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About Ferro-pargasiteHide

Ferro-Pargasite is defined as a pargasite group member with the following dominant elements:
A position: Na
C position: Fe as the dominant divalent cation and Al as the dominant trivalent cation.
W position: (OH) as the dominant anion
Greenish-brown to dark green, black.
5 - 6
Crystal System:
For its relationship to Pargasite
Compositionally similar to ferro-tschermakite.

Classification of Ferro-pargasiteHide


9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
22 : Aluminosilicates of Fe, Ca and alkalis

Physical Properties of Ferro-pargasiteHide

Greenish-brown to dark green, black.
Pale grey-green to brownish-green
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
on {110}

Optical Data of Ferro-pargasiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.700 nβ = 1.713 nγ = 1.718
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.018
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of Ferro-pargasiteHide


Ferro-Pargasite is defined as a pargasite group member with the following dominant elements:
A position: Na
C position: Fe as the dominant divalent cation and Al as the dominant trivalent cation.
W position: (OH) as the dominant anion
IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of Ferro-pargasiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.95 Å, b = 18.14 Å, c = 5.35 Å
β = 105.05°
a:b:c = 0.549 : 1 : 0.295
Unit Cell V:
932.52 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Synonyms of Ferro-pargasiteHide

Other Language Names for Ferro-pargasiteHide

Simplified Chinese:铁韭闪石

Relationship of Ferro-pargasite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Potassic-chloro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Vanadio-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg3+4V)(Al2Si6)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Ferro-pargasite associated with CalciteCaCO3
5 photos of Ferro-pargasite associated with AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
4 photos of Ferro-pargasite associated with Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
3 photos of Ferro-pargasite associated with PyriteFeS2
2 photos of Ferro-pargasite associated with MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4
2 photos of Ferro-pargasite associated with Hornblende
1 photo of Ferro-pargasite associated with UraliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DE.Clino-suenoite□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name Group☐{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
9.DE.05Grunerite☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite☐{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-ferri-hornblende☐Ca2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-edeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22F2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsiteNaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Vanadio-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg3+4V)(Al2Si6)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-fluoro-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraiteNaNa2(MgMn3+2Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNaNa2(Mg3Mn3+Ti4+)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite{Na}{Li2}{Fe2Al2Li}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.22.2Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ferro-pargasiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1-21.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031-2048.

