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Orzeł Biały Mine, Bytom City County, Silesian Voivodeship, Polandi
Regional Level Types
Orzeł Biały MineMine
Bytom City CountyCounty
Silesian VoivodeshipVoivodeship
PolandCountry

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Key
09672840015035171109075.jpg
View of the Orzeł Biały mining area, ca. 1938.

Orzeł Biały Mine, Bytom City County, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland
02508000015035171117284.jpg
View of the Orzeł Biały mining area, ca. 1938.

Orzeł Biały Mine, Bytom City County, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 20' 21'' North , 18° 56' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Bytom189,186 (2018)1.6km
Brzeziny Śląskie4,901 (2010)2.8km
Chorzów113,430 (2011)4.1km
Piekary Śląskie59,757 (2016)4.9km
Bobrowniki2,926 (2010)5.2km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Biały Szarlej Mine; Bleischarley Mine


Carbonate-hosted stratabound and vein Pb-Zn deposits.
The mine started around 1854.

A suite of unique intermediate/mixed-valence S-Fe(Pb) compounds are identified, e.g., by Kucha & Viaene (1992). These compounds are precursors to the banded ore sulphides.




Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

24 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
Aragonite var: Plumboan Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Reference: Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: peter neschen collection
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: ; Eligiusz Szełęg collection
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: ; Eligiusz Szełęg collection
Dolomite var: Zincian Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
Reference: Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: peter neschen collection
Galena
Formula: PbS
Habit: anhedral masses
Colour: grey
Fluorescence: none
Description: enclosed in schalenblende
Reference: No reference listed; Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
Gratonite
Formula: Pb9As4S15
Reference: P. Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1128; Eligiusz Szełęg collection
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: P. Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1128; Eligiusz Szełęg collection
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: peter neschen collection
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Osman A.E.M. 1989: Smithsonite in the oxidation zone of the Upper Silesia Zn-Pb ore deposits (Orzeł Biały Mine, Bytom Area) Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 2, 57-68
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: Kulig M. 1972: Hydrohetaerolite from the Orzeł Biały mine (Upper Silesia) and the problem of zincdibraunite. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 3, 55-66
Hetaerolite var: Hydrohetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Reference: Kulig M. 1972: Hydrohetaerolite from the Orzeł Biały mine (Upper Silesia) and the problem of zincdibraunite. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 3, 55-66
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Habit: Blocky, crystals unusual
Colour: Black
Fluorescence: none
Description: Enclosed in Schalenblende
Reference: Dana 7:I:400.; Eligiusz Szełęg collection
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: peter neschen collection
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: P. Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1128; Eligiusz Szełęg collection
'Melnikovite'
Reference: P. Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1128; Eligiusz Szełęg collection
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: peter neschen collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: P. Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1128; Eligiusz Szełęg collection
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Kulig M. 1972: Hydrohetaerolite from the Orzeł Biały mine (Upper Silesia) and the problem of zincdibraunite. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 3, 55-66
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, 7th. edition, Volume II: 179.; Osman A.E.M. 1989: Smithsonite in the oxidation zone of the Upper Silesia Zn-Pb ore deposits (Orzeł Biały Mine, Bytom Area) Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 2, 57-68
Smithsonite var: Monheimite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)CO3
Reference: Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: P. Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1128; Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
Sphalerite var: Schalenblende
Habit: Amorphous reniform crusts to several cm
Colour: light to dark brown
Fluorescence: none
Description: occasionally including jordanite
Reference: P Haas collection; Eligiusz Szełęg collection
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: peter neschen collection
'Unnamed (Fe Pyrosulphite)'
Formula: ~Fe(S4+,As)2O5
Reference: Kucha, H., Viaene, W. (1992): Compounds with mixed and intermediate sulfur valences as precursors of banded sulfides in carbonate-hosted Zn-Pb deposits in Belgium and Poland. Mineralium Deposita: 28(1): 13-21
'Unnamed (Fe Subsulphite)'
Formula: Fe(S3+,As)2O4
Reference: Kucha, H., Viaene, W. (1992): Compounds with mixed and intermediate sulfur valences as precursors of banded sulfides in carbonate-hosted Zn-Pb deposits in Belgium and Poland. Mineralium Deposita: 28(1): 13-21
'Unnamed (Fe Sulphite)'
Formula: ~Fe(S,As)O3
