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Kingsgate, Gough Co., New South Wales, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Kingsgate- not defined -
Gough Co.County
New South WalesState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
29° 49' 4'' South , 151° 58' 21'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Red Range249 (2013)8.7km
Mitchell628 (2018)20.4km
Glen Innes6,283 (2012)24.4km
Newton Boyd217 (2013)28.4km
Ben Lomond389 (2012)36.8km


The Kingsgate mineral field has been the largest molybdenum & bismuth producer in NSW (to 2000). Its heyday was the period from 1905 to 1920.
The Molybdenum occurs in numerous pipes (around 70) and covers an area of around 700 acres.

An old mining district with pipe-like quartz veins carrying Bi, Mo and As minerals. Located 14 miles ESE of Glen Innes.

Most of the mine dumps have been bulldozed over the years and it is very difficult to ascertain whether dump material comes from a particular mine site. Unless it is known for certain as to where and when found, it is probably best to simply label material from these mines simply as Kingsgate.

It should be noted that there are a number of mines often simply mentioned as Kingsgate. There is no Kingsgate Mine as such, rather a series of mines often grouped simply as Kingsgate. A number of mines in the area were also operated by Kingsgate Mining Company NL.

A Mt Moly has been mentioned as a locality here, however, I consider that the mention of a Mt Moly at Kingsgate is not a proper locality. If there is a Mt Moly mine at Kingsgate then it must be known by another name as it does not appear to be listed with NSW mines and does not seem to appear in the literature on NSW Molybdenum. I believe that it is simply a mistake in labelling by the original uploader of the locality [K Compton Note].

(NOTE: New England is not a locality descriptor.)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

