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Alleghanyite

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About AlleghanyiteHide

Formula:
Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Colour:
Pinkish to reddish brown, deep pink, grayish pink
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Dull
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.93 - 4.02
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1932 by Clarence S. Ross and Paul F. Kerr after the type locality occurrence in Alleghany County, North Carolina, USA.
Dimorph of:
May occur as pink to red-brown fine-grained masses or rare crystals on vein fractures.


Classification of AlleghanyiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.AF.45

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
F : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in [4], [5] and/or only [6] coordination
52.3.2b.1

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
3 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
14.17.4

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
17 : Silicates of Mn

Physical Properties of AlleghanyiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Dull
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Pinkish to reddish brown, deep pink, grayish pink
Comment:
in thin section, pink or buff in thick plates
Streak:
Very pale pink
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good to poor
Fracture:
Conchoidal, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.93 - 4.02 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.96 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of AlleghanyiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.756 nβ = 1.780 nγ = 1.792
2V:
Measured: 72° , Calculated: 68°
Birefringence:
0.036
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.036
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v
Optical Extinction:
X ^ a = 35°, Z = b (olivine setting). OAP perpendicular to {100}
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X brown, Y light brown, Z colorless

Chemical Properties of AlleghanyiteHide

Formula:
Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Fe,Mg,Ca,F

Crystallography of AlleghanyiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P21/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.27 Å, b = 4.85 Å, c = 10.72 Å
β = 104.64°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.705 : 1 : 2.21
Unit Cell V:
416.01 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals often rounded, slender; in stout plates, some longitudinally deeply striated. As fan-shaped aggregates; commonly irregular, massive.
Twinning:
On {001} , lamellar, common; also on {105} , {305} .
Comment:
Various settings reported

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000968AlleghanyiteFrancis C A (1985) Crystal structure refinement of magnesian alleghanyite American Mineralogist 70 182-1851985Sterling mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey, USA0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.10 Å(100)
2.84 Å(70)
2.75 Å(40)
2.70 Å(40)
2.59 Å(40)
2.33 Å(50)
1.79 Å(60)
Comments:
ICDD 43-683; see also ICDD 39-1348. Older data sets show different strongest lines: ICDD 22-726 (d100 = 1.799) and ICDD 25-1184 (d100 = 3.616).

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
in veins crosscutting franklinite ore near pegmatites in a metamorphosed stratiform Zn-Mn deposit

Type Occurrence of AlleghanyiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Hydrothermally deposited, in lenses in a manganese-bearing vein
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of AlleghanyiteHide

Other Language Names for AlleghanyiteHide

Simplified Chinese:粒硅锰矿
Spanish:Alleghanyita

Relationship of Alleghanyite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth.
SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon.

