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Martensite

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Formula:
Fe
A variety of Iron

A solid-solution of carbon in alpha-iron, a deformed tetragonal phase in some meteorites and artificial steels.


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Pronounciation of MartensiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Chemical Properties of MartensiteHide

Other Language Names for MartensiteHide

German:Martensit
Simplified Chinese:马氏体
Spanish:Martensita

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Internet Links for MartensiteHide

Localities for MartensiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Adrar Province
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2: 632-634. University of California Press.
  • Sétif Province
Smith, B. A. & Goldstein, J. I. (1977) The metallic microstructures and thermal histories of severely reheated chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 41:1061-1072. (Aug 1977).
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Elizabeth Land
      • Pensacola Mountains
        • Neptune Mountains
Buchwald, V. F. (1975). Handbook of Iron Meteorites: Their History, Distribution, Composition and Structure, Vol.3. Univ. of California Press: Berkley. 1418 pages.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Townsend Co.
      • Barratta
Smith, B.A. (1976) The metallic microstructures and thermal histories of severely reheated chondrites. Theses and Dissertations: Lehigh University.
    • Wellesley Co.
      • Delegate
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2: University of California Press.
  • Queensland
    • Barcoo Shire
      • Windorah
        • Tenham Station
Bennett, M.E. & McSween Jr, H.Y. (1996) Shock feature in iron-nickel metal and troilite of L-group ordinary chondrites Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31(2): 255-26. (March 1996).
  • Victoria
    • Baw Baw Shire
Birch, W.D., Samuels, L.E., Wasson, J.T. (2001) Willow grove: A unique nickel-rich ataxite from Victoria, Australia. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 36, A247–A254.
    • City of Casey
      • Cranbourne
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Canada
 
  • Alberta
    • Abee
Alan E. Rubina, Klaus Keila (1983) Mineralogy and petrology of the Abee enstatite chondrite breccia and its dark inclusions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 62:118–131
China
 
  • Heilongjiang
    • Suihua
      • Zhaodong Co.
Wang, D. & Rubin, A. (1987) Petrology of Nine Ordinary Chondrite Falls from China: Meteoritics 22(1): 97-104. (March 1987).
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Xilingol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
      • West Ujimqin Banner (Xiwuzhumuqin Co.)
Rubin, A. (1990) Olivine & Kamacite in Ordinary Chondrites: Intergroup and Intragroup relationships. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54: 1217-1230. (May 1990).
  • Jiangsu
    • Nantong
      • Qidong Co.
Wang, D. & Rubin, A.E. (1987) Petrology of nine ordinary chondrite falls from China: Meteoritics 22(1): 97-104. (March 1987).
Croatia
 
  • Zagreb County
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Finland
 
  • Satakunta
    • Huittinen
Rubin, A. 1983. Impact melt-rock clasts in the Hvittis enstatite chondrite breccia-Implication for a genetic relationship between EL chondrites and aubrites. American Geophysical Union and NASA. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference in Houston, TX, Mar 14-18,1983. Journal of Geophysical Research,Supplement, Vol 88 Nov 15,1983, p B 293-B 300
Germany
 
  • Brandenburg
    • Oberhavel
      • Furstenberg/Havel
Hutchison, R. Bevan, A. W. R., Easton, A. J. & Agrell, S. O. (1981) Mineral Chemistry and genetic relations among H-group chondrites: Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 374: 159-178.
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Schwalm-Eder
        • Schwalmstadt
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Münster
      • Velen
Begemann, F. & Wlotzka, F. (1969). Shock induced thermal metamorphism and mechanical deformation in the Ramsdorf chondrite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 33:1351–1370.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Bitburg-Prüm District
      • Bitburg
        • Albacher Mühle
Buchwald, V. F. (1975). Handbook of Iron Meteorites: Their History, Distribution, Composition and Structure (3 Vol.). Univ. of California Press: Berkley. 1418 pages
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Visakhapatnam District
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Rajasthan
    • Chittorgarh district
      • Rawatbhata village
Ray, D., Ghosh, S. & Murty, S. V. S. (2014) Shock-Thermal History of Kavarpura(IVA) Iron: Evidences from Microtextures and Nickel Profiling: 77th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. LPI Contribution No. 1800, id.5157. (Sept 2014)
  • Uttar Pradesh
    • Ballia District
Rubin, A. (1990) Olivine & Kamacite in Ordinary Chondrites: Intergroup and Intragroup relationships. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54: 1217-1230. (May 1990).
    • Sambhal District
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. vol 2. University of California Press.
Italy
 
  • Lazio
    • Rieti Province
      • Orvinio
Brearley, A.J. & Jones, R.H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 3: 1-398: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.
Japan
 
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
Bennett, M.E. & McSween Jr, H.Y. (1996) Shock feature in iron-nickel metal and troilite of L-group ordinary chondrites Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31(2): 255-26. (March 1996).
Mali
 
