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Felsőbányaite

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About FelsőbányaiteHide

Formula:
Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Colour:
Colourless, yellow, white; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.33
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
From the type locality, Felsöbánya, Hungary (now Baia Sprie, Romania).
Described by Kenngott in 1853, so the name Felsőbányaite has priority over "Basaluminite" which wasn't named until 1948, then was found to be the same species (Farkas & Pertlik, 1997).
May originate as a dehydration product of hydrobasaluminite.


Classification of FelsőbányaiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.DD.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.4.4.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : (AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
25.6.8

25 : Sulphates
6 : Sulphates of Al and Tl

Physical Properties of FelsőbányaiteHide

Vitreous, Pearly
Comment:
Pearly on cleavage surfaces.
Colour:
Colourless, yellow, white; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness:
1½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {010} and {100}; and possibly also on {001}.
Density:
2.33 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.20 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of FelsőbányaiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of FelsőbányaiteHide

Formula:
Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O

Crystallography of FelsőbányaiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2 - Sphenoidal
Space Group:
P21
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.026(1) Å, b = 10.015(1) Å, c = 11.115(1) Å
β = 104.34(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.301 : 1 : 1.11
Unit Cell V:
1,404.83 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Occurs as globular, radial aggregates comprised of lamellar crystals; also as intergrown lath-like crystals tabular {001} and elongated [100] with a terminal angle of 66°24'.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.43 Å(>10)
5.96 Å(3)
4.79 Å(10)
4.64 Å(10)
3.67 Å(4)
2.71 Å(4)
2.45 Å(4)
2.27 Å(5)
Comments:
9.43 (I/Irel = 100) not in Handbook of Mineralogy data.

Type Occurrence of FelsőbányaiteHide

Synonyms of FelsőbányaiteHide

Other Language Names for FelsőbányaiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
8 photos of Felsőbányaite associated with GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
4 photos of Felsőbányaite associated with Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4
4 photos of Felsőbányaite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
4 photos of Felsőbányaite associated with RhodochrositeMnCO3
2 photos of Felsőbányaite associated with SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
1 photo of Felsőbányaite associated with ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
1 photo of Felsőbányaite associated with StibniteSb2S3
1 photo of Felsőbányaite associated with AlfredopetroviteAl2(Se4+O3)3·6H2O
1 photo of Felsőbányaite associated with Krut'aiteCuSe2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OTric.
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.35Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3c1
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2OHex.
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
7.DD.50NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.55BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]Trig. 3 : P3
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2OMon.
7.DD.80GuarinoiteZn6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2OHex.
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
7.DD.80ThérèsemagnaniteNaCo4(SO4)(OH)6Cl·6H2OHex.
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Cmc21

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.6.1RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.6.2JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon.
25.6.3KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.6.4Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
25.6.5AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.6.6Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
25.6.7AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
25.6.9BasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OHex.
25.6.10HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2OMon.
25.6.11ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2OTric.
25.6.12TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.6.13MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m
25.6.14Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
25.6.15NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.6.16KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.6.17Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
25.6.18AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.6.19Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.6.20Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for FelsőbányaiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kenngott (1853) Königliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Sitzber.: 10: 294 (as Felsöbányite).
Haidinger (1854) Königliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Sitzber.: 12: 183-190.
von Hauer (1854) Königliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Sitzber.: 12: 188.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 159.
Krenner (1928a) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 138.
Bannister and Hollingworth (1948) Nature: 162: 565 (as Basaluminite).
Bannister and Hollingworth (1950) Mineralogical Magazine: 29: 1 (as Basaluminite).
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 585-586; also 586 (as Basaluminite).
American Mineralogist (1965): 50: 812.
FARKAS, L. & PERTLIK, F. (1997): Crystal structure determinations of felsőbanyaite and basaluminite, Al4(SO4)(OH)10•4H2O. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, 38, 5-15.
Canadian Mineralogist (2004) 44, 1617.
Carrero, S., Fernandez-Martinez, A., Pérez-López, R., Lee, D., Aquilanti, G., Poulain, A., Lozano, A., Nieto, J.-M. (2017): The nanocrystalline structure of basaluminite, an aluminum hydroxide sulfate from acid mine drainage. American Mineralogist, 102, 2381–2389.

Internet Links for FelsőbányaiteHide

Localities for FelsőbányaiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Victoria
    • Colac Otway Shire
      • Otway Range
    • Mitchell Shire
      • Clonbinane
Steve Sorrell Collection
    • Moorabool Shire
      • Bacchus Marsh
        • Pyrites Creek (Coimadai Creek; Pyretes Creek; Pyrete Creek)
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Wolfsberg District
      • Wolfsberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Krems-Land District
      • Mühldorf
        • Amstall
Pristacz, H., Kolitsch, U. & Löffler, E. (2009): 1596) Felsöbányait vom ehemaligen Graphitbergbau Amstall, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 215-216 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
    • Sankt Pölten District
      • Hafnerbach
        • Hengstberg
Kolitsch, U., Löffler, E., Schillhammer, H. & Knobloch, G. (2015): 1944) Allophan, Almandin, Apatit, Calcit, Diopsid, dravitischer Turmalin, Felsőbányait, Gips, Halotrichit, Jarosit(?), Klinozoisit, Melanterit, Mikroklin, Natrojarosit, Opal, Prehnit, Rutil, Sillimanit, Skapolith, Titanit, Tremolit, V-haltiger Muskovit(?) und Zirkon vom ehemaligen Graphitbergbau Hengstberg bei Hafnerbach im Mostviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 254-257 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
[MinRec 21:133]; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
Brazil
 
