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Curite

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About CuriteHide

01994470014946602566254.jpg
Pierre Curie
Formula:
Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Colour:
Deep to light red-orange, orange, scarlet, yellow
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
4 - 5
Specific Gravity:
6.98 - 7.4
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
After Pierre Curie (1859-1906), French physicist, famous for his research with his wife, Marie Sklodowska-Curie, on radioactivity.
This page provides mineralogical data about Curite.


Classification of CuriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.GB.55

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
G : Uranyl Hydroxides
B : With additional cations (K, Ca, Ba, Pb, etc.); with mainly UO2(O,OH)5 pentagonal polyhedra
5.9.3.1

5 : OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
9 : Miscellaneous
7.16.26

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
16 : Oxides of U

Pronounciation of CuriteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of CuriteHide

Adamantine
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Deep to light red-orange, orange, scarlet, yellow
Streak:
Orange
Hardness:
4 - 5 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
On {100}
Density:
6.98 - 7.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.37 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CuriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 2.060 nβ = 2.110 nγ = 2.150
2V:
Measured: 70° , Calculated: 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.090
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r < v strong
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = b = pale yellow
Y = a = light red-orange
Z = c = dark red-orange

Chemical Properties of CuriteHide

Formula:
Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
IMA Formula:
Pb3+x[(UO2)4O4+x(OH)3-x]2 · 2H2O

Crystallography of CuriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnma
Setting:
Pnma
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.551 Å, b = 7.008 Å, c = 6.983 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.791 : 1 : 0.996
Unit Cell V:
614.21 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals prismatic [001] and striated [001]. Massive. In aggregates of fine needles or saccharoidal. Compact earthy.

Type Occurrence of CuriteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum, Paris France

Other Language Names for CuriteHide

German:Curit
Russian:Кюрит
Spanish:Curita

Varieties of CuriteHide

Thorian CuriteTypical constituent of gummites, replacing Th-bearing varieties of uraninite (Bröggerites). Able contain 10 and more wt.% of ThO2.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
24 photos of Curite associated with Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
24 photos of Curite associated with UraniniteUO2
17 photos of Curite associated with TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
14 photos of Curite associated with KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
14 photos of Curite associated with MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
11 photos of Curite associated with UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
9 photos of Curite associated with HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
7 photos of Curite associated with Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
7 photos of Curite associated with BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
6 photos of Curite associated with Gummite

