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Cuprotungstite

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About CuprotungstiteHide

Formula:
Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Colour:
Emerald green, brown, olive-green, pistachio-green
Lustre:
Vitreous, Waxy, Earthy
Hardness:
4 - 5
Specific Gravity:
5.4 - 6.98
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
In allusion to the composition, containing copper (Latin = CUPRum) and TUNGSTen.
A rare secondary mineral commonly occurring as the result of scheelite altering in a copper-rich environment.


Classification of CuprotungstiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.GB.15

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
G : Molybdates, Wolframates and Niobates
B : With additional anions and/or H2O
48.3.2.1

48 : ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
3 : Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
27.4.1

27 : Sulphites, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
4 : Tungstates

Physical Properties of CuprotungstiteHide

Vitreous, Waxy, Earthy
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Emerald green, brown, olive-green, pistachio-green
Streak:
Greenish gray to greenish yellow
Hardness:
4 - 5 on Mohs scale
Density:
5.4 - 6.98 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.06 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CuprotungstiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.180 nε = 2.100
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.080
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of CuprotungstiteHide

Formula:
Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
IMA Formula:
Cu2+3(WO4)2(OH)2

Crystallography of CuprotungstiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4 2 2 - Trapezohedral
Space Group:
P41 21 2
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.93 Å, c = 14.48 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.622
Unit Cell V:
1,154.71 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
12
Morphology:
Crystals minute, dipyramidal; forms microcrystalline aggregates of botryoidal globules, incrustations, and veinlets; also compact to friable massive.

Type Occurrence of CuprotungstiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum, Paris, France: #69.47.

Synonyms of CuprotungstiteHide

Other Language Names for CuprotungstiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

RaspitePb(WO4)
ScheeliteCa(WO4)
StolzitePb(WO4)
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
16 photos of Cuprotungstite associated with ScheeliteCa(WO4)
7 photos of Cuprotungstite associated with QuartzSiO2
4 photos of Cuprotungstite associated with Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4
2 photos of Cuprotungstite associated with RaspitePb(WO4)
2 photos of Cuprotungstite associated with FerberiteFeWO4
2 photos of Cuprotungstite associated with StolzitePb(WO4)
1 photo of Cuprotungstite associated with HydrotungstiteWO3 · 2H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.GB.05LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
7.GB.10SzenicsiteCu3(MoO4)(OH)4Orth.
7.GB.15UM1999-38-WO:CrV(V, Cr, W, O, H) [V:Cr:W ratio about 2:1:3]
7.GB.20Phyllotungstite(H2O,M)x(W,Fe)(O,OH)3 · yH2O (M = Ca, Cs, Pb or K)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
7.GB.25RankachiteCa0.5(V4+,V5+)(W6+,Fe3+)2O8(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.GB.30FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
7.GB.35AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3Tric. 1
7.GB.35MpororoiteWAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)Tric.
7.GB.40Obradovicite-KCu[K2(H2O)17Cu(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
7.GB.45Mendozavilite-NaFe[Na2(H2O)15Fe3+(H2O)6][Mo8P2Fe3+3O35(OH)2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.GB.45Paramendozavilite[KAl4(H2O)30][Mo12P6Fe3+6O60(OH)13]Mon.
7.GB.50Tancaite-(Ce)FeCe(MoO4)3 · 3H2O Trig. 3 : R3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

27.4.2ScheeliteCa(WO4)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
27.4.4AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3Tric. 1
27.4.5MpororoiteWAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)Tric.
27.4.6Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
27.4.7Yttrotungstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3Mon. 2 : P21
27.4.8StolzitePb(WO4)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
27.4.9RaspitePb(WO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
27.4.10RusselliteBi2WO6Orth.
27.4.11PinalitePb3WO5Cl2Orth.
27.4.12Uranotungstite(Fe2+,Ba,Pb)(UO2)2(WO4)(OH)4 · 12H2OOrth.
27.4.13HübneriteMnWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
27.4.14FerberiteFeWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
27.4.15Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
27.4.16FerritungstiteIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
27.4.17Phyllotungstite(H2O,M)x(W,Fe)(O,OH)3 · yH2O (M = Ca, Cs, Pb or K)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
27.4.18Qitianlingite(Fe,Mn)2(Nb,Ta)2WO10Orth.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in acids.

