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Chromium

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About ChromiumHide

Formula:
Cr
Colour:
White
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
9
Specific Gravity:
7.17
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
From the Greek chroma, color, since all chromium compounds are colored.
This page provides mineralogical data about Chromium.


Classification of ChromiumHide

Approved
1.AE.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
E : Iron-chromium family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.15.1
1.1.12.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.55

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of ChromiumHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
White
Hardness:
Hardness:
VHN100=1875 - 2000 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Brittle
Comment:
On synthetic material
Density:
7.17 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.20 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ChromiumHide

Type:
Isotropic
Colour in reflected light:
White with yellow tint

Chemical Properties of ChromiumHide

Crystallography of ChromiumHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Im3m
Setting:
Im3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 2.8839 Å
Unit Cell V:
23.99 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Grains to 20 microns.
Comment:
Synthetic

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0007057ChromiumBosi F, Lucchesi S, Reznitskii L (2004) Crystal chemistry of the dravite-chromdravite series European Journal of Mineralogy 16 345-3522004Sludyanka crystalline complex, Lake Baikal, Russia0293
0007058ChromiumBosi F, Lucchesi S, Reznitskii L (2004) Crystal chemistry of the dravite-chromdravite series European Journal of Mineralogy 16 345-3522004Sludyanka crystalline complex, Lake Baikal, Russia0293
0007059ChromiumBosi F, Lucchesi S, Reznitskii L (2004) Crystal chemistry of the dravite-chromdravite series European Journal of Mineralogy 16 345-3522004Sludyanka crystalline complex, Lake Baikal, Russia0293
0007060ChromiumBosi F, Lucchesi S, Reznitskii L (2004) Crystal chemistry of the dravite-chromdravite series European Journal of Mineralogy 16 345-3522004Sludyanka crystalline complex, Lake Baikal, Russia0293
0007061ChromiumBosi F, Lucchesi S, Reznitskii L (2004) Crystal chemistry of the dravite-chromdravite series European Journal of Mineralogy 16 345-3522004Sludyanka crystalline complex, Lake Baikal, Russia0293
0011144ChromiumWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Cubic closest packed, ccp, structure Crystal Structures 1 7-8319630293
0011170ChromiumWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Hexagonal closest packed, hcp, structure Crystal Structures 1 7-8319630293
0011209ChromiumWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Body centered cubic, bcc, structure Crystal Structures 1 7-8319630293
0014168ChromiumKimoto K, Nishida I (1967) An electron diffraction study on the crystal structure of a new modification of chromium Journal of the Physical Society of Japan 22 744-7561967synthetic0293
0014671ChromiumBradley A J, Ollard E F (1926) Allotropy of chromium Nature 117 122-1221926synthetic0293
0015114ChromiumHull A W, Davey W P (1919) Crystal structure of chromium Physical Review 14 540-54019190293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of ChromiumHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Heavy sands derived from contact metamorphic zone between siliceous marble and ultramafic rock.

Synonyms of ChromiumHide

Other Language Names for ChromiumHide

Afrikaans:Chroom
Albanian:Kromi
Arabic:كروم
Armenian:Քրոմ
Asturian:Cromu
Azeri:Xrom
Basque:Kromo
Belarusian:Хром
Bosnian:Hrom
Bulgarian:Хром
Catalan:Crom
Corsican:Cromu
Croatian:Krom
Czech:Chróm
Danish:Krom
Dutch:Chroom
Esperanto:Kromo
Estonian:Kroom
Farsi/Persian:کروم
Finnish:Kromi
French:Chrome
Friulian:Crom
Galician:Cromo
German:Chrom
Haitian:Kwòm
Hebrew:כרום
Hungarian:Króm
Icelandic:Króm
Ido:Kromio
Indonesian:Kromium
Italian:Cromo
Korean:크로뮴
Kurdish (Latin Script):Krom
Latin:Chromium
Latvian:Hroms
Lithuanian:Chromas
Lojban:rogjinme
Low Saxon/Low German:Chrom
Luxembourgish:Chrom
Macedonian:Хром
Malay:Kromium
Manx:Cromium
Maori:Konukita
Norwegian:Krom
Norwegian (Nynorsk):Krom
Occitan:Cròme
Polish:Chrom
Portuguese:Crômio
Quechua:Krumu
Romanian:Crom
Russian:Хром
Saterland Frisian:Chrom
Serbian:Хром
Serbo-Croatian:Hrom
Sicilian:Cromu
Simplified Chinese:自然铬
Slovak:Chróm
Slovenian:Krom
Spanish:Cromo
Swahili:Chromi
Swedish:Krom
Turkish:Krom
Ukrainian:Хром
Uzbek (Latin Script):Xrom
Vietnamese:Crom

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Chromium associated with ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AE.VanadiumVIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05MolybdenumMoIso.
1.AE.05IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.AE.05TungstenWIso.
1.AE.05UM2001-06-E:CrFeNiFe7Cr2Ni
1.AE.10Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.10TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.AE.10AntitaeniteFe3Ni
1.AE.15ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.15FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.15WairauiteCoFeIso.
1.AE.20AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.25JedwabiteFe7(Ta,Nb)3Hex. 6mm : P63mc
1.AE.30ManganeseMnIso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.1.12.1Goldamalgam (of Chen et al.)(Au,Ag)HgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.1.12.2ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.1.12.3FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag,Hg)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFeIso.
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3n
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ChromiumHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Zhu, M., Liu Y.(1981) Discovery of native chromium in Xizang (Tibet). Chinese Science Bulletin: 26(11): 1014-1017.
Suqin, Y., Wenying, W., Suqiong, S. (1981) A new mineral - Native chromium. Kexue Tongbao [Chinese Science Bulletin]: 26(15): 959-960. [in Chinese]
Fleischer, M., Chao, G.Y., Mandarino, J.A. (1982) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 67: 854-860.

