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Henritermierite

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About HenritermieriteHide

03323640015788495982620.jpg
Henri and Geneviève Termier
Formula:
Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Colour:
Clove-brown to apricot-brown; lemon-yellow to pale yellow in thin section.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Specific Gravity:
3.34
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named in 1969 by C. Gaudefroy, M. Orliac, F. Permingeat, and A. Parfenoff, in honor of Henri François Émile Termier (13 December 1897, Lyon, France - 12 August 1989, Gif sur Yvette, France), geologist known for his studies of the stratigraphy and paleontology of North Africa and France. He was, for a time, head of the Morocco Geological Service and later, professor at the University of Algiers and the Sorbonne.
Garnet Group. The manganese analogue of Holtstamite.


Classification of HenritermieriteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1968
First Published:
1969
8/A.08-160
9.AD.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
D : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in [6] and/or greater coordination
51.4.4.1

51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
16.16.19

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
16 : Aluminosilicates of Mn

Physical Properties of HenritermieriteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Clove-brown to apricot-brown; lemon-yellow to pale yellow in thin section.
Streak:
White
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
3.34(2) g/cm3 (Measured)    3.40 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HenritermieriteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.765 nε = 1.800
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.035
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
O = very pale yellow
E = lemon-yellow

Chemical Properties of HenritermieriteHide

Formula:
Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
IMA Formula:
Ca3Mn3+2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Common Impurities:
Fe

Crystallography of HenritermieriteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
I41/acd
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.39 Å, c = 11.91 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.961
Unit Cell V:
1,828.33 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
As pseudo-octahedral crystals, to 3mm, and as aggregates of small grains.
Twinning:
Common on {101} sectored

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Manganese deposits

Type Occurrence of HenritermieriteHide

Reference:
Gaudefroy, C., Orliac, M., Permingeat, F., Parfenoff, A. (1969) L`henritermiérite, une nouvelle espèce minérale. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 92: 185-190.

Synonyms of HenritermieriteHide

Other Language Names for HenritermieriteHide

Simplified Chinese:水钙锰榴石
Traditional Chinese:水鈣錳榴石

Relationship of Henritermierite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Henritermierite associated with CalciteCaCO3
2 photos of Henritermierite associated with MarokiteCaMn3+2O4
1 photo of Henritermierite associated with HausmanniteMn2+Mn3+2O4
1 photo of Henritermierite associated with EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AD.AdrianiteCa12(Al4Mg3Si7)O32Cl6Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.05LarniteCa2SiO4Mon. 2/m
9.AD.10Calcio-olivineCa2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AD.15MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AD.20BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4Orth.
9.AD.25AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25AlmandineFe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25GoldmaniteCa3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25HibschiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25HydroandraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
9.AD.25KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)Iso.
9.AD.25KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
9.AD.25KnorringiteMg3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25MorimotoiteCa3(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
9.AD.25PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
9.AD.25SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.25HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AD.25KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25Momoiite(Mn2+,Ca)3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25EringaiteCa3Sc2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25EltyubyuiteCa12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.25HutcheoniteCa3Ti2(SiAl2)O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.30CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2OTet.
9.AD.30HafnonHfSiO4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.30ThoriteTh(SiO4)Tet.
9.AD.30ZirconZr(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.30Stetindite-(Ce)Ce(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.35HuttoniteThSiO4Mon.
9.AD.35Tombarthite-(Y)Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2xMon.
9.AD.40EulytineBi4(SiO4)3Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.45ReiditeZrSiO4Tet. 4/m : I41/a

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

51.4.4.5Momoiite(Mn2+,Ca)3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.16.1KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
16.16.2SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
16.16.3DavreuxiteMnAl6Si4O17(OH)2Mon.
16.16.4SursassiteMn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.16.5CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
16.16.6KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
16.16.7PennantiteMn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Tric.
16.16.8AkatoreiteMn2+9Al2Si8O24(OH)8Tric.
16.16.9Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2OMon.
16.16.10Mangano-ferri-eckermannite{Na}{Na2}{Mn2+4Fe3+}Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
16.16.11Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
16.16.13HowieiteNa(Fe,Mn)10(Fe,Al)2Si12O31(OH)13Tric.
16.16.14Eggletonite(Na,K,Ca)2(Mn,Fe)8(Si,Al)12O29(OH)7 · 11H2OMon.
16.16.15Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
16.16.16Taneyamalite(Na,Ca)(Mn,Mg,Fe)12Si12(O,OH)44Tric.
16.16.17ZussmaniteK(Fe,Mg,Mn)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14Trig. 3 : R3
16.16.18CoombsiteK(Mn,Fe,Mg)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14Trig.
16.16.20MacfalliteCa2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon.
16.16.21Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon.
16.16.22Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.16.23OkhotskiteCa2Mn3+Mn3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
16.16.24Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
16.16.25Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HenritermieriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gaudefroy, C., Orliac, M., Permingeat, F., Parfenoff, A. (1969) L`henritermiérite, une nouvelle espèce minérale. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 92: 185-190.
Fleischer, M. (1969) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 54: 1737-1742.
Aubry, P.A., Dusausoy, Y., Laffaille, J.P. (1969) Détermination et étude de la structure cristalline de l`henritermiérite, hydrogrenat de symétrie quadratique. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 92: 126-133.
Armbruster, T., Kohler, T., Libowitzky, E., Friedrich, A., Miletich, R., Kunz, M., Medenbach, O., Gutzmer, J. (2001) Structure, compressibility, hydrogen bonding, and dehydration of the tetragonal Mn3+ hydrogarnet, henritermierite. American Mineralogist: 86: 147-158.
Shannon, R.D., Shannon, R.C., Medenbach, O., Fischer, R.X. (2002) Refractive index and dispersion of fluorides and oxides. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data 31, 931-970.
Grew, E.S., Locock, A.J., Mills, S.J., Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Hålenius, U. (2013) Nomenclature of the garnet supergroup. American Mineralogist: 98: 785-811.
Cruickshank, L.A. (2018) Crystal Chemistry and Structure of kimzeyite, Ca3Zr2[Al2Si]Σ3O12, henritermierite, Ca3Mn2[(SiO4)2(O4H4)1]Σ3, (OH,F)-spessartine, Mn2+3Al2[(SiO4)2(O4H4,F4)1]Σ3, and hausmannite, Mn3O4. Master of Science thesis, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Antao, S.M., Cruickshank, L.A. (2018) Crystal structure refinements of tetragonal (OH,F)-rich spessartine and henritermierite garnets. Acta Crystallographica: B74: 104-114.

Internet Links for HenritermieriteHide

Localities for HenritermieriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Morocco (TL)
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Zagora Province
Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist. 92 (1969), 185; Handbook of Mineralogy 2/1 (1995)
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;; European Journal of Mineralogy: 17(2): 375-382.; Antao, S. M., Cruickshank, L. A., & Hazrah, K. S. (2019). Structural Trends and Solid-Solutions Based on the Crystal Chemistry of Two Hausmannite (Mn3O4) Samples from the Kalahari Manganese Field. Minerals, 9(6), 343.
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
[Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) - The Kalahari (Afrique du Sud) manganese field : an update, Mineralogical Record, 22 (3), 279-302.]
Minerals of South Africa
 
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