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.GB.05AgrinieriteK2(Ca,Sr)[(UO2)3O3(OH)2]2 · 5H2OOrth.
4.GB.05CompreignaciteK2(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 7H2OOrth.
4.GB.05RameauiteK2Ca(H[3]2O)(H[5]2O)4[(UO2)6O6(OH)4](H[4]2O)Mon. m : Bb
4.GB.10BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2OOrth. mm2 : Pna21
4.GB.10BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2OOrth. mm2
4.GB.10ProtasiteBa(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
4.GB.15Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O Tric.
4.GB.20BauranoiteBa(UO2)2(OH)6 · 1-2H2O
4.GB.20Calciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb)U2O7 · 5H2O
4.GB.20Metacalciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb,K2)U2O7 · 2H2O
4.GB.25FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2OOrth.
4.GB.30WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
4.GB.35MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OOrth.
4.GB.40MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12Orth.
4.GB.40VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
4.GB.45VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
4.GB.50SayritePb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
4.GB.60Iriginite(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
4.GB.65UranosphaeriteBi(UO2)O2(OH)Mon. 2/m
4.GB.70HolfertiteCaxU6+2-xTi(O8-xOH4x) · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.16.1UraniniteUO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.16.2Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
7.16.3ParaschoepiteUO3 · 2H2OOrth.
7.16.4Metaschoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
7.16.5MetastudtiteUO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.16.6Studtite[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2OMon.
7.16.7IanthiniteU4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2OOrth. mm2 : Amm2
7.16.8CompreignaciteK2(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 7H2OOrth.
7.16.9VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
7.16.10RoubaultiteCu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.16.11BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2OOrth. mm2 : Pna21
7.16.12RameauiteK2Ca(H[3]2O)(H[5]2O)4[(UO2)6O6(OH)4](H[4]2O)Mon. m : Bb
7.16.13AgrinieriteK2(Ca,Sr)[(UO2)3O3(OH)2]2 · 5H2OOrth.
7.16.14ProtasiteBa(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
7.16.15BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2OOrth. mm2
7.16.16BauranoiteBa(UO2)2(OH)6 · 1-2H2O
7.16.17Metacalciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb,K2)U2O7 · 2H2O
7.16.18Calciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb)U2O7 · 5H2O
7.16.19OrthobranneriteU4+U6+Ti4O12(OH)2Orth.
7.16.20Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6Mon.
7.16.21Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig.
7.16.22Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
7.16.23BranneriteUTi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.16.24FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2OOrth.
7.16.25Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O Tric.
7.16.27MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OOrth.
7.16.28VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
7.16.29MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12Orth.
7.16.30SayritePb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.16.31WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
7.16.32Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2OTrig.
7.16.33UranosphaeriteBi(UO2)O2(OH)Mon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CuriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schoep, A. (1921) La curite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 173: 1186-1187.
Wherry, E.T., Poitevin, E. (1922) New species. American Mineralogist: 7: 128-129.
Schoep, A. (1930) Ann. us. Congo belge: 1(2), er. 1: 22.
Palache, C. (1934) Crystallography of the uranium oxides. American Mineralogist: 19: 309-315.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 629-631.
Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 26: 279-292.
Li, Y., Burns, P.C. (2000) Investigations of crystal-chemical variation in lead uranyl oxide hydrates. I. Curite: Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 727-735.
Jambor, J.L., Kovalenker, V.A., Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 376-379.
Kubatko, K.-A., Helean, K., Navrotsky, A., Burns, P.C. (2006) Thermodynamics of uranyl minerals: Enthalpies of formation of uranyl oxide hydrates. American Mineralogist: 91: 658-666.
Burns, P.C. (2005) U 6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1839-1894.
Schindler, M., Mandaliev, P., Hawthorne, F.C., Putnis, A. (2006) Dissolution of uranyl-oxide-hydroxy-hydrate minerals. I. Curite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 415-431.
Frost, R.L., Cejka, J., Weier, M.L. (2007) Raman spectroscopic study of the uranyl oxyhydroxide hydrates: becquerelite, billietite, curite, schoepite and vandendriesscheite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 38: 460-466.

Internet Links for CuriteHide

Localities for CuriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Cunningham Co.
Gilligan, L.B., Suppel, D.W. (1993) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Nymagee 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map (SI/55-2). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 171 pages.
  • Northern Territory
    • West Arnhem Region
      • Kakadu
Waite & Payne (1993) Uranium Transport in the subsurface environment - Koongara - a case study in Metals in Groundwater H. Allen et al ed. CRC Press ; Isobe, H., Murakami, T., & Ewing, R. C. (1992). Alteration of uranium minerals in the Koongarra deposit, Australia: Unweathered zone. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 190, 174-187.
Frost, Ray L. and Cejka, Jiri and Ayoko, Godwin A. and Weier, Matt L. (2007) Vibrational spectroscopic study of hydrated uranyl oxide: curite. Polyhedron 26(14):pp. 3724-3730.
Econ Geol (1987)82:1152-1168; Angela Giblin (2004) Alligator Rivers Uranium deposits (Koongarra, Nabarlek and Ranger One) Northern Territory. CRC LEME
      • South Alligator River
Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Wilderness Sanctuary; Arkaroola Station)
          • Mt Painter area
Brugger, J., Meisser, N., Etschmann, B., Ansermet, S., & Pring, A. (2011). Paulscherrerite from the Number 2 Workings, Mount Painter Inlier, Northern Flinders Ranges, South Australia:“Dehydrated schoepite” is a mineral after all. American Mineralogist, 96(2-3), 229-240.
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Great Bear Lake
Rod Tyson, The Port Radium District, Northwest Territories, Canada Mineralogical Record (1989) vol.20. #3, pp 201-208 .
  • Ontario
    • Haliburton County
      • Cardiff Township
Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18
Reiner Mielke 2013
  • Saskatchewan
    • Lac La Ronge
Sabina, A.P. (1972) Rocks & minerals for the collector: La Ronge - Creighton, Saskatchewan, Flin Flon, Thompson, Manitoba. GSC paper 71-27, 65.
Czech Republic
 