52 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Vic Cloete specimens
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Betpakdalite Group'
Reference: Stuart Mills
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Habit: Rhombohedra and prisms
Colour: pinkish white metallic on fresh surface, brown grey on xl faces
Fluorescence: none
Description: Crystals to several cm in white quartz are some of the best Bismuth specimens.
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. and Markham, N.L. (1962) A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.; England, B.M. (1991) The State of the Science: Scanning Electron Microscopy. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 123-132 (SEM image of scorodite on quartz from the "Kingsgate molybdenite-bismuth mines, near Glen Innes, New South Wales" on p. 128).; Clissold, M.E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. Ph.D. Thesis University of Sydney, Australia, 162 pp.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Vic Cloete specimens
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Cannonite
Formula: Bi2(SO4)O(OH)2
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Bernie & Margaret Day collection
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94. ; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Barnes R.G., Brown R.E., Brownlow J.W., Henley H.F., and Stroud W.J. (2001) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94. ; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94. ; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94. ; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Gelosaite
Formula: BiMo6+(2-5x)Mo5+6xO7(OH)·H2O (0 <= x <= 0.4)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Ikunolite
Formula: Bi4(S,Se)3
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Kingsgateite (TL)
Formula: ZrMo6+2O7(OH)2⋅2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Elliott, P., Kampf, A.R. (2019) Kingsgateite, IMA 2019-048. CNMNC Newsletter No. 51; European Journal of Mineralogy: 31, https://doi.org/10.1127/ejm/2019/0031-2894
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Reference: Clissold, M. E., Leverett, P., Sharpe, J. L. & Williams, P. A. (2008): Primary bismuth minerals from the Wolfram pipe, Kingsgate, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 14, 19-25. ; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Koechlinite
Formula: Bi2MoO6
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. , Ramsden, A.R. & Munro-Smith, V. (1998)- Maldonite and its paragenesis at Kingsgate, New South Wales. - Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 131, 13-18.; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Mambertiite
Formula: BiMo5+2.80O8(OH)
Reference: John Haupt collection
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
Description: Kingsgate has produced some of the finest molybdenite specimens
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. and Markham, N.L. (1962) A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.; England, B.M. (1991) The State of the Science: Scanning Electron Microscopy. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 123-132 (SEM image of scorodite on quartz from the "Kingsgate molybdenite-bismuth mines, near Glen Innes, New South Wales" on p. 128).; Clissold, M.E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. Ph.D. Thesis University of Sydney, Australia, 162 pp.
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Reference: Sharpe, J.L. & Williams P.A. (2004): Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 10, 7-12.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94. ; Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
Reference: England, B.M. (1991) The State of the Science: Scanning Electron Microscopy. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 123-132 (SEM image of scorodite on quartz from the "Kingsgate molybdenite-bismuth mines, near Glen Innes, New South Wales" on p. 128).; Barnes R.G., Brown R.E., Brownlow J.W., Henley H.F., and Stroud W.J. (2001) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Riomarinaite
Formula: Bi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
'Roméite Group'
Formula: A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Reference: Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
'Roméite Group var: Bismutostibiconite'
Formula: Bi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
Reference: Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: John Haupt collection
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Tancaite-(Ce)
Formula: FeCe(MoO4)3·3H2O
Reference: John Haupt collection
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Lawrence, L.J. , Ramsden, A.R. & Munro-Smith, V. (1998)- Maldonite and its paragenesis at Kingsgate, New South Wales. - Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 131, 13-18.
Tooeleite
Formula: Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Peter Elliott (unpubl. analysis); Uwe kolitsch (unpubl. data)
Treasurite ?
Formula: Ag7Pb6Bi15S32
Reference: Clissold, M. E., Leverett, P., Sharpe, J. L. & Williams, P. A. (2008): Primary bismuth minerals from the Wolfram pipe, Kingsgate, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 14, 19-25. ; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Ikunolite2.DC.05Bi4(S,Se)3
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Kobellite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Treasurite ?2.JB.40aAg7Pb6Bi15S32
Group 3 - Halides
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Koechlinite4.DE.15Bi2MoO6
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
'Roméite Group'4.DH.A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
'var: Bismutostibiconite'4.DH.Bi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
Tooeleite4.JD.15Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Cannonite7.BD.35Bi2(SO4)O(OH)2
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Riomarinaite7.DF.75Bi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
Tancaite-(Ce)7.GB.50FeCe(MoO4)3·3H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Preisingerite8.BO.10Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Bismutoferrite9.ED.25Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Betpakdalite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Gelosaite-BiMo6+(2-5x)Mo5+6xO7(OH)·H2O (0 <= x <= 0.4)
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
Kingsgateite (TL)-ZrMo6+2O7(OH)2⋅2H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Mambertiite-BiMo5+2.80O8(OH)
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Ikunolite2.6.2.3Bi4(S,Se)3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Kobellite3.6.19.1Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Treasurite ?3.6..3Ag7Pb6Bi15S32
ø = 2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
AX3
