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Geikielite

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About GeikieliteHide

01979880014947331415524.jpg
Sir Archibald Geikie, Director General, British Geological Survey.
Formula:
MgTiO3
Colour:
black, red, brownish black
Lustre:
Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
5 - 6
Specific Gravity:
3.79 - 4.2
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Member of:
Name:
For Sir Archibald Geikie (Edinburgh 28 December 1835 – Haslemere, Surrey 10 November 1924), Professor of Geology and Mineralogy in the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, and Director-General of the Geological Survey of Great Britain and Ireland.
Ilmenite Group. Geikielite-Ilmenite Series. The magnesium analogue of Ilmenite, Pyrophanite, and Ecandrewsite. The titanium analogue of Akimotoite.
May be confused with Hematite.


Classification of GeikieliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.CB.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
B : With medium-sized cations
4.3.5.2

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
3 : A2X3
7.9.5

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
9 : Oxides of Ti

Physical Properties of GeikieliteHide

Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
black, red, brownish black
Streak:
purple brown
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {1011}
Fracture:
Conchoidal, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.79 - 4.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.895 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of GeikieliteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.310 - 2.350 nε = 1.950 - 1.980
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.360 - 0.370
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Anisotropism:
Strong
Colour in reflected light:
Gray
Internal Reflections:
Red
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
O = Pinkish red
E = Brownish to purplish red

Chemical Properties of GeikieliteHide

Formula:
MgTiO3
Common Impurities:
Fe,Cr,Mn,Ca

Crystallography of GeikieliteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
R3
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.05478(26) Å, c = 13.8992(7) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.75
Unit Cell V:
307.56 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6
Morphology:
Tabular to prismatic crystals.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Contact metamorphism of impure magnesian limestones.

Type Occurrence of GeikieliteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum, London 69078-69079

Synonyms of GeikieliteHide

Other Language Names for GeikieliteHide

Simplified Chinese:镁钛矿
Spanish:Geikielita

Relationship of Geikielite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3Trig.
Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
Hemleyite(Fe2+0.48Mg0.37Ca0.04Na0.04Mn2+0.03Al0.03Cr3+0.01)sum=1.00Si1.00O3Trig. 3 : R3
IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
Unnamed (Fe-Cr Oxide)FeCrO3Trig. 3 : R3
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
7 photos of Geikielite associated with CalciteCaCO3
6 photos of Geikielite associated with LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
5 photos of Geikielite associated with SpinelMgAl2O4
4 photos of Geikielite associated with PseudosinhaliteMg2Al3(BO3)2(OH)O3
1 photo of Geikielite associated with Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
1 photo of Geikielite associated with FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
1 photo of Geikielite associated with PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
1 photo of Geikielite associated with RutileTiO2
1 photo of Geikielite associated with TitanclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
1 photo of Geikielite associated with ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.CB.05BrizziiteNaSb5+O3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05CorundumAl2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.05Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05EskolaiteCr2O3Trig.
4.CB.05HematiteFe2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.05IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05KarelianiteV3+2O3Trig.
4.CB.05MelanostibiteMn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3Trig.
4.CB.05PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3Trig.
4.CB.05Unnamed (Auroantimonate)AuSbO3
4.CB.05UM1998-11-O-AuHSbAu+2Sb3+O2(OH)
4.CB.05TistariteTi3+2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.10AvicenniteTl2O3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.CB.10BixbyiteMn3+2O3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.CB.15Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.15PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N2S[(Zn,Al,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+,Ti)8O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N6S[(Zn,Mg)7(Al,Fe3+,Ti)16O31(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S[(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N2S[(Mg,Fe2+)3[Al7(Ti,Fe3+)]O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.25PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9Hex.
4.CB.25KleberiteFeTi6O11(OH)5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.30BerdesinskiiteV3+2TiO5Mon.
4.CB.30OxyvaniteV3+2V4+O5Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.CB.35Olkhonskite(Cr,V)2Ti3O9Mon.
4.CB.35SchreyeriteV3+2Ti3O9Mon.
4.CB.40KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8Hex.
4.CB.40NolaniteV3+8Fe3+2O14(OH)2Hex.
4.CB.40RinmaniteZn2Sb2Mg2Fe4O14(OH)2Hex. 6 : P63
4.CB.40IseiteMn2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.40MajindeiteMg2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.45ClaudetiteAs2O3Mon. 2/m
4.CB.45StibioclaudetiteAsSbO3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
4.CB.50ArsenoliteAs2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.CB.50SenarmontiteSb2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.CB.55ValentiniteSb2O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
4.CB.60BismiteBi2O3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.65SphaerobismoiteBi2O3Tet.
4.CB.70SilléniteBi12SiO20Iso. 2 3 : I2 3
4.CB.75KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.80TietaiyangiteFe3+4Fe2+TiO9Hex.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

