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Choloalite

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About CholoaliteHide

Formula:
(Cu,Sb)3(Pb,Ca)3(TeO3)6Cl
The ideal formula is likely CuPbTe4+2O6 as suggested by Powell et al. (1994).
Hardness:
3
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
The name choloalite derives from the Nahua (indigenous people of Mexico and El Salvador) word choloa, meaning evasive, in allusion to the fact that the mineral escaped detection for many years.



Classification of CholoaliteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1980
4.JK.45

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
J : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites; iodates
K : Tellurites without additional anions, without H2O
Dana 7th ed.:
34.1.5.1
34.2.4.1

34 : SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
2 : A(XO3)·xH2O
28.3.15

28 : Selenites, Selenates, Tellurites, and Tellurates
3 : Tellurites

Physical Properties of CholoaliteHide

Hardness:

Chemical Properties of CholoaliteHide

Formula:
(Cu,Sb)3(Pb,Ca)3(TeO3)6Cl

The ideal formula is likely CuPbTe4+2O6 as suggested by Powell et al. (1994).
IMA Formula:
(Pb,Ca)3(Cu,Sb)3Te6O18Cl

Crystallography of CholoaliteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
4 3 2 - Gyroidal
Space Group:
P41 3 2
Setting:
P41 3 2
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.520(4) Å
Unit Cell V:
1963 ų
Z:
4

Type Occurrence of CholoaliteHide

Synonyms of CholoaliteHide

Other Language Names for CholoaliteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Choloalite associated with QuartzSiO2
5 photos of Choloalite associated with KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
1 photo of Choloalite associated with HessiteAg2Te

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.JK.05WinstanleyiteTiTe4+3O8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.JK.05Walfordite(Fe3+,Te6+)Te4+3O8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.JK.10SpiroffiteMn2+2Te4+3O8Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.JK.10ZincospiroffiteZn2Te4+3O8Mon. 2/m
4.JK.15BalyakiniteCu(TeO3)Orth.
4.JK.20RajiteCu(Te4+2O5)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.JK.25CarlfriesiteCaTe4+2Te6+O8Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.JK.30Denningite(Mn2+,Ca,Zn)Te4+2O5Tet.
4.JK.35ChekhovichiteBi2Te4+4O11Mon. 2/m
4.JK.40SmirniteBi2Te4+O5Orth. mm2
4.JK.50FairbankitePb(TeO3)Tric.
4.JK.55PlumbotelluritePb(TeO3)Orth.
4.JK.60Magnolite(Hg+2)(Te4+O3)Orth. mm2
4.JK.65MoctezumitePb(UO2)(TeO3)2Mon.
4.JK.70Schmitterite(UO2)(TeO3)Orth.
4.JK.75Cliffordite(UO2)Te4+3O7Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

28.3.1BalyakiniteCu(TeO3)Orth.
28.3.2RajiteCu(Te4+2O5)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
28.3.3GraemiteCu[TeO3] · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmma
28.3.4TeineiteCu2+(Te4+O3) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
28.3.5CesbroniteCu2+3Te6+O4(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
28.3.6MroseiteCaTe4+(CO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
28.3.7QuetzalcoatliteZn6Cu3(TeO6)2(OH)6 · AgxPbyClx+2yTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
28.3.8ZemanniteMg0.5ZnFe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
28.3.9KinichiliteMg0.5Mn2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
28.3.10Denningite(Mn2+,Ca,Zn)Te4+2O5Tet.
28.3.11SpiroffiteMn2+2Te4+3O8Mon. 2/m : B2/b
28.3.12WinstanleyiteTiTe4+3O8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
28.3.13FairbankitePb(TeO3)Tric.
28.3.14PlumbotelluritePb(TeO3)Orth.
28.3.16SmirniteBi2Te4+O5Orth. mm2
28.3.17ChekhovichiteBi2Te4+4O11Mon. 2/m
28.3.18Cliffordite(UO2)Te4+3O7Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
28.3.19Schmitterite(UO2)(TeO3)Orth.
28.3.20MoctezumitePb(UO2)(TeO3)2Mon.
28.3.21EmmonsiteFe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
28.3.22BlakeiteFe3+2[TeO3]3 (?)
28.3.23MackayiteFe3+(Te4+2O5)(OH)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
28.3.24PoughiteFe3+2(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2OOrth.
28.3.25SonoraiteFe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2OMon.
28.3.26RodalquilariteFe2(TeO2OH)3(TeO3)ClTric. 1 : P1
28.3.27EztlitePb2+2Fe3+3(Te4+ O3)3(SO4)O2ClMon. m : Bm
28.3.28KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CholoaliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S.A. (1981) Choloalite, CuPb(TeO3)2·H2O, a new mineral. Mineralogical Magazine: 44: 55-57.
Cabri, L.J., Fleischer, M., Pabst, A. (1981) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 66: 1099-1103 .
Powell, D.W., Thomas, R.G., Williams, P.A., Birch, W.D., Plimer, I.R. (1994) Choloalite: synthesis and revised chemical formula. Mineralogical Magazine: 58: 505-508.
Jambor, J.L., Kovalenker, V.A., Roberts, A.C. (1995) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 80: 630-635.
Lam, A.E., Groat, L.A., Grice, J.D., Ercit, T.S. (1999) The crystal structure of choloalite. Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 721-729.

Internet Links for CholoaliteHide

Localities for CholoaliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Mexico (TL)
 
  • Sonora
    • Moctezuma Municipality
      • Moctezuma
Mineralogical Magazine(1981) 44, 55-57; Panczner(1987).
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 171; Williams, S.A. (1981a), Choloalite, CuPb(TeO3)2·H2O, a new mineral, Mineralogical Magazine: 44: 55-57.
      • Silver Plume Mine (Emerald & Silver Plume Mine group)
Georges FAVREAU collection
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 307.
  • California
    • Tuolumne Co.
      • Mother Lode Belt
        • Coulterville Mining District
          • Peñon Blanco Peak
Mineralogical Record (1996) 27:115-120; Roberts, A. C., Ercit, T. S., & Cureton, F. F. (1994). Mcalpineite, Cu3TeO6. H20, from the McAlpine mine, Tuolumne County, California, and from the Centennial Eureka mine, Juab County, Utah I. Mineralogical Magazine, 58, 417-424.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Tintic Mining District
        • Mammoth
          • Mammoth Peak
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. EDS analyzed by Kaygeedee minerals.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. EDS analyzed by Kaygeedee minerals.
 
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