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Cannonite30.2.9.1Bi2(SO4)O(OH)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Preisingerite41.10.9.1Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Segnitite42.7.4.4PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)4(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Tooeleite42.12.5.1Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
'Roméite Group'44.1.1.3A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
'var: Bismutostibiconite'44.1.1.6Bi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
A2XO4
Koechlinite48.2.2.1Bi2MoO6
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Tancaite-(Ce)49.2.5.FeCe(MoO4)3·3H2O
Hydrated Molybdates and Tungstates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Gelosaite49.3.8.BiMo6+(2-5x)Mo5+6xO7(OH)·H2O (0 <= x <= 0.4)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Bismutoferrite71.1.3.1Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Betpakdalite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Kingsgateite (TL)-ZrMo6+2O7(OH)2⋅2H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Mambertiite-BiMo5+2.80O8(OH)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Milky Quartz
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riomarinaite-Bi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KingsgateiteZrMo26+O7(OH)2⋅2H2O
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
H CannoniteBi2(SO4)O(OH)2
H PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GelosaiteBiMo6+(2-5x)Mo6x5+O7(OH)·H2O (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4)
H TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
H RiomarinaiteBi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H MambertiiteBiMo5+2.80O8(OH)
H Tancaite-(Ce)FeCe(MoO4)3·3H2O
CCarbon
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O KingsgateiteZrMo26+O7(OH)2⋅2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O BismiteBi2O3
O BismocliteBiOCl
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
O Roméite Group (var: Bismutostibiconite)Bi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
O CannoniteBi2(SO4)O(OH)2
O KoechliniteBi2MoO6
O MolybditeMoO3
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O GelosaiteBiMo6+(2-5x)Mo6x5+O7(OH)·H2O (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4)
O TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O RiomarinaiteBi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
O Roméite GroupA2(Sb5+)2O6Z
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O MambertiiteBiMo5+2.80O8(OH)
O Tancaite-(Ce)FeCe(MoO4)3·3H2O
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S CannoniteBi2(SO4)O(OH)2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S JoséiteBi4TeS2
S Joséite-BBi4Te2S
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
S TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S RiomarinaiteBi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
S TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32
ClChlorine
Cl BismocliteBiOCl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Fe Roméite Group (var: Bismutostibiconite)Bi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe GudmunditeFeSbS
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Fe TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Fe SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Fe Tancaite-(Ce)FeCe(MoO4)3·3H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
As SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
SeSelenium
Se IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
ZrZirconium
Zr KingsgateiteZrMo26+O7(OH)2⋅2H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo KingsgateiteZrMo26+O7(OH)2⋅2H2O
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Mo KoechliniteBi2MoO6
Mo MolybditeMoO3
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo GelosaiteBiMo6+(2-5x)Mo6x5+O7(OH)·H2O (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4)
Mo MambertiiteBiMo5+2.80O8(OH)
Mo Tancaite-(Ce)FeCe(MoO4)3·3H2O
AgSilver
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
Ag TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb Roméite Group (var: Bismutostibiconite)Bi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
Sb GudmunditeFeSbS
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Sb Roméite GroupA2(Sb5+)2O6Z
TeTellurium
Te JoséiteBi4TeS2
Te Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
CeCerium
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Tancaite-(Ce)FeCe(MoO4)3·3H2O
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au MaldoniteAu2Bi
PbLead
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Pb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pb TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi BismocliteBiOCl
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Bi Roméite Group (var: Bismutostibiconite)Bi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
Bi CannoniteBi2(SO4)O(OH)2
Bi KoechliniteBi2MoO6
Bi PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Bi IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
Bi JoséiteBi4TeS2
Bi Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Bi MaldoniteAu2Bi
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Bi KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Bi GelosaiteBiMo6+(2-5x)Mo6x5+O7(OH)·H2O (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4)
Bi RiomarinaiteBi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
Bi MambertiiteBiMo5+2.80O8(OH)
Bi TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32
ThThorium
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Andrews, E.C. (1906) Mineral Resources No. 11: Molybdenum. New South Wales Department of Mines and Agriculture. Geological Survey 17p.
Andrews, E.C. (1916) The Molybdenum Industry in New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Mineral Resources 24, 199p.
Lawrence, L.J. and Markham, N.L. (1962) A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Weber, C.R., Paterson, I.B.L., and Townsend, D.I. (1978) Molybdenum in New South Wales. New South Wales Geological Survey-Mineral Resources 43, 218p.
England, B.M. (1985) Famous mineral localities: the Kingsgate mines, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogical Record, 16, 265-289.
England, B.M. (1991) The State of the Science: Scanning Electron Microscopy. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 123-132 (SEM image of scorodite on quartz from the "Kingsgate molybdenite-bismuth mines, near Glen Innes, New South Wales" on p. 128).
Sharpe, J.L. and Williams, P.A. (2004) Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 10, 7-12.
Clissold, M.E., Leverett, P., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2008) Primary bismuth minerals from the Wolfram pipe, Kingsgate, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 19-25.
Barnes R.G., Brown R.E., Brownlow J.W., Henley H.F., and Stroud W.J. (2001) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
Clissold, M.E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. Ph.D. Thesis University of Sydney, Australia, 162 pp.

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