4.3.5.1IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.3.5.3PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.3.5.4Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.3.5.5MelanostibiteMn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.9.1HongquiiteTiO
7.9.2RutileTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.9.3AnataseTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.4BrookiteTiO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.6PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.9.7KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2Orth.
7.9.8TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m
7.9.9CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.10Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2(O,OH)6Mon.
7.9.11HiboniteCaAl12O19Hex.
7.9.12Yttrocrasite-(Y)(Y,Th,Ca,U)(Ti,Fe)2(O,OH)6Amor.
7.9.13PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.14Jacobsite-QT(Mn2+)M(Fe3+2)O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.15IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.16PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.17UlvöspinelTiFe2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.9.18PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9Hex.
7.9.19FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16Mon.
7.9.20KennedyiteFe2TiO5
7.9.21Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.22Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10Hex.
7.9.23Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.9.24CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.9.25Loveringite(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38Trig.
7.9.26Lindsleyite(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
7.9.27PrideriteK(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16Tet.
7.9.28Jeppeite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13Mon.
7.9.29AnkangiteBa(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16Tet. 4/m : I4/m
7.9.30Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.31LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for GeikieliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Fletcher (1892), Nature: 46: 620.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 535-541.
Acta Crystallographica: B45: 542-549.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1995) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume II. Silica, Silicates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 904pp., 2 volumes: 220.

Internet Links for GeikieliteHide

Localities for GeikieliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Sør Rondane Mountains
Grew, E. S., Essene, E. J., Peacor, D. R., Su, S. C. and Asami, M. (1991): Dissakisite-(Ce), a new member of the epidote group and the magnesium analogue of allanite-(Ce), from Antarctica. American Mineralogist 76, 1990-1997.
    • Victoria Land
      • Allan Hills
Rosenshein, E. B., Ivanova, M. A., Dickinson, T. L., McCoy, T. J., Lauretta, D. S., Guan, Y., (2006) Oxide-bearing and FeO-rich clasts in aubrites. Meteoritics, vol. 41, Issue 4, p.495-503
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Corinna-Savage River district
Bottrill & Taheri, 2008, Savage River mine, Unpub. Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Melk District
      • Dunkelsteinerwald
        • Kochholz
Kolitsch, U. (2018): 2095) Arsenopyrit (Co-haltig), Fluorapatit, Geikielith, Klinochlor und Zirkonolith im Spinell-Forsterit-Marmor von Kochholz, Dunkelsteinerwald, Niederösterreich. Pp. 238-240 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
  • Styria
    • Hartberg-Fürstenfeld District
      • Stubenberg am See
Tropper, P. et al. (2001, 2007); http://www.franzbernhard.x10hosting.com/polishedslabs.html
  • Tyrol
    • Imst District
      • Längenfeld
Gasteiger, P., Tropper, P., Haefeker, U. & Tessadri, R. (2013): Petrographie und Mineralchemie von Betafit aus dem Pollestal (Ötztal-Stubai Kristallin). Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 159, 55 (abs.).
Brazil
 