Internet Links for ChromiumHide

Localities for ChromiumHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Greenwood Mining Division
      • Bridesville
MINFILE No 082ESW055
China
 
  • Henan
    • Nanyang
      • Tongbai County
Peixue Tian, Qingsong Fang, Keqiao Chen, and Zhizhong Peng (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(4), 241-245
      • Xichuan County
Zexian Xu, Runji Zhang, Zhenyun Liu, and Xingtu Sheng (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(4), 351-357
  • Jiangsu
    • Lianyungang
      • Donghai Co.
        • Maobei
Jingsui Yang, Zhiqin Xu, Wenji Bai, Qingsong Fang, and Zhongming Zhang (2006): 3rd Annual Meeting of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS), July 10-14, 2006, Abstract 59-SE-A0643.
  • Shandong
    • Linyi
      • Mengyin County
        • Mengyin Kimberlite field
          • Changma Kimberlite belt
            • Wangcun deposit
Gorshkov, A.I., Titkov, S.V., Yan Nan Bao, Ryabchikov, I.D., and Magazina, L.O. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(4), 326-334.
  • Sichuan
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Danba Co.
        • Yangliuping Cu-Ni-PGE ore field
Yue Suqin, Wang Wenying, and Sun Suqiong (1981): Chinese Science Bulletin 26(15), 959-960
  • Tibet
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Amdo Co. (Anduo Co.)
Mingyu Zhu and Yunxiang Liu (1981): Chinese Science Bulletin 26(11), 1014-1017
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
  • Xinjiang
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
        • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
          • Sartohay (Sartokay; Sartuohai; Saertuohai)
Zhu, Y., Tan, J., & Qiu, T. (2016). Platinum group mineral (PGM) and Fe–Ni–As–S minerals in the Sartohay chromitite, Xinjiang (NW China): Implications for the mobility of Os, Ir, Sb, and As during hydrothermal processes. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 299-312.
  • Yunnan
    • Dali
      • Midu County
Shengwei Wang, Xiaoming Sun, Zhenwen Liao, Bangguo Zhou, Maojin Luo, Yang Guo, Xiaofang Jiang, Huaping Zhu, Dong Ma, and Zhanwu Shen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(6), 1259-1276
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
      • Bir Semna
Azer, M. K., & Stern, R. J. (2007). Neoproterozoic (835–720 Ma) serpentinites in the Eastern Desert, Egypt: fragments of forearc mantle. The Journal of Geology, 115(4), 457-472.
Japan
 
  • Okinawa Prefecture
    • Ishigaki City
      • Senkaku Islands (Diaoyudao Islands; Diaoyutai Islands)
Bideaux, et al: Handbook of Mineralogy.; Ouroboros - www.um.u-tokyo.ac.jp/museum/ouroboros/01_03/diaoyudaoite.html
Kosovo
 
  • Pristina District
    • Glavika
Buletini i Shkencave Gjeologjike 2012
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Jalal-Abad Region
    • Chatkal region
Yusupov, R.G., Dzhenchuraev, D.D., Radzhabov, F.F. (1982): Accessory native chromium and a natural compound of the series Fe-Cr-Si in rocks of the Gavasai ore field. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Kirgiz SSR (1982): 5: 25-26 (in Russian); in: Dunn, P.J., Grice, J.D., Fleischer, M., Pabst, A.(1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 214 (abstract)
Pacific Ocean
 
  • Sea of Japan
Astakhova, N. V., & Kolesnik, O. N. (2014). Ore mineralization in volcanic rocks from the submarine rises of the Sea of Japan. Geochemistry International, 52(2), 144-161.
Astakhova, N. V., & Kolesnik, O. N. (2014). Ore mineralization in volcanic rocks from the submarine rises of the Sea of Japan. Geochemistry International, 52(2), 144-161.
Portugal
 
  • Bragança
    • Bragança
      • Carrazedo
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 249Cr
      • Castrelos
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 75Cr
Russia
 
Rudashevskii, N.S., Mochalov, A.G. (1984): Geologiya i Geofizika: 25: 35-41 (in Russian, with available English version); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 73: 442
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Bodaibo
      • Lena Gold District
        • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
Keren Tan (1998): Gold Science and Technology 6(4), 29-37; Distler, V. V., Mitrofanov, G. L., Yudovskaya, M. A., Lishnevsky, E. N., & Prokof’ev, V. Y. (2005). Deep structure and ore-forming processes of the Sukhoi Log gold-platinum deposit, Russia. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 921-923). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Orenburg Oblast
    • Kumak ore field
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Mirninsky District
      • Daldyn
[AmMin 84:993]
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Iturup Island
Yudovskaya, M. A., Distler, V. V., Chaplygin, I. V., Mokhov, A. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Gorbacheva, S. A. (2006). Gaseous transport and deposition of gold in magmatic fluid: evidence from the active Kudryavy volcano, Kurile Islands. Mineralium Deposita, 40(8), 828.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Nizhnii Tagil
Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
  • Tyumen Oblast
6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga
    • Lydenburg
PMPB Meulenbeld collection Photo ID: 951390
The Moon
 
  • Mare Crisium
P.M. Kartashov data
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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