tin-polymetallic (Sn-Sb-Fe-Pb-Zn-Cu-Ag) ores in the Dachang tin field, Guangxi, China and their implications for the ore genesis. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 175(2), 125-151.
Bingjie Wei, Shuyan Li, Zifang Yin, and Minshan Geng (1986): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 1(4), 47-60
  • Jiangxi
    • Ganzhou
      • Chongyi Co.
        • Baoshan Mine
Shihai Cai (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(1), 23-26
Czech Republic
 
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Trutnov District
      • Radvanice
Sejkora J., Berlepsch P., Makovicky E. and Balić-Zunić T. 2001: Natural SnGeS3 from Radvanice near Trutnov (Czech Republic): its description, crystal structure refinement and solid solution with PbSnS3. Eur. J. Mineral., 13, 791-800.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Třebíč
Škoda, R., Novák, M., Houzar, S.: Granitické NYF pegmatity třebíčského plutonu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 2006, roč. 91, s. 129 - 176.; Škoda, R. & Čopjaková, R. (2006) Herzenbergite And Sn-bearing Tinzenite From The NYF Pegmatite In Třebíč Pluton, Moldanubicum, Czech Republic. Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.107; Škoda, R., & Čopjaková, R. (2016). Neobvyklá Sn-mineralizace z NYF pegmatitu u Klučova; třebíčský masiv, moldanubikum. Geologické výzkumy na Moravě a ve Slezsku, 12.
Finland
 
  • Central Finland
    • Luhanka
Luukkonen, Ari (1994): Main geological features, metallogeny and hydrotermal alteration phenomena of certain gold and gold-tin-tungsten prospects in Southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 377. 153p.
  • Kymenlaakso
    • Kouvola
Sunblad, Krister et al (2008). Polymetallic metallogeny in the Wiborg batholith, Fennoscandian shield. The 33rd IGC International Geological Congress Oslo 2008.
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38; Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314
  • South Ostrobothnia
    • Seinäjoki
Alviola, Reijo 1989. On the granitic pegmatites of the Seinäjoki and Haapaluoma groups. In: Symposium Precambrian granitoids. Petrogenesis, geochemistry and metallogeny, August 14-17 Helsinki, Finland. Excurcion CI: Lateorogenic and synorogenic Svecofennian granitoids and associated pegmatites of southern Finland, ed. S.I.Lahti GTK opas 26, 41-48
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Ishikari Subprefecture
      • Sapporo City
        • Minami-ku
Min. Jour. (Japan): 15:222-232.; Eijun Ohta (1991) Polymetallic Mineralization at the Toyoha Mine, Hokkaido, Japan. Mining Geology 41:279-295
  • Oita Prefecture
    • Bungo-Ono City
Miyahisa & Noda (1984) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 6, 349-360.; Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
    • Saiki City
Aoki, Y. (1971). Herzenbergite from the Shinkiura mine, Oita prefecture, Japan. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 65(5), 221-229.
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Hemnes
      • Bleikvasslia
Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56
Russia
 
  • Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
    • Kolyma area
      • Bol'shoi Anyui River Basin
        • Baimka River
          • Aluchinskii Massif (Aluchin horst)
American Mineralogist, Volume 83, pages 901–906, 1998
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Motyginskii Region
Riabeva, E.G., Dubakina, L.S., Spirina, T.N. (1984):A mineral of the stannite group, Cu2Fe2Sn3S7, from ores of the Goluboe deposit (Far East). Zapiski Vses. Mineralog. Obshch.: ll3,443-445 (in Russian); in: Hawthorne, F.C., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J., Grew, E.S., Langley, R.H., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Schedler, R.A., Shigley, J.E., Vanko, D.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 72: 227
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Verkhoyansk District
      • Yana River Basin
        • Yana-Adycha Region
          • Arga-Ynnakh-Khaya granite Massif
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Spišská Nová Ves District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
Revista de minerales, 2000 (Mars), 260-263.
Pascua, M. I., Murciego, A., Pellitero, E., Babkine, J., & Dusausoy, Y. (1997). Sn-Ge-Cd-Cu-Fe-bearing sulfides and sulfosalts from the Barquilla deposit, Salamanca, Spain. The Canadian Mineralogist, 35(1), 39-52.
Sweden
 
  • Jämtland County
    • Bräcke
Smeds, S-A. (1993): Herzenbergite (SNS) in proterozoic granite pegmatites in north-central Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine. 57 :489-494
  • Örebro County
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Burke, E. A., & Zakrzewski, M. A. (1990). Herzenbergite and associated antimony minerals from Björkskogsnäs, Hällefors, Sweden. GFF, 112(1), 85-86.
  • Västerbotten County
    • Skellefteå
Cerny et al. (2004) Am. Min. 89, 505-518
  • Västernorrland County
    • Örnsköldsvik
      • Sidensjö
Mineralogical Magazine, September 1993, Vol. 57, 489-494
    • Sundsvall
Smeds, S-A. (1993): Herzenbergite (SnS) in Proterozoic Granite Pegmatites in North-Central Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine. 57,489-494
No reference listed
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Brig
      • Naters
Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz, Wepf Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-85977-200-7
    • Östlich Raron (East Raron)
      • Bitsch
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 419.
Tajikistan
 
  • Gorno-Badakhshan
    • Murghob
Leonid Pautov and Mirak Mirakov analytical data 2019 and collection
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Mabe
http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-92300.html; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
USA
 
  • North Carolina
    • Carteret Co.
      • Beaufort
www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/qar/rcorner/Craigscreen.pdf.;The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 659-669 (2003)
  • Pennsylvania
    • Schuylkill Co.
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 19 & 23, 46; Finkelman, Robert B., et al (1974), "Observations on Minerals from Burning Anthracite Seams and Culm in Penns
 
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