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Cerro Colorado Mine (Heintzelman Mine; Silver Queen Mine), Cerro Colorado Mining District, Cerro Colorado Mountains, Pima Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Cerro Colorado Mine (Heintzelman Mine; Silver Queen Mine)Mine
Cerro Colorado Mining DistrictMining District
Cerro Colorado MountainsMountain Range
Pima Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 39' 32'' North , 111° 16' 23'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Arivaca695 (2011)10.9km
Amado295 (2011)20.5km
Arivaca Junction1,090 (2011)21.4km
Tubac1,191 (2011)22.1km
Tumacacori-Carmen393 (2015)23.1km


A former small underground Ag-Au-Pb-Zn-Cu-Hg mine located in the center of sec. 25, T.20S., R.10E. on 1 patented claim and 20 unpatented claims, about 10 miles North of Arivaca. Discovered by early Spanish explorers about 1750. Produced 1856-1937. Closed 1884 to 1901. Mill operating in 1964.
Owned at times, or in part, by the Sonora Exploration & Mining Co.; Consolidated Arizona Mine & Milling Co.; Cerro Colorado Mining & Milling Co.; Udall; the Cerro Cristo Mines Co.; Arivaca Milling & Mining Co., Steinfeld; Baker; and, Snyder. NOTE: Coordinates updated February, 2008, using Garmin hand held GPS unit (at the shaft collar) by Ronald Deblois.

Mineralization is irregular, lensing, drusy, quartz-fissure vein with spotty sulfides and secondary minerals with minor barite, calcite and much iron oxide. The wall rock is an andesite porphyry complex. Ruby silver occurred in the oxidized zone. The veins are cut off by contact of sediments with basal andesite.

Workings include shaft workings. Operated from the 1770's to about 1937, producing some 3,000 tons of ore averaging about 100 oz. Ag/T, 0.1 oz. Au/T and minor amounts of Pb & Cu.

The richest ore on record ran over 12,000 oz. Ag per ton, the average ore mined in 1859 was 770 oz/t, the average of all ore mined since then has been about 225 oz/t. No significant quantities of ore were found below 350 feet.

The main shaft is flooded to 50 feet, other shafts in the vicinity are flooded, caved, or lagged at surface. Some ground on the Cerro Colorado claim might be unstable because large stopes are known to exist not far below the surface.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039562, MRDS ID #M050286.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 45.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: Minor presence.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 163.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10026796, MRDS ID #M000284.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 169; Guild, F.N. (1910), The mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 42; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039562, MRDS ID #M050286.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Description: Traces.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of mines Bull. 153: 17; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 259; Guild, F.N. (1910), The mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 43; Dana 6:160.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039562, MRDS ID #M050286.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039562, MRDS ID #M050286.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039562, MRDS ID #M050286.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10026796, MRDS ID #M000284.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 51; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 72.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Drusy.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039562, MRDS ID #M050286.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of mines Bull. 153: 9, 16, 17, 27; Guild, F.N. (1917), A microscopic study of the silver ores and their associated minerals, Econ.Geol.: 12: 297-353.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039562, MRDS ID #M050286.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of mines Bull. 153: 9, 16, 17, 27; Dana 7:I:191.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of mines Bull. 153: 9, 16, 17, 27; Dana 7:I:381.
'Tetrahedrite var: Mercurian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
'var: Mercurian Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Tetrahedrite
var: Mercurian Tetrahedrite'
-Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S AnglesitePbSO4
S Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S CinnabarHgS
S Tetrahedrite (var: Mercurian Tetrahedrite)Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Fe Tetrahedrite (var: Mercurian Tetrahedrite)Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CuCopper
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Mercurian Tetrahedrite)Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Mercurian Tetrahedrite)Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
AgSilver
Ag IodargyriteAgI
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Mercurian Tetrahedrite)Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
IIodine
I IodargyriteAgI
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg Tetrahedrite (var: Mercurian Tetrahedrite)Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Scottsdale, AZ: 45.
The History of Arizona, 2nd. state legislature, Chap. X: 130.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 160.
Copper Handbook (1903, 1909).
Guild, F.N. (1910), The mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA.
University of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in Arizona: 51.
Guild, F.N. (1917), A microscopic study of the silver ores and their associated minerals, Economic Geology: 12: 297-353.
Elsing, M.J. and Heineman, E.S. (1936) Arizona Metal Production, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 140.
Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, 7th. edition, Volume I: 191, 381.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 9, 16, 17, 27.
Jones, R.D. (1957) Geology of the Cerro Colorado mining district, Pima County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 59 p., 2 sheets, scale 1:14,080.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 42, 43, 45, 72.
Keith, Stanton B. (1974), Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, Arizona: 114 (Table 4).
Heylmun, Edgar B. (1987) Cerro Colorado Silver Mine, Arizona: California Mining Journal: 56(11): 75-78.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 163, 169, 259.
Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10026796, MRDS ID #M000284; and, Dep. ID #10039562, MRDS ID #M050286; and, Dep. ID #10161603, MAS ID #0040190154.

Other Databases

USGS MRDS Record:10039562

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