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Graemite

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About GraemiteHide

09995780014946720283307.jpg
Richard Graeme III
Formula:
Cu[TeO3] · H2O
Colour:
Blue-green
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Specific Gravity:
4.13
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named by S.A. Williams and P. Matter in 1975 in honor of Richard (Dick) Graeme III (1941, Bisbee, Arizona, USA - ) American geologist and mineral collector who discovered the mineral. He began collecting Bisbee minerals at age six. At one point, he was Resident Geologist of the Copper Queen Branch mine.
This page provides mineralogical data about Graemite.


Classification of GraemiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1974
4.JM.15

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
J : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites; iodates
M : Tellurites without additional anions, with H2O
Dana 7th ed.:
34.2.1.1
34.2.1.1

34 : SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
2 : A(XO3)·xH2O
28.3.3

28 : Selenites, Selenates, Tellurites, and Tellurates
3 : Tellurites

Pronounciation of GraemiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of GraemiteHide

Colour:
Blue-green
Hardness:
3 - 3½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
good on {010}
Parting:
good on (100)
Density:
4.13(9) g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of GraemiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.920(3) nβ = 1.960(3) nγ = 2.200(5)
2V:
Measured: 48° , Calculated: 50°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.280
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v strong
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Z and Y blue green, X yellowish green;

Chemical Properties of GraemiteHide

Formula:
Cu[TeO3] · H2O
IMA Formula:
Cu2+(Te4+O3) · H2O

Crystallography of GraemiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pmma
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.805(6) Å, b = 25.613(15) Å, c = 5.780(6) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.266 : 1 : 0.226
Unit Cell V:
1,007.43 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
10

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.395 Å(10)
3.434 Å(8)
12.803 Å(5)
2.558 Å(5)
2.873 Å(4)
2.343 Å(4)
5.640 Å(3)
2.801 Å(3)

Type Occurrence of GraemiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
divergent platy, bladed crystals
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
University of Arizona collection.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
oxidation of hypogene ore deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of GraemiteHide

Other Language Names for GraemiteHide

German:Graemit
Spanish:Graemita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Graemite associated with TeineiteCu2+(Te4+O3) · 2H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.JM.05KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex.
4.JM.05KinichiliteMg0.5Mn2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
4.JM.05ZemanniteMg0.5ZnFe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
4.JM.10BlakeiteFe3+2[TeO3]3 (?)
4.JM.10EmmonsiteFe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
4.JM.20TeineiteCu2+(Te4+O3) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

28.3.1BalyakiniteCu(TeO3)Orth.
28.3.2RajiteCu(Te4+2O5)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
28.3.4TeineiteCu2+(Te4+O3) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
28.3.5CesbroniteCu2+3Te6+O4(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
28.3.6MroseiteCaTe4+(CO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
28.3.7QuetzalcoatliteZn6Cu3(TeO6)2(OH)6 · AgxPbyClx+2yTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
28.3.8ZemanniteMg0.5ZnFe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
28.3.9KinichiliteMg0.5Mn2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
28.3.10Denningite(Mn2+,Ca,Zn)Te4+2O5Tet.
28.3.11SpiroffiteMn2+2Te4+3O8Mon. 2/m : B2/b
28.3.12WinstanleyiteTiTe4+3O8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
28.3.13FairbankitePb(TeO3)Tric.
28.3.14PlumbotelluritePb(TeO3)Orth.
28.3.15Choloalite(Cu,Sb)3(Pb,Ca)3(TeO3)6ClIso. 4 3 2 : P41 3 2
28.3.16SmirniteBi2Te4+O5Orth. mm2
28.3.17ChekhovichiteBi2Te4+4O11Mon. 2/m
28.3.18Cliffordite(UO2)Te4+3O7Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
28.3.19Schmitterite(UO2)(TeO3)Orth.
28.3.20MoctezumitePb(UO2)(TeO3)2Mon.
28.3.21EmmonsiteFe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
28.3.22BlakeiteFe3+2[TeO3]3 (?)
28.3.23MackayiteFe3+(Te4+2O5)(OH)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
28.3.24PoughiteFe3+2(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2OOrth.
28.3.25SonoraiteFe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2OMon.
28.3.26RodalquilariteFe2(TeO2OH)3(TeO3)ClTric. 1 : P1
28.3.27EztlitePb2+2Fe3+3(Te4+ O3)3(SO4)O2ClMon. m : Bm
28.3.28KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex.

Fluorescence of GraemiteHide

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GraemiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S.A., Matter, P. (1975) Graemite a new Bisbee mineral. The Mineralogical Record: 6: 32-34.
Fleischer, M., Chao, G.Y., Kato, A. (1975) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 60: 486.
Geological Association of Canada/Mineralogical Association of Canada Final Program and Abstracts: 25: A-66.

Internet Links for GraemiteHide

Localities for GraemiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Luxembourg
      • Vielsalm
        • Salmchâteau
Blondieau, M. (2005): Les gisements minéraux du Salmien dans le massif de Stavelot. Published by M. Blondieau, Tellin, Belgium, 90 pp.
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Moctezuma Municipality
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 238; Williams, S.A. & P. Matter III (1975), Graemite, a new Bisbee mineral, Min.Rec.: 6: 32-34.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 238; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
    • La Paz Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 206; Williams, S.A. & P. Matter, III (1975), Graemite, a new Bisbee mineral, Min.Rec.: 6: 32-34.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 238; Williams, S.A. & P. Matter, III (1975), Graemite, a new Bisbee mineral, Min.Rec.: 6:32-34.
  • Utah
    • Utah Co.
SEM EDS and XRD confirmed by Rob Bowell.
 
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