  • Mopti Region
    • Djenné Cercle
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Buenaventura Municipality
      • San Buenaventura
Scott, E.R.D., Wasson, J.T. & Bild, R. (1977). Four new iron meteorite finds. Meteoritics 12, 425-435. (Dec 1977).; Rasmussen, K. L., Malvin, D. J., & Roy-Poulson, H. (1984) Partitioning of co, cu, ga, as, and AU Between Martensite, Taenite, and Tetrataenite in the Iron Meteorite Buenaventura (Abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science XV: 665-666. (Mar 1984).
    • Casas Grandes Municipality
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
    • Hidalgo del Parral Municipality
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
    • Jiménez Municipality
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Guerrero
    • Acapulco de Juárez Municipality
Michel-Lévy, M. C. & Lorin, J. C. (1978) El Quemado, A New Type of Stone Meteorite Fallen Near Acapulco: Meteoritics 13: 411-412. (Dec 1978)
  • Oaxaca
Buchwald, V.F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Sinaloa
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites: University of California Press. 1418 pp.
  • Sonora
    • Arizpe Municipality
      • Arizpe
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
    • Pitiquito Municipality
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Zacatecas
    • Mazapil Municipality
      • Mazapil
Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2: 808—813. University of California Press.
Morocco
 
  • Guelmim-Oued Noun Region
    • Assa-Zag Province
      • Zag
Rubin, A. E., Zolensky, M. E. & Bodnar, R. J. (2002) The halite-bearing Zag and Monahans (1998) meteorite breccias: Shock metamorphism, thermal metamorphism and aqueous alteration on the H-chondrite parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 37( 1) pp. 125-141 (Jan 2002)
Niger
 
  • Agadez
Bourot-Denise, M., Zanda, B. & M. Javoy, M. (2012) Tafassasset: An Equilibrated CR Chondrite. 33rd Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 11-15, 2002, Houston, Texas, abstract no.1611. (Mar 2012).; Russell, S.S., Zipfel, J., Grossman, J.N. & Grady, M.M. (2002). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 86, 2002 July. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37 (7,Suppl.): pp. A157-A184. (July 2002).
Nigeria
 
  • Niger
    • Benue River
Powell, B. N. (1969) Petrology and chemistry of mesosiderites—I. textures and composition of nickel-iron. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 33(7): 789-810.
Northwest Africa Meteorites
 
Gattacceca, J. et al. (2017) Young asteroid mixing revealed in ordinary chondrites: The case of NWA 5764, a polymict LL breccia with L clasts: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 52 (11): 2289-2304. (Nov 2017).
Pakistan
 
  • Punjab Province
    • Sargodha District
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
  • Sindh Province
    • Sukkur District
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Poland
 
  • Lublin Voivodeship
    • Zamość County
Ma, C., Beckett, J. R. & Rossman, G. R. (2012) Discovery of Buseckite, (Fe,Zn,Mn)S, a New Mineral in Zaklodzie, an Ungrouped Enstatite-Rich Achondrite. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLIII. LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.1520. (March 2012)
Russia
 
  • Volgograd Oblast
    • Tsarev
Leroux H., Doukhan J.-C. & Perron C. (2000) Microstructures of metal grains in ordinary chondrites: Implications for their thermal history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 35(3): 569–580. (May 2000).
Somalia
 
  • Mudug Region
    • Qeycad
Levi-Donati, G. R. (1968) The Bur-Gheluai Meteorite: Meteoritics 4(1): 23-41. (March 1968).
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal
    • Zululand District
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • Bell-lloc d'Urgell
Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Sweden
 
  • Norrbotten County
    • Pajala
      • Kitkiöjärvi
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pp.
Turkey
 
  • Eskişehir Province
    • Günyüzü District
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.; http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10524/35874/vol3-Ri-Ro(LO).pdf#page=14
Uganda
 
  • Eastern Region
    • Soroti
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
UK
 
  • England
    • Telford and Wrekin
      • Waters Upton
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.; http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10524/35874/vol3-Ri-Ro(LO).pdf#page=14
Ukraine
 