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
MinRec 15:261-270
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Greenwood Mining Division
      • Grand Forks
Richard Gunter collection
  • Ontario
    • Haliburton County
      • Monmouth Township
Analysis by Tony Steede at the ROM
  • Québec
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Chelsea
Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 41
        • Wakefield
Sabina, A.P. (1987) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec, Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41, 34-35 p.
China
 
  • Shaanxi
    • Hanzhong
      • Ningqiang County
Lin, Y. T. & Kimura, M. (1996). Discovery of Complex Titanium Oxide Associations in a Plagioclase-Olivine Inclusion (POI) in the Ningqiang Carbonaceous Chondrite. Lunar and Planetary Science, vol. 27, pages 755-756. (1996).
  • Shandong
    • Linyi
      • Mengyin County
Qi Lu, Huifang Liu, and Ping Xiao (2007): Geological Science and Technology Information 26(2), 1-7
  • Tibet
    • Nyingtri Prefecture (Linzhi Prefecture)
      • Mêdog Co. (Motuo Co.)
Liu, Y, 1997. Petrologic study of high-pressure granulites and carbonatites in Namjagbarwa area, and the tectonic significance. PhD thesis, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science.
Yan Liu, Zhesheng Ma, Xiuling Han, Huyun Zhou, Peishan Zhang, and Dalai Zhong (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(4), 338-340
Czech Republic
 
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Litoměřice District
      • Třebenice
Houzar, S., & ŠRein, V. (2008). Asociace geikielitu s kasiteritem ve spinelovém mramoru z Třebenic na západní Moravě, Moldanubikum. Acta rerum naturalium, 4, 1-6.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Okříšky
Houzar S.: Spinel z Číhalína a Nové Vsi u Třebíče, západní Morava. Minerál, 2010, 18, 1, 69-71.
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Nové Město na Moravě
Novák, M., Šrein, V.: Ryzí antimon v rutilu z dolomitického mramoru od Studnice u Nového Města na Moravě. Minerál, 1997, roč. 5, č. 4, s. 265-266.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Nuuk (Godthåb)
        • Fiskenæsset (Fiskenaesset; Qeqertarsuatsiaat)
Windley B.F. et al. (1989): Geikielite and ilmenite in Archaean meta-ultramafic rocks, Fiskenaesset, West Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy. 1, 427-437
Finland
 
  • Kainuu
    • Kuhmo
      • Näätäniemi
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/geikielite.pdf.
  • Northern Savonia
O´Brien, H.E.& Tyni,M. 1999. Mineralogy and geochemistry of kimberlites and related rocks from Finland. Proceedings of the 7th International Kimberlite Conference, Cape Town, South Africa.
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Prats-de-Mollo-la Preste (Prats de Molló-la Presta)
Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
India
 