Internet Links for Ferro-pargasiteHide

Localities for Ferro-pargasiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Huíla Province
    • Quilengues
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1001-1024.
  • Mendoza Province
Pagano, D.S., Galliski, M.Á., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., Colombo, F. (2016): Petrology and mineralogy of the La Peña igneous complex, Mendoza, Argentina: An alkaline occurrence in the Miocene magmatism of the Southern Central Andes. Journal of South American Earth Sciences: 67 (in press); (2016)
    • Las Heras department
      • Las Heras
Pagano Género, D. S., Galliski, M. A., Marquez Zavalia, M. F., & Colombo, F. (2016). Petrology and mineralogy of the La Peña igneous complex, Mendoza, Argentina: An alkaline occurrence in the Miocene magmatism of the Southern Central Andes.
  • New South Wales
    • Bligh Co.
Seccombe P.K., Offler R., Ayshford S. (2000) Origin of the magnetite skarn at Tallawang, NSW. Preliminary sulphur isotopes report. In Andrew A.S. & Seccombe P.K. eds. Centre for Isotope Studies, research report 1995–2000.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Birch BH Book
  • Queensland
Updated list originally distributed by University of Queensland
      • Biggenden
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
  • Paraíba
    • Catingueira
Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
Mitchell (1991)
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Val d'Or
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Can. Museum of Nature (unpublished microprobe (WDS) data)
  • Anhui
    • Anqing
      • Taihu County
        • Lake Hualiangting
Franz, L., Romer, R.L., Klemd, R., Schmid, R., Oberhänsli, R., Wagner, T., and Dong Shuwen (2001): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 141, 322-346.
  • Hebei
    • Zhangjiakou
      • Chongli District
Jiang, N. (2005). Petrology and geochemistry of the Shuiquangou syenitic complex, northern margin of the North China Craton. Journal of the Geological Society, 162(1), 203-215.
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Beihu District
        • Qitianling complex
Kuidong Zhao, Shaoyong Jiang, Yaohui Jiang, and Ruchen Wang (2005): European Journal of Mineralogy 17, 635-648
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Dongpo ore field
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Chifeng City (Ulanhad League; Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Hexigten Banner (Keshiketeng Co.)
Jingbin Wang, Yuwang Wang, and Lijuan Wang (1998): Geological Exploration for Non-Ferrous Metals 7(3), 142-145
  • Shanxi
    • Taiyuan
      • Loufan Co.
Yang Ding, Jiyue Xue, and Gufeng Luo (1998): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 17(2), 142-147
  • Xinjiang
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Tekesi Co. (Tekes Co.)
Qiuyue Huang and Yongfeng Zhu (2012): Acta Petrologica Sinica 28(7), 2199-2208
Czech Republic
  • South Moravian Region
Houzar, S., Novák, M., Doležalová, H., Hrazdil, V., Pfeiferová, A.: Přehled mineralogie, petrografie a geologie nedvědických mramorů, svratecké krystalinikum. Acta Musei Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2006, roč. 91, s. 3-77.
    • Znojmo District
      • Moravský Krumlov
Filip, J., Houzar, S., Sulovský, P.: Allanit a produkty jeho přeměny z pegmatitu a ze skarnu u Rešic, západní Morava. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 2002, roč. 87, s. 87 - 101.
Dobnikar, M., Fioretti, A.M., Bellieni, G. and Dolenec, T. (2002): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2002, A188
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Brioude
        • Saint-Privat-du-Dragon
PERINET F., PEGERE G. (2009) – Les sables éluvionnaires à rubis et sapphirine du secteur de Peygerolles, St-Privat-du-Dragon, Haute-Loire – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n° 104, pp. 35-41.
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Brest
        • Lesneven
Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 683-696.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Vulkaneifel District
      • Gerolstein
        • Rockeskyll
          • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
in the collection of Christof Schäfer
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Prakasam District
