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Fourmarierite

This page kindly sponsored by Michael J Pabst
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About FourmarieriteHide

00211740014946262512575.jpg
Paul Fourmarier
Formula:
Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Colour:
Red, golden-red, brown
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
3 - 4
Specific Gravity:
6.046
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
After P. Fourmarier, Professor of Geology, University of Liége, Belgium (born La Hulpe, Walloon Brabant province, Belgium December 25 1877 - passed away Liège, January 20 1970)
This page provides mineralogical data about Fourmarierite.


Classification of FourmarieriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.GB.25

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
G : Uranyl Hydroxides
B : With additional cations (K, Ca, Ba, Pb, etc.); with mainly UO2(O,OH)5 pentagonal polyhedra
5.9.2.1

5 : OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
9 : Miscellaneous
7.16.24

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
16 : Oxides of U

Physical Properties of FourmarieriteHide

Adamantine
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Red, golden-red, brown
Hardness:
3 - 4 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {001}, perfect.
Density:
6.046 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of FourmarieriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.850 - 1.865 nβ = 1.885 - 1.920 nγ = 1.890 - 1.970
2V:
Measured: 50° to 55°, Calculated: 40° to 84°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.040 - 0.105
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v strong
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Shades of yellow and orange

X = c = colourless
Y = b = pale yellow
Z = a = yellow

Chemical Properties of FourmarieriteHide

Formula:
Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
Pb1-xO3-2x(UO2)4(OH)4+2x · 4H2O

Crystallography of FourmarieriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 14 Å, b = 16.47 Å, c = 14.39 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.85 : 1 : 0.874
Unit Cell V:
3,318.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Tabular {001} and usually elongated [010]. {001} striated [010].

Type Occurrence of FourmarieriteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris
Laboratory of Mineralogy, University of Liège

Other Language Names for FourmarieriteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
17 photos of Fourmarierite associated with UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
11 photos of Fourmarierite associated with UraniniteUO2
10 photos of Fourmarierite associated with BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
7 photos of Fourmarierite associated with Studtite[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2O
4 photos of Fourmarierite associated with IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
4 photos of Fourmarierite associated with VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
3 photos of Fourmarierite associated with CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
3 photos of Fourmarierite associated with Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
2 photos of Fourmarierite associated with Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
2 photos of Fourmarierite associated with KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.GB.05AgrinieriteK2(Ca,Sr)[(UO2)3O3(OH)2]2 · 5H2OOrth.
4.GB.05CompreignaciteK2(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 7H2OOrth.
4.GB.05RameauiteK2Ca(H[3]2O)(H[5]2O)4[(UO2)6O6(OH)4](H[4]2O)Mon. m : Bb
4.GB.10BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2OOrth. mm2 : Pna21
4.GB.10BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2OOrth. mm2
4.GB.10ProtasiteBa(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
4.GB.15Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O Tric.
4.GB.20BauranoiteBa(UO2)2(OH)6 · 1-2H2O
4.GB.20Calciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb)U2O7 · 5H2O
4.GB.20Metacalciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb,K2)U2O7 · 2H2O
4.GB.30WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
4.GB.35MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OOrth.
4.GB.40MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12Orth.
4.GB.40VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
4.GB.45VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
4.GB.50SayritePb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
4.GB.55CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.GB.60Iriginite(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
4.GB.65UranosphaeriteBi(UO2)O2(OH)Mon. 2/m
4.GB.70HolfertiteCaxU6+2-xTi(O8-xOH4x) · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.16.1UraniniteUO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.16.2Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
7.16.3ParaschoepiteUO3 · 2H2OOrth.
7.16.4Metaschoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
7.16.5MetastudtiteUO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.16.6Studtite[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2OMon.
7.16.7IanthiniteU4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2OOrth. mm2 : Amm2
7.16.8CompreignaciteK2(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 7H2OOrth.
7.16.9VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
7.16.10RoubaultiteCu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.16.11BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2OOrth. mm2 : Pna21
7.16.12RameauiteK2Ca(H[3]2O)(H[5]2O)4[(UO2)6O6(OH)4](H[4]2O)Mon. m : Bb
7.16.13AgrinieriteK2(Ca,Sr)[(UO2)3O3(OH)2]2 · 5H2OOrth.
7.16.14ProtasiteBa(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
7.16.15BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2OOrth. mm2
7.16.16BauranoiteBa(UO2)2(OH)6 · 1-2H2O
7.16.17Metacalciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb,K2)U2O7 · 2H2O
7.16.18Calciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb)U2O7 · 5H2O
7.16.19OrthobranneriteU4+U6+Ti4O12(OH)2Orth.
7.16.20Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6Mon.
7.16.21Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig.
7.16.22Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
7.16.23BranneriteUTi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.16.25Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O Tric.
7.16.26CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.16.27MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OOrth.
7.16.28VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
7.16.29MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12Orth.
7.16.30SayritePb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.16.31WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
7.16.32Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2OTrig.
7.16.33UranosphaeriteBi(UO2)O2(OH)Mon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for FourmarieriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Buttenbach (1924), Soc. géol. Belgique, Ann.: 47: C41.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 628-629.
American Mineralogist (1960): 45: 1026-1061.
Piret, P. (1985) Structure cristalline de la fourmarierite, Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4·4H2O. Bulletin de Mineralogie: 108: 659-665.
Li, Y. and P.C. Burns (2000a), Investigations of crystal-chemical variation in lead uranyl oxide hydrates. II. Fourmarierite: Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 737-749.
Burns, P.C. (2005) U 6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1839-1894.