  • Meghalaya
    • East Khasi Hills District
Melluso, L., Srivastava, R. K., Guarino, V., Zanetti, A., & Sinha, A. K. (2010). Mineral compositions and petrogenetic evolution of the ultramafic-alkaline–carbonatitic complex of Sung Valley, northeastern India. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 205-229.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Theni District
Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconlite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008. ; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconolite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008.
        • Monte Somma
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Gentile P. (1986) - Geikielite del M. Somma (NA) e del M. dei tre Abati (PC) - Riv. Miner. Ital., Milano, fasc. 3, pp. 127-130
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Piacenza Province
      • Coli
Gentile P. (1986) - Geikielite del M. somma (Na) e del M. dei tre Abati (Pc) - Riv. Miner. Ital., Milano, fasc.3, pp. 127-130
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
Caponera, I., Fiori, S., Pucci, R., & Signoretti, E. (2007). I minerali dei Colli Albani. Un aggiornamento sugli ultimi dieci anni di ricerche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 74-91.
  • Lombardy
    • Brescia Province
      • Niardo
Cerea, F., Brena, I., Piccinelli, C., Ciriotti, M.E., Marengo, A., Bittarello, E., Bonacina, E., Appiani, R., Bracco, R. (2019): Minerali in Valle di Stabio, Val Camonica, Brescia. Micro, 17, 114-155.
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Chiesa in Valmalenco
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
        • Masino Valley
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
The Canadian Mineralogist, Volume 42, Number 6, December 2004, pp. 1825-1845.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Breguzzo
          • San Pietro-Breguzzo Valley
            • Malga Trivena hut
Gieré, R., Williams, C.T. (1992): REE-bearing minerals in a Ti-rich vein from the Adamello contact aureole (Italy). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 112, 83-100.
        • Daone & Breguzzo
          • Valbona (Val Bona) & Val d'Arnò
Gardes M.L., Baumgartner L.P., Valle J.V. (1999): Stable isotopic evidence for limited fluid flow through dolomitic marble in the Adamello contact aureole, Cima Uzza, Italy. Journal of Petrogr., 40, 6, 853-872.
      • Predazzo
Ferry J.M., Wing B.A., Penniston-Dorland S.C., Rumble D. (2002): The direction of fluid flow during contact metamorphism of siliceous carbonate rocks: new data for the Monzoni and Predazzo aureoles, northern Italy, and a global review. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 142, 679–699.
Japan
 
  • Fukushima Prefecture
    • Iwaki City
Nedachi et al (1984) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 79, 200-213.
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Miyako City
      • Kamineichi
Watanabe et al (1963) Kotoite, Mg3(BO3)2, from the Neichi mine, Iwate prefecture, Japan. Proceedings of the Japan Academy, series B, 39, 164-169; Kato, A. & Matsubara, S. (1991): Geikielite, baddeleyite and zirconolite in dolomitic marble from the Neichi mine, Miyako City, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, Series C, 17, 11-20.
Mauritania
 
  • Assaba Region
Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Mozambique
 
  • Nampula Province
Hurai, V., Paquette, J. L., Huraiová, M., Slobodník, M., Hvožďara, P., Siegfried, P., ... & Milovská, S. (2017). New insights into the origin of the Evate apatite-iron oxide-carbonate deposit, Northeastern Mozambique, constrained by mineralogy, textures, thermochronometry, and fluid inclusions. Ore Geology Reviews, 80, 1072-1091.; Gajdošová, M., Huraiová, M., Hurai, V., & Konečný, P. (2017) In situ chemical dating of new accessory minerals from the Evate deposit in Mozambique. CAM–2017 (Conference on Accessory Minerals)
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
Franz Neuhold & Gerald Giester (SXRD- and EDS-analysis); Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
North Korea
 
  • North Hwanghae Province
    • Suan County
      • Hol Kol Mine (Holgol; Suan; Namjong)
Resource Geology, vol. 50, no. 4, 213-228, 2000
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
Robinson, P., Langenhorst, F., McEnroe, S.A., Fabian, K. & Ballaran, T.B. (2014): Ferroan geikielite and coupled spinel-rutile exsolution from titanohematite: Interface characterization and magnetic properties. American Mineralogist 99, 1694-1712.
  • Sogn og Fjordane
    • Selje
      • Liset
Smith, D.C., Kechid, S-A. and Rossi, G. (1986): Occurrence and properties of lisetite, CaNa2Al4Si4O16, a new tectosilicate in the system Ca-Na-Al-Si-O. American Mineralogist. 71: 1372-1377
Pakistan
 