Madhavan, V., & Leelanandam, C. (1988). Petrology of the Elchuru alkaline pluton, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 31(6), 535-537. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Madhavan, V., Mallikharjuna Rao, J., SUBRAHMANYAM K, K. S., & LEELANANDAM, C. (1989). Bedrock geology of the Elchuru alkaline pluton, Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh. Geol. Soc. India Memoir, 15, 189-205. Madhavan, V., MALLIKHARJUNA, R., Balaram, V., & Kumar, R. (1992). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of lamprophyres and associated dykes from Elchuru, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 40(2), 135-149. Nag, S., Chakravorty, P. S., Smith, T. E., & Huang, C. H. (1984). The petrology and geochemistry of intrusive alkaline rocks of Elchuru, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Geological Journal, 19(1), 57-76. Subba Rao, T. V., Bhaskar Rao, Y. J., Sivaraman, T. V., & Gopalan, K. (1989). Rb-Sr age and petrology of the Elchuru Alkaline Complex: implications to alkaline magmatism in the Eastern Ghat Mobile Belt. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 207-223. Upadhyay, D., Raith, M. M., Mezger, K., & Hammerschmidt, K. (2006). Mesoproterozoic rift-related alkaline magmatism at Elchuru, Prakasam alkaline province, SE India. Lithos, 89(3-4), 447-477.
Reddy, K. K., Ratnakar, J., & Leelanandam, C. (1998). A petrochemical study of the Proterozoic alkaline complex of Uppalapadu, Prakasam Province, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 52(1), 41-52.
  • Odisha
    • Sundargarh District (Sundergarh District)
Chowdhury, S., & Lentz, D. R. (2011). Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of scheelite-bearing skarns, and genetic relations between skarn mineralization and petrogenesis of the associated granitoid pluton at Sargipali, Sundergarh District, Eastern India. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 108(1), 39-61.
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Monte Somma
          • Ercolano
Imma Punzo find & collection
            • San Vito
M.E. Ciriotti 2007 collection (Steffen Moeckel EPMA probed)
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Capoliveri
Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
  • Ehime Prefecture
    • Niihama City
      • Besshi
        • Sebadani
Naohito Kishira, Akira Takasu and Md. Fazle Kabir(2013):Modes of occurrence and chemical compositions of amphiboles. in eclogite from the northeastern part of the Seba eclogitic basic schists in the Sambagawa metamorphic belt, central Shikoku, Japan. Geoscience Rept. Shimane Univ.,vol 32, pp33-42
  • Gifu Prefecture
    • Motosu City
      • Neo area
Sawaki (1989) Mineralogical Magazine, 53, 99-106.
  • Kagawa Prefecture
    • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
MURAKAMI Nobuhide ! MARUYAMA, Tokinori (1963) Ferropargasite and Ferroedenite in the Metasomatic Syenites from Shodo Islet, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 50, 5, 190-198.
  • Dornogovi Province
    • Khatanbulag District
Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Aris
  • Kunene Region
    • Epupa
      • Swartbooisdrif
von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
  • Nordland
    • Brønnøy
      • Tosenfjorden
James, W. D., Mitchell, P., Ineson, R. and Nordgulen, Ø. (1993) Geology and K/Ar chronology of the Målvika scheelite skarns, Central Norwegian Caledonides. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Bulletin 424: 65-74
    • Flakstad
      • Flakstadøya
        • Nusfjord
Kullerud, K. (1996). Chlorine-rich amphiboles: interplay between amphibole composition and an evolving fluid. European Journal of Mineralogy 8, 355-370
  • Telemark
    • Nome
Mitchell, R.H. (1980): Pyroxenes of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. American Mineralogist. 65: 45-54
Årtveit, J. T. (2014): Fensfeltet. Fensfeltet Geologiforening, Ulefoss 2014, 192p.
Mitchell, R.H. (1980): Pyroxenes of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. American Mineralogist. 65: 45-54
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2012): The mineralogy and crystal chemistry of alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo rift valley, Norway. Part 1. Magmatic and secondary zircon: implications for petrogenesis from trace-element geochemistry. Mineralogical Magazine. 76, 649-672
  • Lesser Poland Voivodeship
    • Kraków County
      • Gmina Krzeszowice
Marszałek M. & Czerny J. 2009: Amphibole phenocrysts and their alteration in rhyodacitic porphyries from Zalas near Kraków. Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 34, p.18
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County
      • Gmina Stronie Śląskie
        • Kletno
Gil, G.; Gunia, P.; Barnes, J.D.; Szymański, M.; Jokubauskas, P.; Kalbarczyk-Gil, A.; Bagiński, B. (2020) Origin of Talc and Fe-Ti-V Mineralization in the Kletno Deposit (the Śnieżnik Massif, SW Poland). Minerals 10, 13.
  • Pomeranian Voivodeship
    • Kościerzyna County
      • Kościerzyna commune