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Parauapebas
Figueira, R. L., Horbe, A. M. C., Aragón, F. F. H., & Gonçalves, D. F. (2019). Exotic sulphate and phosphate speleothems in caves from eastern Amazonia (Carajás, Brazil): Crystallographic and chemical insights. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 90, 412-422.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Priske Township
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.94
China
 
  • Guizhou
    • Qianxinan
      • Qinglong County
        • Dachang Sb ore field
Yu Chen, Xiucheng Liu, and Qihou Zhang (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(3), 1-12
  • Xinjiang
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
        • Kanggur-Xifengshan gold belt
Zhaoxin Han, Lijun Luan, and Chaoyou Wang (2004): Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology 24(3), 324-327; Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
Czech Republic
 
  • South Moravian Region
    • Břeclav District
      • Hustopeče
Batík, P., Hrušková, J.: Hydrobasaluminit a basaluminit z Nikolčic u Brna. Sborník Národního musea v Praze, 1971, 27B, 1, 9-16.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
Pauliš P., Dvořák Z., Malíková R., Janeček O., Svejkovský J., Řehoř M., Pour O., Vrtiška L. (2015) Felsöbányait z mostecké pánve (Česká republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 23, 1, 75-80. ISSN 1211-0329.https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305165166_Felsobanyaite_from_the_Most_Basin_Czech_Republic
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Marne
      • Epernay
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 586.
  • Occitanie
    • Gard
      • Alzon
Chollet pascal collection - XRD analysed by Michel Blondieau
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
[Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1998, 2, p.13-26]
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Mosset
Remy, P., Gatel, P., Meisser, N. (2014): Indice à terres rares de Mosset (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1-2014, 3-17.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (1993) Neue Funde. Mineralien-Welt, 4 (2), 57-60.; Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
    • Kazincbarcika District
      • Alsótelekes
HOM Database
  • Fejér County
    • Bicske-Csordakút
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997; Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral Species of Hungary, 2006
HOM Collection
    • Mány
Sajó, I.E. & Szakáll, S. (2007): Canadian Mineralogist 45, 479-483.
    • Mór District
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
  • Nógrád County
Geoda - Journal of the Hungarian Friends of Minerals, 2007 august.
Ireland
 
  • Munster
    • Co. Kerry
Moreton et al. (1995) Irish J. Earth Sciences, 14, 1-5..
Italy
 
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Degano Valley
Bortolozzi, G.M., Bracco, R., De Tuoni, F., Vidus, L., Bittarello, E., Marengo, A., Ciriotti, M.E., Zorzi, F. (2018) Antiche miniere e affioramenti metalliferi a Comeglians (Val Degano, Friuli-Venezia Giulia): recenti ritrovamenti. Micro, 16, 1-2018, 2-36.
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Ne
        • Reppia
          • Monte Copello
Camarda, S., Muzio, C., Passarino, G. & Sanguineti, G. (2013). Reppia, Ne, Val Graveglia, Genova. Minerali secondari di un giacimento ferroso cuprifero. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2013, 176-185.
      • Sestri Levante
Dott. Cristina Carbone-Dipteris-Genova: analysis June 2007 (paper in preparation)
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Carbonia
        • Barbusi
Sauro, F., De Waele, J., Onac, B.P., Galli, E., Dublyansky, Y., Baldoni, E., and Sanna, L. (2014) Hypogenic speleogenesis in quartzite: the case of Corona 'e sa Craba Cave (SW Sardinia, Italy). Geomorphology, 211, 77-88.
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Sarrabus
Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39-42
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Manciano
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (2), 117-120.
      • Massa Marittima
Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Recoaro Terme
        • Civillina Mt.
Boascardi M. et alii "I minerali nel Vicentino", Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 2011
      • Valli del Pasubio
        • Staro
Daleffe, A., Boscardin, M. & Rocchetti, I (2012): Alumoidrocalcite di Fonte Virgiliana, Valli del Pasubio, Vicenza .
Japan
 
  • Fukushima
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
  • Iwate
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara; Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Mexico
 
  • Zacatecas
    • Ojo Caliente Municipality
      • La Blanca
Parker, R. (2010). Geology And Mineral Resources Of The Bilbao Silver-Lead-Zinc Deposit, State Of Zacatecas, Mexico. Private Company Report for Xtierra Inc.
Poland
 
  • Greater Poland Voivodeship
    • Poznań Co.
Grzegorz Słowik collection and photo, id-689516.
  • Lesser Poland Voivodeship
    • Nowy Sącz Co.
      • Gmina Gródek nad Dunajcem
Wieser T. 1974: Basaluminite in the weathering zone of Carpathian Flysch deposits. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 5, 55-66.; Wieser T. 1974: Basaluminite in the weathering zone of Carpathian Flysch deposits. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 5, 55-66.
Romania (TL)
 
