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Ferro-kaersutite

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About Ferro-kaersutiteHide

Formula:
NaCa2{Fe2+3AlTi}(Si6Al2O22)O2
The Kaersutite group minerals are WO2- dominant amphiboles defined with :
A(Na+K+2Ca)> 0.5 apfu,
B: Ca dominant
CTi > 0.5 apfu and
WO > 1.0 apfu


Ferro-kaersutite is defined with
A position: Na dominant
C2+ position: Fe dominant
C3+ position: Al dominant
Colour:
Dark brown to black
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5 - 6
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For its relationship to Kaersutite
The chemical formula of kaersutite has been changed in the 2012 amphibole nomenclature from {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Ti}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)O to {{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2 thus adding WO > 1.0 apfu to the CTi > 0.5 apfu requirement to the definition of the mineral. The exact WO2-/(OH)- ratio is rarely analysed and the amphibole report "use Ti content as a proxy for the oxo component in pargasite, and define kaersutite as having CTi >0.50 apfu (≈O2- > 1.00 apfu). However, if the O2- content is known from chemical or crystal-chemical analysis, it takes precedence over use of the Ti content as a proxy.





Classification of Ferro-kaersutiteHide

Pending publication
IMA status notes:
Named Amphibole
Approval history:
Unnamed, but probably valid.
8/F.10-160
9.DE.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles
16.14.5

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
14 : Aluminosilicates of Ti, Zr, Sn and Pb

Physical Properties of Ferro-kaersutiteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Dark brown to black
Streak:
Pale brownish-grey
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
on {110}

Chemical Properties of Ferro-kaersutiteHide

Formula:
NaCa2{Fe2+3AlTi}(Si6Al2O22)O2

The Kaersutite group minerals are WO2- dominant amphiboles defined with :
A(Na+K+2Ca)> 0.5 apfu,
B: Ca dominant
CTi > 0.5 apfu and
WO > 1.0 apfu


Ferro-kaersutite is defined with
A position: Na dominant
C2+ position: Fe dominant
C3+ position: Al dominant
Common Impurities:
K

Crystallography of Ferro-kaersutiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic

Other Language Names for Ferro-kaersutiteHide

Relationship of Ferro-kaersutite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si6Al2O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2Mon.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DE.Clino-suenoite◻{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Cummingtonite◻{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name Group◻{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
9.DE.05Grunerite◻{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Permanganogrunerite◻{Mn2+2}{Mn2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferri-tschermakite◻{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-actinolite◻Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite◻{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10JoesmithitePb2+Ca2(Mg3Fe3+2)(Si6Be2)O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10CannilloiteCaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si5Al3O22)OH2Mon.
9.DE.10Fluoro-cannilloiteCaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si5Al3)O22F2Mon.
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite◻{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-ferri-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-edeniteNaCa2Fe2+5(Si7Al)O22OH2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-pargasiteNaCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2Mon.
9.DE.15KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-hastingsiteNaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Fluoro-edeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22F2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-ferri-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsiteNaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsiteKCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsiteKCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-chloro-edeniteKCa2Fe2+5(AlSi7O22)Cl2
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsiteKCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasiteKCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si6Al2O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Vanadio-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg3+4V)(Al2Si6)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Barroisite◻{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-barroisite◻(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-winchite◻[CaNa][Fe2+4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-barroisite◻(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite◻{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ◻{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Magnesiotaramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3AlFe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Winchite◻{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite◻[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite◻(NaCa)(Mg4Fe3+)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Al)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferri-fluoro-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangano-ferri-eckermannite{Na}{Na2}{Mn2+4Fe3+}Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangano-mangani-ungarettiiteNaNa2(Mn2+2Mn3+3)(Si8O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeiteNa(Na2)(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)(Si8O22)(F)2Mon.
9.DE.25Sodic-ferri-clinoferroholmquistiteNa0.5{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraiteNaNa2(MgMn3+2Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNaNa2(Mg3Mn3+Ti4+)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-fluoro-pedriziteNa(Li2)(Fe2+2Al2Li)[Si8O22]F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.14.1ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2OOrth.
16.14.2VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.14.3RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]Tric. 1 : P1
16.14.4KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2Mon.
16.14.6JonesiteBa4(K,Na)2Ti4Al2(Si3O9)2(SiO4)4O2 · 6H2OOrth.
16.14.7Lourenswalsite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Mg,Ca,Fe)4(Si,Al,Fe)6O14(OH)12Hex.
16.14.8Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
16.14.9KimzeyiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(AlO4)2Iso.
16.14.10EllenbergeriteMg6(Mg,Ti,Zr,◻)2(Al,Mg)6Si8O28(OH)10Hex.
16.14.11Carlosturanite(Mg,Fe,Ti)21(Si,Al)12O28(OH)34 · H2OMon. m : Bm
16.14.12EakeriteCa2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
16.14.13PlumalsitePb4Al2(SiO3)7
16.14.14WickenburgiteCaPb3Al2Si10O24(OH)6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
16.14.15MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
16.14.16Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
16.14.17BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
16.14.18MathewrogersitePb7FeAl3GeSi12O36(OH,H2O)6Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ferro-kaersutiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Popp, R.K., Virgo, D., Phillips, M. (1995) H deficiency in kaersutitic amphiboles: experimental verification. American Mineralogist: 80: 1347-1350.
Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44(1): 1-21.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031–2048.

