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Avawatz Gypsum prospect group, Sheep Creek Spring, Avawatz Mts (Avawatz Range), San Bernardino Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Avawatz Gypsum prospect group- not defined -
Sheep Creek SpringSpring
Avawatz Mts (Avawatz Range)Mountain Range
San Bernardino Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 36' 0'' North , 116° 22' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Tecopa150 (2011)31.0km
Fort Irwin8,845 (2011)46.4km
Baker735 (2011)46.6km


A gypsum/anhydrite-Sr-halite occurrence located in sec. 27, T18N, R5E, SBM, 2.4 km (1.5 miles) WNW of Sheep Creek Spring (coordinates of record), N of Cottonwood Spring, along the NE slope of the mountains. MRDS database stated accuracy for this location is 1,000 meters.

Mineralization is hosted in lake sediments, sandstone, conglomerate, Pliocene clay and mud. Local rocks include Tertiary nonmarine rocks, undivided and/or Pliocene to Holocene Quaternary alluvium and marine deposits.

Local geologic structures include Late Cenozoic faults.

Workings include unspecified surface openings.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


3 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Description: Occurs as extensive beds of massive rock salt.
Reference: Bailey, Gilbert E. (1902), The saline deposits of California: California Mining Bureau Bulletin 24: 126; Phalen, William Clifton (1914), Celestite deposits in California and Arizona. USGS Bulletin 540: 526; Tucker, W. Burling & Reid J. Sampson (1943b), Mineral resources of San Bernardino County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division Mines (Report 39): 39(4): 538; Wright, L.A., et al (1953), Mines and mineral resources of San Bernardino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 49): 49(1-2): 230-231, 186 tabulated list of mines; Ver Planck, Wm. E., Jr. (1958), Salt in California: California Division Mines Bulletin 175: 23-25; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 212.; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10189144.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S CelestineSrSO4
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bailey, Gilbert E. (1902), The saline deposits of California: California Mining Bureau Bulletin 24: 126.
Phalen, William Clifton (1914), Celestite deposits in California and Arizona. USGS Bulletin 540: 521-533.
Tucker, W. Burling & Reid J. Sampson (1943b), Mineral resources of San Bernardino County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division Mines (Report 39): 39(4): 538.
Wright, L.A., et al (1953), Mines and mineral resources of San Bernardino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 49): 49(1-2): tabulated list 230-231, tabulated list No. 557, p. 186.
Ver Planck, Wm. E., Jr. (1958), Salt in California: California Division Mines Bulletin 175: 23-25.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 212.
Holser, W.T. (1970) Bromide geochemistry of some nonmarine salt deposits in the southern Great Basin. Minealogical Society of America Special Paper 3: 315.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 192.
Rapp, J.S. and Vredenburgh, L.M. (1992) Industrial Mineral Resource Potential of Tertiary Playa Deposits of the Fort Irwin area, San Bernardino County, California: Society of Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. Preprint Number 92-44, 9 p.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10023670 & 10189144.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file #0060710557.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
USA

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