Krzemińska E. & Bagiński B. 2003: THE KOŚCIERZYNA AND ŻARNOWIEC ENDERBITES ( N-POLAND) PETROGRAPHY, MINERALOGY, GEOCHEMISTRY AND P –T RESULTS. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 105-107
    • Puck County
      • Gmina Krokowa
Krzemińska E. & Bagiński B. 2003: THE KOŚCIERZYNA AND ŻARNOWIEC ENDERBITES ( N-POLAND) PETROGRAPHY, MINERALOGY, GEOCHEMISTRY AND P –T RESULTS. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 105-107
  • Kemerovo Oblast
Zhmodik, S. M., Nesterenko, G. V., Airiyants, E. V., Belyanin, D. K., Kolpakov, V. V., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Karmanov, N. S. (2016). Alluvial platinum-group minerals as indicators of primary PGE mineralization (placers of southern Siberia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 57(10), 1437-1464.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
            • Noril'sk Cu-Ni deposit
              • Noril'sk-1 Cu-Ni deposit
Chayka, I.F.; Zhitova, L.M.; Antsiferova, T.N.; Abersteiner, A.; Shevko, A.Y.; Izokh, A.E.; Tolstykh, N.D.; Gora, M.P.; Chubarov, V.M.; Kamenetsky, V.S. (2020) In-Situ Crystallization and Continuous Modification of Chromian Spinel in the “Sulfide-Poor Platinum-Group Metal Ores” of the Norilsk-1 Intrusion (Northern Siberia, Russia). Minerals 10, 498.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
      • The Carbonatite Stock in the vicinity of Tul'ilukht Bay
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Louhi District
      • Oulanka plutonic complex
        • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
          • Lukkulaisvaara ultrabasic Massif (Lukkulaisvaara pluton; Lukkulaisvaara layered intrusion)
Barkov, A.Y., Fleet, M.E., Martin, R.F., Tarkian, M. (2004): Compositional variations in oulankaite and a new series of argentoan oulankaite from the Lukkulaisvaara layered intrusion, nothern Russian Karelia. Can. Mineral.: 42(2): 439-543
Saudi Arabia
  • Riyadh Region
Stoeser, D. B. (1986). Distribution and tectonic setting of plutonic rocks of the Arabian Shield. Journal of African Earth Sciences (1983), 4, 21-46. Stoeser, D. B., Jackson, N. J., Ramsay, C. R., Drysdall, A. R., du Bray, E. A., & Douch, C. J. (1986). Map of felsic plutonic rocks in the Arabian Shield, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 1:1000000 (2 sheets). J. Afr. Earth Sci., 4. Thieme, J. (1988). Geologic map of the Jabal Khida quadrangle, sheet 21 G, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Geoscience Map GM-90C (with Explanatory Notes). Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Directorate General of Mineral Resources of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Jeddah.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota District
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Cala
        • Cala Mines
García, M., García, G. and Calvo, M. (2003) Minas de Cala. El hierro con cobre. Bocamina (12), 48-81
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 298.
  • Maine
    • Somerset Co.
      • Sapling Township
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Moultonborough
Journal of Petrology 30(3):627-666 (1989)
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
Frank Craig amd Olav Revheim
Frank Craig
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
      • Keene Township
        • Cascade Mountain
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    • Clay Co.
Nathan Clay Collins (2011) Geochemical systematics Among Amphibolitic Rocks in the Central Blue Ridge Province of southwestern North Carolina:University of South Florida
    • Haywood Co.
Anderson,Eric Douglas and Moecher,David P.,(2009) Formation of high -pressure metabasites in the southern Appalachian Blue Ridge via taconic continental subduction beneath the Laurentian margin: Tectonic Vol.28 Issue 5,Oct 2009
    • Pitt Co.
      • Fountain
Mauger,R.L,Spruill,R.K,Christopher,M.T,and Shafiqullah,M.,1983,Petrology andGeochronology of Peralkalic Metagranite and Metarhyolite Dikes,Fountain Quarry,Pitt County,North Carolina
  • South Carolina
Speer, J.Alexander.,(1987) Evolution of magmatic AFM mineral assemblages in granitoid rocks :The hornblende+melt = biotite reaction in the Liberty Hill pluton, South Carolina :American Mineralogist,Vol. 72, pg. 863-878 ,1987
Speer, J.Alexander.,(1987) Evolution of magmatic AFM mineral assemblages in granitoid rocks :The hornblende+melt = biotite reaction in the Liberty Hill pluton, South Carolina :American Mineralogist,Vol. 72, pg. 863-878 ,1987
Speer, J.Alexander.,(1987) Evolution of magmatic AFM mineral assemblages in granitoid rocks :The hornblende+melt = biotite reaction in the Liberty Hill pluton, South Carolina :American Mineralogist,Vol. 72, pg. 863-878 ,1987
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