Forms more or less complete pseudomorphs after Scheelite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CuprotungstiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Whitney (1866) Proceedings of the California Academy of Science: 3: 287 (as Cuproscheelite).
Adam, M. (1869) Tableau minéralogique, Paris: 32.
Domeyko (1869) Annales des mines: 16: 537 (as Tungstate de cuivre).
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 988.
Hess (1917) U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 652: 32.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 64.
Hintze, Carl (1929) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3B]: 4087.
Schaller, W. T. (1932): Chemical composition of cuprotungstite. American Mineralogist: 17: 234-237.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1091-1092.
Doucet, S., Pierrot, R. & Pillard, F. (1969): Synthesis and new data on cuprotungstite. Bull. Soc. Fr. Mineral. Cristallogr.: 92, 497-499. (in French).
Walenta, K. (1979): New data for cuprotungstite. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 448-450.
Duggan, M.B. (1988) Cuprotungstite from the Cordillera mine, Crookwell, New South Wales. Australian Mineralogist, 3, 61–64.
American Mineralogist (1990): 75: 713.

Internet Links for CuprotungstiteHide

Localities for CuprotungstiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Georgiana Co.
      • Tuena
M. B. Duggan (1988): Cuprotungstite from the Cordillera mine, Crookwell, New South Wales. Australian Mineralogist 3 (2), 61-64. ; Donald H. McColl (1973) A New Occurrence of Raspite at the Cordillera Mine, New South Wales, Australia. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics Record 1973/152
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
No reference listed
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Hatches Creek
Ryan, G.R. (1961), The Geology and Mineral Resources of the Hatches Creek Wolfram Field. Northern Territory, Department of National Development/Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia, Bulletin No. 6, 1961
Ryan, G.R. (1961), The Geology and Mineral Resources of the Hatches Creek Wolfram Field. Northern Territory, Department of National Development/Bureau of Mineral Resources geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government, Bulletin No. 6, 1961
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
Jim Sharpe coll.
      • Rosebud Station
Tested by Stu Mills, Museum of Victoria.
  • Tasmania
    • Northern Midlands municipality
      • Rossarden mining district
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
Chile
 
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cerro Blanco district
R.H.Sillitoe/A.H.Clark/A.E.S.Mayer: "Cuproscheelite from the Copiapó Mining district, Northern Chile": AM, Vol 55 july-august 1970
    • Huasco Province
      • Vallenar
C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
  • Coquimbo
    • Choapa Province
      • Salamanca
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1091.; Kurt Walenta (1979) New Data for Cuprotungstite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:448-450.
    • Elqui Province
      • Chingoles
C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile
      • La Serena
        • Tambillos mining district
(1948) Geology of tungsten deposits in north-central Chile. USGS Bulletin 960-C
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); Kurt Walenta (1979) New Data for Cuprotungstite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:448-450.
  • Saxony
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Claußnitz
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Léssolo
        • Cálea
http://www.webmineralshop.com/articoli/brosso_eng.htm
Japan
 
  • Yamaguchi Prefecture
    • Mine city
Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages); Shirose, Y. & Uehara, S. (2011) Philipsburgite from the Yamato mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106, 153-157.; Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
Yamada (2001) Suisyou, 14, 7-11.
Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
  • Yamanashi Prefecture
    • Kinpuzan mining district
      • Kofu City
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1091.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karazhal
      • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
P.M. Kartashov data; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Mexico (TL)
 
  • Baja California Sur
    • La Paz Municipality
Adam (1869) Tableau minéral: 32; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1091.
  • Chihuahua
    • Buenaventura Municipality
      • San Lorenzo
Panczner (1987): 176.
  • Sonora
    • Arizpe Municipality
      • Arizpe
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1091.
    • Huépac Municipality
      • Huépac
Panczner (1987): 176.
    • Yécora Municipality
      • San Nicolás
Panczner(1987):336.
Panczner(1987):176,336.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Gamsberg area
        • Natas Farm 220
Collection of NHM, Vienna; Kurt Walenta (1979) New Data for Cuprotungstite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:448-450.
  • Kunene Region
    • Khorixas
      • Mesopotamia copper valley
Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit; Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
Portugal
 
