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Faustite

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About FaustiteHide

08485380015420745253977.jpg
George T. Faust
Formula:
(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Colour:
Apple-green
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Waxy, Dull
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.92
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named by Richard C. Erd, M. D. Foster, and P. D. Procter, in honor of Dr. George Tobias Faust (August 27, 1908 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA - February 27, 1985 Morristown, New Jersey, USA), mineralogist and petrologist with the U.S. Geological Survey. He served as president of the Mineralogical Society of America. He described/codescribed the new minerals huntite, pecoraite, and schoenfliesite.
Isostructural with:
Turquoise Group. The zinc analogue of Turquoise.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Faustite.


Classification of FaustiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1953
8.DD.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4= 2:1
42.9.3.3

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
9 : (AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
19.6.10

19 : Phosphates
6 : Phosphates of Zn

Physical Properties of FaustiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Waxy, Dull
Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Apple-green
Streak:
White to pale yellow-green
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
2.92 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.99 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of FaustiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of FaustiteHide

Formula:
(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
ZnAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O

Crystallography of FaustiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Setting:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.44 Å, b = 9.89 Å, c = 7.67 Å
α = 107.75°, β = 115.65°, γ = 69.65°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.752 : 1 : 0.776
Unit Cell V:
468.98 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Fine grained massive, nuggets, veins.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.70 Å(70)
6.14 Å(70)
3.68 Å(100)
3.44 Å(60)
3.28 Å(60)
2.92 Å(60)
2.89 Å(80)
2.05 Å(70)
Comments:
ICDD 6-216

Type Occurrence of FaustiteHide

Reference:
Erd, R.C., Foster, M.D., Proctor, P.D. (1953) Faustite, a new mineral, the zinc analogue of turquois. American Mineralogist: 38: 964-972.

Other Language Names for FaustiteHide

German:Faustit
Simplified Chinese:锌绿松石
Spanish:Faustita

Varieties of FaustiteHide

CuprofaustiteA Cu-bearing faustite (turquoise group).
Originally reported from Rhodope Mts, Bulgaria.

Relationship of Faustite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2OTric. 1 : P1
TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
UM1981-32-PO:FeHFe2+Fe3+6(PO4)4-x[PO3(OH)]x(OH)8·4H2O

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
9 photos of Faustite associated with PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
1 photo of Faustite associated with SideriteFeCO3
1 photo of Faustite associated with PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
1 photo of Faustite associated with QuartzSiO2
1 photo of Faustite associated with OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DD.05ChenevixiteCu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DD.05LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DD.10Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DD.10GuanacoiteCu2Mg3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DD.15Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.20ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ccc2
8.DD.20EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
8.DD.20Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

42.9.3.1TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
42.9.3.2CoeruleolactiteTric. 1 : P1
42.9.3.4ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
42.9.3.5Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
42.9.3.6PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2OTric. 1 : P1
42.9.3.6AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.6.1TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
19.6.2SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.6.3HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
19.6.4ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.5Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.6.6Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2OMon.
19.6.7ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
19.6.8ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2OMon.
19.6.9EhrleiteCa4Be3Zn2(PO4)6 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.11Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.12JungiteCa2Zn4Fe3+8(PO4)9(OH)9 · 16H2OOrth.
19.6.13SchooneriteZnMn2+Fe2+2Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
19.6.14PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Fluorescence of FaustiteHide

Not fluoescent

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for FaustiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Erd, R.C., Foster, M.D., Proctor, P.D. (1953) Faustite, a new mineral, the zinc analogue of turquois. American Mineralogist: 38: 964-972.
Fleischer, M. (1954) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 39: 402-408.
Kolitsch, U. and Giester, G. (2000) The crystal structure of faustite and its copper analogue turquoise. Mineralogical Magazine: 64: 905-913.
Rossi, M., Rizzi, R., Vergara, A., Capitelli, F., Altomare, A., Bellatreccia, F., Saviano, M., Ghiara, R.M. (2017) Compositional variation of turquoise-group minerals from the historical collection of the Real Museo Mineralogico of the University of Naples. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1405-1429.

Internet Links for FaustiteHide

Localities for FaustiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Dampier Co.
      • Bodalla
David Shannon
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
          • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
  • Victoria
    • Mansfield Shire
      • Mansfield
W.D.Birch & D.A.Henry 1993. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp 67-77
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Verviers
        • Waimes (Weismes)
http://perso.infonie.be/jose.dehove/photos/Waimes.htm (ID by Prof. Van Tassel)
    • Luxembourg
      • Vielsalm
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988): Mineralogische Notizen IV. Der Aufschluss, 39, 153-168.
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro
    • Dalence Province
      • Huanuni
SEM analyses by Gene Foord, U.S. Geological Survey, done as part of an unpublished study of the turquoise group (analyses copies courtesy of Brian Kosnar); Cacho, A.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Camprubí, A.; Torró, L.; Castillo-Oliver, M.; Torres, B.; Artiaga, D.; Tauler, E.; Martínez, Á.; Campeny, M.; Alfonso, P.; Arce-Burgoa, O.R. (2019) Mineralogy and Distribution of Critical Elements in the Sn–W–Pb–Ag–Zn Huanuni Deposit, Bolivia. Minerals 9, 753
  • Potosí
    • Potosí City
Alfredo Petrov collection
    • Rafael Bustillo
      • Llallagua
Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Bulgaria
 
  • Haskovo Province
    • Mineralni Bani Municipality
      • Spachievo ore field (Spahievo ore field)
[var: Cuprofaustite] Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
  • Kardzhali Province
    • Momchilgrad Obshtina
Kunov, A. & Mandova, E. (1997): Supergene minerals of the Obichnik Au-Ag deposit (Eastern Rhodopes). Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 58, 19-24. (in Bulgarian)
China
 
  • Hubei
    • Shiyan
      • Yun Co.
Zhaoxin Han, Lijun Luan, and Chaoyou Wang (2004): Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment 26(2), 24-25
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Suxian District
Damao Wu and Yansong Tan (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 34-36
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hochsauerlandkreis
        • Bestwig
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Westerwaldkreis
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Rheinbreitbach
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Görlitz District
      • Rengersdorf
T. Witzke & T. Giesler (1997): Neufunde aus Sachsen (VI): Churchit-(Y), Cyrilovit, Faustit, Kidwellit, Meurigit und Nickelhexahydrit aus der Lausitz.- Lapis 22, 9, 36-38
Hungary
 
  • Heves County
    • Parádfürdő
Japan
 
  • Shizuoka
    • Shimoda City
      • Rendaiji
Matsuyama et al. (1996) Chigaku Kenkyu (Geoscience Magazine), 44, 183-186.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Linkinhorne
        • Minions
Golley & Williams (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual, p. 27
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Carlin Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Maggie Creek Mining District
        • Schroeder Mt
Amer.Min.(1953) 38, 964-972
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Silver Coin Mine. Compact Disc. Paul Adams
    • Lander Co.
      • Birch Creek Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Carico Lake Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Bingham Mining District (West Mountain Mining District)
Collected by Gerry Austin, in the collection of Alex Earl
 
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