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Almanda mine (Wheal Maria mine; Wheal Mary Anne mine), Cherry Gardens, South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills), Mt Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Almanda mine (Wheal Maria mine; Wheal Mary Anne mine)Mine
Cherry Gardens- not defined -
South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)Mountain
Mt Lofty RangesMountain
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 5' 3'' South , 138° 40' 26'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Cherry Gardens702 (2015)2.5km
Ironbank524 (2012)3.9km
Clarendon637 (2015)5.2km
Coromandel Valley3,779 (2015)6.4km
Kangarilla928 (2015)7.3km


Almanda Mine:
The mineralisation (copper) was first discovered in 1850 and the mine named Wheal Maria. The mine was worked during several periods and renamed Wheal Mary Anne Mine. In 1868, the silver was found in the ore and the Almanda Silver Mining Association was formed. Operations commenced in mid-1868 and ceased by 1870 after producing about 10,000 ounces (310 Kg) of silver an average grade of @ 1560 g/t. The mine was reworked periodically between 1877 and 1887. Detailed exploration including diamond drilling was conducted by the S.A. Department of Mines between 1968 and 1972. Mineralisation are located within the «Burra Group» Adelaide Geosyncline formations. Mineralisation occurs as sub-parallel veins within a fault-controlled ore zone 1–2 m wide and extending for ~850 m.

This site is now part of the Scott Creek Conservation Park.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


22 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: http://www.minerals.statedevelopment.sa.gov.au/knowledge_centre/mesa_journal/feature_articles/mineralogical_hosts_for_the_almanda_silver_mine; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Robertson, R.S., 1988. Lead–zinc–silver. In: Johns, R.K. (Compiler), Mineral resources of the Adelaide Geosyncline. South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy. Special Publ., 8:10-15.; Record of Mines Summary Card No:6, SI5413 6627-IV; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Record of Mines Summary Card No:6, SI5413 6627-IV; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
'Beaverite-(Cu)-plumbojarosite Series'
Reference: Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Benjaminite ?
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Reference: Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Robertson, R.S., 1988. Lead–zinc–silver. In: Johns, R.K. (Compiler), Mineral resources of the Adelaide Geosyncline. South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy. Special Publ., 8:10-15.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: http://www.minerals.statedevelopment.sa.gov.au/knowledge_centre/mesa_journal/feature_articles/mineralogical_hosts_for_the_almanda_silver_mine; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: http://www.minerals.statedevelopment.sa.gov.au/knowledge_centre/mesa_journal/feature_articles/mineralogical_hosts_for_the_almanda_silver_mine; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Robertson, R.S., 1988. Lead–zinc–silver. In: Johns, R.K. (Compiler), Mineral resources of the Adelaide Geosyncline. South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy. Special Publ., 8:10-15.; Record of Mines Summary Card No:6, SI5413 6627-IV; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Record of Mines Summary Card No:6, SI5413 6627-IV; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Record of Mines Summary Card No:6, SI5413 6627-IV
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: http://www.minerals.statedevelopment.sa.gov.au/knowledge_centre/mesa_journal/feature_articles/mineralogical_hosts_for_the_almanda_silver_mine; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: http://www.minerals.statedevelopment.sa.gov.au/knowledge_centre/mesa_journal/feature_articles/mineralogical_hosts_for_the_almanda_silver_mine; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Pavonite ?
Formula: AgBi3S5
Reference: Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: http://www.minerals.statedevelopment.sa.gov.au/knowledge_centre/mesa_journal/feature_articles/mineralogical_hosts_for_the_almanda_silver_mine; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Record of Mines Summary Card No:6, SI5413 6627-IV; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: http://www.minerals.statedevelopment.sa.gov.au/knowledge_centre/mesa_journal/feature_articles/mineralogical_hosts_for_the_almanda_silver_mine; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Robertson, R.S., 1988. Lead–zinc–silver. In: Johns, R.K. (Compiler), Mineral resources of the Adelaide Geosyncline. South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy. Special Publ., 8:10-15; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2+2)Sb4S12S
Reference: Robertson, R.S., 1988. Lead–zinc–silver. In: Johns, R.K. (Compiler), Mineral resources of the Adelaide Geosyncline. South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy. Special Publ., 8:10-15; Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017): Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 51-61.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Benjaminite ?2.JA.05eAg3Bi7S12
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Pavonite ?2.JA.05aAgBi3S5
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2+2)Sb4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Beaverite-(Cu)-plumbojarosite Series'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2+2)Sb4S12S
1 < ø < 2
Benjaminite ?3.8.10.3Ag3Bi7S12
Pavonite ?3.8.10.1AgBi3S5
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Bromargyrite9.1.4.2AgBr
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Beaverite-(Cu)-plumbojarosite Series'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4X22+)Sb4S12S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PavoniteAgBi3S5
S BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4X22+)Sb4S12S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As LöllingiteFeAs2
BrBromine
Br BromargyriteAgBr
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag IodargyriteAgI
Ag BromargyriteAgBr
Ag PavoniteAgBi3S5
Ag BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12
SbAntimony
Sb Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4X22+)Sb4S12S
IIodine
I IodargyriteAgI
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi PavoniteAgBi3S5
Bi BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Noble, R.J., Just, J., Johnson, J.E. (1983) Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide.
Gee, L.C.E., Brown, H.Y.L. (1908) Record of The Mines of South Australia, 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide.
Grguric, B.A. & Toma, J. (2017) Ore and gangue mineralogy of the Almanda mine, Cherry, Gardens, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy: 18(1): 51-61.
Grguric, B., Toma, J. (2017) Where's the silver? An ore petrology study of the Almanda mine, Cherry Gardens, South Australia. Mines and Energy South Australia (MESA): 82(1): 31-39.
Record of Mines Summary Card No:6, SI5413 6627-IV.
SARIG Mineral Deposit Information, Site No: 1130921, Deposit No: 5399.

External Links


Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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