Reference: Kucha, H., Viaene, W. (1992): Compounds with mixed and intermediate sulfur valences as precursors of banded sulfides in carbonate-hosted Zn-Pb deposits in Belgium and Poland. Mineralium Deposita: 28(1): 13-21
'Unnamed (Fe Sulphoxylane)'
Formula: ~Fe(S2+,As)O2
Reference: Kucha, H., Viaene, W. (1992): Compounds with mixed and intermediate sulfur valences as precursors of banded sulfides in carbonate-hosted Zn-Pb deposits in Belgium and Poland. Mineralium Deposita: 28(1): 13-21
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: P. Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1128; Eligiusz Szełęg collection
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Reference: peter neschen collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gratonite2.JB.55Pb9As4S15
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Jordanite2.JB.30aPb14(As,Sb)6S23
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Schalenblende2.CB.05aZnS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Plumboan Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Pb)CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
var: Zincian Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
var: Monheimite5.AB.05(Zn,Fe)CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Melnikovite'-
'Unnamed (Fe Pyrosulphite)'-~Fe(S4+,As)2O5
'Unnamed (Fe Subsulphite)'-Fe(S3+,As)2O4
'Unnamed (Fe Sulphite)'-~Fe(S,As)O3
'Unnamed (Fe Sulphoxylane)'-~Fe(S2+,As)O2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Gratonite3.3.2.1Pb9As4S15
Jordanite3.3.1.1Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Zincite4.2.2.1ZnO
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite7.2.7.3ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB8X16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Plumboan Aragonite-(Ca,Pb)CO3
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
var: Zincian Dolomite-Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
'Melnikovite'-
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Smithsonite
var: Monheimite
-(Zn,Fe)CO3
Sphalerite
var: Schalenblende
-ZnS
'Unnamed (Fe Pyrosulphite)'-~Fe(S4+,As)2O5
'Unnamed (Fe Subsulphite)'-Fe(S3+,As)2O4
'Unnamed (Fe Sulphite)'-~Fe(S,As)O3
'Unnamed (Fe Sulphoxylane)'-~Fe(S2+,As)O2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C Dolomite (var: Zincian Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
C Smithsonite (var: Monheimite)(Zn,Fe)CO3
C Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O Dolomite (var: Zincian Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
O Smithsonite (var: Monheimite)(Zn,Fe)CO3
O Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Unnamed (Fe Sulphoxylane)~Fe(S2+,As)O2
O Unnamed (Fe Subsulphite)Fe(S3+,As)2O4
O Unnamed (Fe Sulphite)~Fe(S,As)O3
O Unnamed (Fe Pyrosulphite)~Fe(S4+,As)2O5
O AragoniteCaCO3
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O ZinciteZnO
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
NaSodium
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Zincian Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
SSulfur
S JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S MarcasiteFeS2
S GratonitePb9As4S15
S PyriteFeS2
S GreenockiteCdS
S Unnamed (Fe Sulphoxylane)~Fe(S2+,As)O2
S Unnamed (Fe Subsulphite)Fe(S3+,As)2O4
S Unnamed (Fe Sulphite)~Fe(S,As)O3
S Unnamed (Fe Pyrosulphite)~Fe(S4+,As)2O5
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca Dolomite (var: Zincian Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
Ca Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
FeIron
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe Smithsonite (var: Monheimite)(Zn,Fe)CO3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Unnamed (Fe Sulphoxylane)~Fe(S2+,As)O2
Fe Unnamed (Fe Subsulphite)Fe(S3+,As)2O4
Fe Unnamed (Fe Sulphite)~Fe(S,As)O3
Fe Unnamed (Fe Pyrosulphite)~Fe(S4+,As)2O5
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Zn Dolomite (var: Zincian Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Zn)(CO3)2
Zn Smithsonite (var: Monheimite)(Zn,Fe)CO3
Zn ZinciteZnO
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
AsArsenic
As JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
As GratonitePb9As4S15
As Unnamed (Fe Sulphoxylane)~Fe(S2+,As)O2
As Unnamed (Fe Subsulphite)Fe(S3+,As)2O4
As Unnamed (Fe Sulphite)~Fe(S,As)O3
As Unnamed (Fe Pyrosulphite)~Fe(S4+,As)2O5
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
BaBarium
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
PbLead
Pb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb GratonitePb9As4S15
Pb Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
Pb CerussitePbCO3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Wernicke, F. (1931): Die primären Erzmineralien der Deutsch-Bleischarley-Grube bei Beuthen O.S. Makroskopische, mikroskopische und genetische Untersuchungen.- Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung, 53: 1-124.
Dana 7:I:400.
Kucha, H., Viaene, W. (1992): Compounds with mixed and intermediate sulfur valences as precursors of banded sulfides in carbonate-hosted Zn-Pb deposits in Belgium and Poland. Mineralium Deposita: 28(1): 13-21
Molenda, R. (2010): Mineralien aus den Pb- und Zn-Lagerstätten der Region Schlesien-Krakau. Mineralien-Welt 21 (6), 44-51.
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Nonsulfide zinc deposits in the Silesia–Cracow district, Southern Poland. Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580. DOI 10.1007/s00126-008-0220-4

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