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Germanite

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About GermaniteHide

Formula:
Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Colour:
Pale greyish-pink
Lustre:
Metallic, Dull
Hardness:
4
Specific Gravity:
4.46 - 4.59
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
In allusion to the germanium content.
Compare renierite.


Classification of GermaniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.CB.30

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
2.9.4.2

2 : SULFIDES
9 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
6.2.1

6 : Sulphosalts - Sulphostannates, Sulphogermanates,Sulpharsenates, Sulphantimonates, Sulphovanadates and Sulphohalides
2 : Sulphogermanates

Pronounciation of GermaniteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of GermaniteHide

Metallic, Dull
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Pale greyish-pink
Comment:
Tarnishes dark brown
Streak:
Dark gray to black
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Density:
4.46 - 4.59 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.30 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of GermaniteHide

Type:
Isotropic
Colour in reflected light:
Pinkish gray

Chemical Properties of GermaniteHide

Formula:
Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Common Impurities:
Ga,Zn,Mo,As,V

Crystallography of GermaniteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
P4 3n
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.585 Å
Unit Cell V:
1,185.97 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Tetrahedral crystals usually very small, but a 3 cm giant has been recovered[1] also massive, intergrown with renierite. Small grey chalcocite xls are often mistaken for germanite.

Type Occurrence of GermaniteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Primary hydrothermal ores
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for GermaniteHide

German:Germanit
Simplified Chinese:硫锗铜矿
Spanish:Germanita
Traditional Chinese:硫鍺銅礦

Relationship of Germanite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
ColusiteCu13VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32Iso.
NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32Iso.
Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16Iso.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
27 photos of Germanite associated with Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
22 photos of Germanite associated with LudlockitePbFe3+4As3+10O22
16 photos of Germanite associated with TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
10 photos of Germanite associated with SchaurteiteCa3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
9 photos of Germanite associated with GalliteCuGaS2
8 photos of Germanite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
7 photos of Germanite associated with Zincian Siderite(Fe,Zn)CO3
5 photos of Germanite associated with LeiteiteZn(As2O4)
5 photos of Germanite associated with StottiteFe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]
5 photos of Germanite associated with ChalcociteCu2S

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CB.AgmantiniteAg2MnSnS4Orth.
2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.05aHawleyiteCdSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05cPolhemusite(Zn,Hg)STet.
2.CB.05bSakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4Iso.
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aStilleiteZnSe
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZnCu2Fe3Zn5S10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aEskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bMooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16Tet.
2.CB.10bPutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2Iso.
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aIdaiteCu5FeS6Hex.
2.CB.15aKësterite Cu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aKuramiteCu3SnS4Tet.
2.CB.15bMohiteCu2SnS3Mon.
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15cStannoiditeCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12Orth.
2.CB.15aVelikiteCu2HgSnS4Tet.
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.30ColusiteCu13VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16Iso.
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32Iso.
2.CB.30MaikainiteCu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
2.CB.35aHemusiteCu6SnMoS8Iso.
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.35aPolkovicite(Fe,Pb)3(Ge,Fe)1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
2.CB.35aVincienniteCu+7Cu2+3Fe2+2Fe3+2Sn(As,Sb)S16Tet.
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite(Pb,Fe)3Ge1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45RambergiteMnSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
2.CB.60RaguiniteTlFeS2Orth.
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
2.CB.65SternbergiteAgFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.70SulvaniteCu3VS4Iso.
2.CB.75VulcaniteCuTeOrth.
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.9.4.1Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

6.2.2BriartiteCu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4Tet.
6.2.3Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
6.2.4ArgyroditeAg8GeS6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
6.2.5CanfielditeAg8SnS6Orth. mm2
6.2.6Morozeviczite(Pb,Fe)3Ge1-xS4Iso.
6.2.7Polkovicite(Fe,Pb)3(Ge,Fe)1-xS4Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GermaniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Pufahl (1922) Met. Erz: 19: 324.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 385-386.
American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 943-947.
American Mineralogist (1989): 74: 951.
[2] G. Gebhard (1999), Tsumeb II. G.G. Publishing, Waldbroel, Germany, pg 147.