Internet Links for FourmarieriteHide

Localities for FourmarieriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • West Arnhem Region
      • Kakadu
Waite & Payne (1993) Uranium Transport in the subsurface environment - Koongara - a case study in Metals in Groundwater H. Allen et al ed. CRC Press
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • St. Johann im Pongau District
      • Mühlbach am Hochkönig
        • Mitterberg mining district
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Bermanec, V., Scholz, R., Markovic, F., Zigovecki-Gobac, Z., and Chaves, M. L. S. C., 2011, Mineralogy of the Boa Vista pegmatite, Galiléia, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Contributions to the 5th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Galliski et al., eds., Assoc. Geológica Argentina, Serie D, Publicación Especial 14, p. 33-35.; Bermanec, V., Scholz, R., Marković, F., Gobac, Ž. Ž., & Chaves, M. L. D. S. C. (2011) Mineralogy of the Boa Vista pegmatite, Galileia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. In 5th international symposium on granitic pegmatites, PEG 2011.
Scholz R, Chukanov N V, Menezes L A D, Atencio D, Lagoeiro L, Belotti F M, Chaves M L S C, Romano A W, Brandão P R, Belakovskiy D I, Pekov I (2014) Césarferreiraite, Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)28·H2O, from Eduardo mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Second arsenate in the laueite mineral group. American Mineralogist 99, 607-611
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Great Bear Lake
Traill, R.J. (1983) Catalogue of Canadian minerals. p.208
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Baie-James
        • Otish Mountains
SASSANO, G. & ROCHELEAU, M. (1987) Quelques minéraux d'uranium des Bassin d'Otish et de Mistassini, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 25, 185-193.
China
 
  • Guangdong
    • Shaoguan
      • Wengyuan Co.
Long Lu, Fanrong Chen, and Rucheng Wang (2006): Geological Review 71(4), 562-569
  • Hunan
Aizhen Wang (1992): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 12(1), 78-82
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
      • Háje
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1); Plášil, J. et al.: Supergenní mineralizace z haldy šachty č. 16 Příbram - Háje. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 1, 43-55.; Plášil J., Sejkora J., Čejka J., Škácha P., Goliáš V., Pavlíček R., Hofman P. (2008): Supergenní mineralizace z haldy šachty č. 16 Příbram - Háje. - Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 16/1, 43-55. ISSN: 1211-0329
Plášil J., Sejkora J., Čejka J., Škácha P., Goliáš V., Pavlíček R., Hofman P. (2008): Supergenní mineralizace z haldy šachty č. 16 Příbram - Háje. - Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 16/1, 43-55. ISSN: 1211-0329.
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
      • Jáchymov
        • Svornost Mine (Einigkeit Mine)
Jiří Sejkora, Jakub Plášil & Bohuslav Bureš (2013): Neobvyklá asociaci supergenních minerálů uranu ze žíly Jan Evangelista, Jáchymov (Česká republika). [Unusual association of supergene uranium minerals from the Jan Evangelista vein, Jáchymov (Czech Republic)]. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 21, 143-156
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
      • Javorník
        • Horní Hoštice
No reference listed
Sejkora, J.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 105-110.
DR Congo (TL)
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
Buttgenbach, H. (1924) Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 47, C 41-43.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
      • Kolwezi
erronerously reported
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Guern
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
Gabon
 
  • Haut-Ogooué Province
    • Franceville
Jensen, K.A., Palenik, C.S., and Ewing, R.C. (2002) U 6+ phases in the weathering zone of the Bangombe U-deposit: observed and predicted mineralogy. Radiochim. Acta: 90: 761-769.
Janusz Janeczek (1999) Mineralogy and geochemistry of natural fission reactors in Gabon. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, MSA, v. 38, p. 321-392
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Rottweil
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
Markl, G. & Slotta, C. (2011): Die Uranmineralien des Lagerstättenreviers Wittichen im mittleren Schwarzwald. Lapis 36 (3), 25-37; 54 (in German).
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Franconia
      • Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge
        • Weißenstadt
          • Großschloppen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Schwandorf
        • Schwarzach bei Nabburg
          • Wölsendorf
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Stulln
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
    • Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
      • Königstein
René, Milos. (2018). History of Uranium Mining in Central Europe. 10.5772/intechopen.71962. in book: Uranium - Safety, Resources, Separation and Thermodynamic Calculation
    • Vogtlandkreis
Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2007): The minerals of the uranium prospect at Tirpersdorf, Vogtland. Lapis 32, 37-42; 58. (in German)
Hungary
 