  • Évora
    • Montemor-o-Novo
      • Nossa Senhora da Vila, Nossa Senhora do Bispo e Silveiras
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Marble Hall
Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
  • Northern Cape
    • ZF Mgcawu
      • //Khara Hais
        • Upington
Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Calstock
        • Gunnislake
          • Clitters United Mines
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • St Day
[Golley & Williams, 1995, "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual", p21]
      • Treverbyn
        • Stenalees
[Golley & Williams, 1995, "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual", p21]
    • Cumbria
      • Copeland
        • Waberthwaite
BMS Database
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
      • Little Dragoon Mountains
        • Cochise Mining District
Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geol. Sur. Branch Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise Co., AZ: 55 (Table 4); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 197; Dale, V.B., et al (1960), Tungsten deposits of Cochise, Pima, and Santa Cruz Cos., AZ, US Bur. of mines Rept. Inv. 5650: 50.
          • Dragoon
Wilson, E.D. 91941), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 148: 44.
    • La Paz County
      • Eagletail Mts (Cemetary Ridge)
        • Eagle Tail Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 197; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 82.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Cave Creek
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 423; Dale, V.B. (1959), Tungsten deposits of Yuma, Maricopa, Pinal and Graham Cos., AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 5516; Wilson, E.D. (1941), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 148: 26-27; Hess, F.L. (1917), Tungsten minerals and deposits, USGS Bull. 652: 33, 64..
      • Verde Mountains
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278; Schaller, W.T. (1932), Chemical composition of cuprotungstite, Am.Min.: 17: 234-237; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 82; Hess, Frank L. (1917), Tungsten minerals and deposits, USGS Bull. 652: 25 (Plate XVII).; Kurt Walenta (1979) New Data for Cuprotungstite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:448-450.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 363; Schaller, W.T. (1932),Chemical composition of cuprotungstite, Am.Min. 17:234-237.
    • Mohave County
      • Hualapai Mountains
        • Boriana Mining District
          • Boriana Canyon
Conway, C.M., et al (1990), USGS Bull. 1737-E: E10; Wilson, E.D. (1941), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 148, Tungsten Deps. of AZ: 11-14.
    • Pima Co.
      • Helvetia-Rosemont Mining District
        • Helvetia
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 82.
          • Monument Mountain
Collected personally; Cuprotungstite - knowledge among local collectors
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Panamint Mts (Panamint Range)
        • Cottonwood Mountains
          • Ubehebe Mining District
            • Big Dodd Spring
McAllister, James Franklin (1955), Geology of mineral deposits in the Ubehebe Peak quadrangle, Inyo County, California. California Division Mines, Special Report 42, 63 pp.: 51, 55; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 338.
    • Kern Co.
      • White River Mining District
        • White River area
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1932), Chemical composition of cuprotungstite: American Mineralogist: 17: 237; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165, 329-330; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1091.
    • Plumas Co.
      • Last Chance Mining District
        • Adams Peak
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Santa Rosa Mountains
        • Santa Rosa Mountain District (Santa Rosa Mountain area)
          • Santa Rosa Mountain
Alfredo Petrov specimen
    • Sierra Co.
      • Dog Valley Mining District
        • Quartz Knob
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 338.
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Cleora Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Idaho
    • Adams Co.
Rocks & Min. 70:244
        • Cuprum
[O'Donoghue, 1978 - "Encyclopedia of Minerals & Gemstones", p284]
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Montana
    • Beaverhead Co.
      • Calvert Hill Mining District
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain Mining District
USGS Bull 2009
    • Mineral Co.
      • Leonard Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
DeMark, R.S. (2004): News from the Apache mine, New Mexico. Mineral News, 20, 8.
Min News 20:10 p 8
    • Sierra Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Taos Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Cabarrus Co.
Genth,F.A ,1891,The Minerals of North Carolina,pg 90
    • Vance Co.
      • Hamme Tungsten Mining District
        • Tungsten
Espenshade,G.H (1947) Tungsten Deposits of Vance County North Carolina, and Mecklenburg County, Virginia;U.S Geological Survey Bulletin 948-A
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District (Clifton Mining District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Jaroslav Hyrsl specimen
  • Virginia
    • Mecklenburg Co.
      • Hamme Tungsten
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Zimbabwe
 
  • Matabeleland North
    • Hwange District
Wolfgang Hampel, studies 2017
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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