Common AssociatesHide

AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)
BaryteBaSO4
CalciteCaCO3
Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
FrankliniteZn2+Fe3+2O4
Holdenite(Mn2+,Mg)6Zn3(AsO4)2(SiO4)(OH)8
KoliciteMn2+7Zn4(AsO4)2(SiO4)2(OH)8
KraissliteZn3(Mn,Mg)25(Fe3+,Al)(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]10(OH)16
MagnussoniteMn10As6O18(OH,Cl)2
WillemiteZn2SiO4
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
8 photos of Alleghanyite associated with FrankliniteZn2+Fe3+2O4
3 photos of Alleghanyite associated with WillemiteZn2SiO4
2 photos of Alleghanyite associated with TephroiteMn2+2SiO4
2 photos of Alleghanyite associated with RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
2 photos of Alleghanyite associated with SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
2 photos of Alleghanyite associated with AlabanditeMnS
2 photos of Alleghanyite associated with RhodochrositeMnCO3
2 photos of Alleghanyite associated with BaryteBaSO4
2 photos of Alleghanyite associated with PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
1 photo of Alleghanyite associated with QuartzSiO2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AF.ChegemiteCa7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.BarwooditeMn2+6Nb5+(SiO4)2O3(OH)3Trig. 3 : P3
9.AF.05SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.10AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.10KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.15KyaniteAl2(SiO4)OTric. 1 : P1
9.AF.20MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-xOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.AF.20Krieselite(Al,Ga)2(GeO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AF.23BoromulliteAl9BSi2O19Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
9.AF.25YoderiteMg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.AF.30MagnesiostauroliteMg(Mg,Li)3(Al,Mg)18Si8O44(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30StauroliteFe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30ZincostauroliteZn2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.35TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.40NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.45Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45HydroxylchondroditeMg5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.50Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AF.50Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth.
9.AF.50Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)Ca7(SiO4)4F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.55ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.55SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon.
9.AF.55HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.AF.60LeucophoeniciteMn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.65RibbeiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Orth.
9.AF.70JerrygibbsiteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.AF.75FranciscaniteMn2+6(V5+,☐)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Hex.
9.AF.75ÖrebroiteMn2+3(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3Hex.
9.AF.75WeliniteMn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.AF.80EllenbergeriteMg6(Mg,Ti,Zr,◻)2(Al,Mg)6Si8O28(OH)10Hex.
9.AF.85Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.85MagnesiochloritoidMgAl2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.85Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon.
9.AF.90PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.AF.90OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

52.3.2b.2Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
52.3.2b.3ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
52.3.2b.4RibbeiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.17.1RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]Tric. 1
14.17.2TephroiteMn2+2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.17.3BrauniteMn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.17.5RibbeiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Orth.
14.17.6LeucophoeniciteMn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.17.7JerrygibbsiteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
14.17.8BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8Mon.
14.17.9Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
14.17.10YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Fluorescence of AlleghanyiteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AlleghanyiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ross, C.S., Kerr, P.F. (1932) The manganese minerals of a vein near Bald Knob, North Carolina. American Mineralogist: 17: 1-15.
Rogers, A.F. (1935) The chemical formula and crystal system of alleghanyite. American Mineralogist: 20: 25-35.
Rentzeperis, P.J. (1970) The crystal structure of alleghanyite, Mn5[(OH)2|(SiO4)2]. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 132: 1-18.
Francis, C.A. (1985) Crystal structure refinement of magnesian alleghanyite. American Mineralogist: 70: 182-185.
Brusnitsyn, A. I., Chukanov, N. V. (2002): Ribbeite and alleghanyite from the Yuzhno-Faisulinskoe manganese ore deposit (southern Urals). Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 131, 98-111 (in Russian).

Internet Links for AlleghanyiteHide

Localities for AlleghanyiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • Lienz District
      • Prägraten am Großvenediger
        • Timmelbach valley
Kolitsch, U. and Schachinger, T. (2019): 2115) Alleghanyit(?), Baddeleyit, Grossular, Hausmannit, Kellyit, Manganberzeliit, Piemontit, Svabit und Thorit aus den metamorphen Manganmineralisationen der Wunwand (Wunspitze) bei Prägraten, Osttirol. Pp. 264-268 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-362.
China
 
  • Guangxi
    • Baise
      • Jingxi Co.
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
  • Hunan
    • Xiangtan
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
  • Shaanxi
    • Ankang
      • Ziyang County
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190; Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Hanzhong
      • Xixiang County
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
      • Zhenba County
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
  • Sichuan
    • Dazhou
      • Wanyuan Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Ya'an
      • Hanyuan County
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
  • Yunnan
    • Dali
      • Heqing County
Yuchun Yang (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(8), 20-23
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
    • Wenshan
      • Yanshan County
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
Le Règne Minéral 47: 5-21
      • Bagnères-de-Bigorre
        • Vielle-Aure
Ragu, A. (1994): Helvite from the French Pyrénées as evidence for granite-related hydrothermal activity. Canadian Mineralogist 32, 111-120.; DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Ne
        • Reppia
          • Monte Copello
Bracco, R. (2012) Eggletonite e alleghanyite: due importanti novità dalla Val Graveglia. Prie, 7, 37-40.
Japan
 