  • Heves County
    • Bélapátfalva
      • Nagyvisnyó
GEODA 2004
India
 
  • Rajasthan
American Mineralogist: 41: 127-133
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
        • Piona Peninsula
Vignola P., Fransolet A.-M., Guastoni A., Appiani R. (2011): Le pegmatiti di Piona. Recenti studi sui filoni Malpensata, Luna e Sommafiume. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 1, 30-38.
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
      • Åvesland
Åmli, R. (1969): Secondary uranium and thorium minerals from Einerkilen granite pegmatite in Evje, Southern Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 258 [Årbok 1968]: 124-130
    • Froland
Åmli, R. (1975): Mineralogy and rare earth geochemistry of apatite and xenotime from the Gloserheia granite pegmatite, Froland, southern Norway. American Mineralogist, 60:607-620
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 89
  • Buskerud
    • Krødsherad
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p.89
    • Ringerike
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 89
  • Nordland
    • Tysfjord
      • Drag
        • Eivollen
Husdal, T. (2019) Nyfunn av mineraler fra Tysfjord-pegmatittene, Nordland. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019: 31-46
  • Østfold
    • Sarpsborg
      • Ryen
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 89.
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Klauvreid
Larsen. A.O. & Åsheim, A. (2008): Klauvreid pegmatittbrudd, del 1: Geologi og mineralogi. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38, 49-56.
  • Vest-Agder
    • Lindesnes
      • Vigeland
Sverdrup, T. L. (1959): The pegmatite dyke at Rømteland. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 211 (Årbok 1959): 124-196
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko Co.
      • Gmina Stronie Śląskie
Eligiusz Szełęg collection (SEM/EDS identification); Gil, G.; Gunia, P.; Barnes, J.D.; Szymański, M.; Jokubauskas, P.; Kalbarczyk-Gil, A.; Bagiński, B. (2020) Origin of Talc and Fe-Ti-V Mineralization in the Kletno Deposit (the Śnieżnik Massif, SW Poland). Minerals 10, 13.
Russia
 
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Krasnokamensk
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2012
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Les Marécottes
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 171.; - Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
    • Nendaz Valley
      • Siviez
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 171.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache County
      • Cane Valley Mining District
        • Yazzie Mesa
          • Monument No. 2 channel
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 226; Witkind, I.J. & R.E. Thaden (1963), Geology and uranium-vanadium deposits of the Monument Valley area, Apache and Navajo Cos., AZ: 115; Frondel, C. (1958), Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium, USGS Bull. 1064: 91; Frondel, C. (1956), Mineral composition of gummite, Am.Min.: 41: 539-568; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 35.
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Grand Co.
      • Wheeler Basin
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Critchell area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Ralston Buttes Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Mesa Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Routt Co.
      • Slavonia Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Saguache Co.
      • Marshall Pass Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
        • Haddam Neck
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
  • Maine
    • Oxford County
      • Greenwood
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Grafton
Frondel, C., 1956, Mineral Composition of Gummite, Am Min v 41: 539-568.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    • Strafford Co.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Rocks & Min. 80:256 (2005); Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
      • Crown Point Township
Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    • Mitchell Co.
      • Deake
Warner,Richard.,Poterala,Stephen and Fleisher,Chris (2008) A Note On Uranium Minerals From The Spruce Pine Area,North Carolina; Carolina Geoloogical Society,2008,Annual Meeting,Spruce Pine Mining District
      • Spruce Pine Mining District
Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl ,2004, Minerals and their Localities,pg 231.,Frondel.Clifford.,1955,The Mineral Composition of Gummite;USGS Trace Element Investigation Report 508
    • Yancey Co.
      • Spruce Pine Mining District
        • Celo
          • Micaville
Warner,Richard.,Poterala,Stephen and Fleisher,Chris.,(2008) A Note On Uranium Minerals From The Spruce Pine Area,North Carolina: Carolina Geological Society,2008,Annual Meeting,Spruce Pine Mining District
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
        • Fourmile
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117-118.
USGS Bull 1063F
    • Fall River Co.
      • Edgemont Uranium Mining District
USGS Bull 1063F
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone Mining District
        • Keystone
Rocks & Min.:10:147 & 60:112,116.
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael Mining District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Delta
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp263-279
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Am Min 40:201-206
 
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