Internet Links for Ferro-kaersutiteHide

Localities for Ferro-kaersutiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Victoria
    • Bass Coast Shire
      • Phillip Island
        • Kitty Miller Bay
    • City of Greater Geelong
      • Anakie
Irving, A. J. (1974): Megacrysts from the Newer Basalts and Other Basaltic Rocks of Southeastern Australia. Geological Society of America Bulletin 85, 1503-1514.
    • Mornington Peninsula Shire
Brazil
 
  • Ceará
Sial, A. N. (1987). The Tertiary alkaline province of Fortaleza, State of Ceará, Brazil: oxygene isotopes and REE-geochemistry. Geoch. Brasil, 1, 41-51.
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Coastal Andhra Region
      • Prakasam District
Madhavan, V., & Leelanandam, C. (1988). Petrology of the Elchuru alkaline pluton, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 31(6), 535-537. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Madhavan, V., Mallikharjuna Rao, J., SUBRAHMANYAM K, K. S., & LEELANANDAM, C. (1989). Bedrock geology of the Elchuru alkaline pluton, Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh. Geol. Soc. India Memoir, 15, 189-205. Madhavan, V., MALLIKHARJUNA, R., Balaram, V., & Kumar, R. (1992). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of lamprophyres and associated dykes from Elchuru, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 40(2), 135-149. Nag, S., Chakravorty, P. S., Smith, T. E., & Huang, C. H. (1984). The petrology and geochemistry of intrusive alkaline rocks of Elchuru, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Geological Journal, 19(1), 57-76. Subba Rao, T. V., Bhaskar Rao, Y. J., Sivaraman, T. V., & Gopalan, K. (1989). Rb-Sr age and petrology of the Elchuru Alkaline Complex: implications to alkaline magmatism in the Eastern Ghat Mobile Belt. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 207-223. Upadhyay, D., Raith, M. M., Mezger, K., & Hammerschmidt, K. (2006). Mesoproterozoic rift-related alkaline magmatism at Elchuru, Prakasam alkaline province, SE India. Lithos, 89(3-4), 447-477.
  • Odisha
Dana 8:1357
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Lučenec District
Ďuďa,R., Mrázek,Z., Košuth,M., 1984: Postmagmatická zeolitová mineralizácia Cérovej vrchoviny. Min.Slovaca, 16,2,157 - 172
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Argyll and Bute
      • Isle of Islay
Hole, M. J., & Morrison, M. A. (1992). The differentiated dolerite boss, Cnoc Rhaonastil, Islay: a natural experiment in the low pressure differentiation of an alkali olivine-basalt magma. Scottish Journal of Geology, 28(1), 55-69. doi.org/10.1144/sjg28010055 Preston, J., Hole, M., Bouch, J., & Still, J. (1998). The occurrence of zirconian aegirine and calcic catapleiite (CaZrSi3O9. 2H2O) within a nepheline syenite, British Tertiary Igneous Province. Scottish Journal of Geology, 34(2), 173-180. doi.org/10.1144/sjg34020173 Preston, R. J., Hole, M. J., & Still, J. (2000). The occurrence of Zr-bearing amphiboles and their relationships with the pyroxenes and biotites in the teschenite and nepheline syenites of a differentiated dolerite boss, Islay, NW Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, 64(3), 459-468. doi.org/10.1180/002646100549526 Preston, R. J., Hole, M. J., & Still, J. (1999). Exceptional REE-enrichment in apatite during the low pressure fractional crystallisation of alkali olivine basalt; an example from the British Tertiary Igneous Province. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of The Royal Society of Edinburgh, 90(4), 273-285. doi.org/10.1017/S0263593300002637
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • San Carlos Indian Reservation
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 221, 406; Caporuscio, F.A. (1980), Alkalic lavas from the San Carlos, Arizona province (abstract), Amer. Geophys. Union, 1979 Fall annual meeting.
  • Massachusetts
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Cambridge
Ross, Martin E. (2010): An Early Triassic 40Ar/39Ar age for a camptonite dyke in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA (Atlantic Geology, Volume 46).
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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