  • Aichi Prefecture
    • Kitashitara County
      • Shitara
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
  • Fukuoka Prefecture
Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (conserved by the Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Fukushima Prefecture
    • Iwaki City
Matsubara, S., Kato, A., Shimizu, M., Sekiuchi, K., and Suzuki, M. (1996) Romeite from the Gozaisho mine, Iwaki, Japan. Mineralogical Journal 18, 155-160.
  • Gunma Prefecture
    • Kiryu City
Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto); Matsubara, S., & Kato, A. (1980). Nagashimalite, Ba4 (V3+, Ti) 4 [(O, OH) 2| Cl| Si8B2O27], a new mineral from the Mogurazawa mine, Gumma prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 10(3), 122-130.
    • Midori City
      • Seta
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
University of Tokyo collection
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
  • Ibaraki Prefecture
    • Takanomine mine
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Kunohe-gun
      • Noda-mura
Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.
    • Miyako City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Shimohei District
      • Yamada-machi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
    • Oshima District
      • Setouchi-cho
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
  • Kochi Prefecture
    • Kami City
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969); M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
    • Kochi City
Kaneko, K. (1956) Symposium sobre yacimientos de manganeso. Vol. 4, 184 (Mexico, 1956)
    • Nankoku city
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 103,400-406(2008)
  • Kyoto Prefecture
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
    • Nantan City
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
    • Soraku District
      • Wazuka-cho
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
  • Mie Prefecture
    • Toba City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Nagano Prefecture
    • Kamiina District
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.
Akira Kato (2011) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 34 (January, 20011).
Akira Kato (2011) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 34 (January, 20011).
    • Matsumoto City
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
  • Saga Prefecture
    • Karatsu City
      • Kyuuragi-machi
Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Survey museum, Japan)
  • Shiga Prefecture
    • Ritto City
Symposium sobre yacimientos de manganeso, Tomo IV, Mexico (1956); Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
  • Tochigi Prefecture
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; 加藤昭, & 松原聰. (1980). 本邦産マンガン硼酸塩鉱物. 鉱物学雜誌, 14(Special3), 86-97.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
    • Kanuma City
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.; Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese); Yoshinaga, Mayumi. "Sonolite, a new manganese silicate mineral." Mem Fac Sci Kyushu Univ Ser D Geol 14 (1963): 1-21.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
    • Sano City
Collection of NHM, Vienna
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Nishitama district
      • Okutama-cho
加藤昭, & 松原聰. (1980). 本邦産マンガン硼酸塩鉱物. 鉱物学雜誌, 14(Special3), 86-97.
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Wakayama prefecture
    • Iwade city
      • Afuzu-mura
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Yamaguchi Prefecture
    • Iwakuni City
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Lee, D. E. (1955); Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; Am Min (1955) 40:32-40
    • Kudamatsu City
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; Fumitoshi HIROWATARI (1961) Minerals and Their Paragenetic Relations of the Manganese Deposits of Fukumaki Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan Vol.12:565-572
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karazhal
      • Zhayrem (Zhairem)
        • Ushkatyn deposits (Ushkatan)
Vereshchagin, O.S., Britvin, S.N., Perova, E.N., Brusnitsyn, A.I., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Shilovskikh, V.V., Bocharov, V.N., van der Burgt, A., Cuchet, S., Meisser, N. (2019): Gasparite-(La), La(AsO4), a new mineral from Mn ores of the Ushkatyn-III deposit, Central Kazakhstan, and metamorphic rocks of the Wanni glacier, Switzerland. American Mineralogist 104, 1469-1480.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul Region
    • Inyl'chek Range
      • Muzeinyi Valley
Pautov L.A., Khvorov P.V., Ignatenko K.I. Alleganyte from rhodonite rocks of Inylchek range (the first description of alleganyte from USSR), - Novye dannye o mineralah SSSR (New data on minerals of USSR), Moscow, Nauka, 1989, p. 162-166.
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
Romania
 