  • Plzeň Region
    • Tachov District
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Rožná
Mineralienwelt 1993(1), 13
Petr Pauliš
DR Congo (TL)
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
Schoep, A. (1921) La curite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris, 173, 1186-1187.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; http://edit.africamuseum.be/geco_website/pdf/Shinkolobwe.pdf
Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Li, Yaping, Burns, Peter C. (2000) Investigations of crystal-chemical variability in lead uranyl oxide hydrates. I. Curite. Canadian Mineralogist, 38(3), 727-735.
    • Lubumbashi
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
      • Kamoto
      • Kolwezi
Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
    • Northeastern Desert
Shalaby, M., Osman, A., Ali, M., Ahamed, F., & Ali, B. (2002). Radioactive Mineralization in Pegmatites, of Dara-Um Swassi, Area North Eastern Desert, Egypt. Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Earth Sciences, 50(1), 51-66.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Posio
Ilkka Mikkola collection
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Saint-Rémy-sur-Durolle
J. Chervet and G. Branche : "Contribution à l'Etude des Minéraux Secondaires d'Uranium Français", ENSG, Nancy, 1955
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Guern
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
      • Lignol
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Thann-Guebwiller
        • Kruth
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Creuse
      • Soumans
        • Montebras
Patureau, J., Chiappero, P-J. & Lebocey, J. (2011): Mines et minéraux de Montebras, Soumans, Creuse. Le Règne Minéral. 99, 5-33
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Compreignac
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
      • Saint-Sylvestre
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Schenkenzell
      • Wittichen
        • Böckelsbach valley
Markl, G. & Slotta, C. (2011): Die Uranmineralien des Lagerstättenreviers Wittichen im mittleren Schwarzwald. Lapis 36 (3), 25-37; 54 (in German).
    • St Blasien
      • Menzenschwand
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Tirschenreuth
        • Mähring
          • Poppenreuth bei Tirschenreuth
            • Uranium deposit
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Birkenfeld
      • Ellweiler
Aufschluss 69/(7+8), Lapis 79/(7+8)
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2007): The minerals of the uranium prospect at Tirpersdorf, Vogtland. Lapis 32, 37-42; 58. (in German)
Hungary
 
  • Baranya County
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
  • Heves County
    • Bélapátfalva
      • Nagyvisnyó
GEODA 2004
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Ardakan County
Iranmanesh, J., Rahmani, H., & Raziani, S. (2018). Geology, Mineralogy and Petrography of Rocks with Radioactive Element Mineralization in Anomaly 6 of the Khoshumi Area, Islamic Republic of Iran (No. IAEA-CN--261).
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Valgoglio
Daniele Ravagnani - I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Min. Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milani, 1974
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Rendena Valley
          • Bocenago & Spiazzo
- Ravagnani D.(1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani e i loro minerali. Gruppo Mineralogico Italiano Ed., Milano (pagg.188).
Madagascar
 
  • Haute Matsiatra
    • Ikalamavony
      • Fitampito
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 78p.
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 32
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.32
Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Gjerstad
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 90
  • Rogaland
    • Vindafjord
      • Vats
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-5380
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Klauvreid
Larsen. A.O. & Åsheim, A. (2008): Klauvreid pegmatittbrudd, del 1: Geologi og mineralogi. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38, 49-56.
Russia
 
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Louhi District
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Krasnokamensk
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2012
South Africa
 
  • Free State
Fuchs, S. et al (2015) The growth and concentration of uranium and titanium minerals in hydrocarbons of the Carbon Leader Reef, Witwatersrand Supergroup, South Africa. Chemical Geology, Vol 393–394, 55–66.
  • Northern Cape
    • Namakwa
Minerals of South Africa
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Grand Co.
      • Wheeler Basin
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Park Co.
      • Lake George (Badger Flats) Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Montana
    • Butte-Silver Bow (Butte; Silver Bow Co.)
USGS Bull 574
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Marlow
Personal collection and XRD analysis by Fred E Davis
    • Grafton Co.
      • Grafton
Seaman, David (1976) Pegmatite Minerals of the World
  • New Mexico
    • McKinley Co.
New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Mineral Museum no. 13134
 
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