  • Maramureș
    • Baia Sprie (Felsőbánya)
Kenngott (1853) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Sitzber.: 10: 294; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 585.
Marias Francisc, 2005, Metallogeny of the Baia Mare Mining District-an approach based of the Cavnic hydrothermal system-comparison with other epithermal systems in the World. Ed. Cornelius, 2005, p. 376-377.
Russia
 
  • Crimea
    • Kerch Peninsula
      • Opuk Mountain area
- Dvoichenko P.A. The minerals of Crimea (1914) - Zapiski Krymskogo obshchestva estestvoispytatelei (Proceeding of the Crimea Society of Naturalistes), 1914, vol. 4, p. 1-208 (Rus.) - Popov S.P. Mineralogy of the Crimea (1938). - M.-L., AN SSSR, 1938, 352 p. (Rus.)
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • Cerdanya
Calvo, M., Viñals, J. & Triviño, A.: Zálesiíte, felsöbányaite and fraipontite, in a conglomerate in Prullans, La Cerdanya, Catalonia (Spain). Mineral Up, Vol. I, 3, 49-51
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • England
    • Dorset
      • West Dorset
        • Chickerell
http://www.geologyrocks.co.uk/articles/notes_on_the_semington_by_pass
    • East Sussex
      • Brighton and Hove
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 586; Specimen at the Natural History Museum, London.
      • Lewes
        • Newhaven
De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
    • Northamptonshire
      • Wellingborough
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 586; Specimen in collection of Natural History Museum, London.
    • South Gloucestershire
      • Sodbury
Alabaster, C. (1990) New occurrences of secondary aluminium minerals from the Bristol District. J. Russell Soc., 3, No. 2, 49-59.; Alabaster, C. (1990) New occurrences of secondary aluminium minerals from the Bristol District. J. Russell Soc., 3 (2), 49-59.
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Harlech
Ball, D.F., 1969. Basaluminite from Cambrian rocks near Harlech. Mineralogical Magazine, 37, 291-293.
    • Isle of Anglesey
      • Amlwch
Jenkins, D. A., Johnson, D. B. & Freeman, C., 2000. Mynydd Parys Cu-Pb-Zn mines: mineralogy, microbiology and acid mine drainage. pp. 161-179. In: Environmental Mineralogy: Microbial Interactions, Anthropogenic Influences, Contaminated Land and Waste Management (Cotter-Howells, J. D., Campbell, L. S., Valasami-Jones, E. & Batchelder, M., eds.). The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain & Ireland, London.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
      • Bisbee
        • Queen Hill
          • Copper Queen Mine (Halero Mine)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 129.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 254.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Geneva District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Idaho
    • Lemhi Co.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Iowa
    • Marion Co.
      • Bussey area
R&M 77:6 pp 404-413
AmMin 53:722
MinRec 1:127
    • Prince Georges Co.
Mitchell, R. 1970 An occurrence of basaluminite in Maryland: Mineralogical Record: 1 (3): 127-128.
  • Nebraska
    • Cedar Co.
R.M. Joeckel, K.D. Wally, B.J. Ang Clement, P.R. Hanson, J.S. Dillon, S.K. Wilson (2011) Secondary minerals from extrapedogenic per latus acidic weathering environments at geomorphic edges, Eastern Nebraska, USA. CATENA, Volume 85:253-266
    • Harlan Co.
R.M. Joeckel, K.D. Wally, B.J. Ang Clement, P.R. Hanson, J.S. Dillon, S.K. Wilson (2011) Secondary minerals from extrapedogenic per latus acidic weathering environments at geomorphic edges, Eastern Nebraska, USA. CATENA, Volume 85:253-266
    • Nemaha Co.
      • Brownville
Robert Matthew Joeckel, K. D. Wally, S.A. Fischbein, P.R. Hanson (2007) Sulfate Mineral Paragenesis in Pennsylvanian Rocks and The Occurrence of Slavikite in Nebraska. REAT PLAINS RESEARCH 17:1 pages 17-33 (Spring 2007).
  • New Mexico
    • San Juan Co.
Tankersley, K. B., Dunning, N. P., Thress, J., Owen, L. A., Huff, W. D., Fladd, S. G., ... & Scarborough, V. L. (2016). Evaluating soil salinity and water management in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 9, 94-104.
  • North Carolina
    • Swain Co.
      • Great Smoky Mts
Hammarstrom,Jane M.Seal II,Robert R.Meier,Allen L. and Jackson,John C.(2003)Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste:Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee,and North Carolina,USA,US Geological Survey, pg #53
  • Tennessee
    • Sevier Co.
Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael Mining District (San Rafael Swell)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Am Min 53:717-721
  • Virginia
    • Highland Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Roanoke Co.
      • Salem
        • Mason Cove
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Washington Co.
      • Hayter Gap
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Pierce Co.
Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
 
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