  • Maramureș
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu; Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Bashkortostan
    • Sibay
Brusnitsyn, A. I., Chukanov, N. V. (2002): Ribbeite and alleghanyite from the Yuzhno-Faisulinskoe manganese ore deposit (southern Urals). Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 131, 98-111 (in Russian).; Brusnitsyn, A.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(3), 193-214.
  • Komi Republic
Brusnitsyn, A. I.; Kalugin, P. S. (2012): Kellyite in manganese-bearing rocks of the Parnokskoye deposit (Polar Urals). Zapiski Rossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 141, 83-90 (in Russian).
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Yekaterinburg
Brusnitsyn, A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural. St. Petersburg University press, p. 200 (in Russ.).
      • Sedel'nikovo
Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Nysten, P. (2003): Yeatmanite and magnussonite from the Garpenberg Norra mine, Bergslagen ore province, Sweden. Can. Mineral., 41, 201-206
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
    • Maloja Region
      • Samedan
        • Piz Corvatsch
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 31
    • Plessur Region
      • Arosa
        • Langwies
          • Fondei Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 31; Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 31
  • St. Gallen
    • Sarganserland
      • Sargans
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. und Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf Verlag, Basel, 579 pp
  • Valais
    • Visp
      • Täsch
        • Täsch Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 30-31
UK
 
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Harlech
        • Moel Ysgyfarnogod
Cotterell, T. (2013). A new assemblage of manganese silicates in the Lower Cambrian manganese ore bed, Harlech, Merionethshire, Wales. Journal of the Russell Society 16, 39-51.
      • Lleyn Peninsula
        • Llanfaelrhys
          • Rhiw
Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
USA
 
  • California
    • Amador Co.
      • Fiddletown Mining District (Oleta Mining District)
        • Fiddletown (Oleta)
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 49; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 60, 361; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 410, 459-460.
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 49; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 61; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 410, 460.
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Black Wonder Mining District
        • East Foothills
Rogers, Austin Flint (1919b), An interesting occurrence of manganese minerals near San Jose, California: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 48: 443; Ross, Clarence Samuel & Paul F. Kerr (1932), Manganese mineral of a vein near Bald Knob, North Carolina: American Mineralogist: 17: 13; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 61; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 413; www.mineralsocal.org
  • Colorado
    • San Juan Co.
      • Eureka Mining District
        • Gladstone
          • Bonita Peak
Rocks & Min.: 63: 366-384.; Burbank, W. S. (1933): The manganese minerals of the Sunnyside veins, Eureka Gulch, Colorado. American Mineralogist 18, 513-527.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Cummington
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 58
      • Plainfield
Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28)
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Cook, : Am. Min.:54:1392-1398 (1969); White,T.G. & Hyde, B.G.: Electron Microscope study of the humite minerals: II. Mn-rich specimens: Physics and Chemistry of Minerals:8:167-174 (1982); Dunn,P.J.:(1985); Dunn(1995):Pt3:349.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Cook, D.K.: Am. Min.:54:1392-1398 (1969); Petersen, et al: A highly magnesian alleghanyite from Sterling Hill, NJ: Mineralogical Record:15:299-302 (1984); Francis, C. A.: Am. Min.:70:182-185 (1985); Dunn(1995):Pt3:348-349.
  • North Carolina
    • Alleghany Co.
      • Sparta
        • Bald Knob
Rocks & Min.: 60:130-135.
  • Virginia
    • Carroll Co.
      • Southern Section-Blue Ridge Province
        • Gossan Lead Mining District
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Pittsylvania Co.
      • James River-Roanoke River Mn-Fe-Ba Mining District
AmMin 88:740-747 (2003)
  • Washington
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Mount Jupiter
        • Elkhorn Group
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Mason Co.
      • Copper Creek (Boulder Creek)
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.39
 
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