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/geikielite.pdf.
    • Skardu District
Gordon Cressey (1986) Geikielite and Perovskite in Serpentine-Brucite Marble from Baltistan, Northern Areas (Kashmir), Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine 50:345-346.
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Lake Baikal area
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Nikita V. Chukanov (2014) Infrared spectra of mineral species. Springer
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Aldan shield
Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Murmansk Oblast
N. I. Krasnova (2001): The Kovdor phlogopite deposit, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 39, 33–44.
Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.; Gregory Ivanyuk, Andrei Kalashnikov, Julia Mikhailova, Yakov Pakhomovsky, Nataly Konoplyova, Victor Yakovenchuk, Ayya Bazai (2018) 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite-carbonatite pipe. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p101
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
Slovakia
 
  • Bratislava Region
    • Pezinok District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • Free State
    • Xhariep District
      • Jagersfontein
Minerals of South Africa
  • Limpopo
    • Phalaborwa
      • Loolekop
Minerals of South Africa; Lee, M. E., Goosen, W. E., Minnaar, E. G., & Liebenberg, T. Microanalysis of mineral inclusions in primary baddeleyite from the Phalaborwa complex.
  • Northern Cape
    • Frances Baard
      • Sol Plaatje
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/geikielite.pdf.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
Romero Silva JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga España. Edita CEDMA County council
Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp; Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council of Malaga. 318pp. 1 map
      • Mijas
Romero Silva, JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Published by the Malaga County Council CEDMA. 318pp. 1 map; Romero Silva, JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA Malaga County Council. 318pp. 1 map
      • Ojén
        • Sierra Blanca
Calvo, M. (2009) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
  • Extremadura
    • Cáceres
      • Garrovillas de Alconétar
Weibel, M. (1955): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 4, 379-411.
Sri Lanka
Dissanayake, C.B., Chandrajith, R., Tobschall, H.J. (2000) The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 72(1-2), 5-20.
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
Nature (1892) 46, 620; Mineralogical Magazine(1893) 10, 145
Nature (1892) 46, 620; Mineralogical Magazine(1893) 10, 145
Nature (1892) p621
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Ballachulish
Ferry, J.M. (1996) Three novel isograds in metamorphosed siliceous dolomites from the Ballachulish aureole, Scotland. American Mineralogist, 81(3-4), 485-496.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 230.
  • California
    • Monterey Co.
      • Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range)
        • Slates Hot Springs
Wise, Wm. S. (1959), An occurrence of geikielite: American Mineralogist : 44: 879-882; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 173, 460.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
        • Crestmore quarries
          • Chino Hill
Jenni, Clarence M. (1957), Crestmore and its minerals: Gems & Minerals, No. 238: (July 1957): 64, 79; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 173.
      • Jurupa Valley
        • Jurupa Mountains
Murdoch, Joseph & Joseph J. Fahey (1948), Geikielite, a new find from California (abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 59: 1341-1342; Murdoch, Joseph & Joseph J. Fahey (1949), Geikielite, a new find from California: American Mineralogist: 34: 835-838; Cooney, R.L. (1956), The mineralogy of the Jensen and Henshaw quarries near Riverside, California: Unpublished Master’s thesis, University of California at Los Angeles: 43; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 173; Devito, F. and Ordway, A. (1984), The Jensen Quarry, Riverside County, California. Mineralogical Record: 15(5): 273-290.
  • Massachusetts
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Chelmsford
Cook, L.P. (1974) Metamorphosed Carbonate Rocks of the Nashoba Formation, Eastern Massachusetts. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University PhD Dissertation, 454 pages.
  • Michigan
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Hermansville
Xu, J., Melgarejo, J. C., i Abat, L. T., & Castillo-Oliver, M. (2017) Magma mingling at the Menominee pipe, USA? Contributions from texture and mineral chemistry. 11th International Kimberlite Conference Extended Abstract No. 11IKC-4625, 2017
  • Missouri
    • Dent Co.
Smith, F., 1968; U.S. Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S. Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
  • New York
    • Orange Co.
      • Town of Warwick
Glenn Rheim
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi mining district (Hartley mining district)
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/geikielite.pdf.
 
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