Internet Links for GermaniteHide

Localities for GermaniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca Province
    • Andalgalá Department
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
Armenia
 
  • Syunik Province
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Kafan District (Kapan)
Mederer, J., Moritz, R., Zohrabyan, S., Vardanyan, A., Melkonyan, R., & Ulianov, A. (2014). Base and precious metal mineralization in Middle Jurassic rocks of the Lesser Caucasus: A review of geology and metallogeny and new data from the Kapan, Alaverdi and Mehmana districts. Ore Geology Reviews, 58, 185-207.
Bulgaria
 
  • Pazardzhik Province
    • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
      • Levski
Handbook of Mineralogy; Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., & Popov, K. (2004). Mineral Assemblages And Genesis Of The Cu-Au Epithermal Deposits In The Southern Part Of The Panaguyrishte Ore District, Bulgaria. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 36:406-415; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
      • Popintsi
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Inverness Co.
      • Meat Cove
The Nova Scotia Mineral Occurrence Database (MODB)
Cuba
 
Handbook of Mineralogy
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kipushi
Chabu, M. (1995) The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb-Cu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 33, 547-558.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., Haack, U. (1999) Lead isotopes of the carbonate-hosted Kabwe, Tsumeb, and Kipushi Pb-Zn-Cu sulphide deposits in relation to Pan African orogenesis in the Damaran-Lufilian Fold Belt of Central Africa. Mineralium Deposita, 34, 273-283.; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews, 35, 263-297.
Finland
 
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Guillaumes
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
No reference listed
India
 
  • Rajasthan
    • Jhunjhunu District
Ahmed, M., Shaif, M., Siddiquie, F. N., & Khan, R. (2018). Mode of Occurrence and Mineralogy of Northern Khetri Copper Deposits, Jhunjhunu District, Rajasthan. Natural Resources, 2018, 9, 389-403
Japan
 
  • Akita Prefecture
    • Odate
Dr. Hidemichi Hori (vol. 2)
  • Aomori Prefecture
    • Kamikita District
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Gifu Prefecture
    • Hida City
Geology and Mineral Resources of Japan, p 204 (Geological Survey of Japan, 1960)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Pavlodar Region
    • Bayanaul
Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Namibia (TL)
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Metall und Erz, Halle,(1922) 19, 324-325; Rocks & Min.: 62:440.
Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) pg 124 Table 7;
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Otavi
Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
New Zealand
 
  • Auckland Region
Boyle, R.W. (1979) The geochemistry of gold and its deposits (together with a chapter on geochemical prospecting for the element). Geological Survey Bulletin 280, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 584 pages, at p 265.
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
 
  • Bouenza Department
    • Boko Songho District
Handbook of Mineralogy
Romania
 
  • Alba
    • Bucium Commune
      • Bucium (Bucsony; Bucsum; Bucsim)
Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
    • Lupșa Commune
      • Mușca (Muska; Kismuska; Muszka; Russendorf; Russenhof)
Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
  • Hunedoara
    • Brad
Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
    • Deva
Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Russia
 
  • Bashkortostan
    • Baymak-Buribay District
Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
    • Uchalinsky District
Yakovleva, V. A., Belogub, E. V., & Novoselov, K. A. (2003). Supergene iron sulpho-selenides from the Zapadno-Ozernoe copper-zinc massive sulphide deposit, South Urals, Russia: a new solid-solution series between pyrite FeS2 and dzharkenite FeSe2. Mineralogical Magazine 67(2), 339-354
Tseluyko, A. S., Maslennikov, V. V., Ayupova, N. R., Maslennikova, S. P., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2019). Tellurium-Bearing Mineralization in Clastic Ores at the Yubileynoe Copper Massive Sulfide Deposit (Southern Urals). Geology of Ore Deposits, 61(2), 133-161.
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Magnitogorsk
Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Yakovleva, V.A., and Spiro, B. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 239-254.
    • Verkhneuralsky District
Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
      • Mezhozerny settlement
Amplieva, E.E. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 404-422.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Ávila
      • El Losar del Barco
Joaquim Mollfulleda (1996): Minerales, descripción y clasificación. Ed. Omega. p. 92
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Shungnak Mining District
        • Ruby Creek Prospect
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
 
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