  • Zakarpattia Oblast
    • Velykobereznyanskyi Raion
      • Knyahynya
Rubin, A. (1990) Olivine & Kamacite in Ordinary Chondrites: Intergroup and Intragroup relationships. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54: 1217-1230. (May 1990).
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino County
      • Meteor Crater area
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Wickenburg
Smith, B.A. & Goldstein, J.I. (1977) The metallic microstructures and thermal histories of severely reheated chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 41(8):1061-1072. (Aug 1977).
  • Arkansas
    • Johnson Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Colorado
    • Cheyenne Co.
Smith, B.A. & Goldstein, J.I. (1977) The metallic microstructures and thermal histories of severely reheated chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 41(8):1061-1072. (Aug 1977).
    • Lincoln Co.
Taylor, G.J., Keil, K.,Berkley, J.L. & Lange, D.E. (1979) The Shaw meteorite: History of a chondrite consisting of impact-melted and metamorphic lithologies Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 43(3): 323-337. (March 1979).
  • Georgia
    • Wilcox Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Idaho
    • Cassia Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Illinois
    • Jo Daviess Co.
      • Woodbine
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Kansas
    • Ness Co.
Rubin, A.E. & Read, W.F. (1984) The Brownell and Ness County (1894) L6 Chondrites: Further sorting-out of Ness County meteorites. Meteoritics 19(3):153-160. (Sept 1984).; Knox Jr., R. (1963) The microstructure of several stony meteorites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 27(3): 261-268. (March 1963).
    • Washington Co.
Smith, B. A. & Goldstein, J. I. (1977) The metallic microstructures and thermal histories of severely reheated chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 41: 1061-1072. (Aug. 1977).
  • Kentucky
    • Casey Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 3 volumes, 1418 pages.
    • Franklin Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 3 volumes, 1418 pages.
    • Metcalfe Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
    • Nelson Co.
      • Cox's Creek
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.; http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10524/35874/vol3-Ri-Ro(LO).pdf#page=14
    • Oldham Co.
      • La Grange
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 3 volumes, 1418 pages.
    • Taylor Co.
      • Campbellsville
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 3 volumes, 1418 pages.
  • Louisiana
    • Winn Parish
Rubin, A. E. (1983) The Atlanta enstatite chondrite breccia, Meteoritics 18 (2): 113-121. (June 1983)
  • Michigan
    • Ogemaw Co.
      • Rose City
Smith, B.A. & Goldstein, J.I. (1977) The metallic microstructures and thermal histories of severely reheated chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 41: 1061-1072. (Aug. 1977).; Taylor, G.J. (1968) On the Thermal History of Chondrites: Master's Thesis: Rice University. 73 pages.; Smith, B.A. & Goldstein, J.I. (1977) The metallic microstructures and thermal histories of severely reheated chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 41(8):1061-1072. (Aug 1977).
  • Missouri
    • Ste. Genevieve Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • New Mexico
    • Eddy Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.; http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10524/35874/vol3-Ri-Ro(LO).pdf#page=14
  • North Carolina
    • Cabarrus Co.
Hutchinson, R., Bevan, A.W.R., Eaton, A.J. & Agrell, S.O. (1981)Mineral Chemistry and Genetic Relations Among H-Group Chondrites (1981) Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A. 374 (1757): 171-178. (Feb1981).
    • Nash Co.
Taylor, G.J. (1968) On the Thermal History of Chondrites (Thesis): Rice University. 73 pages.
  • North Dakota
    • Stark Co.
Kong, P., Ebihara, M., Nakahara, H. & Endo, K. (1995) Chemical characteristics of metal phases of the Richardton H5 chondrite: Earth and Planetary Science 136(3-4): 407-419. (Dec 1995).
  • Ohio
    • Montgomery Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. vol 2: 520-522. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Oklahoma
    • Kingfisher Co.
Taylor, G.J. (1968) On the Thermal History of Chondrites: Master's Thesis: Rice University. 73 pages.; Smith, B.A. (1976) The metallic microstructures and thermal histories of severely reheated chondrites. Theses and Dissertations: Lehigh University.
  • South Carolina
    • Spartanburg Co.
Danon, J., Souza Azevedo, I. & Scorzelli, R. B. (1989) Mössbauer spectroscopy study of the nickel-iron alloys in metal particles of Cherokee Spring LL6 chondrite: Meteoritics 24: p. 260. (Dec 1989).
  • Texas
    • Collin Co.
Bennett, M.E. & McSween Jr, H.Y. (1996) Shock feature in iron-nickel metal and troilite of L-group ordinary chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31(2): 255-26. (March 1996).
    • Ector Co.
      • Odessa
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
    • Fort Bend Co.
Ehlmann, A.J. & 6 others. (1988) Origin of fragmental and regolith meteorite breccias - Evidence from the Kendleton L chondrite breccia. IN: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XVIII, pp 545-554. Cambridge University Press/Lunar and Planetary Institute: Cambridge and New York.
    • Hamilton Co.
      • Carlton
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. vol 2: 428-431.University of California Press. 3 volumes, 1418 pages.
    • Kimble Co.
Taylor, G.J. (1968) On the Thermal History of Chondrites (Thesis): Rice University. 73 pages.
    • Moore Co.
Rubin, A.E., Rehfeldt, A., Peterson, E., Keil, K. & Jarosewich, E. (1983) Fragmental Breccias and the collisional evolution of ordinary chondrite parent bodies: Meteoritics 18(3): 179-196. (Sept 1983).
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
 
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